news 2020



Results 101 - 120 of 617.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 21.10.2020
Australian invention to make it easier to find 'new Earths'
Australian invention to make it easier to find ’new Earths’
University of Sydney scientists have developed a sensor that will help decipher the 'twinkle' of stars and allow for ground-based exploration of exoplanets. Their invention will be deployed in one of the world's largest telescopes at Mauna Kea, Hawaii. Australian scientists have developed a new type of sensor to measure and correct the distortion of starlight caused by viewing through the Earth's atmosphere, which should make it easier to study the possibility of life on distant planets.

Physics - Electroengineering - 19.10.2020
A trillion turns of light nets terahertz polarized bytes
A trillion turns of light nets terahertz polarized bytes
Nanophotonics researchers demonstrate ultrafast polarization switching U.S. and Italian engineers have demonstrated the first nanophotonic platform capable of manipulating polarized light 1 trillion times per second. "Polarized light can be used to encode bits of information, and we've shown it's possible to modulate such light at terahertz frequencies,” said Rice University's Alessandro Alabastri , co-corresponding author of a study published this week.

Chemistry - Physics - 15.10.2020
Small molecule is the key to HIV forming capsules
A group of University of Chicago scientists announced a groundbreaking study that explores the role of a small molecule, called IP6, in building the HIV-1 virus capsid. The genetic information of the HIV virus is surrounded by a layer of proteins called a capsid, which works as the armor of the virus.

Materials Science - Physics - 15.10.2020
Hanging by a colored thread
High-performance fibres that have been exposed to high temperatures usually lose their mechanical properties undetected and, in the worst case, can tear precisely when lives depend on them. For example, safety ropes used by fire brigades or suspension ropes for heavy loads on construction sites. Empa researchers have now developed a coating that changes color when exposed to high temperatures through friction or fire.

Life Sciences - Physics - 15.10.2020
A Method to Map Brain Circuits in Real Time
A new approach called integrated neurophotonics could allow researchers to track the activity of all the neurons that make up a particular brain circuit. To deepen their understanding of the brain, neuroscientists must be able to map in great detail the neural circuits that are responsible for tasks such as processing sensory information or forming new memories.

Life Sciences - Physics - 15.10.2020
During development, stress fibers help cells keep their shape-and may also regulate size
As organisms develop, mechanical forces exert pressure on their cells, and scientists have long wondered how cells keep their shape-and therefore remain healthy-through the process. Now, a study led in part by a University of Michigan physicist has observed for the first time that cells use tiny fibers called apical stress fibers to help cells retain their shape during development.

Physics - 15.10.2020
Altering the properties of 2D materials at the nanometer scale
Altering the properties of 2D materials at the nanometer scale
Scientists have developed a method for changing the physical properties of 2D materials permanently using a nanometric tip. Their approach, which involves deforming the materials, paves the way to using these materials in electronic and optoelectronic devices. Materials all come with their own set of properties - they can be insulating, semi-conducting, metallic, transparent or flexible, for example.

Physics - Computer Science - 15.10.2020
Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions
Scientists Contribute to New Exploration of Higgs Boson Interactions
Team uses NERSC supercomputer simulations to achieve high-sensitivity analysis of Higgs bosons decaying into pairs of muons A display of a candidate Higgs boson event at CERN's ATLAS experiment in which a Higgs boson decays into two muons. The muons appear as red tracks in this rendering.

Physics - 15.10.2020
Need to be in two places at once? It may be possible
Quantum physics has demonstrated that tiny particles can exist in multiple places at once, but a new method may prove that it is possible for larger, visible objects to also exist in multiple places. Physicists have been investigating this possibility for almost a century, and now a University of Queensland-led international collaboration has suggested that a tiny heat-seeking tool may finally provide the answer.

Chemistry - Physics - 13.10.2020
Turning plastic waste into hydrogen and high-value carbons
The ever-increasing production and use of plastics over the last half century has created a huge environmental problem for the world. Currently, most of the 4.9 billion tonnes of plastics ever produced will end up in landfills or the natural environment, and this number is expected to increase to around 12 billion tonnes by 2050.

Electroengineering - Physics - 13.10.2020
Easy-to-make, ultra-low power electronics could charge out of thin air
Researchers have developed a new approach to printed electronics which allows ultra-low power electronic devices that could recharge from ambient light or radiofrequency noise. The approach paves the way for low-cost printed electronics that could be seamlessly embedded in everyday objects and environments.

Physics - 13.10.2020
CEA Achieves Mass-Spectrometry Breakthrough that Paves the Way to Detecting Viruses
CEA Achieves Mass-Spectrometry Breakthrough that Paves the Way to Detecting Viruses
With Ultimate Goal of Improving Virus Knowledge, Team Now Will Use its Optomechanical System to Design a Prototype for Airborne Virus Analysis GRENOBLE, France - Oct. Targeting analysis of biological particles with large aspect ratios, such as viruses or fibrils, CEA scientists have demonstrated a breakthrough in single-particle mass spectrometry (MS) that could fast track the detection of viral particles in hospitals, offices, airplanes and other public places.

Physics - Materials Science - 12.10.2020
Well-formed disorder for versatile light technologies
Researchers at ETH have managed to make an efficient material for broadband frequency doubling of light using microspheres made of disordered nanocrystals. The crucial idea for the method arose during a coffee break. In the future, the new approach could be used in lasers and other light technologies.

Computer Science - Physics - 12.10.2020
New virtual reality software allows scientists to ’walk’ inside cells
Virtual reality software which allows researchers to 'walk' inside and analyse individual cells could be used to understand fundamental problems in biology and develop new treatments for disease.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 12.10.2020
Death by Spaghettification: Scientists Record Last Moments of Star Devoured by a Black Hole
A rare blast of light, emitted by a star as it is sucked in by a supermassive black hole, has been spotted by scientists using telescopes from around the world. The phenomenon, known as a tidal disruption event, is the closest flare of its kind yet recorded, occurring just 215 million light-years from Earth.

Computer Science - Physics - 12.10.2020
When human and machine agree
When human and machine agree
A human research team and a machine learning algorithm have found that we need to rethink much of what we know about iridium oxide.

Physics - Materials Science - 12.10.2020
Upper limit for the speed of sound
A research collaboration between the University of Cambridge, Queen Mary University of London and the Institute for High Pressure Physics in Troitsk has discovered the fastest possible speed of sound. The result - about 36 km per second - is around twice as fast as the speed of sound in diamond, the hardest known material in the world.

Materials Science - Physics - 09.10.2020
Modeling eternity in the rock laboratory
Modeling eternity in the rock laboratory
Cement is one of the key materials for the safe storage of radioactive waste. What is needed is an almost infinite durability of the containers. Empa researchers are therefore analyzing material systems that can handle this task. Exploratory tunnel in the Mont Terri international rock laboratory. Since 1996, rock formations that could play a role in the storage of radioactive waste have been investigated here.

Physics - Life Sciences - 08.10.2020
New Algorithm Sharpens Focus of World's Most Powerful Microscopes
New Algorithm Sharpens Focus of World’s Most Powerful Microscopes
A composite image of the enzyme lactase showing how cryo-EM's resolution has improved dramatically in recent years. Older images to the left, more recent to the right. (Credit: Veronica Falconieri/National Cancer Institute) We've all seen that moment in a cop TV show where a detective is reviewing grainy, low-resolution security footage, spots a person of interest on the tape, and nonchalantly asks a CSI technician to "enhance that." A few keyboard clicks later, and voila - they've got a perfect, clear picture of the suspect's face.

Physics - Innovation - 08.10.2020
A new spectrometer for the LOS platform: first in Belgium and world premiere!
The Lasers, Optics and Spectroscopies (LOS) technological platform has just received a new spectrometer. Its particularity? It can be used in many fields and allows the study of phenomena with very high spectral resolution and at very high speed - of the order of a microsecond.