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Health - Life Sciences - 22.10.2021
Fighting multiple sclerosis with cold
Fighting multiple sclerosis with cold
Scientists from the University of Geneva are demonstrating how cold could alleviate the symptoms of multiple sclerosis by depriving the immune system of its energy. In evolutionary biology, the "Life History Theory", first proposed in the 1950s, postulates that when the environment is favourable, the resources used by any organism are devoted for growth and reproduction.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.10.2021
Unplanned pregnancies nearly doubled during lockdown
There were nearly twice as many unplanned pregnancies during the first lockdown compared to before, finds a major study led by researchers from UCL and University College London Hospital. The study, published today in BMJ Sexual and Reproductive Health, is the first to assess changes in women's self-reported access to contraception as a consequence of the COVID-19 pandemic in the UK.

Law - 22.10.2021
The Internet of Stings: research will probe privacy and legal concerns of smart devices | University of Cambridge
The Internet of Stings: research will probe privacy and legal concerns of smart devices | University of Cambridge
What happens to all the sensitive personal information our smart devices collect from us? Where does the data picked up by our smart watches, speakers and TVs go, who has access to it and how is it used? It's often unclear what happens with the data these devices collect: where that data goes and how it is used.

Paleontology - 22.10.2021
Aussie 'raptor-like' dinosaur revealed to be a timid vegetarian
Aussie ’raptor-like’ dinosaur revealed to be a timid vegetarian
Fossil footprints found in an Ipswich coal mine have long been thought to be that of a large 'raptor-like' predatory dinosaur, but scientists have found they were instead left by a timid long-necked herbivore. University of Queensland palaeontologist Dr Anthony Romilio recently led an international team to re-analyse the footprints, dated to the latter part of the Triassic Period, around 220 million-year-ago.

Pharmacology - Health - 22.10.2021
Mechanism Behind Ineffective Psoriasis Drugs Identified
Mechanism Behind Ineffective Psoriasis Drugs Identified
Interleukin-12 - a messenger molecule of immune cells - was long considered to trigger the development of psoriasis. Now, researchers at the University of Zurich have shown that interleukin-12 does not actually cause the skin disease but protects against it. This also explains why common psoriasis drugs that block the messenger show insufficient treatment efficacy.

Economics / Business - 22.10.2021
Close to home: Identifying links between gaming venues and financial hardship
Researchers from the Centre for Health Economics at Monash University have found that people who live closer to pokies venues are more likely to gamble, experience financial hardship, become insolvent or bankrupt, and report mental health problems. Data from the Australian Government's Productivity Commission shows that up to 170,000 Australian adults experience problems due to gambling addiction and are among the heaviest gamblers in the world, losing A$24.9 billion a year to gambling.

Health - Social Sciences - 21.10.2021
Policymakers must prepare for pandemics as if readying for war
Policymakers must prepare for pandemics as if readying for war
Politicians and businesses must treat pandemics as if their country is preparing for war - they are too focused on the current pandemic and not paying enough attention to developing strategies to lessen the impact of the next one, researchers reveal.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.10.2021
VR experiment with rats offers new insights about how neurons enable learning
Scientists have long understood that the region of the brain called the hippocampus is important for memory, learning and navigation. Now, scientists in a UCLA lab led by neurophysicist Mayank Mehta are gaining a deeper understanding of how the hippocampus works on a circuit level — that is, functions involving networks of millions of neurons.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.10.2021
Lab-grown 'mini brains' hint at treatments for neurodegenerative diseases | University of Cambridge
Lab-grown ’mini brains’ hint at treatments for neurodegenerative diseases | University of Cambridge
Cambridge researchers have developed 'mini brains' that allow them to study a fatal and untreatable neurological disorder causing paralysis and dementia - and for the first time have been able to grow these for almost a year.

Health - Pharmacology - 21.10.2021
New, promising opportunities for treating skin fibrosis
New, promising opportunities for treating skin fibrosis
Skin fibrosis impairs skin tissue function, and has a strong aesthetic impact. French researchers have now shown that applying an electric field to the skin could cure skin fibrosis by reducing overly high collagen levels. Collagen, the main component of the skin's extracellular matrix, can cause a pathological condition if it is in excess.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.10.2021
Researchers identify new pathways to target breast cancer
Researchers identify new pathways to target breast cancer
A pathway helping the breast cancer protein BRCA1 repair damaged DNA has been identified by University of Queensland researchers in a study that will inform future targeted therapies. Professor Robert Parton , Professor Alpha Yap and Dr Kerrie-Ann McMahon from UQ's Institute for Molecular Bioscience (IMB) identified an association between two proteins that are lost in cancer cells - the well-known BReast CAncer gene 1 (BRCA1) and a new player - cavin3.

Computer Science - 21.10.2021
UofG launches blockchain research lab with VB Hyperledger
A £1.3m new research partnership is setting out to find ways to make blockchain technology better-suited for high-volume applications, and potentially more environmentally-friendly. The Moshan Blockchain Lab at the University of Glasgow, officially launched today (Thursday 21 October), is a collaboration between researchers from the University's James Watt School of Engineering and Chinese tech company Victory Bench (VB) Hyperledger.

Life Sciences - Health - 21.10.2021
Fighting viruses with interchangeable defense genes
Fighting viruses with interchangeable defense genes
Bacteria rapidly modify mobile parts of their genome to develop resistance to viruses Bacterial viruses, so-called phages, destroy bacteria. Bacteria are constantly exposed to viral attacks. A research team led by Martin Polz, a microbiologist at the University of Vienna, has now studied how bacteria defend themselves against viral predators.

Materials Science - Physics - 21.10.2021
How pearls achieve nanoscale precision
How pearls achieve nanoscale precision
In research that could inform future high-performance nanomaterials, a University of Michigan-led team has uncovered for the first time how mollusks build ultradurable structures with a level of symmetry that outstrips everything else in the natural world, with the exception of individual atoms. "We humans, with all our access to technology, can't make something with a nanoscale architecture as intricate as a pearl,” said Robert Hovden , U-M assistant professor of materials science and engineering and an author on the paper.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.10.2021
Strange black ’superionic ice’ that could exist inside other planets
UChicago and Carnegie scientists see new state of matter at high temperature, pressure Everyone knows about ice, liquid and vapor-but, depending on the conditions, water can actually form more than a dozen different structures. Scientists have now added a new phase to the list: superionic ice. This type of ice forms at extremely high temperatures and pressures, such as those deep inside planets like Neptune and Uranus.

Physics - 20.10.2021
Ultrafast optical switching can save overwhelmed datacenters
Ultrafast optical switching can save overwhelmed datacenters
EPFL and Microsoft Research scientists demonstrated ultrafast optical circuit switching using a chip-based soliton comb laser and a completely passive diffraction grating device. This particular architecture could enable an energy-efficient optical datacenter to meet enormous data bandwidth requirements in future.

Astronomy / Space Science - 20.10.2021
Researchers call for armchair astronomers to help find unknown hidden worlds
Astronomers at the University of Warwick have joined partners around the world in launching a new online initiative, calling for volunteers to come forward and help to search for extrasolar planets. The online citizen project, Planet Hunters Next-Generation Transit Search (NGTS), is enlisting the help of the public to examine five years' worth of digital footage showing some of the brightest stars in the sky.

Life Sciences - 20.10.2021
Scientists uncover a gene involved in sexual conflict in fruit flies
Sexual conflict in fruit flies is governed by specifically wired neurons in the brain which have been pinpointed by scientists at the University of Birmingham, UK. The research uncovers a gene directing development of these neurons and sheds new light on how certain behaviours - in this case sexual behaviours - are 'hardwired' into the brain.

Health - 20.10.2021
The key to understanding asthma may lie in our body clock
Our body clock allows bodily processes to occur at certain times of the day, like eating, sleeping and body temperature. But did you know that monitoring a person's body clock (or circadian rhythm) could help diagnose and treat asthma? New research supported by Asthma UK, a charity which provides health advice and a helpline to people with asthma as well as funding research into the condition, has revealed that asthma is "highly rhythmic", meaning it is impacted by a person's body clock.

Innovation - Life Sciences - 20.10.2021
New tool can identify harmful blue-green algae
A new way to detect early signs of harmful blue-green algae, which bloom in lakes, rivers and reservoirs around the world, has been developed by researchers at the University of Birmingham together with researchers at the Culture Collection of Algae & Protozoa (CCAP), based at the Scottish Association of Marine Science.
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