news 2020



Results 21 - 40 of 44.

Computer Science - Innovation - 06.08.2020
Whiteness of AI erases people of colour from our ’imagined futures’, researchers argue
The overwhelming 'Whiteness' of artificial intelligence - from stock images and cinematic robots to the dialects of virtual assistants - removes people of colour from the way humanity thinks about its technology-enhanced future. If the developer demographic does not diversify, AI stands to exacerbate racial inequality Kanta Dihal This is according to experts at the University of Cambridge, who suggest that current portrayals and stereotypes about AI risk creating a "racially homogenous" workforce of aspiring technologists, building machines with bias baked into their algorithms.

Innovation - Computer Science - 31.07.2020
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
New high-capacity embedded memories use half as much silicon
Researchers at EPFL and Bar Ilan University have developed a new type of embedded memory that takes up half as much space as traditional memory - and uses less energy - to store a given amount of data. The technology is being marketed through a new spin-off called RAAAM. Embedded memories play a crucial role in running our digital devices, from computers and smartphones all the way to the internet of things and entire telecom networks.

Health - Innovation - 20.07.2020
Analyzing Cells for Future Biomedical Devices
Yu-li Wang and his team are researching cell migration while using the technologies developed for potential applications in artificial organs and other devices. The team has been awarded a five-year research grant from the National Institute of General Medical Sciences (NIGMS), one of the National Institutes of Health, to support this work.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 15.07.2020
Data-driven resistance training against muscular atrophy
Data-driven resistance training against muscular atrophy
Researchers at ETH Zurich and ZHAW present a simple method to precisely map resistance exercise on machines and record missing comparative figures. This could help to develop optimised training strategies in the future, such as for age-associated muscular atrophy. Muscles play a critical role in life.

Physics - Innovation - 02.07.2020
Quantum Fluctuations Can "Kick" Objects on the Human Scale
At a Glance Leadership President Provost Board of Trustees Legacy History & Milestones Historic Awards & Honors Caltech Archives Interactive History Map News Publications This is Caltech Caltech Magazine Periodic Table of Caltech Innovation and Impact Exploration and Achievement Directions Campus Maps Parking Tours Administrative Offices & Departments Academic Divisions Biology and Biological Engineering Chemistry and Chemical Enginee

Health - Innovation - 24.06.2020
Healthy new tissue can be ’printed’ using innovative technique
New muscle has successfully been created in mice using a minimally invasive technique dubbed 'intravital 3D bioprinting' by a team involving UCL scientists. This new research could pave the way for minimally invasive surgical techniques for organ repair and reconstruction that could remove the need for transplantation in children with complex conditions.

Innovation - Computer Science - 17.06.2020
New discovery allows 3D printing of sensors directly on expanding organs
In groundbreaking new research, mechanical engineers and computer scientists at the University of Minnesota have developed a 3D printing technique that uses motion capture technology, similar to that used in Hollywood movies, to print electronic sensors directly on organs that are expanding and contracting.

Innovation - Physics - 11.06.2020
Matrix imaging: an innovation for improving ultrasound resolution
Matrix imaging: an innovation for improving ultrasound resolution
In conventional ultrasounds, variations in soft tissue structure distort ultrasound wavefronts. They blur the image and can hence prove detrimental to medical diagnosis. Researchers at the Institut Langevin (CNRS/ESPCI Paris-PSL) 1 have developed a new non-invasive ultrasound method that avoids such aberrations.

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation - 01.06.2020
Scientists Detect Crab Nebula Using Innovative Gamma-Ray Telescope, Proving Technology Viability
Scientists in the Cherenkov Telescope Array (CTA) consortium today announced at the 236th meeting of the American Astronomical Society (AAS) that they have detected gamma rays from the Crab Nebula using a prototype Schwarzschild-Couder Telescope (pSCT), proving the viability of the novel telescope design for use in gamma-ray astrophysics.

Innovation - 15.05.2020
Saturn’s rings and battery startup funding: News from the College
Here's a batch of fresh news and announcements from across Imperial. From new insights into Saturn's dusty rings, to funding for an Imperial startup that develops next-generation rechargeable batteries, here is some quick-read news from across the College. Saturn's dusty rings Dust from Saturn's rings falling towards the planet is making the top of its equatorial atmosphere 10-100 times more electrically conductive than previously estimated.

Environment - Innovation - 11.05.2020
Urban water management: Ways to a flexible future
Urban water management: Ways to a flexible future
In Switzerland, fresh drinking water springs from the tap whenever it is needed. After use, it flows through the sewage system into the central wastewater treatment plants, where it is cleaned and reintroduced into the water cycle. This system has proven itself over many decades. But growing cities, climate change, environmental protection and scarce resources pose new challenges for urban water management.

Life Sciences - Innovation - 04.05.2020
How to Put Neurons into Cages
How to Put Neurons into Cages
Using microscopically fine 3D printing technologies from TU Wien (Vienna) and sound waves used as tweezers at Stanford University (California), tiny networks of neurons have been created. Microscopically small cages can be produced at TU Wien (Vienna). Their grid openings are only a few micrometers in size, making them ideal for holding cells and allowing living tissue to grow in a very specific shape.

Innovation - 27.04.2020
New tool measures quality of life in people with dementia
University of Queensland researchers say a new tool to measure the quality of life of people with dementia will result in better targeted care for those living with the condition. The method assesses five key domains that contribute to quality of life - physical health, mood, memory, living situation and ability to do fun activities, and importantly, takes into account the views of people with dementia.

Environment - Innovation - 24.04.2020
Think small, learn fast might be the way to go for novel energy technologies
Think small, learn fast might be the way to go for novel energy technologies
In a paper just published in the journal Joule, scientists from the University of Amsterdam (UvA) and TNO Energy Transition present an analysis of learning curves in energy technology and conclude that a focus on smaller unit size could facilitate faster cost reduction. According to Bob van der Zwaan, professor of Sustainable Energy Technology at the UvA's Van 't Hoff Institute for Molecular Sciences (HIMS), this is particularly relevant for devices and processes capable of generating solar fuels, such as hydrogen, that may become essential elements of future energy systems.

Health - Innovation - 22.04.2020
Chicago Immunoengineering Innovation Center launches to develop technologies to treat diseases
Center in Pritzker School of Molecular Engineering to focus on diseases such as cancer, COVID-19, allergies and autoimmune disorders The Chicago Immunoengineering Innovation Center has launched at the University of Chicago, with a focus on developing new technologies to treat diseases, including cancer, autoimmune disorders, and, most recently, COVID-19 .

Health - Innovation - 10.04.2020
PulseCam peeks below skin to map blood flow
PulseCam peeks below skin to map blood flow
Rice U. tech could let doctors monitor blood perfusion in real time Rice University engineers have found a way to use a video camera to peek below the skin and make high-resolution maps that show doctors and nurses exactly how much blood is reaching the capillaries. PulseCam uses a patented process to combine information from video recordings and a pulse oximeter to create high-resolution blood perfusion maps.

Health - Innovation - 01.04.2020
Scientists working to improve facemasks used by COVID-19 frontline NHS staff
Scientists at the Healthcare Technologies Institute, University of Birmingham and King's College London are working on a solution to improve the seal and fit of facemasks used in hospitals during the COVID-19 crisis. Since the onset of the crisis the subject of personal protective equipment (PPE) has become a key discussion point.

Environment - Innovation - 20.03.2020
Practical technologies for the global South
Practical technologies for the global South
The Tech4Dev program connects EPFL researchers with NGOs in order to develop technologies able to address specific needs in the global South and withstand local conditions. Four projects have been awarded grants following the first call for proposals. The global North and South have differing climates, economies and infrastructure.

Economics / Business - Innovation - 10.03.2020
Why are workers getting smaller pieces of the pie?
Why are workers getting smaller pieces of the pie?
Market concentration in the form of "superstar" firms has been lowering labor's share of GDP in recent decades, a new study finds. It's one of the biggest economic changes in recent decades: Workers get a smaller slice of company revenue, while a larger share is paid to capital owners and distributed as profits.

Social Sciences - Innovation - 28.02.2020
Hunter-Gatherer Networks Accelerated Human Evolution
Hunter-Gatherer Networks Accelerated Human Evolution
Humans began developing a complex culture as early as the Stone Age. This development was brought about by social interactions between various groups of hunters and gatherers, a UZH study has now confirmed. The researchers mapped the social networks of present-day hunter-gatherers in the Philippines and simulated the discovery of a medicinal plant product.