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Physics - Chemistry - 14.12.2020
Scientists Recruit New Atomic Heavyweights in Targeted Fight Against Cancer
Scientists Recruit New Atomic Heavyweights in Targeted Fight Against Cancer
New methods could lead to single-molecular systems for both diagnosing and treating cancer in real time A promising approach to treating cancer - called targeted alpha-particle therapy or TAT - could better harness the curative power of radiation treatments and lessen the severity of their more debilitating side effects.

Physics - Chemistry - 14.12.2020
Sheets of carbon nanotubes come in a rainbow of colors
Sheets of carbon nanotubes come in a rainbow of colors
Study: Nanotube films come in 466 colors, could be used in electronics, solar panels Nanomaterials researchers in Finland, the United States and China have created a color atlas for 466 unique varieties of single-walled carbon nanotubes. The nanotube color atlas is detailed in a study in Advanced Materials about a new method to predict the specific colors of thin films made by combining any of the 466 varieties.

Psychology - 14.12.2020
Especially neurotic people feel worse emotionally during the corona crisis
Especially neurotic people feel worse emotionally during the corona crisis
During the corona crisis, neurotic people experience more negative emotions in their everyday lives, are more unstable emotionally and worry more about their health. These are the results of a study carried out by psychologists from the Universities of Münster and Bielefeld. The study has been published in the "Journal of Research in Personality'.

Computer Science - Sport - 14.12.2020
The video referee in the spotlight
The video referee in the spotlight
Fans are not amused about decisions made by video assistants Since the 2019/20 season, controversial referee calls in the English Premier League may be technically reviewed and, if deemed necessary, corrected. Using a Twitter analysis of 129 games in the English Premier League, a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now determined how decisions made by video referees affect the mood of the fans.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 14.12.2020
Thinking afresh about how cells respond to stress
Thinking afresh about how cells respond to stress
Just like people, cells get stressed too. A sudden drop in oxygen, overheating, or toxins can trigger a cascade of molecular changes that lead cells to stop growing, produce stress-protective factors, and form stress granules - proteins and RNA molecules huddled together into membrane-less organelles.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 14.12.2020
RNA basic building block produced biocatalytically for the first time
RNA basic building block produced biocatalytically for the first time
Researchers from TU Graz and acib succeed in the first enzyme-driven biocatalytic synthesis of nucleic acid building blocks. This facilitates the development of antiviral agents and RNA-based therapeutics. Due to the COVID 19 pandemic and the associated intensive search for therapeutics and vaccines, the chemical substance class of nucleosides is experiencing an enormous increase in interest.

Physics - Materials Science - 14.12.2020
When less is more: a single layer of atoms boosts the nonlinear generation of light
When less is more: a single layer of atoms boosts the nonlinear generation of light
A wide array of technologies, ranging from lasers and optical telecommunication to quantum computing rely on nonlinear optical interaction. Typically, these nonlinear interactions, which allow a beam of light, for example, to change its frequency, are implemented by bulk materials. In a new study an international research team led by the University of Vienna have shown that structures built around a single layer of graphene allow for strong optical nonlinearities that can convert light.

Physics - 14.12.2020
Physicists create time reversed optical waves
Physicists create time reversed optical waves
Optics researchers from The University of Queensland and Nokia Bell Labs in the US have developed a new technique to demonstrate the time reversal of optical waves, which could transform the fields of advanced biomedical imaging and telecommunications. Time reversal of waves in physics doesn't mean travelling back to the future; it describes a special type of wave which can retrace a path backwards through an object, as if watching a movie of the travelling wave, played in reverse.

Health - 14.12.2020
Eating fish, but not meat, offers key health benefits
Compared with meat eaters, fish eaters have a lower risk of several adverse heart diseases, including stroke. These findings, which were part of new research looking at the diets and risk of developing or dying from heart diseases of more than 420,000 people in the UK, also concluded that vegetarianism was associated with a lower risk of developing heart disease.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 14.12.2020
Unexpected insights into early dinosaur’s brain, eating habits and agility
A pioneering reconstruction of the brain belonging to one of the earliest dinosaurs to roam the Earth has shed new light on its possible diet and ability to move fast. Research, led by the University of Bristol, used advanced imaging and 3-D modelling techniques to digitally rebuild the brain of Thecodontosaurus , better known as the Bristol dinosaur due to its origins in the UK city.

Life Sciences - Physics - 14.12.2020
Bacterial nanopores open the future of data storage
Bioengineers at EPFL have developed a nanopore-based system that can read data encoded into synthetic macromolecules with higher accuracy and resolution than similar methods on the market. The system is also potentially cheaper and longer-lasting, and overcomes limitations that prevent us from moving away from conventional data storage devices that are rapidly maxing out in capacity and endurance.

Health - Environment - 14.12.2020
Antibody study suggests COVID-19 infections underestimated
Rice, Baylor work with city to find disease in Houston four times greater than testing showed A monthslong study to determine the number of Houstonians carrying COVID-19 antibodies revealed infections may have been four times greater than viral tests showed, according to collaborators at the Houston Health Department, Rice University and Baylor College of Medicine.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2020
Researchers identify the origin of a deadly brain cancer
Finding could lead to potential therapies Researchers at McGill University are hopeful that the identification of the origin and a specific gene needed for tumour growth could lead to new therapeutics to treat a deadly brain cancer that arises in teens and young adults. The discovery relates to a subgroup of glioblastoma, a rare but aggressive form of cancer that typically proves fatal within three years of onset.

Life Sciences - 14.12.2020
Neuroscientists tap gamers to learn how people problem-solve
The game app hexxed may cast a spell on players who have to figure out the rules of the game and what the goal is. Neuroscientists hope to use player strategies to understand how people solve problems compared to how artificial intelligence solves problems. Fans of Candy Crush Saga, Flow Free or Minesweeper should check out a challenging new mobile game app, hexxed , that will stretch your brain as it helps brain researchers understand human strategic thinking and perhaps improve the reasoning of artificial intelligence.

Life Sciences - Health - 14.12.2020
'Boss' genes could save human hearts - and the reef
’Boss’ genes could save human hearts - and the reef
The chain of command inside human cells is similar to the way a factory is run, two University of Queensland researchers say. But Dr Nathan Palpant and Associate Professor Mikael Boden 's big news is that they have found the password to the chief executive's computer - metaphorically speaking. "We discovered a simple but powerful rule revealing how cells are controlled by rare decision-making genes,' said Dr Palpant, from UQ's Institute for Molecular Bioscience.

Health - Innovation - 11.12.2020
Earwax could be used to measure glucose levels
An earwax self-sampling device could be used to measure chronic glucose levels, according to a study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. The pilot study, published in Diagnostics , reports that the new device was almost 60% more reliable at measuring chronic glucose levels averaged over a month than an existing gold standard technique.

Health - Pharmacology - 11.12.2020
A data-driven approach to identify risk profiles and protective drugs in COVID-19
A study performed in Ticino between Ente Ospedaliero Cantonale (EOC), USI Universitą della Svizzera italiana and Universitą Vita-Salute San Raffaele (UniSR, Milan, Italy) has shown how drugs against hypertension can reduce by more than 60% the risk of mortality in COVID-19 patients. The multidisciplinary study concerned 576 patients admitted to the EOC during the first wave of the epidemic, and was published in the prestigious journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).

Health - Pharmacology - 11.12.2020
New study to evaluate antibiotic use in COVID-19 hospital patients
A group of researchers is to evaluate whether a simple blood test for bacterial infection could help to reduce the use of antibiotics in patients with COVID-19. A procalcitonin blood test (PCT) is used in hospitals to distinguish between bacterial and viral infections and guide antibiotic treatment.

Health - Social Sciences - 11.12.2020
National COVID-19 Infections Survey reveals changes to pandemic over time
Data from the National COVID-19 Infection Survey, done in partnership between the University of Oxford, the Office of National Statistics, Public Health England, University of Manchester and the Wellcome Trust, has revealed detailed characteristics of England's coronavirus pandemic, including which factors have contributed most to case numbers over different phases and the prevalence of asymptomatic infections.

Health - Life Sciences - 11.12.2020
Gene could help predict response to cervical cancer treatment
FINDINGS UCLA researchers have identified a potential diagnostic marker that could help predict how likely someone with cervical cancer is to respond to the standard treatment of chemotherapy and radiation. The scientists found that PACS-1, a gene that resides on a small segment of the long arm of chromosome 11, is overexpressed in cancer tissues, which can result in cancer growth and spread.
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