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Health - Environment - 24.11.2020
COVID-19: Air quality influences the pandemic
COVID-19: Air quality influences the pandemic
Temperature inversions or Saharan dust intrusions can favor the presence of fine particles in the air. Their high concentration can aggravate the consequences of COVID-19. The correlation between the high concentration of fine particles and the severity of influenza waves is well known to epidemiologists.

Environment - 24.11.2020
Study measures Switzerland's potential geothermal heating capacity
An EPFL PhD candidate has calculated the maximum amount of geothermal energy that could theoretically be extracted using ground-source heat pumps in the Cantons of Vaud and Geneva. In a study combining data on the area available for such systems with computer modeling techniques, she found stark differences between geothermal energy's potential in urban versus rural areas.

Physics - Environment - 24.11.2020
Scientists Design New Framework for Clean Water
Scientists Design New Framework for Clean Water
Nature-inspired material designed by Berkeley Lab removes copper from wastewater with atomic precision W e rely on water to quench our thirst and to irrigate bountiful farmland. But what do you do when that once pristine water is polluted with wastewater from abandoned copper mines ? A promising solution relies on materials that capture heavy metal atoms, such as copper ions, from wastewater through a separation process called adsorption.

Health - Environment - 23.11.2020
Big cats and small dogs: solving the mystery of canine distemper in wild tigers
If you think getting your cat to the veterinarian is tricky, a new study - led by Cornell Wildlife Health Center, the University of Glasgow and the Wildlife Conservation Society; and published in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences - has revealed that vaccination of endangered Amur (Siberian) tigers is the only practical strategy to protect them from a dangerous disease in their natural habitat in the Russian Far East.

Environment - 20.11.2020
Wildfires should be considered a top threat to survival of species
A new study by 27 prominent scientists from around the world — including UCLA's Morgan Tingley — emphasizes the need to include fire among the list of potential threats to the survival of plant and animal species. Traditionally, fires have been viewed as a standard part of ecological cycles, necessary for species to survive and breed.

Life Sciences - Environment - 20.11.2020
Firth of Clyde a ’key source’ of juvenile whiting, supplying the wider Scottish west coast and Irish Sea fisheries
Scientists have discovered that the Firth of Clyde is an important source of juvenile whiting to the wider Scottish west coast waters, in new research likely to be important for fisheries management. In a new joint study, between the University of Glasgow and Marine Scotland Science published today in Communications Biology, researchers found that as juvenile whiting grow to become adults some cross the fish stock boundary between the Irish Sea and waters to the west of Scotland.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.11.2020
Too much nitrogen and phosphorus damages forests and water bodies
Too much nitrogen and phosphorus damages forests and water bodies
A factsheet from the Swiss Academy of Sciences (SCNAT) shows: Too much nitrogen and phosphorus is released into the Swiss environment. There they damage biodiversity, forests and water bodies, exacerbate climate change and affect human health. Actually the causes are known. With the help of Eawag researchers, the Swiss Academy of Sciences have collected facts on the problem of excessive nitrogen and phosphorus pollution in the environment.

Environment - Chemistry - 19.11.2020
Could kelp help relieve ocean acidification?
Could kelp help relieve ocean acidification?
A new analysis of California's Monterey Bay evaluates kelp's potential to reduce ocean acidification, the harmful fallout from climate change on marine ecosystems and the food they produce for human populations. Ethereal, swaying pillars of brown kelp along California's coasts grow up through the water column, culminating in a dense surface canopy of thick fronds that provide homes and refuge for numerous marine creatures.

Life Sciences - Environment - 18.11.2020
Cichlid fishes from African Lake Tanganyika shed light on how organismal diversity arises
Cichlid fishes from African Lake Tanganyika shed light on how organismal diversity arises
Lake Tanganyika in Africa is a true hotspot of organismal diversity. Approximately 240 species of cichlid fishes have evolved in this lake in less than 10 million years. A research team from the University of Basel has investigated this phenomenon of -explosive speciation- and provides new insights into the origins of biological diversity, as they report in the journal -Nature-.

Environment - Life Sciences - 18.11.2020
Vertebrate biodiversity- a glimmer of hope
Vertebrate populations - from birds and fish to antelope - are not, in general, declining. Despite what has previously been thought and said. A McGill University-led team of biologists found that the picture of dramatically declining vertebrate populations of all kinds is driven by a small number of outlier populations whose numbers are dropping at extreme rates.

Environment - Social Sciences - 18.11.2020
Predicting urban water needs with Zillow and census data
New Stanford research uses Zillow and census data combined with machine learning to identify residential water consumption based on housing characteristics. The approach could help cities better understand water use and design water-efficient communities. The gateway to more informed water use and better urban planning in your city could already be bookmarked on your computer.

Materials Science - Environment - 17.11.2020
New green materials could power smart devices using ambient light
Researchers have developed environmentally friendly materials that could harvest enough energy from indoor light to power wireless smart devices. We are increasingly using more smart devices like smartphones, smart speakers, and wearable health and wellness sensors in our homes, offices, and public buildings.

Environment - Astronomy / Space - 17.11.2020
Solar Geoengineering May Not be a Long-Term Solution for Climate Change
Seeding the atmosphere with aerosols would not prevent high atmospheric carbon dioxide concentrations from destabilizing low-lying clouds, opening the door to extreme warming Pumping aerosols into the atmosphere to reflect sunlight, thus cooling Earth, is one last-ditch method for dealing with climate change.

Environment - Research Management - 16.11.2020
Sustainable shotcrete mix-designs for tunnels with longer service-life
Sustainable shotcrete mix-designs for tunnels with longer service-life
By Christoph Pelzl A project jointly initiated by the Austrian Society for Construction Technology (BV), TU Graz and OTH Regensburg provides a more systematic understanding of shotcrete applications and forms the basis for new, even more durable concrete mixes and thus for more durable tunnels. The service life of tunnels today is designed to last at least for one hundred years - in the case of the Brenner basis tunnel it is even 200 years.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 16.11.2020
Former piece of Pacific Ocean floor imaged deep beneath China
Former piece of Pacific Ocean floor imaged deep beneath China
Study offers clues about the fate of tectonic plates that sink deep in Earth's mantle In a study that gives new meaning to the term "rock bottom,” seismic researchers have discovered the underside of a rocky slab of Earth's surface layer, or lithosphere, that has been pulled more than 400 miles beneath northeastern China by the process of tectonic subduction.

Environment - Life Sciences - 13.11.2020
How to Reduce Greenhouse Gas? Tips from a Methane-Eating Microbe
How to Reduce Greenhouse Gas? Tips from a Methane-Eating Microbe
Advanced X-ray techniques yield insights into a bacterial enzyme that turns methane gas into liquid fuel Scientists have determined the structure of a unique enzyme , produced by a species of methane-eating bacteria, that converts the greenhouse gas into methanol - a highly versatile liquid fuel and industrial product ingredient.

Environment - Veterinary - 13.11.2020
Widespread contamination of English rivers with pesticides commonly used as flea treatments
New research reveals widespread contamination of English rivers with pesticides commonly used as flea treatments Researchers at the University of Sussex have found widespread contamination of English rivers with two neurotoxic pesticides commonly used in veterinary flea products: fipronil and the neonicotinoid imidacloprid.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 13.11.2020
Undersea origins of Earth’s mysterious Love waves
Supercomputer simulations of planetary-scale interactions show how ocean storms and the structure of Earth's upper layers together generate much of the world's seismic waves. Decoding the faint but ubiquitous vibrations known as Love waves could yield insights about Earth's storm history, changing climate and interior.

Environment - Life Sciences - 12.11.2020
Applying environmental genomics to coral conservation
Applying environmental genomics to coral conservation
Coral reefs are extremely sensitive to temperature, making them particularly vulnerable to the effects of climate change. But some corals seem able to adapt. Researchers from EPFL and the French National Research Institute for Sustainable Development (IRD) studied a reef in New Caledonia, combining approaches from environmental science and genomics to characterize their adaptive potential and develop targeted conservation strategies.

Environment - Health - 12.11.2020
Fan mussel larval dispersal is decisive for the future of an endangered species
Most populations of fan mussel, an endemic bivalve of the Mediterranean, have disappeared or are endangered since 2016 due to the protozoan Haplosporidium pinnae . Conclusions suggest unaffected marine areas by the parasite export larvae that travel hundreds of kilometres through the marine currents.