news 2020

Environment - Feb 17
Environment
Londoners equipped with wearable sensors will help researchers understand the effects of air pollution on personal health in real time. Air pollution is one of the world's greatest environmental threats, responsible for an estimated 7 million deaths every year. A new study, led by Imperial College London with partners at the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh, will provide the most detailed account yet of the specific personal health consequences of exposure to different air pollutants in urban environments.
Environment - Feb 17

Many insects, mosses and lichens in the UK are bucking the trend of biodiversity loss, according to a comprehensive analysis of over 5,000 species led by UCL and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH).

Astronomy - Feb 17
Astronomy

Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system.

Health - Feb 17
Health

Scientists have created one of the most detailed maps of breast cancer ever achieved, revealing how genetic changes shape the physical tumour landscape, according to research funded published in Nature Cancer .

Chemistry - Feb 17

A new bendable supercapacitor made from graphene, which charges quickly and safely stores a record-high level of energy for use over a long period, has been developed and demonstrated by UCL and Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers.


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Environment - Health - 17.02.2020
To provide new insights into health impact of urban pollution
To provide new insights into health impact of urban pollution
Londoners equipped with wearable sensors will help researchers understand the effects of air pollution on personal health in real time. Air pollution is one of the world's greatest environmental threats, responsible for an estimated 7 million deaths every year. A new study, led by Imperial College London with partners at the University of Surrey and the University of Edinburgh, will provide the most detailed account yet of the specific personal health consequences of exposure to different air pollutants in urban environments.

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.02.2020
Freshwater insects recover while spiders decline in UK
Many insects, mosses and lichens in the UK are bucking the trend of biodiversity loss, according to a comprehensive analysis of over 5,000 species led by UCL and the UK Centre for Ecology & Hydrology (UKCEH). The researchers say their findings on UK biodiversity between 1970 and 2015, published in Nature Ecology & Evolution , may provide evidence that efforts to improve air and water quality could be paying off.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.02.2020
Zooming in on breast cancer reveals how mutations shape the tumour landscape
Zooming in on breast cancer reveals how mutations shape the tumour landscape
Scientists have created one of the most detailed maps of breast cancer ever achieved, revealing how genetic changes shape the physical tumour landscape, according to research funded published in Nature Cancer . We've shown that the effects of mutations in cancer are far more wide-ranging than first thought Carlos Caldas An international team of scientists, brought together by a £20 million Grand Challenge award from Cancer Research UK, has developed intricate maps of breast tumour samples, with a resolution smaller than a single cell.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 17.02.2020
First research results on the
First research results on the "spectacular meteorite fall" of Flensburg
Planetologists from Münster University show that the meteorite contains minerals that formed under the presence of water on small planetesimals in the early history of our solar system. A fireball in the sky, accompanied by a bang, amazed hundreds of eyewitnesses in northern Germany in mid-September last year.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 17.02.2020
Fast-charging, long-running, bendy energy storage breakthrough
A new bendable supercapacitor made from graphene, which charges quickly and safely stores a record-high level of energy for use over a long period, has been developed and demonstrated by UCL and Chinese Academy of Sciences researchers. While at the proof-of-concept stage, it shows enormous potential as a portable power supply in several practical applications including electric vehicles, phones and wearable technology.

Computer Science / Telecom - 17.02.2020
South West to host Europe’s largest Arm supercomputer
The region's leading universities, the GW4 Alliance, together with the Met Office, Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), and partners, have been awarded £4.1 million by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) to create Isambard 2, the largest Arm-based supercomputer in Europe.

Social Sciences - 17.02.2020
Three quarters of Aussies impacted by angry summer bushfires
Three quarters of Aussies impacted by angry summer bushfires
More than three quarters of Australian adults report that they were affected by the nation's recent unprecedented bushfires, according to a new poll from The Australian National University (ANU). The latest ANUpoll also found the Government's response to the bushfires had burnt away at Prime Minister Scott Morrison's approval rating and popularity with voters.

Social Sciences - 17.02.2020
Researchers looking for men to take part in new domestic violence study
Researchers looking for men to take part in new domestic violence study
The National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) funded REPROVIDE study at the University of Bristol's Centre for Academic Primary Care has developed a 23-week group programme for men that aims to help them understand and change their behaviour. The study aims to assess the effectiveness of the programme for the men taking part and in terms of the safety and wellbeing of their partner or ex-partner.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.02.2020
Bile duct cancer treatment potential boost from tailored medication - study
Treatment of patients suffering from bile duct cancer could be improved by tailoring medication to the levels of a key protein in people with the disease, according to new research. Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a deadly disease with few treatments, but researchers in the UK and Thailand have discovered that the PRH/HHEX protein is a key driver in the disease, with increased levels affecting the response of cancer cells to therapeutic drugs.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.02.2020
Biomarker for Parkinson’s Disease May Originate in the Gut
Parkinson's disease (PD) is a debilitating neurodegenerative disorder, impairing the motor functions of millions of elderly people worldwide. Often, people with PD will experience disturbances in gastrointestinal function, such as constipation, years before motor symptoms set in. Postmortem examinations of the brains of people with PD have shown that their brain cells that control movement are littered with aggregates, or clumps, of a protein called alpha-synuclein (-Syn).

Health - Psychology - 17.02.2020
Mortality from all causes over 40 per cent higher in female domestic abuse survivors
Women who have experienced domestic abuse appear to be more than 40 per cent more likely to die from any cause compared to the general population, a study led by the Universities of Warwick and Birmingham suggests. The researchers have also identified an increased risk of developing cardiometabolic diseases such as cardiovascular disease and type 2 diabetes in those who have experienced domestic abuse, although more research is required to determine what other factors specifically lead to an increase in their mortality.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.02.2020
Researchers develop new tool to help detect hidden signs of autism in adults
Researchers have developed a potential new tool to help clinicians detect hidden signs of autism in adults. Autism is usually diagnosed in childhood but a growing number of adults are being diagnosed with the condition, even in mid-to-late adulthood. Many adults develop compensatory psychological strategies to hide their symptoms from clinicians, employers and even their own families.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.02.2020
Immunity key to motor neurone disease treatment
Customised immune-blocking medication may be the key to treating patients with motor neurone disease (MND), which currently has no cure and limited therapeutic options. University of Queensland researchers have tested immune cells that circulate in the blood to determine if they're linked with specific characteristics and features of MND.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.02.2020
Brain-wave pattern can identify people likely to respond to antidepressant
See us on twitter See us on youtube See us on linkedin See us on instagram Researchers used electroencephalography and artificial intelligence to identify individuals who would likely respond to sertraline, the antidepressant marketed as Zoloft. A new method of interpreting brain activity could potentially be used in clinics to help determine the best treatment options for depression, according to a study led by researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine.

Life Sciences - 14.02.2020
Human brain asymmetry is not unique, but its variability is
Human brain asymmetry is not unique, but its variability is
A new analysis suggests that an asymmetry pattern shared with great apes was adapted for lateralized, uniquely human cognitive abilities The left and right side of the brain are involved in different tasks. This functional lateralization and associated brain asymmetry are well documented in humans, but little is known about brain asymmetry in our closest living relatives, the great apes.

Palaeontology - Earth Sciences - 14.02.2020
Were dinosaurs warm blooded? Their eggshells say yes
Were dinosaurs warm blooded? Their eggshells say yes
A Yale-led study turns up the heat on a key question about dinosaurs' body temperature: Were they warm-blooded or cold-blooded? According to a new technique that analyzes the chemistry of dinosaur eggshells, the answer is warm. " Dinosaurs sit at an evolutionary point between birds, which are warm-blooded, and reptiles, which are cold-blooded.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2020
Cough syrup drug being trialled as Parkinson’s treatment
After finding that a drug found in cough syrups may have use as a treatment for Parkinson's disease, UCL researchers have received funding for the next stage in clinical trials. Ambroxol, a medication originally designed to clear phlegm and ease coughing for people with respiratory diseases such as bronchitis, is being tested to see if it can slow down the progression of Parkinson's disease by keeping cells healthier for longer.

Social Sciences - 14.02.2020
Algorithms surpass people in predicting future arrests, study says
Judges, probation officers, clinicians and others must make critical decisions on whether to detain or release defendants. Researchers at Stanford University and UC Berkeley found that risk assessment tools, driven by algorithms, can provide accurate support for the decision process. (Drawing by Daniel Pontet via AP) In a study with potentially far-reaching implications for criminal justice in the United States, a team of California researchers has found that algorithms are significantly more accurate than humans in predicting which defendants will later be arrested for a new crime.

Health - Pharmacology - 14.02.2020
AI helps predict heart attacks and stroke
Artificial intelligence has been used for the first time to instantly and accurately measure blood flow, in a study led by UCL and Barts Health NHS Trust. The results were found to be able to predict chances of death, heart attack and stroke, and can be used by doctors to help recommend treatments which could improve a patient's blood flow.

Astronomy / Space Science - Chemistry - 14.02.2020
Mandy Bethkenhagen receives a Marie Sk odowska-Curie European fellowship
The Marie Sk?odowska-Curie actions support researchers at all stages of their careers, regardless of age and nationality. Researchers working across all disciplines are eligible for funding. The MSCA also support cooperation between industry and academia and innovative training to enhance employability and career development.
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