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Environment - Life Sciences - 10.02.2020
'Rule breaking' plants may be climate change survivors
’Rule breaking’ plants may be climate change survivors
Plants that break some of the ‘rules' of ecology by adapting in unconventional ways may have a higher chance of surviving climate change, according to researchers from the University of Queensland and Trinity College Dublin. Dr Annabel Smith , from UQ's School of Agriculture and Food Sciences , and Professor Yvonne Buckley, from UQ's School of Biological Sciences and Trinity College Dublin Ireland, studied the humble plantain ( Plantago lanceolate ) to see how it became one of the world's most successfully distributed plant species.

History / Archeology - Chemistry - 09.02.2020
People from Ghent University and Van Eyck: archaeometry
People from Ghent University and Van Eyck: archaeometry
Ghent's focus is on Van Eyck and the Ghent Altarpiece in 2020. Lots of people from Ghent University are also involved in this year of celebration. We have been putting a number of them in the spotlight. This week: Peter Vandenabeele. In Ghent, it's all about Van Eyck and the Ghent Altarpiece in 2020.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 07.02.2020
U-M team targets muscular dystrophy in mice
U-M team targets muscular dystrophy in mice
A team led by University of Michigan researchers has found that using drug compounds to target specific molecules within muscle cells can ameliorate Duchenne muscular dystrophy in mice. Those who have Duchenne muscular dystrophy have a genetic flaw that causes muscle membrane damage, preventing muscle cells from repairing themselves, according to recent research.

Pharmacology - Health - 07.02.2020
Treating depression important after stroke, but caution may be needed
Recognising and managing depression is an important part of post-stroke treatment, but some treatments should be used with caution until more is known about the risks, according to new evidence published in the Cochrane Library today.

Materials Science - 07.02.2020
Scientists create ’Chemical gardens’ that can be used as bone substitute materials
A new way of making bone-replacement materials that allows for cells to grow around and inside them has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham. The team adopted a novel approach called chemobrionics, in which chemical components are controllably driven to react together in specific ways, enabling the self-assembly of intricate bio-inspired structures.

Health - 07.02.2020
Industry-linked studies more favorable to indoor tanning, researchers say
See us on twitter See us on youtube See us on linkedin See us on instagram Indoor-tanning studies with financial ties to the industry are likely to downplay risks and discuss the potential benefits of tanning, researchers have found. Studies of indoor tanning that are financially linked to the industry are significantly more likely to downplay the risks and highlight perceived benefits of indoor tanning than studies without such ties, according to researchers at the Stanford School of Medicine.

Computer Science - Health - 07.02.2020
Deep Learning Helps Tease Out Gene Interactions
New method could help identify disease-related genes, pathways Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists have taken a deep learning method that has revolutionized face recognition and other image-based applications in recent years and redirected its power to explore the relationship between genes.

Environment - Economics / Business - 07.02.2020
Biodiversity yields financial returns
Biodiversity yields financial returns
Farmers could increase their revenues by increasing biodiversity on their land. This is the conclusion reached by an interdisciplinary research team including the fields of agricultural sciences, ecology and economics at ETH Zurich and other universities. Many farmers associate grassland biodiversity with lower yields and financial losses.

Environment - 07.02.2020
Climate change a key driver of bumblebee decline
Increasingly hot temperatures appear to be driving declines in bumblebee populations across Europe and North America, according to a UCL and University of Ottawa study. The study, published in Science , found that in the course of a single human generation, the likelihood of a bumblebee population surviving in a given place has declined by an average of over 30%.

Astronomy / Space Science - Economics / Business - 07.02.2020
CHEOPS space telescope takes its first pictures
Next milestone in the commissioning of CHEOPS: After the successful opening of the space telescope cover on January 29, 2020, CHEOPS has now taken its first images of the sky. CHEOPS is a joint mission of the European Space Agency (ESA) and Switzerland, led by the University of Bern, in collaboration with the University of Geneva.

Life Sciences - Health - 07.02.2020
International team delivers research breakthrough for leading cause of blindness
Researchers have identified a new protein linked to age-related macular degeneration (AMD) that could offer new hope for the diagnosis and treatment of the disease, which affects more than 1.5 million people in the UK alone. The research team, made up of scientists from Cardiff University, Queen Mary University of London, the University of Manchester, and Radboud University Medical Center, Nijmegen, found significantly higher levels of a protein called factor H-related protein 4 (FHR-4) in the blood of AMD patients.

Physics - Materials Science - 07.02.2020
A novel formulation to explain heat propagation
A novel formulation to explain heat propagation
Researchers at EPFL and MARVEL have developed a novel formulation that describes how heat spreads within crystalline materials. This can explain why and under which conditions heat propagation becomes fluid-like rather than diffusive. Their equations will make it easier to design next-generation electronic devices at the nanoscale, in which these phenomena can become prevalent.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 06.02.2020
Smart design of new materials could improve energy storage technologies
Materials that can be precisely designed at the nanoscale could allow 'supercapacitors' to store more energy while maintaining their fast charge time. Researchers from the Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Imperial College London and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology performed simulations and experiments that show special electrode materials could be precisely engineered to produce supercapacitors that charge quickly and store more energy.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 06.02.2020
Research could be step toward lab-grown eggs and sperm to treat infertility
A new study on how and when the precursors to eggs and sperm are formed during development could help pave the way for generating egg and sperm cells in the lab to treat infertility. The study, published in the journal Cell Reports, describes the way in which human stem cells evolve into germ cells, the precursors for egg and sperm cells.

Health - 06.02.2020
Cold plasma patch could make immunotherapy more effective for treating melanoma
An interdisciplinary team of researchers at the UCLA Jonsson Comprehensive Cancer Center has developed a medicated patch that can deliver immune checkpoint inhibitors and cold plasma directly to tumors to help boost the immune response and kill cancer cells. The thumb-sized patch has more than 200 hollow microneedles that can penetrate the skin and enter the tumor tissue.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.02.2020
Artificial virus created to help fight against superbugs
An artificial virus capable of attacking superbug infections resistant to antibiotics has been bioengineered by researchers at UCL, NPL, University of Cambridge, University of Exeter and King's College London. The rise of superbugs is a serious concern in the medical community as bacteria evolve to evade existing treatments faster than new antibiotics can be developed.

Life Sciences - Health - 06.02.2020
Breathing may change your mind about free will
Is free will just an illusion? For decades, a signal from the brain called the "readiness potential" has been interpreted to mean that free will may be an illusion. Backed by signals from the brain and lungs, EPFL scientists have discovered that the readiness potential is in fact coupled to breathing and that acts of free will happen as you exhale - providing an unexpected perspective on free will.

Materials Science - Environment - 06.02.2020
Researchers develop a roadmap for growth of new solar cells
Researchers develop a roadmap for growth of new solar cells
Starting with higher-value niche markets and then expanding could help perovskite-based solar panels become competitive with silicon. Materials called perovskites show strong potential for a new generation of solar cells, but they've had trouble gaining traction in a market dominated by silicon-based solar cells.

Chemistry - Physics - 06.02.2020
Shen Creates Tiny Polymer Switch With Big Abilities To Control Heat
Carnegie Mellon University's Sheng Shen , an associate professor of mechanical engineering , and his team have developed a new polymer thermal regulator that can quickly transform from a conductor to an insulator and back again. When it is a conductor, heat transfers quickly. When it is an insulator, heat transfers much more slowly.

Pharmacology - Health - 06.02.2020
New Understanding of Childhood Immune Systems May Improve Vaccine Efficacy
New Understanding of Childhood Immune Systems May Improve Vaccine Efficacy
In lowand middle-income countries, children have the greatest need for protection afforded by vaccination due to a higher incidence of infectious diseases. However, the vaccines for these children often show a lower efficacy when compared to similar populations in high-income settings. A new study by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) and partners from the Babraham Institute, ISGlobal and others published yesterday in Science Translational Medicine reveals that the immune system of children varies according to age, location and anaemia status.

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