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Health - Economics / Business - 28.07.2020
How will the population accept COVID-19 tracing apps?
How will the population accept COVID-19 tracing apps?
Research team led by the University of Göttingen analyses design and communication strategies for mass acceptance Coronavirus tracing applications for the detection of infection chains are currently being developed and made available across the world. Such contact-tracing apps are a central component of national strategies for relaxing restrictions.

Economics / Business - 28.07.2020
Offers roadmap for coal phase-out
Offers roadmap for coal phase-out
Coal will need to be phased out of the world's economy to meet the climate change challenge, but this can work properly only if social objectives and local stakeholders are involved in the process, an international group of researchers argue in a paper published today. Phasing out coal requires a process of 'just transition' that focus on the rights and livelihoods of workers and agreed roadmaps, appropriate policy instruments, and effective ways to include workers, regions and industry in the process, the group say.

Economics / Business - Career - 27.07.2020
Expanded jobless benefits did not reduce employment
A new report by Yale economists finds no evidence that the enhanced jobless benefits Congress authorized in March in response to the COVID-19 pandemic reduced employment.  The report  addresses concerns that the more generous unemployment benefits, which provide $600 per week above state unemployment insurance payments, would disincentivize work.

Economics / Business - 21.07.2020
International trade, a threat to jobs?
International trade, a threat to jobs?
The growth of trade generates economic expansion, but can also result in an increase in long-term unemployment depending on the sectors of activity that are developing, stress UNIGE economists. What is the impact of increasing international trade on the labour market? This question is at the heart of many political debates, but it has long been absent from international economics textbooks.

Environment - Economics / Business - 14.07.2020
Ambitious climate action pays off
Action to mitigate climate change costs money - but damage caused by climate change also entails financial burdens, particularly for future generations. So how much action to mitigate climate change makes economic sense? To find out, an international team of researchers led by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research has fed an earlier computer simulation with current data and findings from climate science and economics.

Health - Economics / Business - 13.07.2020
Mind the gap: Even the richest Americans lag the English on health
Lower income means poorer health in middle age in both countries, but the U.S. has a much bigger difference in health between the top and bottom of the income ladder Share on: Share on Twitter Share on Facebook Share on LinkedIn Middle-aged Americans have worse health than their English counterparts-and the difference in health between rich and poor is much larger on the American side of the Atlantic, according to a new study.

Environment - Economics / Business - 10.07.2020
Socio-economic, environmental impacts of coronavirus quantified
Socio-economic, environmental impacts of coronavirus quantified
How is COVID-19 impacting people and the planet and what are the implications for a post-pandemic world? This world-first study led by the University of Sydney quantifies the socio-economic losses and environmental gains. The first comprehensive study of the pandemic shows consumption losses amount to more than US$3.8 trillion, triggering full-time equivalent job losses of 147 million and the biggest-ever drop in greenhouse gas emissions.

Economics / Business - 07.07.2020
Report reveals the technology behind bank card gambling blockers works, but millions do not have access
Report reveals the technology behind bank card gambling blockers works, but millions do not have access
The research, published today and led by the University of Bristol, highlighted although blockers could be effective, particularly when used in conjunction with other self-exclusion tools, they need to be improved to better protect people from gambling harm. The researchers, from the university's Personal Finance Research Centre (PFRC), are recommending all card blockers include a time-release lock of at least 48 hours.

Mathematics - Economics / Business - 03.07.2020
New mathematical principle used to prevent AI from making unethical decisions
A new mathematical principle has been designed to combat AI bias towards making unethical and costly commercial choices. Researchers from the University of Warwick, Imperial College London, EPFL (Lausanne) and Sciteb Ltd have found a mathematical means of helping regulators and businesses manage artificial intelligence (AI) systems' biases towards making unethical, and potentially very costly and damaging, commercial choices.

Career - Economics / Business - 03.07.2020
Unequal paths to recovery as economy reopens
Low-income workers are almost twice as likely to be laid-off or furloughed as high-income workers, according to a new UCL study examining income and consumption effects of Covid-19. The working paper, published by Puey Ungphakorn Institute for Economic Research , highlights that a significant proportion of those low-income workers - 70 percent from the bottom fifth of the income distribution - have struggled to afford living costs.

Economics / Business - Environment - 02.07.2020
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
Root Economics - Between Do-It-Yourself Strategies and Fungal Outsourcing
International group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin describes the growth strategies of plant roots. No 115/2020 from Jul 02, 2020 An international group of researchers with members from Freie Universität Berlin, the German Center for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), and Wageningen University, among others, has been studying the complex belowground economy of roots.

Economics / Business - 26.06.2020
Why the pandemic is worse for Black, Hispanic household finances
How do different types of households respond to economic volatility? A recent paper by University of Chicago economists shows that income shocks-sudden but temporary reductions in income-affect Black and Hispanic households more strongly than their white counterparts, as a result of the persistent racial and ethnic wealth gap in the United States.

Environment - Economics / Business - 26.06.2020
Warning on affluence
Lorenz Keysser believes that in order to overcome ecological crises, we must recognise affluence as a main driver and fundamentally reconsider our economy and lifestyle. A new mobile phone here, a new dress there, heading on holiday by SUV or further afield by plane, and - for those who can afford it - a big house.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 25.06.2020
'Poverty alleviation' and 'needy'' Why words can do more harm than good when offering help
’Poverty alleviation’ and ’needy’’ Why words can do more harm than good when offering help
Stanford psychologists suggest that aid programs can be more effective with messaging that conveys dignity and empowerment in culturally relevant ways and does not jeopardize donations. Non-profits often pull at donors' heartstrings by casting aid recipients as "poor," "needy" or "vulnerable." But new Stanford research shows how such demeaning language can undermine their goal to help others.

Economics / Business - 25.06.2020
Resource curse or resource blessing: How major oil discoveries keep autocrats in power
Resource curse or resource blessing: How major oil discoveries keep autocrats in power
Oil is the most effective natural resource when it comes to keeping despots in power, new research shows. Oil is a more useful resource for rulers looking to hold onto power than minerals such as copper, nickel or zinc but its' benefits are felt most strongly more than a decade after a discovery is made, according to new research led by the University of Sussex Business School.

Economics / Business - 25.06.2020
Helping consumers in a crisis
Helping consumers in a crisis
"Quantitative easing" program let households spend more during the last recession. Could it work again? A new study shows that the central bank tool known as quantitative easing helped consumers substantially during the last big economic downturn - a finding with clear relevance for today's pandemic-hit economy.

Economics / Business - 22.06.2020
Home foreclosures can have devastating, long-term impacts
Stanford economist Rebecca Diamond compiled a unique dataset to uncover fresh research insights into foreclosure's effects on homeowners, landlords and renters. As the pandemic-ravaged U.S. economy braces for a likely wave of housing foreclosures, a new study shows that losing a home can have painful ramifications that extend far beyond the immediate financial damage.

Economics / Business - 22.06.2020
Manufacturers must rethink global operations in face of COVID-19 - study
Manufacturers must redesign and reform their Global Supply Chains or Global Production Networks (GPN) if they want to survive and prosper in the wake of the COVID-19 pandemic, a new study reveals. The virus' impact demonstrates that global manufacturing concerns must switch from large production sites in a single location, such as China, to numerous smaller facilities around the world to reduce business risk.

Environment - Economics / Business - 09.06.2020
Accounting for nature in economies
Accounting for nature in economies
Gross Domestic Product, the standard metric for measuring national economies, doesn't account for the valuable services provided by nature. A new approach could help fill the gap. The way we measure economic health is flawed, according to new research from the Stanford-based Natural Capital Project. When we talk about a country's economic prosperity, we're almost always referring to gross domestic product, or GDP, a calculated value based on the goods and services that flow through an economy.

Economics / Business - Health - 02.06.2020
Slow easing of lockdowns may be better for global economy
A cautious approach to easing lockdown restrictions that reduces the risk of later lockdowns may be better for the global supply chain in the long run, according to a new modelling study led by UCL and Tsinghua University. The paper, published today in Nature Human Behaviour , is the first peer-reviewed study to comprehensively assess potential global supply chain effects of Covid-19 lockdowns, modelling the impact of lockdowns on 140 countries, including countries not directly affected by Covid-19.
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