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Results 41 - 60 of 4184.


Chemistry - Life Sciences - 18.12.2020
New mechanism of force transduction in muscle cells discovered
New mechanism of force transduction in muscle cells discovered
Researchers of Münster University reveal mechanobiological function of muscle-specific adhesion protein / Study published in "Nature Communications" The ability of cells to sense and respond to their mechanical environment is critical for many cellular processes but the molecular mechanisms underlying cellular mechanosensitivity are still unclear.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.12.2020
A step toward understanding why COVID-19 boosts stroke risk
A UCLA-led study may help explain how COVID-19 increases the risk for stroke. Scientists made the finding by running fluid spiked with a COVID-19-like protein through a 3D-printed model of the arteries of a patient who had suffered a stroke. Although COVID-19 was first identified by its severe respiratory symptoms, the virus has caused strokes in young people who had no known risk factors.

Computer Science - Health - 18.12.2020
New app to monitor Parkinson’s progression at home
A new smartphone app developed by researchers at UCL and Birkbeck, University of London, is enabling doctors to remotely monitor their patients' progression of Parkinson's symptoms, as reported in a new clinical trial. The findings, published in npj Parkinson's Disease , show that the app can provide clinicians with a more complete picture of a person's condition than they can get from a typically brief medical check-up.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.12.2020
A weather station for epilepsy
A weather station for epilepsy
To do this, Baud collaborated with Vikram Rao, neurologist at UCSF, to obtain neuronal activity data collected over several years using devices implanted long-term in the brains of patients with epilepsy. After confirming that there were indeed cycles of cerebral epileptic activity, the scientists turned their attention to statistical analysis.

Physics - Mathematics - 18.12.2020
UofG researchers set out for New Horizons
Researchers from the University of Glasgow's College of Science & Engineering are sharing in new funding for adventurous, high-risk research. Four projects from three Schools have received support from the £25.5m New Horizons fund, administered by the Engineering and Physical Science Research Council (EPSRC).

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.12.2020
Spotting elephants from space: a satellite revolution
Spotting elephants from space: a satellite revolution
Using the highest resolution satellite imagery currently available - Worldview 3 - from Maxar Technologies and deep learning, (TensorFlow API, Google Brain) researchers at the University of Oxford Wildlife Conservation Research Unit and Machine Learning Research Group have detected elephants from space with comparable accuracy to human detection capabilities.

Physics - Chemistry - 18.12.2020
Artificial Intelligence Solves Schrödinger’s Equation
Scientists at Freie Universität Berlin develop a deep learning method to solve a fundamental problem in quantum chemistry No 255/2020 from Dec 18, 2020 A team of scientists at Freie Universität Berlin has developed an artificial intelligence (AI) method for calculating the ground state of the Schrödinger equation in quantum chemistry.

Computer Science - 18.12.2020
Scientists Present In-Memory Computing Pathways for Edge-AI & Neural Networks with 3D Architectures & Resistive-RAM
Papers at IEDM 2020 Explore Ways to Leverage 3D Technology's Strengths For Lowering Device Energy Consumption and Energy Lost in Data Transmission -GRENOBLE, France - Dec. 18, 2020 - CEA-Leti presented two papers this week at IEDM 2020 that confirm the advantages of combining 3D architectures and resistive-random-access-memories (RRAM) for in-memory computing (IMC), and their applications for Edge-AI and neural networks.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 18.12.2020
Muscling RNA Polymerase Off the DNA
Muscling RNA Polymerase Off the DNA
Researchers elucidate a unique molecular mechanism for efficient gene expression in pathogenic bacteria No 256/2020 from Dec 18, 2020 Three international research teams, including a consortium coordinated at Freie Universität Berlin, find that a motor protein, called HelD, acts like a "molecular bully" to pry the central enzyme of transcription, RNA polymerase, away from the DNA template, setting it free for the continued production of genetic messages.

Agronomy / Food Science - Social Sciences - 18.12.2020
Poorer teens at substantially greater risk of obesity
More than one third of UK teenagers are starting adult life with excess weight (either overweight or obese), and rates are even higher among the poorest, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The research, published today in a briefing paper  by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) at the UCL Social Research Institute, shows that one in five (21%) young people were obese at age 17, and a further one in seven (14%) were overweight, based on data collected in 2018-19 .

Health - Pharmacology - 18.12.2020
AI-supported test predicts eye disease three years before symptoms
A pioneering new eye test, developed by scientists at UCL in collaboration with the Western Eye Hospital, London, may predict wet AMD, a leading cause of severe sight loss, three years before symptoms develop. Researchers hope their test could be used to identify the disease early enough so that treatment can effectively prevent any vision loss.

Health - 18.12.2020
Survey says: Canadians asking for better food systems and food sparked by COVID-19 access
Shopping anxiety, higher food prices and individual income limitations are some of the factors making access to food challenging for Canadians during the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study suggests. Researchers conducted an online inter-provincial survey with residents of B.C., Alberta, Ontario, Quebec and the Atlantic provinces during the first wave of COVID-19.

Environment - 18.12.2020
Coral recovery during a prolonged heatwave offers new hope
Coral recovery during a prolonged heatwave offers new hope
Coral reefs serve important ecological functions, from providing habitat for countless species to protecting shorelines from erosion. Reef-dependent fisheries are also a vital source of food and income for hundreds of millions of people in tropical island nations where coral reefs are valued at $6.8 billion annually.  The pressing concerns of climate change have placed the long-term health of the world's coral reefs in jeopardy.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.12.2020
Breathing rate predicts therapeutic benefits for heart patients
Discovering a forgotten biosignal Conditions causing arrhythmia are among the most common cardiac conditions. A study headed by Prof. Georg Schmidt of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has demonstrated for the first time that the nocturnal respiratory rate can help with an important prediction: It is an indicator of whether a defibrillator will help to extend the life of patients with arrhythmia.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.12.2020
Cancer risk from obesity differs for men and women
A new study, led by researchers at the University of Bristol and the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC), has revealed that where fat is on our body may lead to different health outcomes for men and women. The research, co-funded by World Cancer Research Fund (WCRF), Cancer Research UK and Diabetes UK, found that having more body fat around your waist is more dangerous for women than it is for men when it comes to risk of developing colorectal cancer (also known as bowel cancer).

Pharmacology - Health - 17.12.2020
Improving vaccination rates by dispelling mistrust and conspiracy
A leading University of Queensland academic is using his research to improve vaccination rates across the country. Dr Tom Aechtner from UQ's School of Historical and Philosophical Inquiry has launched the world's first Massive Open Online Couse (MOOC), AVAXX101 , dedicated to anti-vaccination and vaccine hesitancy.

Health - Pharmacology - 17.12.2020
New drug to combat global killer sepsis
New drug to combat global killer sepsis
A promising new drug to combat sepsis has been developed by researchers at The Australian National University (ANU), potentially saving millions of lives each year. ANU Professor Christopher Parish and his team have been working on the drug for more than 10 years, with the drug being developed from compounds originally designed to fight cancer.

Life Sciences - Environment - 17.12.2020
Downstream passage facilities with signals that are understood by fish
Downstream passage facilities with signals that are understood by fish
Europe still has barely any downstream passage facilities that guide fish past the turbines of run-of-river power stations unharmed. Now, an interdisciplinary team of engineers from ETH Zurich and fish biologists from Eawag have developed a rack that uses pressure and flow differences to guide fish out of the main flow and into the safe fish passage.

Computer Science - 17.12.2020
RunEASI wearable enables runners to train and rehabilitate more efficiently
RunEASI wearable enables runners to train and rehabilitate more efficiently
New KU Leuven spin-off combines biomechanical expertise and AI Being able to exercise without pain or injury: it's every athlete's dream as well as the goal of RunEASI, a new spin-off of KU Leuven. RunEASI's wearable measures the impact experienced by runners and provides scientific feedback that can help them avoid and recover from injuries.

Physics - 17.12.2020
CEA-Leti Papers at IEDM 2020 Highlight Progress in Overcoming Challenges
Gallium Nitride Seen as Highly Efficient Replacement for Silicon in Wide Range of Consumer and Industrial Uses GRENOBLE , France - Dec. 16, 2020 - Two complementary research papers from CEA-Leti confirmed that the institute's approach to gallium-nitride (GaN) technologies is on track overcome challenges in the architecture and performance of advanced GaN devices embedding a MOS gate, and targeting the fast-growing global market for power-conversion systems.

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