news 2020



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Administration - 12.10.2020
NASA-style caution needed before allowing research to influence policy
NASA-style caution needed before allowing research to influence policy
Behavioural science should undergo rigorous testing and review before it informs public policy such as government responses to COVID-19, according to a paper in Nature Human Behaviour :  Use caution when applying behavioural science to policy . Professor  Andrew K. Przybyls ki, director of research at  Oxford's Internet Institute , is joint lead author of the paper, which recommends NASA's Technology Readiness levels be used to ensure new ideas are adequately tested before being adopted by governments and politicians.

Health - Administration - 18.09.2020
Five things we’re doing to help prevent the spread of Covid-19
Our ground breaking research has never been so critical during the Covid-19 pandemic. Amongst other things, we're helping to detect the virus, support people suffering from the effects of lockdown and understand how we could be better prepared if there was another pandemic. Here are five things our researchers have done to help prevent the spread of Covid-19.

Administration - 04.08.2020
Greenhouse gas emissions from international shipping increasing
National governments have a much greater responsibility for shipping emissions than previously estimated, finds new UCL-led research. Published today, the International Maritime Organisation (IMO)'s fourth Green House Gas (GHG) study found that, on average, GHG emissions of global shipping are increasing and are expected to continue to increase under current policy, with emissions hitting an all-time high in 2017.

Administration - Computer Science - 30.07.2020
Trust in data privacy increases during pandemic
COVID-19 has seen Australians become more trusting of organisations and governments when it comes to their personal data and privacy, according to new research. The Australian National University (ANU) study examined more than 3,200 Australians' attitudes toward data privacy and security before and during the coronavirus pandemic, including the use of the COVIDSafe app.  Study co-author Professor Nicholas Biddle said the study also showed increases in trust "strongly related" to an increase in confidence in the Federal Government, state and territory governments and the public service.

Administration - 12.07.2020
Dual-Use Research Allowed Under Strict Conditions
Dual-Use Research Allowed Under Strict Conditions
The Board of Governors of the 3rd of July 2020 has approved the new policy vision regarding military and dual-use research at Ghent University. This has big implications for research and development at Ghent University as well as research financing by the European Defense Fund in 2021. Research that can possibly be used militarily, is now possible.

Psychology - Administration - 03.07.2020
Compulsive internet use by teens linked to emotional issues: study
Compulsive internet use by teens linked to emotional issues: study
A new study has found internet addiction in teenagers leads to difficulty regulating emotions. However there was no evidence that pre-existing emotional issues are a predictor of obsessive internet use. Published in the peer-reviewed journal Emotion , the paper is the first longitudinal study to examine the connection between internet addiction among teenagers and emotion regulation difficulties.

Administration - 01.05.2020
Most London pavements are not wide enough for social distancing
Two thirds of pavements in London are not wide enough for people to observe the government's advice to stay two metres apart, according to new UCL analysis. Looking at data for every street in Greater London, the researchers found that only 36% had pavements that were at least three metres wide - judged to be the minimum required for people to be able to keep their distance.

Health - Administration - 27.04.2020
Containment measures avoid 200,000 hospitalizations in Italy
Containment measures avoid 200,000 hospitalizations in Italy
Researchers have modeled the effects of containment and social distancing measures implemented by the Italian government to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Their findings show that contagion transmission was reduced by 45% in March. The model will now be used to analyze possible future scenarios. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, mobility restrictions and social distancing measures implemented by the Italian government have avoided at least 200,000 hospitalizations and, over time, reduced contagion transmission by 45%.

Administration - Health - 23.04.2020
Support for increased police powers depends on public trust
Public support for increased police powers relies heavily on trust and legitimacy, according to a new study by UCL and the London School of Economics (LSE). In the new paper, published in the British Journal of Criminology , the authors assessed the factors that matter most to the public when deciding if they support the police's use of Live Facial Recognition (LFR) technology.

Health - Administration - 22.04.2020
Glasgow Lighthouse Lab facility begins processing samples for COVID-19
The Lighthouse Laboratory in Glasgow - a major new COVID-19 testing facility based in Scotland - is now operational. The Lighthouse Lab, which officially started testing samples for COVID-19 this week, is part of what will be the biggest network of diagnostic testing facilities in British history, alongside other Lighthouse Lab sites in Milton Keynes and Alderley Park, which were opened in recent days.

Economics / Business - Administration - 21.04.2020
Debt-laden firms are more likely to risk work safety: study
Debt-laden firms are more likely to risk work safety: study
New international research has found that cutting corners on workplace safety to boost short-term financial gains may be rife among companies burdened with debt. The researchers anticipate the problem will only worsen as the COVID-19 crisis smashes the world's economies.   Dr Di Fan from The Australian National University (ANU), who co-led the research, warned that Australian companies were susceptible to having a "myopic focus" at workers' expense.

Pharmacology - Administration - 24.03.2020
Oxford's COVID-19 research receives government funding
Oxford’s COVID-19 research receives government funding
Three Oxford-based COVID-19 projects are among the first to benefit from a share of £20 million in government investment. The three projects include work on an effective vaccine, enabling pre-clinical and clinical vaccine trials, as well as supporting researchers to develop manufacturing processes to produce a vaccine at a million-dose scale. Another project will examine how existing treatments could be repurposed to treat coronavirus.

Social Sciences - Administration - 16.03.2020
Babies love baby talk, all the world over
Stanford psychologist Michael Frank and collaborators conducted the largest ever experimental study of baby talk and found that infants respond better to baby talk versus normal adult chatter. Babies love baby talk all over the world, says Michael Frank , the Stanford psychologist behind the largest study to date looking at how infants from across the world respond to the different ways adults speak.

Administration - 29.01.2020
Participatory democracy platforms gain traction in Switzerland
Participatory democracy platforms gain traction in Switzerland
An initial survey by researchers at EPFL has found that local and regional governments are increasingly turning to digital technology to understand the views of their citizens, especially on planning and development proposals. Governments across Switzerland are embracing civic technology. This is one of the headline findings of the first Civic Tech Barometer, a survey conducted by researchers from EPFL's Urban Sociology Laboratory (LaSUR) in partnership with Geneva Canton's Consultation and Communication Department.

Law - Administration - 13.01.2020
The value of occupational licensing dims in the online world
SIEPR Faculty Fellow Brad Larsen brings a twist to ongoing debates over licensing laws as his latest research shows how consumers don't care about occupational licenses amid online reviews and star ratings. Consider the last time you hired an electrician, plumber or painter. Did you care to check if they were licensed or not? If licensing status was not your priority, you are not alone, according to new research by Stanford economist Brad Larsen.

Environment - Administration - 10.01.2020
Water governance: could less sometimes be more?
Water governance: could less sometimes be more?
Researchers from UNIGE and UNIL analysed water governance in six European countries from 1750 onwards. They demonstrated that there has been an inflationary trend in the number of regulations, and that - far from improving the situation - this has led to serious malfunctions in the system. The use of environmental resources has been regulated for centuries with the aim of improving the management and behaviour of private and public actors on an on-going basis.

Astronomy / Space Science - Administration - 06.01.2020
A fast radio burst tracked down to a nearby galaxy
Channels McGill University News and Events Astronomers in Europe, working with members of Canada's CHIME Fast Radio Burst collaboration, have pinpointed the location of a repeating fast radio burst (FRB) first detected by the CHIME telescope in British Columbia in 2018. The breakthrough is only the second time that scientists have determined the precise location of a repeating source of these millisecond bursts of radio waves from space.

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