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Economics / Business - Media - 19.10.2020
Online news needs a new pay model, U-M study shows
The revenue model that has sustained the newspaper industry for centuries no longer works in the digital age, but another age-old concept with some modern adaptations could be the answer to profitability, says a University of Michigan researcher. As newspaper and other similar content has gone digital over recent years, publishers have tried several funding models to strike the right balance between advertising, subscriptions and, in some cases, free content to lure readers.

Economics / Business - 19.10.2020
Foreign investment expected to fall 37% post-Brexit
Foreign investment into the UK is now predicted to fall by 37% post-Brexit, a 50% increase over previous estimates, as a result of leaving the EU single market and customs union, finds a new study by UCL and LSE economists. The peer-reviewed study, which is forthcoming in the Journal of Common Market Studies, highlights that the single market, since its implementation in 1992, has been the 'cornerstone' for additional foreign direct investment (FDI).

Environment - Economics / Business - 16.10.2020
Cooling: hidden threat for climate change and sustainable goals
Past research suggests growing international demand for cooling has the potential to drive one of the most substantial increases in greenhouse gas emissions in recent history. A new study sets out a framework for delivering sustainable cooling. It also examines cooling needs in the context of sustainable development, and finds that this is a global blind spot.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 14.10.2020
Austerity’s impact on rural poverty has been overlooked
Researchers at Cardiff University, Queen Mary University of London, and University of Exeter have revealed the significant impact of austerity on rural areas. The findings, published in the Journal of Rural Studies , provide the most comprehensive account to date of how changes in spending power and service spending have affected rural communities in England and Wales.

Environment - Economics / Business - 13.10.2020
Mental accounting is impacting sustainable behavior
Mental accounting is impacting sustainable behavior
UNIGE psychologists are analysing the way our minds plan the use of resources so that interventions can be developed to reduce excessive energy consumption and carbon emissions. Mental accounting is a concept that describes the mental processes we employ to organise our resource use. Human beings tend to create separate mental budget compartments where specific acts of consumption and payments are linked.

Economics / Business - Campus - 01.10.2020
Consumers’ race, income affect quality of financial services, treatment by lenders
Unfair, unequal treatment of poor and minority customers of financial institutions is nothing new. Nor are efforts to protect vulnerable populations through changes to the law. New research by University of Michigan finance professor Amiyatosh Purnanandam finds federal regulations aimed at ensuring equal access to credit has an unintended consequence: The quantity of financial products and services has increased but the quality of the offerings are much lower for the lower-income, minority borrowers.

Economics / Business - Campus - 22.09.2020
Who is the weakest link? Understanding global supply chains
The COVID-19 pandemic has caused kinks in the movement of goods and services around the globe, but how important a role do multinational companies play in local economies and supply chains? From toilet paper to industrial chemicals, there's no doubt the COVID-19 pandemic has been disruptive to global supply chains.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics / Business - 17.09.2020
Grocery shopping and nutrition after the lockdown: less eating-out and more price awareness
Grocery shopping and nutrition after the lockdown: less eating-out and more price awareness
Göttingen University research team investigates behaviour and attitudes of consumers in Germany during the different phases of the coronavirus pandemic Researchers at the University of Göttingen have been conducting a nationwide consumer survey since mid-April to find out how the coronavirus pandemic is affecting shopping, eating and cooking behaviour.

Economics / Business - Environment - 08.09.2020
Multinationals’ supply chains account for a fifth of global emissions
A fifth of carbon dioxide emissions come from multinational companies' global supply chains, according to a new study led by UCL and Tianjin University that shows the scope of multinationals' influence on climate change. The study, published , maps the emissions generated by multinationals' assets and suppliers abroad, finding that the flow of investment is typically from developed countries to developing ones - meaning that emissions are in effect outsourced to poorer parts of the world.

Social Sciences - Economics / Business - 04.09.2020
Indonesia’s coastal communities shoulder the impacts of ocean plastic
The urgency of reducing single-use plastic in global supply chains has been highlighted by a University of Queensland study in collaboration with the Indonesian Institute of Sciences. UQ Business School researcher Dr Anna Phelan said the social and economic costs of plastic waste were often borne by coastal communities with limited waste management rather than by producers and manufacturers.

Economics / Business - 31.08.2020
Being a selfish jerk doesn’t get you ahead
New research by two UC Berkeley experts tracked disagreeable people - those with selfish, combative, manipulative personalities - from college or graduate school to where they landed in their careers and found that being a "jerk" didn't get them ahead. (Photo via iStock) The evidence is in: Nice guys and gals don't finish last, and being a selfish jerk doesn't get you ahead.

Health - Economics / Business - 20.08.2020
Association between COVID-19 hospital use and mortality
Researchers at the University of Minnesota and University of Washington found a statistical relationship between the number of hospital beds (ICU and non-ICU) occupied by COVID-19 patients in a state and reported mortality. Published today in the Journal of General Internal Medicine , this research is believed to be the first to use actual, state-level data to examine this association.

Environment - Economics / Business - 20.08.2020
February lockdown in China caused a drop in some types of air pollution, but not others
February lockdown in China caused a drop in some types of air pollution, but not others
Atmospheric scientists have analyzed how the February near-total shutdown of mobility affected the air over China. Results show a striking drop in nitrogen oxides, a gas that comes mainly from tailpipes and is one component of smog. Learning how behavior shifts due to the COVID-19 pandemic affect air quality is of immediate importance, since the virus attacks human lungs.

Career - Economics / Business - 19.08.2020
How a simple nudge can motivate workers to save for retirement
Motivating people to save for retirement isn-t easy. Fraught decisions around when to start a nest egg, how much to set aside, and where to invest can be so overwhelming that inertia often sets in. Increasingly, economists who study this paralysis have shown that minimizing the complexity surrounding retirement choices inspires workers to start saving - and at higher rates.

Health - Economics / Business - 17.08.2020
COVID-19 hospitalizations analysis shows significant disparities in the disease’s impact across racial and ethnic groups
MyU : For Students, Faculty, and Staff COVID-19: Fall 2020 Adding to mounting evidence of COVID-19's disproportionate impact on some U.S. communities, a new analysis of hospitalization rates from the University of Minnesota shows Black, Hispanic, American Indian and Alaskan Native populations in the United States are significantly more likely to be hospitalized due to COVID-19 than whites.

Health - Economics / Business - 28.07.2020
How will the population accept COVID-19 tracing apps?
How will the population accept COVID-19 tracing apps?
Research team led by the University of Göttingen analyses design and communication strategies for mass acceptance Coronavirus tracing applications for the detection of infection chains are currently being developed and made available across the world. Such contact-tracing apps are a central component of national strategies for relaxing restrictions.

Economics / Business - 28.07.2020
Offers roadmap for coal phase-out
Offers roadmap for coal phase-out
Coal will need to be phased out of the world's economy to meet the climate change challenge, but this can work properly only if social objectives and local stakeholders are involved in the process, an international group of researchers argue in a paper published today. Phasing out coal requires a process of 'just transition' that focus on the rights and livelihoods of workers and agreed roadmaps, appropriate policy instruments, and effective ways to include workers, regions and industry in the process, the group say.

Economics / Business - Career - 27.07.2020
Expanded jobless benefits did not reduce employment
A new report by Yale economists finds no evidence that the enhanced jobless benefits Congress authorized in March in response to the COVID-19 pandemic reduced employment.  The report  addresses concerns that the more generous unemployment benefits, which provide $600 per week above state unemployment insurance payments, would disincentivize work.

Economics / Business - 21.07.2020
International trade, a threat to jobs?
International trade, a threat to jobs?
The growth of trade generates economic expansion, but can also result in an increase in long-term unemployment depending on the sectors of activity that are developing, stress UNIGE economists. What is the impact of increasing international trade on the labour market? This question is at the heart of many political debates, but it has long been absent from international economics textbooks.

Environment - Economics / Business - 14.07.2020
Ambitious climate action pays off
Action to mitigate climate change costs money - but damage caused by climate change also entails financial burdens, particularly for future generations. So how much action to mitigate climate change makes economic sense? To find out, an international team of researchers led by the Potsdam Institute for Climate Impact Research has fed an earlier computer simulation with current data and findings from climate science and economics.
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