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Criminology / Forensics - Administration - 07.12.2020
Seizing military weapons does not increase violent crime nor risk police safety
More local law enforcement agencies are using military equipment, such as tear gas, armored vehicles and rubber bullets, to handle social justice protests-calling into question police militarization. But if police no longer used weapons and tactics previously connected to the military, there is little evidence that this would impact violent crime or officer safety, according to a new University of Michigan study.

Health - Life Sciences - 07.12.2020
More responsive COVID-19 wastewater test developed
A new wastewater testing approach developed by researchers at the University of Michigan and Stanford University is capable of better detecting viral infection patterns in communities, and could prove a crucial step forward in an informed public health response as the pandemic continues. Their new study published in Environmental Science & Technology identifies a method that not only detects the virus in wastewater samples but also tracks whether the infection rates are trending up or down.

Administration - 07.12.2020
Design quality of new homes across the UK remains "stubbornly low"
UofG-led new housing study says design quality of new homes across the UK remains "stubbornly low" The design quality of new homes and neighbourhoods across the UK remains stubbornly low, according to an in-depth study on the issue published today by a team led by the University of Glasgow. The report - Delivering design value: The housing design quality conundrum - which looked at all four UK nations, says new homes and neighbourhoods fail to meet the aspirations of the national planning policy statements in England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland.

History / Archeology - Environment - 07.12.2020
Archaeologists Explore Secrets of Neolithic Village off Israel’s Coast
UC San Diego archaeologist and Qualcomm Institute (QI) affiliate Thomas Levy and Assaf Yasur-Landau of the University of Haifa in Haifa, Israel and their teams have completed a combined physical and virtual excavation of a Neolithic underwater settlement off Israel's Carmel coast. The expedition could reveal secrets about prehistoric social evolution, climate and environmental change from more than 8,000 years ago.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.12.2020
Clue to How to Protect Neurons and Encourage Their Growth
By inhibiting a particular family of enzymes, it may be possible to develop new therapies for treating neurodegenerative diseases from glaucoma to Alzheimer's Many neurodegenerative conditions, from glaucoma to Alzheimer's disease, are characterized by injury to axons — the long, slender projections that conduct electrical impulses from one nerve cell to another, facilitating cellular communications.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.12.2020
Seventeen genetic abnormalities that cause brain aneurysms
Seventeen genetic abnormalities that cause brain aneurysms
By studying the genomes of hundreds of thousands of people, scientists from UNIGE, HUG and the University of Utrecht discovered the genetic basis of intracranial aneurysms. Nearly three percent of the world's population is at risk of developing an intracranial aneurysm, a localized dilation of a blood vessel forming a fragile pocket.

Environment - Transport - 07.12.2020
Military flights biggest cause of noise pollution on Olympic Peninsula
Military flights biggest cause of noise pollution on Olympic Peninsula
An area in the Olympic Peninsula's Hoh Rain Forest in Washington state for years held the distinction as one of the quietest places in the world. Deep within the diverse, lush, rainy landscape the sounds of human disturbance were noticeably absent.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.12.2020
Quick and sensitive identification of multidrug-resistant germs
Quick and sensitive identification of multidrug-resistant germs
Researchers from the University of Basel have developed a sensitive testing system that allows the rapid and reliable detection of resistance in bacteria. The system is based on tiny, functionalized cantilevers that bend due to binding of sample material. In the analyses, the system was able to detect resistance in a sample quantity equivalent to 1-10 bacteria.

Health - Environment - 07.12.2020
What wastewater can reveal about COVID-19
What wastewater can reveal about COVID-19
A new wastewater testing approach capable of better detecting viral infection patterns in communities could prove a crucial step toward an informed public health response to diseases like COVID-19. Accurately identifying changes in community COVID-19 infections through wastewater surveillance is moving closer to reality.

Environment - 07.12.2020
Nature's contributions to people found to be in decline
Nature’s contributions to people found to be in decline
Over the past 50 years, declining biodiversity has put many of nature's contributions to people at risk. This is the conclusion reached by fifteen leading international experts, including a French ethnoecologist 1 at the CNRS (French National Centre for Scientific Research).

Life Sciences - 07.12.2020
Genetic map of the human face
An international team of researchers has connected specific genetic regions which influence facial features. This means they can see the signals of normal facial features in the genome - but it is also hoped their work can shed light on craniofacial malformations such as cleft lip and palate. The findings are published today in an article .

Life Sciences - 07.12.2020
New research from Queen’s University reveals alarming trends of a globally significant seabird population
News Release - New research from Queen's University reveals alarming trends of a globally significant seabird population Queen's researchers John Smol , Matt hew Duda and collaborators have uncovered new information that shows that a globally important seabird colony is now only 16 per cent of its potential size, and the likely culprit of the decline is nearby European settlement from over 200 years ago.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 07.12.2020
Scientists get the lowdown on sun's super-hot atmosphere
Scientists get the lowdown on sun’s super-hot atmosphere
Orbiting instrument hints at how stored magnetic energy heats solar atmosphere A phenomenon first detected in the solar wind may help solve a long-standing mystery about the sun: why the solar atmosphere is millions of degrees hotter than the surface. Images from the Earth-orbiting Interface Region Imaging Spectrograph , aka IRIS, and the Atmospheric Imaging Assembly , aka AIA, show evidence that low-lying magnetic loops are heated to millions of degrees Kelvin.

Health - Career - 07.12.2020
Examining California farmworkers’ COVID-19 rates and risks
Researchers at the UC Berkeley School of Public Health and Dr. Maximiliano Cuevas had a discussion about the impact of COVID-19 on California farmworkers. California is the leading agricultural state in the U.S., generating more than $50 billion in agricultural annual revenue and employing 800,000 agricultural workers.

Environment - Materials Science - 06.12.2020
Disposable or fabric? Here is what matters
Disposable or fabric? Here is what matters
Anyone who wants to protect themselves and others from a COVID-19 infection wears a mask these days. But what about the environmental impact of this mass product, which is used millions of times over? Are masks made of fabric beneficial for the environment or are disposable masks preferable? Empa researchers have examined these questions using life cycle assessments (LCAs) and identified factors for sustainable design.

Health - Pharmacology - 05.12.2020
How Covid-19 Testing Can Become More Efficient
How Covid-19 Testing Can Become More Efficient
With the help of so-called pooling procedures, samples from different people can be combined into a pool and tested for Covid-19 collectively in a single test kit. An interdisciplinary team of mathematicians, computer scientists and medical doctors from the Junge Akademie, the Technische Universität Braunschweig, the Universität Stuttgart and the company Arctoris has developed a decision support tool that calculates which method is most effective in identifying all Covid-19 patients in a positive sample pool.

Health - 04.12.2020
Reusing face masks: are microwaves the answer?
Researchers from Cardiff University have been testing the feasibility of using microwave ovens and dry heat to decontaminate crucial PPE being used to combat the coronavirus pandemic. Reporting their findings in the Journal of Hospital Infection , the team have shown that certain types of respirators can be effectively decontaminated in just 90 seconds using an industrial-grade microwave oven and a baby bottle sterilizer containing water.

Earth Sciences - Physics - 04.12.2020
Crystals may help reveal hidden Kilauea Volcano behavior
Crystals may help reveal hidden Kilauea Volcano behavior
Stanford researchers used millimeter-sized crystals from the 1959 eruption of Hawaii's Kilauea Volcano to test models that offer insights about flow conditions prior to and during an eruption. Scientists striving to understand how and when volcanoes might erupt face a challenge: many of the processes take place deep underground in lava tubes churning with dangerous molten Earth.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.12.2020
Analysis finds four repurposed antiviral drugs have little or no effect on patients hospitalised for COVID-19
Repurposed antiviral drugs - remdesivir, hydroxychloroquine, lopinavir and interferon - to treat COVID-19 appear to have little or no effect on patients hospitalised for the disease, in terms of overall mortality, initiation of ventilation and duration of hospital stay. The interim findings from the WHO Solidarity trial, published in the New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM), followed 11,266 adults at 405 hospitals in 30 countries.

Life Sciences - Campus - 04.12.2020
Sustainably managed fisheries provide a safeguard against global food insecurity
Thanks to the pandemic, we know just how quickly food can disappear from supermarket shelves. But it is hard to gauge the vulnerability of our food production system as a whole to abrupt changes, such as those that could be caused by extreme events such as a nuclear war or massive volcanic eruptions.
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