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Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 27.12.2021
NASA’s Largest and Most Powerful Telescope Launches
On December 25, the largest and most powerful space telescope ever constructed by NASA was successfully launched from Earth. With unprecedented technology, the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST) will peer both near and far, from the planets and bodies in our solar system to the deepest reaches of space, where the first stars and galaxies formed more than 13 billion years ago.

Astronomy / Space Science - 23.12.2021
Wandering celestial bodies provide a glimpse into the formation of stars and planets
Wandering celestial bodies provide a glimpse into the formation of stars and planets
With observations of one of the closest star-forming regions to the sun a team of international astronomers discovered the largest population of free-floating planets. These celestial bodies do not revolve around a star and are very hard to find due to their very low brightness. The large number of planets now detected provides information about the formation process of stars and planets and important information for future research.

Astronomy / Space Science - 22.12.2021
Earth and Mars were formed from inner Solar System material
Earth and Mars were formed from inner Solar System material
Earth and Mars were formed from material that largely originated in the inner Solar System; only a few percent of the building blocks of these two planets originated beyond Jupiter's orbit. A group of researchers led by the University of Münster report these findings today in the journal "Science Advances".

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 22.12.2021
2021's news highlights from the Faculty of Science and Engineering
2021’s news highlights from the Faculty of Science and Engineering
Our world-leading science and engineering at The University of Manchester has been the cause of some exciting stories this year. Whether it's space, materials, or the climate, our stories have been top news across the country and the world. Here's some of the most popular and interesting news releases from the Faculty of Science and Engineering in 2021.

Chemistry - Astronomy / Space Science - 20.12.2021
Could acid-neutralising life-forms make habitable pockets in Venus' clouds?
Could acid-neutralising life-forms make habitable pockets in Venus’ clouds?
A new study shows it's theoretically possible. The hypothesis could be tested soon with proposed Venus-bound missions. If life is there, how does it propagate in an environment as dry as the clouds of Venus? Paul Rimmer It's hard to imagine a more inhospitable world than our closest planetary neighbour.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 20.12.2021
Turbocharged data analysis could prevent gravitational wave computing crunch
A new method of analysing the complex data from massive astronomical events could help gravitational wave astronomers avoid a looming computational crunch. Researchers from the University of Glasgow have used machine learning to develop a new system for processing the data collected from detectors like the Laser Interferometer Gravitational-Wave Observatory (LIGO).

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 17.12.2021
New space telescope to uncover secrets of Universe's origins
New space telescope to uncover secrets of Universe’s origins
The NASA-led James Webb Space Telescope, which includes hardware designed and built at UCL and which will image the very first stars to shine in the Universe, is scheduled to be launched into space later this month. The telescope, one of the great space observatories following Hubble, will be launched on-board the Ariane rocket from Europe's spaceport in French Guiana on or after Friday 24 December.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 16.12.2021
Are black holes and dark matter the same?
Upending textbook explanations, astrophysicists from the University of Miami, Yale University, and the European Space Agency suggest that primordial black holes account for all dark matter in the universe. Proposing an alternative model for how the universe came to be, a team of astrophysicists suggests that all black holes-from those as tiny as a pin head to those covering billions of miles-were created instantly after the Big Bang and account for all dark matter.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 16.12.2021
Black holes and dark matter - are they one and the same?
Black holes and dark matter - are they one and the same?
Primordial black holes created in the first instants after the Big Bang - tiny ones smaller than the head of a pin and supermassive ones covering billions of miles - may account for all of the dark matter in the universe. That's the implication of a new model of the early universe created by astrophysicists at Yale, the University of Miami, and the European Space Agency (ESA).

Astronomy / Space Science - Innovation - 15.12.2021
Gravitational wave scientists set their sights on dark matter
Gravitational wave scientists set their sights on dark matter
The technologies behind one of the biggest scientific breakthroughs of the century - the detection of gravitational waves - are now being used in the long-standing search for dark matter. Thought to make up roughly 85% of all matter in the Universe, dark matter has never been observed directly and remains one of the biggest unsolved mysteries in modern physics.

Astronomy / Space Science - 14.12.2021
Unveiling substructures at the edge of the Galaxy
Unveiling substructures at the edge of the Galaxy
An international team of astronomers led by researcher Chervin Laporte of the Institute of Cosmos Sciences of the University of Barcelona (ICCUB-IEEC) has revealed a new map of the Milky Way's outer disc using data from the Gaia space misison. The findings have been published in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society .

Astronomy / Space Science - Environment - 14.12.2021
Parker Solar Probe data bolsters theories in long-running solar riddle
Parker Solar Probe data bolsters theories in long-running solar riddle
University of Michigan researchers were able to accurately predict when and where the probe would cross an important barrier in the sun's atmosphere Data collected by NASA's Parker Solar Probe bolsters theories previously put by University of Michigan researchers about one of the sun's greatest mysteries-why its outer atmosphere is hotter than its fiery surface.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.12.2021
Challenging Einstein's greatest theory with extreme stars
Challenging Einstein’s greatest theory with extreme stars
Credit Norbert JunkesMPIfR (Effelsberg), Letourneur and Nançay Observatory (NRT), ASTRON (WSRT), ATNFCSIRO (Parkes), Anthony Holloway (Jodrell Bank), NRAOAUINSF (VLBA), NSFAUIGreen Bank Observatory (GBT). Researchers at The University of Manchester have helped conduct a 16-year long experiment to challenge Einstein's theory of general relativity.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 13.12.2021
Einstein wins in the end (once again)
Einstein wins in the end (once again)
Einstein's theory of gravity, general relativity, has not been disproven once in over a century, despite relentless efforts from scientists to find its faults. Pulsars are stars toward the end of the stellar life cycle, emitting radio waves that sweep through space like a lighthouse: they can be detected by radio telescopes in the form of highly regular flashes.

Astronomy / Space Science - 10.12.2021
Infant stars identified at the centre of our galaxy
Infant stars identified at the centre of our galaxy
What was previously identified as a gas and dust cloud at the centre of our galaxy actually consists of three very young stars. That is the result of a new study led by scientists from the University of Cologne's Institute of Astrophysics. The European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope (VLT) - a telescope with mirror diameters of 8.20 metres on the summit of Cerro Paranal in Chile - provided the data for the study, which has appeared in The Astrophysical Journal .

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 09.12.2021
The tetra-neutron - a miniature neutron star
The tetra-neutron - a miniature neutron star
While all atomic nuclei except hydrogen are composed of protons and neutrons, physicists have been searching for a particle consisting of two, three or four neutrons for over half a century. Experiments by a team of physicists of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) at the accelerator laboratory on the Garching research campus now indicate that a particle comprising four bound neutrons may well exist.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 08.12.2021
Optical cavities could be key to next generation interferometers
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email A new concept has been developed that has the potential to assist new instruments in the investigation of fundamental science topics such as gravitational waves and dark matter. The concept is described in a paper written by UK Quantum Technology Hub Sensors and Timing researchers at the University of Birmingham and published in , and a related patent application filed by University of Birmingham Enterprise.

Astronomy / Space Science - 08.12.2021
International team, including U-M astronomer, observes planet orbiting b Centauri
International team, including U-M astronomer, observes planet orbiting b Centauri
The European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope has captured an image of a planet orbiting b Centauri, a two-star system that can be seen with the naked eye. This is the hottest and most massive planet-hosting star system found to date, and the planet was spotted orbiting it at 100 times the distance Jupiter orbits the sun.

Astronomy / Space Science - 07.12.2021
New technique reveals the age of massive Southern Cross star
An international team of astronomers from Australia, the United States and Europe has for the first-time unlocked the interior structure of Beta Crucis - a bright blue giant star that features on the flags of Australia, Brazil, New Zealand, Papua New Guinea and Samoa.   With an entirely new approach, the team led by Dr Daniel Cotton, found the star to be 14.5 times as massive as the Sun and as young as 11 million years old, making it the

Astronomy / Space Science - 03.12.2021
Hot, dense planet with eight-hour year
Hot, dense planet with eight-hour year
An international team involving researchers at UCL has discovered a new planet, GJ 367 b, whose surface temperature may reach 1,500 degrees Centigrade - hot enough to melt all rock and metal - and which takes only eight hours to orbit its star. In a new study, published in the Science journal, the researchers show that the planet, which is 31 light years from Earth, is one of the lightest among the nearly 5,000 exoplanets (planets outside our own solar system) that are known today, with half the mass of Earth.
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