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Physics - Computer Science - 05.11.2020
Know When to Unfold 'Em: Study Applies Error-Reducing Methods from Particle Physics to Quantum Computing
Know When to Unfold ’Em: Study Applies Error-Reducing Methods from Particle Physics to Quantum Computing
'Unfolding' techniques used to improve the accuracy of particle detector data can also improve the readout of quantum states from a quantum computer Borrowing a page from high-energy physics and astronomy textbooks, a team of physicists and computer scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has successfully adapted and applied a common error-reduction technique to the field of quantum computing.

Computer Science - Physics - 05.11.2020
Next-generation computer chip with two heads
Next-generation computer chip with two heads
EPFL engineers have developed a computer chip that combines two functions - logic operations and data storage - into a single architecture, paving the way to more efficient devices. Their technology is particularly promising for applications relying on artificial intelligence. It's a major breakthrough in the field of electronics.

Physics - 05.11.2020
Towards Ultra-High-Resolution Displays
Future display technologies such as virtual and augmented reality require higher pixel resolutions and optical contrast. However, the potential of state-of-the-art displays is limited by the individual pixel size to achieve necessary resolution. Researchers at the University of Stuttgart have now succeeded to observe switching processes at previously unattained nanometer resolution.

Health - Physics - 04.11.2020
Understanding the spread of infectious diseases
Understanding the spread of infectious diseases
Scientists worldwide have been working flat out on research into infectious diseases in the wake of the global outbreak of the COVID-19 disease, caused by the new coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. This concerns not only virologists, but also physicists, who are developing mathematical models to describe the spread of epidemics.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 04.11.2020
A Magnificent Burst from Within Our Galaxy
A suite of radio antennas, including those making up Caltech's STARE2 (Survey for Transient Astronomical Radio Emission 2) project, together with other groundand space-based observatories, have captured overwhelming evidence to help unlock the mysterious cause of cosmic blasts known as fast radio bursts, or FRBs.

Chemistry - Physics - 02.11.2020
Flying through wildfire smoke plumes could improve smoke forecasts
Flying through wildfire smoke plumes could improve smoke forecasts
Wildfires burning in the West affect not only the areas burned, but the wider regions covered by smoke. Recent years have seen hazy skies and hazardous air quality become regular features of the late summer weather. Many factors are causing Western wildfires to grow bigger and to generate larger, longer-lasting smoke plumes that can stretch across the continent.

Physics - Computer Science - 02.11.2020
GRETA, a 3D Gamma-Ray Detector, Gets Green Light to Move Forward
GRETA, a 3D Gamma-Ray Detector, Gets Green Light to Move Forward
The effort to construct GRETA (Gamma-Ray Energy Tracking Array) , a cutting-edge spherical array of high-purity germanium crystals that will measure gamma-ray signals to reveal new details about the structure and inner workings of atomic nuclei, has received key approvals needed to proceed toward full build-out.

Physics - Materials Science - 30.10.2020
Novel Photoresist Developed
Researchers in the -3D Matter Made to Order- Cluster of Excellence expand possibilities of three-dimensional printing of the tiniest microstructures Researchers of Karlsruhe Institute of Technology (KIT) and Heidelberg University have developed a novel photoresist for two-photon microprinting. For the first time, it can be used to produce three-dimensional microstructures with cavities in the nano-range.

Physics - Materials Science - 30.10.2020
Scientists launch quest to develop quantum sensors for probing quantum materials
SLAC and Stanford partner with two Illinois universities to create the Center for Quantum Sensing and Quantum Materials, which aims to unravel mysteries associated with exotic superconductors, topological insulators and strange metals. When it comes to fully understanding the hidden secrets of quantum materials, it takes one to know one, scientists say: Only tools that also operate on quantum principles can get us there.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 29.10.2020
Einstein’s zoo: LIGO and Virgo confirm gravitational waves from 50 cosmic collisions
The LIGO and Virgo Collaborations, which includes researchers from the University of Birmingham, have announced a further 39 gravitational-wave events, bringing the total number of confident detections to 50. These 50 events include the mergers of binary black hole, binary neutron stars and, possibly, neutron star-black holes.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 29.10.2020
LIGO and Virgo announce new detections in updated gravitational-wave catalogue
The publication of a new catalogue of gravitational wave detections from the LIGO Scientific Collaboration and the Virgo Collaboration is providing valuable new insight into the workings of the universe. The catalog contains 39 new signals from black-hole or neutron-star collisions detected between April 1 and October 1, 2019, which more than triples the number of confirmed detections since the first detection of gravitational waves in September 2015.

Chemistry - Physics - 29.10.2020
Smart bottle brushes
Smart bottle brushes
Neutrons make structural changes in molecular brushes visible They look like microscopic bottle brushes: Polymers with a backbone and tufts of side arms. This molecular design gives them unusual abilities: For example, they can bind active agents and release them again when the temperature changes. With the help of neutrons, a research team from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has now succeeded to unveil the changes in the internal structure in course of the process.

Physics - Chemistry - 29.10.2020
Towards next-generation molecule-based magnets
Towards next-generation molecule-based magnets
Magnets are to be found everywhere in our daily lives, whether in satellites, telephones or on fridge doors. However, they are made up of heavy inorganic materials whose component elements are, in some cases, of limited availability. Now, researchers from the CNRS, the University of Bordeaux and the ESRF (European Synchrotron Radiation Facility in Grenoble) 1 have developed a new lightweight molecule-based magnet, produced at low temperatures, and exhibiting unprecedented magnetic properties.

Electroengineering - Physics - 27.10.2020
Researchers break magnetic memory speed record
A microscope image of the structures used to initiate the magnetization switching. (Image by K. Jhuria) Spintronic devices are attractive alternatives to conventional computer chips, providing digital information storage that is highly energy efficient and also relatively easy to manufacture on a large scale.

Health - Physics - 27.10.2020
Coronavirus: the risk of aerosols
Coronavirus: the risk of aerosols
A team consisting of physicists from the University of Amsterdam and medical researchers from the Amsterdam UMC and the Cardiology Centers of the Netherlands, has investigated the potential role of small aerosol droplets in the transmission of the coronavirus - an issue that has been under much debate recently.

Physics - 27.10.2020
X-Rays Reveal Architectural Clues to the Crush-Resistance of Diabolical Ironclad Beetles
X-Rays Reveal Architectural Clues to the Crush-Resistance of Diabolical Ironclad Beetles
This 3D rendering, created from computed tomography scans of the midsection region of the diabolical ironclad beetle, was produced with X-rays at Berkeley Lab's Advanced Light Source. This region, known as the medial suture, is where the two halves of the beetle's exoskeleton connect. (Credit: Jesus Rivera/UC Irvine) Stepped on by a hiking boot? Not a problem.

Life Sciences - Physics - 27.10.2020
Zombification of plants
Zombification of plants
Phytoplasma effector proteins devastate host plants through molecular mimicry Phytoplasma are a type of bacteria that live within the cells and cause devastating diseases with damaging effects. For example, in many cases plants infected with phytoplasma are no longer able to develop flowers. These plants have actually been described as "zombies," since they allow the reproduction of phytoplasma but are unable to reproduce themselves anymore.

Physics - Chemistry - 23.10.2020
Surprising communication between atoms could improve quantum computing
A group of University of Wisconsin­-Madison physicists has identified conditions under which relatively distant atoms communicate with each other in ways that had previously only been seen in atoms closer together - a development that could have applications to quantum computing. In their experiments, UW-Madison physicists led by Deniz Yavuz immobilized a group of rubidium atoms by laser-cooling them to just slightly above absolute zero.

Physics - Materials Science - 22.10.2020
Do the twist: Making two-dimensional quantum materials using curved surfaces
Scientists at the University of Wisconsin-Madison have discovered a way to control the growth of twisting, microscopic spirals of materials just one atom thick. The continuously twisting stacks of two-dimensional materials built by a team led by UW-Madison chemistry Professor Song Jin create new properties that scientists can exploit to study quantum physics on the nanoscale.

Physics - 21.10.2020
Optical wiring for large quantum computers
Optical wiring for large quantum computers
Researchers at ETH have demonstrated a new technique for carrying out sensitive quantum operations on atoms. In this technique, the control laser light is delivered directly inside a chip. This should make it possible to build large-scale quantum computers based on trapped atoms. Hitting a specific point on a screen with a laser pointer during a presentation isn't easy - even the tiniest nervous shaking of the hand becomes one big scrawl at a distance.