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Computer Science - Health - 28.04.2020
Machine Learning Tool Could Provide Unexpected Scientific Insights into COVID-19
Machine Learning Tool Could Provide Unexpected Scientific Insights into COVID-19
A team of materials scientists at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) - scientists who normally spend their time researching things like high-performance materials for thermoelectrics or battery cathodes - have built a text-mining tool in record time to help the global scientific community synthesize the mountain of scientific literature on COVID-19 being generated every day.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 27.04.2020
What social media can reveal about a community's well-being
What social media can reveal about a community’s well-being
Stanford scholar Johannes Eichstaedt has built an algorithm that can provide, in principle, a real-time indication of community well-being by analyzing social media posts. Social media can reveal more than just a single person's mood or frame of mind. It can capture the psychological states of an entire population, according to new research by Stanford scholar Johannes Eichstaedt.

Pharmacology - Computer Science - 27.04.2020
Researchers develop software for drug repurposing
Researchers develop software for drug repurposing
Currently, the corona pandemic is dominating the entire social life in Germany and in many other parts of the world. We are working flat out in order to better help the more than one hundred thousand seriously ill people in hospitals. One promising approach to extending current treatment methods is to use existing and approved drugs to combat the virus.

Computer Science - 26.04.2020
Why we adopt then abandon online safety practices
Why we adopt then abandon online safety practices
We try to follow experts' cybersecurity and privacy recommendations but quite often many of us do so halfway or we give up. There are too many steps. The repetitious procedures get cumbersome. The trade-off of reduced access to information in exchange for a vague sense of security doesn't seem worth it.

Computer Science - Health - 24.04.2020
Encryption system for a secure contact tracing app
In the fight against Covid-19, an interdisciplinary research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed a model for a contact tracing app that protects personal data. The concept is based on an encryption process that prevents the temporary contact numbers (TCNs) of infected individuals from ending up on the phones of their contacts.

Computer Science - Architecture - 23.04.2020
Reducing the carbon footprint of artificial intelligence
Reducing the carbon footprint of artificial intelligence
Artificial intelligence has become a focus of certain ethical concerns, but it also has some major sustainability issues.  Last June, researchers at the University of Massachusetts at Amherst released a startling report estimating that the amount of power required for training and searching a certain neural network architecture involves the emissions of roughly 626,000 pounds of carbon dioxide.

Health - Computer Science - 15.04.2020
Artificial intelligence accelerates blood flow MRI
Artificial intelligence accelerates blood flow MRI
Imaging technology helps to detect cardiovascular diseases much earlier; however, precise examinations are still very time-consuming. Researchers from ETH and the University of Zurich have now presented a method that could greatly accelerate dynamic magnetic resonance imaging of blood flow. "Thanks to this innovation, quantitative magnetic resonance imaging could make tremendous progress," says Sebastian Kozerke, Professor of Biomedical Imaging at ETH and the University of Zurich.

Computer Science - 15.04.2020
Smartphone Videos Produce Highly Realistic 3D Face Reconstructions
Carnegie Mellon method foregoes expensive scanners, camera setups, studios Normally, it takes pricey equipment and expertise to create an accurate 3D reconstruction of someone's face that's realistic and doesn't look creepy. Now, Carnegie Mellon University researchers have pulled off the feat using video recorded on an ordinary smartphone.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 10.04.2020
How artificial intelligence can help to design new drugs
How artificial intelligence can help to design new drugs
Traditional methods for predicting interactions between proteins and other molecules rely on complex supercomputer simulations. Instead, a group of researchers from EPFL and USI developed a new artificial intelligence system that analyzes the 3D structure of protein surfaces. The new method MaSIF (Molecular Surface Interaction Fingerprinting) is a collaboration between the EPFL Protein Design & Immunoengineering lab (headed by Prof. Bruno Correia) and the group of Michael Bronstein , professor at USI and Imperial College of London, and head of research in Graph Learning at Twitter.

Health - Computer Science - 06.04.2020
Tracking a Killer: Hunting the Coronavirus with Technology, AI, and Analytics
A Covid-19 taskforce examines a map of the virus' spread. PHOTO CREDIT: Carlos Barria Reuters Experts offer Insights on mapping and forecasting virus cases during Stanford HAI's COVID-19 and AI Conference. Estimating unreported COVID-19 infections with viral-genome data.  Automating contract-tracing with Bluetooth technology. Analyzing Twitter for mental-health impacts.

Computer Science - 06.04.2020
AI techniques used to improve battery health and safety
AI techniques used to improve battery health and safety
Researchers have designed a machine learning method that can predict battery health with 10x higher accuracy than current industry standard, which could aid in the development of safer and more reliable batteries for electric vehicles and consumer electronics. The researchers, from Cambridge and Newcastle Universities, have designed a new way to monitor batteries by sending electrical pulses into them and measuring the response.

Philosophy - Computer Science - 05.04.2020
Ethical challenges in the age of digitisation
The Neue Zürcher Zeitung recently published a paper on the ethical challenges of digitisation written by Peter Seele, economist, philosopher and professor of business ethics at USI Faculty of Communication, Culture and Society and Dirk Helbing, professor of Computational Social Science at ETH Zurich.

Computer Science - Life Sciences - 04.04.2020
Accelerating data-driven discoveries
Accelerating data-driven discoveries
Life science companies use Paradigm4's unique database management system to uncover new insights into human health. As technologies like single-cell genomic sequencing, enhanced biomedical imaging, and medical "internet of things" devices proliferate, key discoveries about human health are increasingly found within vast troves of complex life science and health data.

Law - Computer Science - 03.04.2020
What removing legal threat to research that exposes online discrimination means
What removing legal threat to research that exposes online discrimination means
FACULTY Q&A A federal court has cleared the way for academic researchers, computer scientists and journalists to continue work that investigates online company practices for racial, gender or other discrimination. The ruling means that those who research online companies no longer have to fear prosecution for the work they do to hold tech companies accountable for their practices, said Christian Sandvig , the H Marshall McLuhan Collegiate Professor of Digital Media, professor of information and director of the Center for Ethics, Society, and Computing at the University of Michigan.

Health - Computer Science - 02.04.2020
Creating an Early Alert System for COVID-19
Researchers combine power of wearable device and big data analytics to track spread and early signs of infection—including among healthcare workers T o better understand early signs of coronavirus and the virus' spread, physicians around the country and data scientists at UC San Diego are working together to use a wearable device to monitor more than 12,000 people, including thousands of healthcare workers.

Health - Computer Science - 02.04.2020
Software to enable secure data-sharing for hospitals
Software to enable secure data-sharing for hospitals
The MedCo system aims to facilitate medical research on pathologies - such as cancer and infectious diseases - by enabling secure computations on decentralized data. The unique software has recently been deployed at three Swiss hospitals. MedCo was first released in 2019 as the first operational system to protect sensitive patient data so that it can be used collectively for medical research.

Earth Sciences - Computer Science - 31.03.2020
Shows potential for using fiber-optic networks to assess ground motions during earthquakes
Shows potential for using fiber-optic networks to assess ground motions during earthquakes
A new study from a University of Michigan researcher and colleagues at three institutions demonstrates the potential for using existing networks of buried optical fibers as an inexpensive observatory for monitoring and studying earthquakes. The study provides new evidence that the same optical fibers that deliver high-speed internet and HD video to our homes could one day double as seismic sensors.

Computer Science - 27.03.2020
Security flaw that would enable hackers to copy millions of car keys
Security flaw that would enable hackers to copy millions of car keys
A team of researchers from the COSIC research group at KU Leuven and from the University of Birmingham has discovered that a wide range of car models produced by Toyota, Kia and Hyundai use weak cryptographic keys. This makes it easy to clone the key fob transponder. It is likely that millions of cars are affected.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 27.03.2020
COVID-19 Should Be Wake-Up Call for Robotics Research
Pandemic response requires "dull, dirty, dangerous" jobs suited for robots Robots could perform some of the "dull, dirty and dangerous" jobs associated with combating the COVID-19 pandemic, but that would require many new capabilities not currently being funded or developed, an editorial Robotics argues.

Materials Science - Computer Science - 26.03.2020
Designing lightweight glass for efficient cars, wind turbines
Designing lightweight glass for efficient cars, wind turbines
FACULTY Q&A Liang Qi , a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Michigan, answered questions about his group's new paper in npj Computational Materials. What is elastic stiffness' Elastic and glass don't seem to be two words that go together. All solid materials, including glass, have a property called elastic stiffness-also known as elastic modulus.

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