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Results 21 - 40 of 2174.


Astronomy / Space Science - 02.07.2020
VIDEOS: Science Collaborations Find a Way During COVID-19 Pandemic
Even an underground experiment 4,600 feet below a mountain in Central Italy, and a telescope instrument more than a mile high atop an Arizona mountaintop could not escape the impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic. As the virus spread around the world, many laboratories and experiment sites entered a period of partial shutdown and imposed restrictions on site access.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 02.07.2020
Examines Recursive Thinking
CMU team finds links between humans and non-human primates Recursion - the computational capacity to embed elements within elements of the same kind - has been lauded as the intellectual cornerstone of language, tool use and mathematics. A multi-institutional team of Carnegie Mellon University researchers, for the first time, show this ability is shared across age, species and cultural groups in a new study published in the June 26 issue of the journal Science Advances.

Health - Pharmacology - 02.07.2020
Convalescent blood plasma given to COVID-19 patients
An Imperial researcher discussed a trial giving UK COVID-19 patients blood plasma from people who have recovered from coronavirus, in a recent talk. Professor Anthony Gordon, Chair in Anaesthesia and Critical Care at Imperial College London and a Consultant in Intensive Care Medicine at Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust, is leading a trial to investigate whether convalescent plasma transfusions improve the speed of recovery and chances of survival for patients with COVID-19.

Astronomy / Space Science - 02.07.2020
Unprecedented ground-based discovery of two strongly interacting exoplanets
Unprecedented ground-based discovery of two strongly interacting exoplanets
Several interacting exoplanets have already been spotted by satellites. But a new breakthrough has been achieved with, for the first time, the detection directly from the ground of an extrasolar system of this type.  An international collaboration including CNRS researchers 1 has discovered an unusual planetary system, dubbed WASP-148, using the French instrument SOPHIE at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université) .

Health - Pharmacology - 02.07.2020
COVID-19 vaccine technology can be used for future pandemics, says expert
The researcher developing a potential new coronavirus vaccine said the technology behind it could also be used for future pandemics, in a recent talk. Professor Robin Shattock, from the Department of Infectious Diseases at Imperial College London, is leading the development of a candidate vaccine. It is currently being tested in human trials to establish whether it can be well tolerated and produce an effective immune response against COVID-19.

Materials Science - Electroengineering - 02.07.2020
The lightest shielding material in the world
The lightest shielding material in the world
Researchers have succeeded in applying aerogels to microelectronics: Aerogels based on cellulose nanofibers can effectively shield electromagnetic radiation over a wide frequency range - and they are unrivalled in terms of weight. Electric motors and electronic devices generate electromagnetic fields that sometimes have to be shielded in order not to affect neighboring electronic components or the transmission of signals.

Economics / Business - Environment - 02.07.2020
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
International group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin describes the growth strategies of plant roots. No 115/2020 from Jul 02, 2020 An international group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin, the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), and Wageningen University, among others, has been studying the complex belowground economy of roots.

Health - 02.07.2020
Has COVID-19 boosted interest in physical activity?
According to an analysis of Google Trends data led by researchers from the University of Sydney's Charles Perkins Centre online interest in exercise has been at an all-time high during the COVID-19 pandemic. "While I'd love to say this surge in searches has mirrored higher levels of physical activity in the community, it really is too early to tell," said Associate Professor Melody Ding , an epidemiologist and behavioural change scientist at the Charles Perkins Centre and Faculty of Medicine and Health.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 02.07.2020
Gravitational wave scientists smash quantum noise limits
Gravitational wave scientists smash quantum noise limits
Results published today in the prestigious journal Nature show the standard quantum limit has been breached using squeezed light technology pioneered at The Australian National University (ANU) Centre for Gravitational Astrophysics and refined at MIT on the 40kg test masses in the LIGO gravitational wave detectors.

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 01.07.2020
First exposed planetary core discovered
First exposed planetary core discovered
Researchers led by the University of Warwick have discovered the first exposed core of an exoplanet, which provides an unprecedented glimpse inside the interior of a planet. Christoph Mordasini from the University of Bern is leading the theoretical interpretation of this discovery. The newly discovered exoplanet TOI 849 b offers the unique opportunity to peer inside the interior of a planet and learn about its composition.

Health - Pharmacology - 01.07.2020
Breast cancer found earlier in states with expanded Medicaid
In a new  Yale Cancer Center  (YCC) study, researchers have demonstrated that a higher percentage of women with breast cancer had their disease diagnosed at an early stage in states with expanded Medicaid coverage through the Affordable Care Act (ACA). No such change was seen in states that didn't expand their coverage.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2020
Secrets of naked mole-rat cancer resistance unearthed
Secrets of naked mole-rat cancer resistance unearthed
Naked mole-rats can live for an incredibly long time and have an exceptional resistance to cancer thanks to unique conditions in their bodies that stop cancer cells multiplying, according to new research.

Health - 01.07.2020
Big fall in numbers attending hospital emergency departments in England
There have been big reductions in people attending hospital A&E departments in England since the COVID-19 pandemic began, according to a new report. The report looked in detail at the number of people attending Accident and Emergency (A&E) departments in two hospitals in Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust , as well as at the wider picture across English hospitals.

Social Sciences - 01.07.2020
Infant sleep problems can signal mental disorders in adolescents - study
Specific sleep problems among babies and very young children can be linked to mental disorders in adolescents, a new study has found. A team at the University of Birmingham's School of Psychology studied questionnaire data from the Children of the 90s , a UK-based longitudinal study which recruited pregnant mothers of 14,000 babies when it was set up almost three decades ago.

Health - Materials Science - 01.07.2020
New plastic biomaterials could lead to tougher, more versatile medical implants
A new thermoplastic biomaterial, which is tough and strong but also easy to process and shape has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham. A type of nylon, the material's shape memory properties enable it to be stretched and moulded but able to reform into its original shape when heated.

Physics - Materials Science - 01.07.2020
Magnonic nano-fibers opens the way towards new type of computers
Magnonic nano-fibers opens the way towards new type of computers
Magnetism offers new ways to create more powerful and energy-efficient computers, but the realization of magnetic computing on the nanoscale is a challenging task. A critical advancement in the field of ultralow power computation using magnetic waves is reported by a joint team from Kaiserslautern, Jena and Vienna in the journal Nano Letters.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2020
Tiny mineral particles are better vehicles for promising gene therapy
University of Wisconsin-Madison researchers have developed a safer and more efficient way to deliver a promising new method for treating cancer and liver disorders and for vaccination - including a COVID-19 vaccine from Moderna Therapeutics that has advanced to clinical trials with humans. The technology relies on inserting into cells pieces of carefully designed messenger RNA (mRNA), a strip of genetic material that human cells typically transcribe from a person's DNA in order to make useful proteins and go about their business.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 01.07.2020
A new ultrafast insulin
A new ultrafast insulin
Stanford researchers tested a new insulin drug in diabetic pigs and found that it was twice as fast-acting as traditional insulin. Researchers at Stanford University are developing a new insulin formulation that begins to take effect almost immediately upon injection, potentially working four times as fast as current commercial fast-acting insulin formulations.

Social Sciences - Health - 01.07.2020
Researchers to investigate social contact and physical distancing behaviours during COVID-19
Understanding these contact patterns, and how people physically distance from each other in different settings and among different groups, will help policy makers design effective control strategies for preventing transmission. The CON-QUEST (COroNavirus QUESTionnaire) study, funded by the Elizabeth Blackwell Institute and supported by the NIHR Health Protection Research Unit in Behavioural Science and Evaluation , will initially focus on contacts between University staff and students to understand how coronavirus spreads in a university setting.

Health - 01.07.2020
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease
Women who experience high blood pressure during pregnancy are more likely to develop heart disease and heart failure in later life, according to an international team of researchers. When we looked at all the available research, the answer was clear: women who develop high blood pressure during pregnancy - even when it doesn't develop into pre-eclampsia - are more likely to develop several different kinds of cardiovascular disease Clare Oliver-Williams Between 1-6% of all pregnancies in Western countries are affected by high blood pressure, which usually returns to normal after giving birth.

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