news 2021


Social Sciences

Results 1 - 20 of 40.

Environment - Social Sciences - 02.03.2021
Lack of diversity in science
Lack of diversity in science
Women and the Global South are strikingly underrepresented Most publications in leading scientific journals are by male authors from English-speaking countries. This changes only slowly, according to a recent study on diversity in top authorship, concludes Bea Maas from the University of Vienna. Her new study examines the (non-existent) diversity in top authorship in science.

Pedagogy - Social Sciences - 02.03.2021
Parents depressed by pandemic had negative impact on kids’ education, well-being
Parent depression and stress early in the pandemic negatively contributed to young children's home education and anxiety, a University of Michigan study suggests. The stress could still be present today for some parents as their kids transition back to school while COVID-19 remains a danger. Continued support for children and parents will be needed, researchers said.

Social Sciences - Law - 24.02.2021
Increased green space in prisons can reduce self-harm and violence
Prisons with more green space have lower levels of violence and self-harm, according to new research at the University of Birmingham and Utrecht University. The study is the first to attempt large-scale mapping of green space within prison environments and link it to well-being in a robust, statistically significant way.

Health - Social Sciences - 22.02.2021
Air pollution impacts on children's health
Air pollution impacts on children’s health
First of its kind study reveals evidence that early exposure to dirty air alters genes in a way that could lead to adult heart disease, among other ailments. The findings could change the way medical experts and parents think about the air children breathe and inform clinical interventions. Children exposed to air pollution, such as wildfire smoke and car exhaust, for as little as one day may be doomed to higher rates of heart disease and other ailments in adulthood, according to a new Stanford-led study.

Social Sciences - Health - 19.02.2021
Babies born too early likely to face educational and lifelong behavioral setbacks
SHP's Lee Sanders and his Stanford colleagues found that after adjusting for socioeconomic status and compared with full-term births, moderate and late preterm births are associated with increased risk of low performance in mathematics and English language arts, as well as chronic absenteeism and suspension from school.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 19.02.2021
Boys who play video games have lower depression risk
Boys who play video games have lower depression risk
Boys who regularly play video games at age 11 are less likely to develop depressive symptoms three years later, finds a new study led by a UCL researcher. The study, published in Psychological Medicine , also found that girls who spend more time on social media appear to develop more depressive symptoms.

Health - Social Sciences - 18.02.2021
Researchers to collaborate on national study to understand long COVID
What is long COVID and how can diagnosis be improved? Using data from electronic health records at a national scale alongside information from thousands of participants in the UK-s population-based cohort studies, these and other questions will be tackled following today's [18 February] announcement of a nationwide long COVID study led by University College London (UCL).

Social Sciences - Psychology - 18.02.2021
Internet trends suggest COVID-19 spurred a return to earlier values and activities
American values, attitudes and activities have changed dramatically during COVID-19, according to a new study of online behavior. Researchers from UCLA and Harvard University analyzed how two types of internet activity changed in the U.S. for 10 weeks before and 10 weeks after March 13, 2020 — the date then-President Donald Trump declared COVID-19 a national emergency.

Health - Social Sciences - 17.02.2021
Robotic dogs and laughter therapy: 10 ways to combat loneliness and isolation while social distancing
Robotic dogs and laughter therapy: 10 ways to combat loneliness and isolation while social distancing
Robotic dogs, laughter therapy and mindfulness are some of the ways that might help people - particularly the elderly - cope with loneliness and social isolation while social distancing, say researchers at the University of Cambridge. Lockdown and social distancing measures have meant that many people have little or no contact with others, which can lead to loneliness and isolation Christopher Williams A team at Cambridge's School of Medicine carried out a systematic review looking at the existing evidence on different approaches to tackling loneliness and social isolation.

Earth Sciences - Social Sciences - 17.02.2021
Global Mapping Projects aid Humanitarian Organisations
Global Mapping Projects aid Humanitarian Organisations
In recent years, free digital world maps like OpenStreetMap (OSM) have become a vital instrument to support humanitarian missions over the entire world. In disaster management as well as the implementation of the United Nations Sustainability Development Goals (SDGs), geodata compiled by the volunteer mapper community open up new possibilities to coordinate aid interventions and carry out sustainability projects.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 12.02.2021
Women better at reading minds than men - new study
Bath psychologists have developed the first ever 'mind-reading questionnaire' to assess how well people understand what others are really thinking. Last updated on Friday 12 February 2021 A new approach to 'mind-reading' has been developed by researchers at the University of Bath, Cardiff, and London to improve how well we understand what others are thinking.

Health - Social Sciences - 10.02.2021
’Sleep hygiene’ should be integrated into epilepsy diagnosis and management - study
Children with epilepsy sleep poorly compared to healthy children, and are more likely to experience disruptions such as night terrors, sleep walking or sleep disordered breathing, according to a new study. A team at the University of Birmingham's Centre for Human Brain Health analysed 19 published studies on sleep and epilepsy in children and adolescents to try to better understand and articulate the links between them.

Social Sciences - 10.02.2021
10% of teenagers have tried hard drugs by age 17
Almost a third of 17-year-olds have tried cannabis and one in 10 have tried harder drugs, such as cocaine, ecstasy and ketamine, with similar rates of experimentation regardless of parents' education level, finds a new study by UCL researchers. The research, published today in a briefing paper by the Centre for Longitudinal Studies at the UCL Social Research Institute, examines engagement in substance use and antisocial behaviours among Generation Z as they reached late adolescence.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.02.2021
Contact patterns changed in response to national COVID-19 guidance
The number of daily contacts changed over the course of 2020, following the first lockdown, corresponding to alterations in the COVID-19 guidance, suggests a study among staff and students at the University of Bristol. The research led by scientists at the University of Bristol is published on the pre-print server

Social Sciences - Psychology - 09.02.2021
14 could be peak age for believing in conspiracy theories
Belief in conspiracy theories is heightened as adolescents reach 14 years of age, reveals new research involving the University of Glasgow A study conducted by a team of psychologists from across the UK, including UofG's Dr Yvonne Skipper, has uncovered that belief in conspiracy theories flourishes in teenage years.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.02.2021
Study focuses on mental health of gay men amid pandemic
Sixty-three percent of men who participated in a new UCLA-led study reported only leaving their home for essentials amid the COVID-19 pandemic. The research suggests being in isolation has contributed to feelings of anxiety and loneliness, and dissatisfaction with their sex life. The study, by the Gay Sexuality and Social Policy Initiative at the UCLA Luskin School of Public Affairs , was published in the Journal of Homosexuality.

Social Sciences - Life Sciences - 08.02.2021
Marmoset monkeys have personalities too
In humans, differences in personalities have been evident since the ancient times. Personality in animals has long been ignored, but recently this question has received increasing research interest as it has been realized that personality has evolutionary and ecological significance. An international team of behavioral biologists from Austria, Brazil and the Netherlands, with Vedrana Žlipogor from the University of Vienna as leading author of the study, designed a set of tasks to assess personality of common marmosets.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.02.2021
Study identifies ’post-traumatic growth’ emerging from COVID-19 lockdowns
A new study suggests that despite considerable adversity, many people have also experienced positive effects in lockdown as a result of a less frenetic life. Last updated on Monday 8 February 2021 Results from a new study which draws on survey data collected during the peak of the first wave of the pandemic suggests that being forced to slow down life, as a consequence of lockdown, has had significant, positive impacts for many people and their families.

Social Sciences - Campus - 08.02.2021
Happiness really does come for free
Economic growth is often prescribed as a sure way of increasing the well-being of people in low-income countries, but a study led by McGill and the Institute of Environmental Sciences and Technologies at the Universitat Aut˛noma de Barcelona (ICTA-UAB) suggests that there may be good reason to question this assumption.

Social Sciences - Health - 05.02.2021
Global Action Required to Tackle Pandemic-Induced Hunger and Poverty
Global Action Required to Tackle Pandemic-Induced Hunger and Poverty
The onset of the COVID-19 pandemic caused a sharp decline in living standards and rising food insecurity in lowand middle-income countries across the globe, according to a new study by an international team of economists including from Swiss TPH. The study, published today Advances, provides novel insights into the collateral damage of the pandemic, and urges the international community to take action to mitigate the impact on hunger and poverty.

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