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Earth Sciences - 14.01.2020
No need to dig too deep to find gold!
No need to dig too deep to find gold!
A UNIGE researcher has discovered the particularities of porphyry copper and gold deposits, providing mining companies with a new tool to maximise the extraction of these two metals. Why are some porphyry deposits - formed by magmatic fluids in volcanic arcs - rich in copper while others primarily contain gold? In an attempt to answer this question, a researcher from the University of Geneva investigated how the metals are accumulated over the time duration of a mineralizing event, looking for a correlation between the amounts of copper and gold extracted from the deposits.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Lack of key protein reduces brain connections in schizophrenia
Lack of key protein reduces brain connections in schizophrenia
Brain scans have revealed for the first time how people with schizophrenia have reduced levels of a key protein which helps brain cells to communicate The findings, published today , have shown a lack of a protein called SV2A in the brains of those with schizophrenia, compared to those without. According to the researchers who carried out the study, the findings suggest the protein could provide a new target for research into potential treatments.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 14.01.2020
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Galactic gamma-ray sources reveal birthplaces of high-energy particles
Researchers with the joint US-Mexico-European HAWC Observatory have identified a host of galactic sources of super-high-energy gamma rays The Earth is constantly being bombarded with charged particles called cosmic rays, but because they are charged, they bend in magnetic fields and don't point back to their sources.

Environment - 14.01.2020
Climate change increases the risk of wildfires confirms new review
Human-induced climate change promotes the conditions on which wildfires depend, increasing their likelihood. This is according to a review of research on global climate change and wildfire risk published today. Wildfires can't be prevented, and the risks are increasing because of climate change. This makes it urgent to consider ways of reducing the risks to people.

Life Sciences - 14.01.2020
Researchers partner with BBC to test the nation's intelligence
Researchers partner with BBC to test the nation’s intelligence
How clever are you? Can you train yourself to be smarter? And is your reliance on your smartphone making you more stressed or less able to think? These are just a few of the questions researchers hope to help answer as part of a new BBC television programme. The Great British Intelligence Test aims to gauge how the nation fairs when it comes to using our brainpower and could provide new insight into how human intelligence works.

Health - Life Sciences - 14.01.2020
Long-term skin irritation linked to increased risk of tumour growth
Long-term skin irritation linked to increased risk of tumour growth
An antibody that usually helps defend the skin against harmful substances or infections may promote tumour growth during chronic tissue inflammation. One of the skin's defences against environmental assault can help tumours to grow when skin is exposed to chronic inflammation, finds a study in mice published today in eLife.

Materials Science - 14.01.2020
Researchers break the geometric limitations of moiré pattern in graphene heterostructures
Researchers break the geometric limitations of moiré pattern in graphene heterostructures
Researchers at the University of Manchester in collaboration with CMT theorists (M. Andelkovic, S. Milovanovic, L. Covaci and F. Peeters) have uncovered interesting phenomena when multiple two-dimensional materials are combined into van der Waals heterostructures (layered 'sandwiches' of different materials).

Physics - 14.01.2020
Preparing for the hydrogen economy
Preparing for the hydrogen economy
When hydrogen moves into steel, it makes the metal become brittle, leading to catastrophic failures. This has been one of the major challenges in moving towards a greener, hydrogen-fuelled future, where steel tanks and pipelines are essential components that must be able to survive in pure hydrogen environments.

Social Sciences - Health - 14.01.2020
Wealth adds nine years to ’healthy’ life expectancy
The wealthiest men and women can expect to live an additional eight to nine years free from disability compared to people in the poorest groups, according to new UCL-led research.

Health - 14.01.2020
Workforce turnover contributes to health care physician trend towards working in larger practices
Physicians are increasingly working in large group practices, many of which are owned by hospital systems, as opposed to owning their own small practice. To understand what drives this change, most research has focused on the role of mergers and acquisitions. However, in a recently published study in Annals of Internal Medicine , University of Minnesota School of Public Health and Harvard researchers show gradual workforce turnover also plays a role, as older physicians leave small practices and newer doctors join larger ones.

Civil Engineering - Social Sciences - 14.01.2020
Street network patterns reveal worrying worldwide trend towards urban sprawl
Channels McGill University News and Events New research from McGill University and the University of California, Santa Cruz has found that the local streets of the world's cities are becoming less connected, a global trend that is driving urban sprawl and discouraging the use of public transportation.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2020
Meteorite contains the oldest material on Earth
Meteorite contains the oldest material on Earth
Researchers determined the age of stardust from a meteorite to be seven billion years - the oldest solid material ever found on Earth. Stars have life cycles. They're born when bits of dust and gas floating through space find each other and collapse in on each other and heat up. They burn for millions to billions of years, and then they die.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 13.01.2020
Global diets have seen dramatic changes over past 50 years, reveals study
International food supply patterns are supporting healthier diets in parts of the world, but causing malnutrition and obesity elsewhere. Research carried out by the University of Kent and Imperial College London has revealed diets are changing in complex ways worldwide. Advances in science and technology, together with growing incomes, have allowed many nations to have access to a diversity of foods.

Social Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Rising temperatures may cause over 2000 fatal injuries per year in the US
A 2 degrees Celsius rise in temperatures could result in around 2,100 additional deaths from injuries every year in the United States. This is the finding of research from Imperial College London , Columbia University and Harvard University , published Medicine. In the study, funded by the US Environmental Protection Agency and the Wellcome Trust, the researchers calculated the number of additional fatal injuries that would occur in the US if temperatures rose by 1.5 and 2 degrees Celsius.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.01.2020
Global database of all bird species shows how body shape predicts lifestyle
A database of 10,000 bird species shows how measurements of wings, beaks and tails can predict a species' role in an ecosystem. Given that many bird species perform important ecological functions, such as pollinating plants, spreading seeds, or controlling pests, the database may help scientists to understand and predict how the loss of species will affect ecosystem health.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 13.01.2020
NASA Planet Hunter Finds its 1st Earth-size Habitable-zone World
NASA's Transiting Exoplanet Survey Satellite (TESS) has discovered its first Earth-size planet in its star's habitable zone, the range of distances where conditions may be just right to allow the presence of liquid water on the surface. Scientists confirmed the find, called TOI 700 d, using NASA's Spitzer Space Telescope and have modeled the planet's potential environments to help inform future observations.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2020
TESS dates an ancient collision with our galaxy
A single bright star in the constellation of Indus, visible from the southern hemisphere, has revealed new insights on an ancient collision that our galaxy the Milky Way underwent with another smaller galaxy called Gaia-Enceladus early in its history. An international team of scientists led by the University of Birmingham adopted the novel approach of applying the forensic characterisation of a single ancient, bright star called ν Indi as a probe of the history of the Milky Way.

Environment - Business / Economics - 13.01.2020
Can Solar Geoengineering Mitigate both Climate Change and Income Inequality?
Potential economic benefits of reversing rising temperatures would benefit developing countries greatly, representing a global GDP growth of 200 percent New research from the University of California San Diego finds that solar geoengineering—the intentional reflection of sunlight away from the Earth's surface—may reduce income inequality between countries.

Astronomy / Space Science - 13.01.2020
UChicago, Field Museum scientists discover oldest material on Earth: 7-billion-year-old stardust
Scientists with the University of Chicago and Field Museum have discovered stardust that formed 5 to 7 billion years ago-the oldest solid material ever found on Earth. The grains of stardust were trapped inside meteorites long ago-even before the sun formed-where they remained unchanged for billions of years, until one such meteorite fell 50 years ago in Australia.

Life Sciences - Health - 13.01.2020
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Researchers identify new genetic link to schizophrenia
Cardiff University researchers have identified new mutations in a gene that provides novel insights into the biological causes of schizophrenia. Dr Elliott Rees, a research fellow at the Medical Research Council Centre for Neuropsychiatric Genetics and Genomics, analysed genetic data from 3,444 families affected by schizophrenia, in the largest study of its kind.
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