news 2020


Computer Science

Results 121 - 140 of 156.

Computer Science - 02.03.2020
Not a 'math person'- You may be better at learning to code than you think
Not a ’math person’- You may be better at learning to code than you think
Want to learn to code? Put down the math book. Practice those communication skills instead. New research from the University of Washington finds that a natural aptitude for learning languages is a stronger predictor of learning to program than basic math knowledge, or numeracy. That's because writing code also involves learning a second language, an ability to learn that language's vocabulary and grammar, and how they work together to communicate ideas and intentions.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 28.02.2020
Machine learning picks out hidden vibrations from earthquake data
Machine learning picks out hidden vibrations from earthquake data
Technique may help scientists more accurately map vast underground geologic structures. Over the last century, scientists have developed methods to map the structures within the Earth's crust, in order to identify resources such as oil reserves, geothermal sources, and, more recently, reservoirs where excess carbon dioxide could potentially be sequestered.

Computer Science - 19.02.2020
Machine learning could speed the arrival of ultra-fast-charging electric car
Machine learning could speed the arrival of ultra-fast-charging electric car
Using artificial intelligence, a Stanford-led research team has slashed battery testing times - a key barrier to longer-lasting, faster-charging batteries for electric vehicles - by nearly fifteenfold. Battery performance can make or break the electric vehicle experience, from driving range to charging time to the lifetime of the car.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 19.02.2020
"A rethinking in the minds of researchers is necessary": Guest comments
The reproducibility of research results is one of the fundamental quality criteria in science. The demand for transparency of the scientific knowledge process aims to ensure the repeatability of scientific studies or experiments. The project "Opening Reproducible Research" (o2r) of the Institute for Geoinformatics of the University of Münster and the University and State Library of Münster deals with this topic.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 19.02.2020
Using performance modelling for brain tissue simulations
Using performance modelling for brain tissue simulations
Scientists from EPFL (Switzerland) have extended performance modelling techniques to the field of computational brain science. In a paper published in Neuroinformatics, they provide a quantitative appraisal of the performance landscape of brain tissue simulations, and analyze in detail the relationship between an in silico experiment, the underlying neuron and connectivity model, the simulation algorithm and the hardware platform being used.

Computer Science - 17.02.2020
South West to host Europe’s largest Arm supercomputer
The region's leading universities, the GW4 Alliance, together with the Met Office, Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE), and partners, have been awarded £4.1 million by the Engineering and Physical Sciences Research Council (EPSRC) to create Isambard 2, the largest Arm-based supercomputer in Europe.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 14.02.2020
How many gender subtypes exist in the brain?
Channels McGill University News and Events New machine learning study suggest the presence of at least nine gender "expressions" The terminology humans have conceived to explain and study our own brain may be mis-aligned with how these constructs are actually represented in nature. For example, in many human societies, when a baby is born either a "male" or a "female" box is checked on the birth certificate.

Computer Science - 13.02.2020
Researchers identify security vulnerabilities in voting app
Mobile voting application could allow hackers to alter individual votes and may pose privacy issues for users. In recent years, there has been a growing interest in using internet and mobile technology to increase access to the voting process. At the same time, computer security experts caution that paper ballots are the only secure means of voting.

Computer Science - 12.02.2020
Automated system can rewrite outdated sentences in Wikipedia articles
Automated system can rewrite outdated sentences in Wikipedia articles
Text-generating tool pinpoints and replaces specific information in sentences while retaining humanlike grammar and style. A system created by MIT researchers could be used to automatically update factual inconsistencies in Wikipedia articles, reducing time and effort spent by human editors who now do the task manually.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 12.02.2020
"Sensorized" skin helps soft robots find their bearings
Flexible sensors and an artificial intelligence model tell deformable robots how their bodies are positioned in a 3D environment. For the first time, MIT researchers have enabled a soft robotic arm to understand its configuration in 3D space, by leveraging only motion and position data from its own "sensorized" skin.

Health - Computer Science - 11.02.2020
Skin cancer diagnosis apps are unreliable and poorly regulated
Smartphone apps used as ‘early warning systems' for skin cancer are poorly regulated and frequently cannot be relied upon to produce accurate results, according to new analysis by experts at the University of Birmingham. Skin cancer detection apps are designed to ensure that the right people seek medical attention by providing a risk assessment of a new or changing mole.

Computer Science - 10.02.2020
New system to detect cyber-attacks on smart devices in the home
A novel system capable of detecting and classifying cyber-attacks on smart devices around our homes has been developed by experts at Cardiff University. The system can distinguish between malicious or benign activity and detect attacks on devices such as the Amazon Echo Dot and Apple TV with a 90 per cent accuracy.

Computer Science - Health - 07.02.2020
Deep Learning Helps Tease Out Gene Interactions
New method could help identify disease-related genes, pathways Carnegie Mellon University computer scientists have taken a deep learning method that has revolutionized face recognition and other image-based applications in recent years and redirected its power to explore the relationship between genes.

Computer Science - 05.02.2020
Making Memes Accessible for People With Visual Impairments
People with visual impairments use social media like everyone else, often with the help of screen reader software. But that technology falls short when it encounters memes, which don't include alternate text, or alt text, to describe what's depicted in the image. To counter this, researchers at Carnegie Mellon University have developed a method to automatically identify memes and apply prewritten templates to add descriptive alt text, making them intelligible via existing assistive technologies.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 04.02.2020
Supercomputers, giant accelerators lend a hand in the fight against coronavirus
Editor's note: To read more about how UChicago is on the frontlines of the coronavirus pandemic, visit the Confronting COVID-19 website. As COVID-19 makes its way around the world, scientists are working around the clock to analyze the virus to find new treatments and cures and predict how it will propagate through the population.

Computer Science - 03.02.2020
The one ring - to track your finger's location
The one ring - to track your finger’s location
Smart technology keeps getting smaller. There are smartphones, smartwatches and now, smart rings, devices that allow someone to use simple finger gestures to control other technology. Researchers at the University of Washington have created AuraRing , a ring and wristband combination that can detect the precise location of someone's index finger and continuously track hand movements.

Computer Science - 02.02.2020
People from Ghent University and Van Eyck: engineering
People from Ghent University and Van Eyck: engineering
Ghent's 2020 focus is on Van Eyck and the Ghent Altarpiece. Lots of people from Ghent University are involved in this year of celebration.

Computer Science - 30.01.2020
Giving cryptocurrency users more bang for their buck
Giving cryptocurrency users more bang for their buck
Routing scheme boosts efficiency in networks that help speed up blockchain transactions. A new cryptocurrency-routing scheme co-invented by MIT researchers can boost the efficiency - and, ultimately, profits - of certain networks designed to speed up notoriously slow blockchain transactions.   Cryptocurrencies hold promise for peer-to-peer financial transactions, potentially making banks and credit cards obsolete.

Computer Science - 30.01.2020
Smart heat
Smart heat
Can buildings learn to save all by themselves? Empa researchers think so. In their experiments, they fed a new self-learning heat­ing control system with temperature data from the previous year and the current weather forecast. The "smart" control system was then able to assess the building's behavior and act with good anticipation.

Health - Computer Science - 30.01.2020
Bridging the gap between AI and the clinic
Channels McGill University News and Events Open source app helps predict brain tumour malignancy and patient survival The power of artificial intelligence (AI) in medicine lies in its ability to find important statistical patterns in large datasets. A study published today is an important proof of concept for how AI can help doctors and brain tumour patients make better treatment decisions.

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