news 2020


Computer Science

Results 41 - 60 of 156.

Environment - Computer Science - 10.07.2020
Counting wheat heads for more ecology
Counting wheat heads for more ecology
To Achim Walter it's clear: the budding artificial intelligence will decisively advance agroecology. But before we can harvest the fruits of AI, computers still have a lot to learn. Over-fertilised fields, compacted soils, greenhouse gases and insect death - the list of problems in agroecology is both old and long.

Environment - Computer Science - 09.07.2020
'Regime shift' happening in the Arctic Ocean
’Regime shift’ happening in the Arctic Ocean
Stanford scientists find the growth of phytoplankton in the Arctic Ocean has increased 57 percent over just two decades, enhancing its ability to soak up carbon dioxide. While once linked to melting sea ice, the increase is now propelled by rising concentrations of tiny algae. Scientists at Stanford University have discovered a surprising shift in the Arctic Ocean.

Electroengineering - Computer Science - 29.06.2020
Wearable-tech glove translates sign language into speech in real time
UCLA bioengineers have designed a glove-like device that can translate American Sign Language into English speech in real time though a smartphone app. The ir research is published Electronics. “Our hope is that this opens up an easy way for people who use sign language to communicate directly with non-signers without needing someone else to translate for them,? said Jun Chen, an assistant professor of bioengineering at the UCLA Samueli School of Engineering and the principal investigator on the research.

Computer Science - 26.06.2020
EPFL lab develops method for designing lower-power circuits
EPFL lab develops method for designing lower-power circuits
An EPFL lab, has come up with a new type of logic diagram and related optimization methods, that can be used to design computer chips with a nearly 20% gain in energy efficiency, speed or size. The lab has just entered into a license agreement with Synopsys, a global leader in electronic design automation and chip fabrication software.

Computer Science - 25.06.2020
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
AI could help improve performance of lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells
Researchers have demonstrated how machine learning could help design lithium-ion batteries and fuel cells with better performance. A new machine learning algorithm allows researchers to explore possible designs for the microstructure of fuel cells and lithium-ion batteries, before running 3D simulations that help researchers make changes to improve performance.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 25.06.2020
Smart phones are empowering women worldwide
By giving women access to information they otherwise wouldn't have, mobile phones are transforming lives. Putting smart phones in women's hands could be a powerful tool to support sustainable development goals in the developing world, according to researchers from McGill University, University of Oxford and Bocconi University.

Health - Computer Science - 24.06.2020
Swiss federal government officially launches the SwissCovid app
Swiss federal government officially launches the SwissCovid app
SwissCovid - a tracing app developed in part by EPFL - is being made available today to the general public, one month after the pilot tests began. The app will be a useful tool in stemming the spread of the disease as the number of cases in Switzerland is back on the rise. The World Health Organization was clear in its warning: the COVID-19 pandemic is not over, and in some places it's just as strong as ever.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 24.06.2020
Brain Hitches Bows to Patterns
New research at CMU maps how the brain represents a particular sequence of actions when tying a knot Robert Mason and Marcel Just' s new research at Carnegie Mellon University have decoded the step-by-step processing that takes place in the brain when various knots are tied. Their work was published online in the May issue of the journal Psychological Science.

Health - Computer Science - 24.06.2020
Technology talent increasingly drawn to pharma industry since COVID-19, to solve healthcare challenges
83% of technology (tech) professionals would consider working in healthcare and pharma, with 72% more likely to consider it compared to six months ago 86% of tech professionals agree: the healthcare and pharma industry's "digital moment" has arrived Report includes insights from Microsoft, MIT and Benevolent AI on the powerful pairing of science and technology to reimagine medicine.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 23.06.2020
New approach for a biological programming language
New approach for a biological programming language
New findings by researchers led by TU Graz computer scientists Wolfgang Maass and Robert Legenstein on neural information processing in the brain could enable more efficient AI methods. Additional images for download can be found at the end of the message Specifically, the researchers have succeeded in mathematically modelling the emergence and interaction between so-called "assemblies".

Electroengineering - Computer Science - 22.06.2020
New technique may enable all-optical data-centre networks
A new technique that synchronises the clocks of computers in under a billionth of a second can eliminate one of the hurdles for the deployment of all-optical networks, potentially leading to more efficient data centres, according to a new study led by UCL and Microsoft. Data centres, comprising tens or hundreds of thousands connected servers, are the underlying technology empowering everything we do online, from storing films and photos to serving up webpages and online services.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 18.06.2020
Natural Fluid Injections Triggered Cahuilla Earthquake Swarm
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Innovation - Computer Science - 17.06.2020
New discovery allows 3D printing of sensors directly on expanding organs
In groundbreaking new research, mechanical engineers and computer scientists at the University of Minnesota have developed a 3D printing technique that uses motion capture technology, similar to that used in Hollywood movies, to print electronic sensors directly on organs that are expanding and contracting.

Computer Science - Physics - 16.06.2020
Borrowing from robotics, scientists automate mapping of quantum systems
Borrowing from robotics, scientists automate mapping of quantum systems
PhD candidate Riddhi Gupta has taken an algorithm used in autonomous vehicles and adapted it to help characterise and stabilise quantum technology. Scientists at the University of Sydney have adapted techniques from autonomous vehicles and robotics to efficiently assess the performance of quantum devices, an important process to help stabilise the emerging technologies.

Physics - Computer Science - 16.06.2020
Combining magnetic data storage and logic
Combining magnetic data storage and logic
Computers normally store and process data in separate modules. But now researchers at ETH Zurich and the Paul Scherrer Institute have developed a method that allows logical operations to be performed directly within a memory element. Anyone who has ever accidentally pulled out the plug of a desktop computer will recall the painful moment when they realised that any unsaved information was lost forever.

Computer Science - 15.06.2020
AI reduces 'communication gap' for nonverbal people by as much as half
AI reduces ’communication gap’ for nonverbal people by as much as half
Researchers have used artificial intelligence to reduce the 'communication gap' for nonverbal people with motor disabilities who rely on computers to converse with others. This method gives us hope for more innovative AI-infused systems to help people with motor disabilities to communicate in the future Per Ola Kristensson The team, from the University of Cambridge and the University of Dundee, developed a new context-aware method that reduces this communication gap by eliminating between 50% and 96% of the keystrokes the person has to type to communicate.

Computer Science - 15.06.2020
The first intuitive programming language for quantum computers
The first intuitive programming language for quantum computers
Several technical advances have been achieved recently in the pursuit of powerful quantum computers. Now, Computer scientists from ETH Zurich have made an important breakthrough in the field of programming languages: their quantum language is the first of its kind that is as elegant, simple and safe as classical computer languages.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 12.06.2020
Cloud security and genetic switch: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new ways to make cloud computing applications more trustworthy, to a small ‘switch' for turning genes on and off, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Cloud security The UKRI have announced funding for a new research project called CloudCAP: Capability-based Isolation for Cloud Native Applications.

Environment - Computer Science - 11.06.2020
Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Could the Answer to Groundwater Resources Come From High in the Sky?
Berkeley Lab scientists pair satellite data with high-resolution monitoring to estimate groundwater depletion across California's Central Valley Groundwater makes up 30 to 50 percent of California's water supply, but until recently there were few restrictions placed on its retrieval. Then in 2014 California became the last Western state to require regulation of its groundwater.

Computer Science - Social Sciences - 11.06.2020
New app analyzes how social distancing affects biological clocks
Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Almost overnight, the sleep and wake patterns of nearly four billion people may have changed because of COVID-19-spurred lockdowns. A free app built by University of Michigan researchers will help users understand their own sleep rhythms, shedding light on how their biological clock is responding to lockdowns, and give tips about how to shift their potentially disrupted rhythms to a more appropriate time.

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