news 2020

Health - Jun 3
Comparable clinical results after five and ten days of treatment - In an international study, scientists from eight countries have investigated the use of the medication Remdesivir in the treatment of Covid-19. One result of the study, which included the participation of the Technical University of Munich's university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar: The changes in the clinical condition of patients treated for five days were comparable to the changes in patients treated for a period of ten days.
Life Sciences - Jun 3
Life Sciences

Soya and clover have their very own fertiliser factories in their roots, where bacteria manufacture ammonium, which is crucial for plant growth. Although this has long been common knowledge, scientists have only recently described the mechanism in detail. With biotechnology, this knowledge could now help make agriculture more sustainable.

Life Sciences - Jun 3
Life Sciences

Urban red foxes are becoming more similar to domesticated dogs as they adapt to their city environment, according to a new analysis.

Health - Jun 3
Health

First study of SAMBA II devices on hospital wards finds patient time on COVID 'holding wards' was almost halved. Researchers say faster tests helped expedite access to life-saving treatments such as organ transplants - and might make all the difference later this year.

Environment - Jun 3
Environment

EPFL scientists just published an open tool for predicting the dynamics of ground beetle populations - important bioindicators for sustainable park management and for monitoring ecosystems - in Italy's Gran Paradiso National Park.


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Health - Pharmacology - 03.06.2020
Remdesivir effective against Covid-19 even after short treatment periods
Comparable clinical results after five and ten days of treatment In an international study, scientists from eight countries have investigated the use of the medication Remdesivir in the treatment of Covid-19. One result of the study, which included the participation of the Technical University of Munich's university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar: The changes in the clinical condition of patients treated for five days were comparable to the changes in patients treated for a period of ten days.

Life Sciences - Health - 03.06.2020
How bacteria fertilise soya
How bacteria fertilise soya
Soya and clover have their very own fertiliser factories in their roots, where bacteria manufacture ammonium, which is crucial for plant growth. Although this has long been common knowledge, scientists have only recently described the mechanism in detail. With biotechnology, this knowledge could now help make agriculture more sustainable.

Health - Pharmacology - 03.06.2020
Rapid coronavirus test speeds up access to urgent care and will free up beds ahead of winter
Rapid coronavirus test speeds up access to urgent care and will free up beds ahead of winter
First study of SAMBA II devices on hospital wards finds patient time on COVID 'holding wards' was almost halved. Researchers say faster tests helped expedite access to life-saving treatments such as organ transplants - and might make all the difference later this year.

Life Sciences - Environment - 03.06.2020
Urban red foxes are diverging from their country cousins
Urban red foxes are diverging from their country cousins
Urban red foxes are becoming more similar to domesticated dogs as they adapt to their city environment, according to a new analysis. Credit Sean Page A team led by Dr Kevin Parsons, of the University of Glasgow's Institute of Biodiversity, Animal Health and Comparative Medicine, has carried out an analysis into the differences between urban and rural red foxes in the UK.

Environment - 03.06.2020
The health of ecosystems based on the ground beetle
The health of ecosystems based on the ground beetle
EPFL scientists just published an open tool for predicting the dynamics of ground beetle populations - important bioindicators for sustainable park management and for monitoring ecosystems - in Italy's Gran Paradiso National Park. The tool incorporates satellite and other remote sensing data. Ground beetles may be creepy, but their presence is usually a sign of a healthy ecosystem and is appreciated for pest control in agriculture.

Health - 03.06.2020
Stopping the clones may help win skin cancer battle
Targeting large clones of skin cells caused by ultraviolet irradiation (UV) may help reduce skin cancers, according to University of Queensland research. Professor Kiarash Khosrotehrani said the study found proliferation of these large clones was concentrated around hair pores and not evenly distributed.

Psychology - Pedagogy - 02.06.2020
Mobile technology may support kids learning to recognize emotions in photos of faces
Yalda T. Uhls is child psychologist and researcher at UCLA, who studies how media affect children. She is the author of the book “Media Moms & Digital Dads: A Fact Not Fear Approach to Parenting in the Digital Age.” This article originally appeared in The Conversation. An essential social skill is understanding emotion.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.06.2020
Gene discovery in fruit flies ’opens new doors’ for hearing loss cure in elderly
Scientists at UCL have discovered sets of regulatory genes, which are responsible for maintaining healthy hearing. The finding, made in fruit flies, could potentially lead to treatments for age-related hearing loss (ARHL) in humans. Globally one third of people (1.23 billion people) aged over 65 experience hearing impairment, and while there are thought to be more than 150 candidate genes which may affect hearing loss, there is no unified view on how to use these to develop novel preventive or curative hearing loss therapies.

Life Sciences - 02.06.2020
FloChiP, a new tool optimizing gene-regulation studies
FloChiP, a new tool optimizing gene-regulation studies
EPFL scientists have developed FloChip, a new microfluidic take on the widely used chromatin immunoprecipitation (ChIP) technique. By automating and cutting the cost of ChIP and sequential-ChIP, FloChIP has the potential to become a widely used tool for the study of chromatin biology and gene regulation.

Astronomy / Space Science - 02.06.2020
Citizen scientists spot closest young brown dwarf disk yet
Citizen scientists spot closest young brown dwarf disk yet
Discovery made through the Disk Detective project could help the search for new planets. Brown dwarfs are the middle child of astronomy, too big to be a planet yet not big enough to be a star. Like their stellar siblings, these objects form from the gravitational collapse of gas and dust. But rather than condensing into a star's fiery hot nuclear core, brown dwarfs find a more zen-like equilibrium, somehow reaching a stable, milder state compared to fusion-powered stars.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2020
A better model for neutrophil-related diseases
Neutrophils are critical immune cells for antimicrobial defense, but they can exacerbate a number of diseases, perhaps including COVID-19. The traditional approaches to study neutrophils in animal models are limited in specificity and effectiveness. EPFL scientists have now identified the problem and have developed a new, optimized model for studying the role of neutrophils in the context of disease.

Health - 02.06.2020
When insurers cover infertility treatments, fewer women die
When states require that insurers provide coverage of infertility treatments, 20% fewer mothers die during pregnancy, childbirth or shortly after birth, according to a University of Michigan study. Nearly 11% of women ages 15-44 and 21% of currently married, childless women report having difficulty getting pregnant and carrying a baby to term, but fertility treatments such as in vitro fertilization can be expensive and often require multiple attempts to be successful.

Health - Life Sciences - 02.06.2020
Bees grooming each other can boost colony immunity
Honeybees that specialise in grooming their nestmates (allogroomers) to ward off pests play a central role in the colony, finds a new UCL and University of Florence study. Allogroomer bees also appear to have stronger immune systems, possibly enabling them to withstand their higher risk of infection, according to the findings published in Scientific Reports .

Environment - 02.06.2020
The World’s Forests Are Growing Younger
Researchers from Berkeley Lab and 20 other institutions have found that land use and atmospheric changes are altering forest structure around the world, resulting in fewer of the mature trees that are better at storing carbon dioxide from the atmosphere. The scientists evaluated data and observations from more than 160 previous studies designed to capture how interactions between forest vegetation, climate changes, and disturbance such as drought provoke ecosystem responses including increased tree mortality and decreased forest age.

Environment - 02.06.2020
Reflecting sunlight to cool the planet will cause other global changes
Reflecting sunlight to cool the planet will cause other global changes
Solar geoengineering proposals will weaken extratropical storm tracks in both hemispheres, scientists find. How can the world combat the continued rise in global temperatures? How about shading the Earth from a portion of the sun's heat by injecting the stratosphere with reflective aerosols? After all, volcanoes do essentially the same thing, albeit in short, dramatic bursts: When a Vesuvius erupts, it blasts fine ash into the atmosphere, where the particles can linger as a kind of cloud cover, reflecting solar radiation back into space and temporarily cooling the planet.

Life Sciences - 02.06.2020
A genome-scale map of DNA methylation kinetics
While the first genome-wide DNA methylation map in mammalian cells was established over 10 years ago, such maps only provide snapshots and do not inform about the actual dynamics of this epigenetic mark. Researchers from the Schübeler group now quantified actual rates of methylation and demethylation for 860,404 individual CpGs in mouse embryonic stem cells.

Life Sciences - 02.06.2020
A new optical system shows how decisions light up the brain
A technique called COSMOS will help researchers understand how our brains work and aid in the development of new drugs. The inventors have created an instructional website to help other researchers build their own relatively-inexpensive COSMOS systems. When we make even simple decisions about how to interact with the world, we rely on computations performed by networks of neurons that span our brains.

Health - 02.06.2020
Winter time could be COVID-19 time
Winter time could be COVID-19 time
Study shows we could be facing increased risks in winter months when humidity is low. New research in Veterinary Science has found a link between COVID-19 and lower humidity. Vigilance must be maintained. A study conducted in New South Wales during the early epidemic stage of COVID-19 has found an association between lower humidity and an increase in locally acquired positive cases.

Health - Chemistry - 02.06.2020
ETH researchers deconstruct tissue repair
ETH researchers deconstruct tissue repair
ETH researchers have deconstructed the mechanisms that control wound healing and scar formation in more detail. To this end, biologists and engineers have developed a new method that allows the biomechanical properties of the healing tissue to be measured in vivo for the first time. Anyone who is injured hopes for a speedy recovery.

Economics / Business - Health - 02.06.2020
Slow easing of lockdowns may be better for global economy
A cautious approach to easing lockdown restrictions that reduces the risk of later lockdowns may be better for the global supply chain in the long run, according to a new modelling study led by UCL and Tsinghua University. The paper, published today in Nature Human Behaviour , is the first peer-reviewed study to comprehensively assess potential global supply chain effects of Covid-19 lockdowns, modelling the impact of lockdowns on 140 countries, including countries not directly affected by Covid-19.
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