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Health - 25.11.2021
Extreme heat is a threat to a wider range of people than we thought
Extreme heat is a threat to a wider range of people than we thought
Extreme heat poses an increasing threat to the public, as heat waves are expected to become more frequent, more intense and longer-lasting due to climate change. Although the adverse health impacts of heat are well documented among older adults, less is known about the potential impacts of heat on young and middle-aged adults.

Environment - Social Sciences - 25.11.2021
Researchers investigate health effects of fracking in B.C.'s Northeast
Researchers investigate health effects of fracking in B.C.’s Northeast
With thousands of wells and counting, the Northeast region of British Columbia is one of Canada's most important hubs of hydraulic fracturing, or fracking - the process of blasting pressurized liquid at rock formations to fracture them and release the natural gas trapped inside. Part of the region sits atop the Montney Formation, a massive, football-shaped tract of land that stretches into northwestern Alberta and is believed to contain one of the world's richest reserves of shale gas.

Health - 25.11.2021
Amateur boxing linked to increased risk of brain impairment and early onset of dementia
Amateur boxing is associated with an increased risk of cognitive impairment and earlier onset of dementia, according to a study carried out by Cardiff University. The research team found that men who had boxed in their youth were twice as likely to have Alzheimer's-like impairment as those who had not boxed.

Health - Social Sciences - 25.11.2021
Daily activities more problematic for women than men in old age
Daily activities more problematic for women than men in old age
Women are more likely than men to struggle with both regular daily tasks and mobility activities as they age, according to new analysis of longitudinal cohort studies led by researchers at UCL and the National Institute of Health and Medical Research (INSERM) in France. However, the researchers say disparities in ability to perform daily tasks have been steadily decreasing as the socioeconomic gap between the sexes has decreased.

Psychology - Health - 25.11.2021
Anxiety symptoms may be early indicator of Alzheimer’s disease
The study, led by Monash University Turner Institute for Brain and Mental Health researchers Stephanie Perin and Associate Professor Yen Ying Lim, examined the relationship between symptoms of depression and anxiety, and memory and thinking, in 2657 middle-aged adults. Higher anxiety was found to be related to poorer attention and memory.

Environment - 25.11.2021
Virtual landscapes to study endangered Australian ecosystems
Researchers have developed immersive virtual landscapes of intact endangered Australian ecosystems to accurately illustrate changes across time, seasons and following disturbances like bushfires. The study created a virtual reality model of an Australian Box Gum Grassy Woodland landscape, an endangered eucalypt woodland ecosystem that is difficult to observe in its intact pre-European colonisation form.

Life Sciences - Environment - 25.11.2021
Loss of ancient grazers triggered a global rise in fires
Loss of ancient grazers triggered a global rise in fires
From 50,000 years to 6,000 years ago, many of the world's largest animals, including such iconic grassland grazers as the woolly mammoth, giant bison, and ancient horses, went extinct. The loss of these grazing species triggered a dramatic increase in fire activity in the world's grasslands, according to a new Yale-led study published Nov.

Life Sciences - 24.11.2021
For the brain, context is key to new theory of movement and memory | University of Cambridge
For the brain, context is key to new theory of movement and memory | University of Cambridge
Mathematical model could help in physical therapy and shed light on learning more generally.  The COIN model may also generalise to many other forms of learning and memory, not just memories underlying our movement Máté Lengyel How is it that a chef can control their knife to fillet a fish or peel a grape and can wield a cleaver just as efficiently as a paring knife? Even those of us less proficient in the kitchen learn to skilfully handle an astonishing number of different objects throughout our lives, from shoelaces to tennis rackets.

Health - Environment - 24.11.2021
Morning exposure to deep red light improves declining eyesight
Morning exposure to deep red light improves declining eyesight
Just three minutes of exposure to deep red light once a week, when delivered in the morning, can significantly improve declining eyesight, finds a pioneering new study by UCL researchers.

Economics / Business - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.11.2021
The livelihood ’quandairy’ of milk producers in a disrupted market
Research team from the University of Göttingen explores what guides Cameroonian milk producers' decision-making after a market disruption   When agricultural markets in the Global South are disrupted, what helps producers stay in business? In regions where work can be hard to find, educational attainment is low, and opportunities for economic diversification are often too few, it is essential to understand what helps smallholder producers maintain their livelihoods.

Health - 24.11.2021
Link between weather and spread of COVID-19
A new meta-analysis of over 150 research papers published during the early stages of the COVID-19 pandemic has shown the link between the weather and the spread of the illness. The study, published in the journal Weather, Climate, and Society , was conceived and conducted at The University Manchester and led by Ling Tan, a visiting scientist at the Centre for Crisis Studies and Mitigation.

Chemistry - 24.11.2021
Spicy breast milk?
Spicy breast milk?
Spicy substance from pepper gets into breast milk after eating In part of a recent human study led by the Technical University of Munich (TUM), it was found that after eating a curry dish containing pepper, piperine - an alkaloid responsible for the pungency of pepper - was present in the milk of breastfeeding women.

Health - Life Sciences - 24.11.2021
Sleep partners are too often forgotten
It's estimated that half of the adult population worldwide snores, with or without dangerous interruptions of breathing and related health risks such as cardiovascular disease, obesity, fatigue and concentration problems.

Health - Innovation - 24.11.2021
Gender skew in digital info for new parents 
A Western Univesity study has found moms-to-be often find and curate health information on behalf of their partners. Photo by Amina Filkins of Pexels Today's parents-to-be use online tools for health guidance in the same way their parents once dog-eared pages of the What to Expect book series. But a new study has found it's new moms who most often devour digital guidance about parenting - while dads-to-be rely on their women partners to sift and curate information for them.

Life Sciences - 24.11.2021
Sun Compass on Demand
Sun Compass on Demand
11/24/2021 Monarch butterflies employ a sun compass on their long-distance migration. Surprisingly, a new study shows that the compass is only established during flight. Monarch butterflies are famous for their annual long-distance migration, which takes them over several thousand kilometres from the north of the USA to their overwintering habitat in central Mexico.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.11.2021
Network records Europe's greenhouse gas emissions
Network records Europe’s greenhouse gas emissions
An article in the scientific journal "Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society" describes for the first time how the European ICOS network ("Integrated Carbon Observation System") helps to better understand the function of carbon sinks and to assess the effects of climate change on them. Half of the carbon emissions released to the atmosphere by fossil fuel use are re-captured by the ocean and land ecosystems.

Pharmacology - Health - 24.11.2021
Bench-to-bedside drug design could lead to new Alzheimer’s Disease treatments
An international team of scientists and pharmaceutical collaborators have made a breakthrough 'bench to bedside' discovery, ten years in the making, which they hope will advance the future treatment of Alzheimer's Disease in patients.

Life Sciences - Laboratory - 24.11.2021
How to Read a Jellyfish's Mind
How to Read a Jellyfish’s Mind
The human brain has 100 billion neurons, making 100 trillion connections. Understanding the precise circuits of brain cells that orchestrate all of our day-to-day behaviors-such as moving our limbs, responding to fear and other emotions, and so on-is an incredibly complex puzzle for neuroscientists.

Health - 23.11.2021
Two-metre COVID-19 rule is 'arbitrary measurement' of safety | University of Cambridge
Two-metre COVID-19 rule is ’arbitrary measurement’ of safety | University of Cambridge
A new study has shown that the airborne transmission of COVID-19 is highly random and suggests that the two-metre rule was a number chosen from a risk 'continuum', rather than any concrete measurement of safety. We strongly recommend that people keep wearing masks in indoor spaces - there's no good reason to expose yourself to this risk as long as the virus is with us Epaminondas Mastorakos A team of engineers from the used computer modelling to quantify how droplets spread when people cough.

Astronomy / Space Science - Computer Science - 23.11.2021
More than 300 possible new exoplanets
UCLA astronomers have identified 366 new exoplanets, thanks in large part to an algorithm developed by a UCLA postdoctoral scholar. Among their most noteworthy findings is a planetary system that comprises a star and at least two gas giant planets, each roughly the size of Saturn and located unusually close to one another.