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Health - Pharmacology - 09.12.2021
Vast majority of Australians want COVID-19 boosters
Vast majority of Australians want COVID-19 boosters
The survey of more than 3,400 people, the largest longitudinal study on the pandemic in Australia, shows 71.9 per cent of adults will get a booster. Study co-author Professor Nicholas Biddle said despite the strong showing of support for boosters, some Australians remained hesitant about geting an extra COVID-19 vaccine shot.

Politics - Computer Science - 09.12.2021
The identification of political ads on Facebook often goes wrong
The identification of political ads on Facebook often goes wrong
Researchers at KU Leuven (belonging to the imec-DistriNet research group) and New York University (Cybersecurity for Democracy) have demonstrated that on a global scale, Facebook misjudges up to 83 percent of ads that they or the researchers deemed political. In some cases, Facebook does not recognise them as political ads, while they often wrongfully label non-political ads as political.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.12.2021
Key surveys overestimate COVID-19 vaccination rates in the USA
Estimates of COVID-19 vaccine uptake in the USA based on large surveys that are used to guide policy-making decisions tend to overestimate the number of vaccinated individuals, research published in Nature suggests. In the USA, the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) compiles data on national vaccine uptake, but reporting can sometimes be delayed.

Sport - Psychology - 08.12.2021
Imagining future guilt helps athletes turn away from doping - study
Imagining future guilt helps athletes turn away from doping - study
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on whatsapp Share on email Appealing to athletes' sense of 'future guilt' through psychological intervention could prove a powerful weapon in the fight against doping, according to a new study. Researchers discovered that making elite athletes picture how guilty they might feel about using banned performance enhancing drugs produced a more powerful initial reaction than initiatives educating sportspeople about the health risks of doping.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 08.12.2021
Dinosaurs Spring to Extinction: Springtime pinpointed as the season for dinosaur extinction
An international team led by researchers from The University of Manchester today published in Scientific Reports a groundbreaking study that sheds new light on the timing associated with the dinosaur-killing asteroid impact that occurred 66 million years ago. The study, " Seasonal calibration of the end-Cretaceous Chicxulub Impact Event ", provides new evidence that helps us to understand the significance of the timing for the events that brought an end to the dinosaurs—and 75% of life on Earth.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 08.12.2021
Optical cavities could be key to next generation interferometers
Share this page Share on Twitter Share on facebook Share on linkedin Share on email A new concept has been developed that has the potential to assist new instruments in the investigation of fundamental science topics such as gravitational waves and dark matter. The concept is described in a paper written by UK Quantum Technology Hub Sensors and Timing researchers at the University of Birmingham and published in , and a related patent application filed by University of Birmingham Enterprise.

Chemistry - Microtechnics - 08.12.2021
These Liquid Robots Never Run Out of Juice as Long as They Have Food
These Liquid Robots Never Run Out of Juice as Long as They Have Food
By removing electricity from equation, discovery overcomes yearslong hurdle in robotics W hen you think of a robot, images of R2-D2 or C-3PO might come to mind. But robots can serve up more than just entertainment on the big screen. In a lab, for example, robotic systems can improve safety and efficiency by performing repetitive tasks and handling harsh chemicals.

History / Archeology - 08.12.2021
2,700-Year-Old Leather Armor Proves Technology Transfer Happened in Antiquity
2,700-Year-Old Leather Armor Proves Technology Transfer Happened in Antiquity
Researchers at the University of Zurich have investigated a unique leather scale armor found in the tomb of a horse rider in Northwest China. Design and construction details of the armor indicate that it originated in the Neo-Assyrian Empire between the 6th and 8th century BCE before being brought to China.

Environment - 08.12.2021
A holistic approach to protect biodiversity on land and in the water
A holistic approach to protect biodiversity on land and in the water
Biodiversity is now declining at a rate unprecedented in human history, from the local to the global level, threatening not least human well-being. Rapid action is needed, which in turn requires a good understanding of biodiversity. However, a stark division between disciplines and ecosystems in ecological research is hampering holistic solutions, argue the authors of the first synthesis article to emerge from the Blue-Green Biodiversity (BGB) research initiative.

Psychology - Health - 08.12.2021
A new understanding of mental illness
A new understanding of mental illness
The causes of psychiatric disorders are poorly understood. Now, in work led by researchers at McGill University, there is evidence that a wide range of early onset psychiatric problems (from depression, anxiety and addictions to dyslexia, bulimia, and ADHD) may be largely due to the combination of just three factors.

Health - Pharmacology - 08.12.2021
Artificial intelligence helps improve outcomes for depression treatment
An international team of scientists, including a Western University researcher, have developed an artificial intelligence (AI) tool that facilitates more personalized treatments for depression and improves patient outcomes.

Health - 08.12.2021
Making childbirth safer in Indonesia
Making childbirth safer in Indonesia
Study led by Göttingen and Syiah Kuala Universities finds Safe Childbirth Checklist contributes to improved maternal and neonatal healthcare Every year, 295,000 maternal deaths, 2 million stillbirths, and 2.5 million neonatal deaths occur worldwide. Improved quality of care could prevent the majority of those deaths.

Paleontology - Life Sciences - 08.12.2021
Rare Jurassic fossil reveals never-before-seen ammonite muscles in 3D
Rare Jurassic fossil reveals never-before-seen ammonite muscles in 3D
A research team led by scientists from Cardiff University has provided the first ever 3D visualisation of an ammonite - a marine mollusc group that became extinct with the dinosaurs around 66 million years ago. The new images have allowed the team to analyse the muscles and organs of an ammonite for the very first time, throwing new light on how the cephalopod mollusc was able to swim through the oceans and defend itself from predators.

Life Sciences - 08.12.2021
Embryonic cells sense stiffness in order to form the face
Embryonic cells sense stiffness in order to form the face
Cells in the developing embryo can sense the stiffness of other cells around them, which is key to them moving together to form the face and skull, finds a new study by UCL researchers. In the study of frog embryos researchers found that embryonic cells can navigate away from soft regions of the embryo and toward harder regions.

Environment - Life Sciences - 08.12.2021
Tropical frogs can adapt to climate change, but rapid warming still a huge threat
Tropical frogs can adapt to climate change, but rapid warming still a huge threat
A population of Seychelles frog have adapted to a warmer climate over time, but as these adaptations have evolved gradually, the rapidly warming climate still poses a threat to species' survival, according to a new study led by a UCL researcher. In the study published in Global Change Biology , the researchers report that a subgroup of the Seychelles frog ( Sooglossus sechellensis) adapted to historic sea level rise after finding themselves on an island with a different climate.

Environment - Chemistry - 08.12.2021
Wildfire Smoke Increases Ozone Pollution
Using data gathered from a specially equipped jet that spent a month flying through and studying wildfire plumes, scientists have a better understanding now of how wildfire smoke impacts air quality. Crucially, they found a mechanism for predicting the production of the pollutant ozone-which, at the ground level, can create poor breathing conditions and also harm ecosystems.

Computer Science - Microtechnics - 08.12.2021
Engineers Teach AI to Navigate Ocean with Minimal Energy
Engineers Teach AI to Navigate Ocean with Minimal Energy
Research could enable monitoring of our oceans or exploration of alien ocean worlds Engineers at Caltech, ETH Zurich, and Harvard are developing an artificial intelligence (AI) that will allow autonomous drones to use ocean currents to aid their navigation, rather than fighting their way through them.

Physics - 08.12.2021
Transforming Materials with Light
Imagine windows that can easily transform into mirrors, or super high-speed computers that run not on electrons but light. These are just some of the potential applications that could emerge from optical engineering, the practice of using lasers to rapidly and temporarily change the properties of materials.

Astronomy / Space Science - 08.12.2021
International team, including U-M astronomer, observes planet orbiting b Centauri
International team, including U-M astronomer, observes planet orbiting b Centauri
The European Southern Observatory's Very Large Telescope has captured an image of a planet orbiting b Centauri, a two-star system that can be seen with the naked eye. This is the hottest and most massive planet-hosting star system found to date, and the planet was spotted orbiting it at 100 times the distance Jupiter orbits the sun.

Health - Pharmacology - 07.12.2021
A New Strategy to Transform Liver Cancer Immunotherapy
For most liver cancer patients, immunotherapy does not produce effective results but new data suggests a revamped strategy can make unresponsive liver tumors highly responsive In recent years, tumor immunotherapy has emerged as a highly promising and much-touted oncological approach. It is based on using humanized antibodies called immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) to block the cellular pathways that inhibit the activity of T lymphocytes, a type of immune system cells that help protect the body from infection and may help fight cancer.
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