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Results 61 - 80 of 1023.


Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2020
’More effective’ stem cell transplant method could aid blood cancer patients
Researchers at UCL have developed a new way to make blood stem cells present in the umbilical cord 'more transplantable', a finding in mice which could improve the treatment of a wide range of blood diseases in children and adults. Blood stem cells, also known as haematopoietic stem cells (HSCs), generate every type of cell in the blood (red cells, white cells and platelets), and are responsible for maintaining blood production throughout life.

Pharmacology - Health - 26.03.2020
Medications against coronavirus in trial
Medications against coronavirus in trial
Clinical trials on Covid-19 at university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar The university hospital is participating in studies on new medications for people suffering from Covid-19. As part of a clinical study, patients can be treated with medications that are still under development. 50 patients infected with the novel Coronavirus are currently being treated at the university hospital TUM Klinikum rechts der Isar.

Materials Science - Computer Science / Telecom - 26.03.2020
Designing lightweight glass for efficient cars, wind turbines
Designing lightweight glass for efficient cars, wind turbines
FACULTY Q&A Liang Qi , a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Michigan, answered questions about his group's new paper in npj Computational Materials. What is elastic stiffness' Elastic and glass don't seem to be two words that go together. All solid materials, including glass, have a property called elastic stiffness-also known as elastic modulus.

Health - Environment - 26.03.2020
A sewage surveillance effort to track COVID-19
Could a community's wastewater give an early warning of the spread of COVID-19? With a rapid response grant from the National Science Foundation, a research team from the University of Michigan and Stanford University is exploring this and other questions about how the novel coronavirus behaves and moves through the environment.

Chemistry - 26.03.2020
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavor research for consumer protection
Flavorings containing benzaldehyde can develop benzene under the influence of light In 2013, the Stiftung Warentest found harmful benzene in drinks with cherry flavor. But how did the substance get into the drinks' Was the source benzaldehyde, an essential component of the cherry flavoring? And if so, how could the problem be solved? A new study by the Leibniz-Institute for Food Systems Biology and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is now able to answer these questions.

Health - 26.03.2020
Opinion: how values drive decisions in science, not data
Dr Erman Sozudogru (UCL Science & Technology Studies) discusses how the choice between different methods of controlling the Covid-19 outbreak is one of differing values, rather than just pure science. The outbreak of COVID-19 resulted in a range of emergency responses and policy strategies across the globe.

Health - Social Sciences - 26.03.2020
Opinion: why we need to consult engineers as well as scientists for solutions
Dr Adam Cooper (UCL STEaPP) argues that the current response to Covid-19 coronavirus would be improved if the expertise of engineers was better utilised. The coronavirus outbreak has shone a bright light on the use of experts and scientific advice. In the UK the prime minister, Boris Johnson, is flanked by his chief scientist and chief medical officer when giving updates about his response to the outbreak - emphasising that it is driven by scientific advice.

Environment - Health - 26.03.2020
Understanding spread of COVID-19
Stanford professor Alexandria Boehm and visiting scholar Krista Wigginton describe potential transmission pathways of COVID-19 and their implications. Much remains unknown about how SARS-CoV-2, the virus that causes COVID-19, spreads through the environment.

Materials Science - Physics - 25.03.2020
Neural networks facilitate optimization in the search for new materials
Neural networks facilitate optimization in the search for new materials
Sorting through millions of possibilities, a search for battery materials delivered results in five weeks instead of 50 years. When searching through theoretical lists of possible new materials for particular applications, such as batteries or other energy-related devices, there are often millions of potential materials that could be considered, and multiple criteria that need to be met and optimized at once.

Physics - Life Sciences - 25.03.2020
Giant cavity in key tuberculosis molecule
SLAC Overview Our Mission, Vision & Values SLAC By The Numbers Director's Office Past SLAC Directors and Deputy Directors Wolfgang (Pief) K. H.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2020
A new mechanism triggering cell death and inflammation: a left turn that kills
Z-form nucleic acids are double-stranded DNA and RNA molecules with an unusual left-handed double helix structure, as opposed to the classical right-handed Watson-Crick double helix. Z-nucleic acids were discovered more than 40 years ago, but their biological function has remained poorly understood.

Physics - Electroengineering - 25.03.2020
A nanoscale device that can see through walls
A nanoscale device that can see through walls
Researchers at EPFL have developed a nanodevice that operates more than 10 times faster than today's fastest transistors, and about 100 times faster than the transistors you have on your computers. This new device enables the generation of high-power terahertz waves. These waves, which are notoriously difficult to produce, are useful in a rich variety of applications ranging from imaging and sensing to high-speed wireless communications.

Health - 25.03.2020
Wuhan travel restrictions prevented wider disease spread; but impact takes time
FOR IMMEDIATE RELEASE: 25 March 2020 A mobility and epidemiological study from a global consortium of researchers, led by the University of Oxford, Northeastern University and Harvard Medical School, has shown that travel restrictions from and within Wuhan and Hubei from 23 rd January worked to prevent the wider spread of COVID-19.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.03.2020
Pablo Escobar's hippos might have helped to restore local ecological diversity
Pablo Escobar’s hippos might have helped to restore local ecological diversity
Hippos imported into Colombia by drug lord Pablo Escobar could have helped to restore ecological diversity in the surrounding area, according to a new study. An international group of researchers, including Dr Chris Sandom and Owen Middleton at the University of Sussex, conducted a worldwide analysis comparing the ecological traits of introduced herbivores, like Escobar's hippos, to those of the past.

Life Sciences - Health - 25.03.2020
Old human cells rejuvenated with stem cell technology
Old human cells can become more youthful by coaxing them to briefly express proteins used to make induced pluripotent cells, Stanford researchers and their colleagues have found. The finding may have implications for aging research. Old human cells return to a more youthful and vigorous state after being induced to briefly express a panel of proteins involved in embryonic development, according to a new study by researchers at the Stanford University School of Medicine.

Health - 25.03.2020
Initial success for COVID-19 social distancing in China
Initial success for COVID-19 social distancing in China
Relaxing social distancing in China shows initial success, suggests early analysis. This is the latest research from the WHO Collaborating Centre for Infectious Disease Modelling within the MRC Centre for Global Infectious Disease Analysis (MRC GIDA) and the Abdul Latif Jameel Institute for Disease and Emergency Analytics ( J-IDEA ) at Imperial College London.

Mechanical Engineering - 25.03.2020
Ankle exoskeleton makes running easier
Researchers find that a motorized device that attaches around the ankle and foot can drastically reduce the energy cost of running. Running is great exercise but not everyone feels great doing it. In hopes of boosting physical activity - and possibly creating a new mode of transportation - engineers at Stanford University are studying devices that people could strap to their legs to make running easier.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.03.2020
Urban birds need to be smart or fast-breeding
Urban birds need to be smart or fast-breeding
To thrive in urban environments, birds need to either have large brains, or breed many times over their life, according to a new study involving UCL. The study, published in Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution , suggests that birds have two alternative strategies for coping with the difficulties of humanity's increasingly chaotic cities.

Health - Pharmacology - 25.03.2020
New Hepatitis C cases down by almost 70 per cent in HIV positive men
New cases of hepatitis C amongst HIV positive men in London and Brighton have fallen by nearly 70 per cent in recent years. An analysis of five clinics in London and Brighton found that 378 cases were diagnosed between July 2013 - June 2018. New infections peaked at 14 per 1000 people studied in 2015, falling to 4 per 1000 by 2018.

Music - Psychology - 25.03.2020
Integrate an orchestra increases capabilities cognitive
Integrate an orchestra increases capabilities cognitive
The EmoDémos project - led by the University of Geneva among children aged 7 to 12 years - has shown that playing an instrument in an orchestra can facilitate the acquisition of cognitive and emotional skills in two years.

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