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Environment - Health - 16.11.2021
Air pollution clouds brain performance and workforce productivity
Air pollution clouds brain performance and workforce productivity
Even short-term exposure to air pollution impacts our brain performance and capacity to work, according to researchers from The University of Queensland and Carnegie Mellon University. Dr Andrea La Nauze from UQ's School of Economics said a data study indicated that air pollution damaged cognitive function in working-age adults.

Environment - 16.11.2021
Climate change impact on Earth's 'life zones' on track to accelerate
Climate change impact on Earth’s ’life zones’ on track to accelerate
Scientists have revealed that climate change has already impacted all of Earth's 'life zones' and the effects are set to triple under business-as-usual emissions growth. A University of Queensland and Wildlife Conservation Society-led (WCS) research team assessed the impact of global warming across the world's 45 different 'life zones' - distinct biogeographic regions characterised by differences in temperature, precipitation, and aridity along with the species and ecosystems that live within them.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.11.2021
Air filter significantly reduces presence of airborne SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 wards | University of Cambridge
Air filter significantly reduces presence of airborne SARS-CoV-2 in COVID-19 wards | University of Cambridge
When a team of doctors, scientists and engineers at Addenbrooke's Hospital and the placed an air filtration machine in COVID-19 wards, they found that it removed almost all traces of airborne SARS-CoV-2. Reducing airborne transmission of the coronavirus is extremely important for the safety of both patients and staff Vilas Navapurkar While the discovery could have implications for improving the safety of repurposed 'surge wards', the researchers say it also opens up the possibility of being able to set standards for cleaner air to reduce the risk of airborne transmission of infections.

Materials Science - Environment - 16.11.2021
An ironclad future
An ironclad future
Solar energy plays an important role in the fight against climate change as a substitute for fossil fuels. Dye-sensitized solar cells promise to be a low-cost supplement to the photovoltaic systems we know today. Their key feature is the dye sensitizers attached to their surface. Researchers at the University of Basel continue to improve the performance with sensitizers using iron - a commonly available and environmentally friendly metal.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 16.11.2021
Research casts new light on processes behind solar eruptions
New research into the powerful magnetic fields which form inside the sun and cause violent eruptions could help predict solar flares. Mathematicians and astrophysicists from the UK and Italy have comprehensively modelled the emergence of twisted magnetic fields into the solar atmosphere, and verified their models through observations - a breakthrough in scientific understanding of the process by which solar flares occur.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
Studying the placenta to better understand a child illness
UdeMNouvelles Certain regulatory genes in the placenta may be linked to the varying severity of febrile seizures during fever episodes in babies and toddlers, a new study co-led by UdeM's Sarah Lippé suggests. For the first time, a Quebec research team is studying the expression of three families of genes in the placenta and the incidence of febrile seizures in children.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.11.2021
Global study offers new insight on heart valve surgery
By Celine Zadorsky, Special to Western News Researchers at Western and Lawson Health Research Institute played a leading role in a new global study that will change the way surgeons repair leaky valves in the heart. Leaky valve is one of the most common heart conditions, and it often does not present any symptoms. Many patients don't even realize they have a leaky valve, often presenting to doctors only when they are in the late stage of the disease.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.11.2021
Basel's valuable virus collection for worldwide research
Basel’s valuable virus collection for worldwide research
Phages are viruses that infect bacteria. They are an important part of many of the Earth's ecosystems and can also play a role in the fight against antibiotic resistant pathogens. A research team from the University of Basel's Biozentrum has now compiled a significant phage collection. It is available to scientists around the world for research purposes, as a biotech tool or to explore which phages are most suitable for therapy.

Pharmacology - Life Sciences - 15.11.2021
New stroke clot-buster drug shows ’exciting potential’ in mice
A novel clot-busting drug formulated and tested by University of Manchester scientists is able to effectively restore blood flow in the brains of mice, opening the door for a safer and more effective stroke treatment. The compound - an enzyme called caADAMTS13 -could dissolve clots in patients that are resistant to current treatment, according to the study published in the journal Blood today (15/11/21).

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2021
'Consequences for the patient's life'
’Consequences for the patient’s life’
Dr. Francesco Catania is head of the working group "Evolutionary Cell Biology" at the Institute for Evolution and Biodiversity at the University of Münster. His group uses bioinformatics and experimental approaches to investigate how the interaction of cells and organisms with their environment leads to the emergence of new properties.

Health - 15.11.2021
How surviving cancer as a child affects lifelong health
How surviving cancer as a child affects lifelong health
People who survive cancer early in their life have higher risks of ill health as they grow older, and these risks vary according to the cancer type and how the cancer was treated, a new study by UCL researchers has found. The researchers are now calling for these long-term health effects to be considered when young people and their families discuss treatment options with their healthcare team initially.

Health - Pharmacology - 15.11.2021
New biomarkers for type 1 diabetes
UdeMNouvelles A new study identifies circulating proteins as potential therapeutic targets and screening tools for type 1 diabetes. A research team led by Dr. Despoina Manousaki of the CHU Sainte-Justine Research Centre and the Université de Montréal has identified three circulating proteins as promising molecules for the development of drugs and early detection tools for patients with type 1 diabetes.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2021
A histone modification essential for tissue integrity
A histone modification essential for tissue integrity
Chemical modifications of histones, the small proteins around which DNA is wrapped, are known to affect gene expression. In a study conducted in C. elegans , researchers from the Gasser group show that the defining modification of the tightly packed form of DNA called heterochromatin selectively blocks the expression of genes in differentiated tissues.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2021
A digital reconstruction of the brain's power source
A digital reconstruction of the brain's power source
The EPFL Blue Brain Project has created the first digital reconstruction of the Neuro-Glia-Vascular Architecture providing a new framework to study brain function in health and disease. The study, published in Cerebral Cortex, represents a major milestone: researchers can now reconstruct the architecture of non-neuronal entities such as blood vessels and the supporting cells called glia.

Chemistry - 15.11.2021
Researchers train computers to predict the next designer drugs
Researchers train computers to predict the next designer drugs
Global law enforcement agencies are already using the new method UBC researchers have trained computers to predict the next designer drugs before they are even on the market, technology that could save lives. Law enforcement agencies are in a race to identify and regulate new versions of dangerous psychoactive drugs such as bath salts and synthetic opioids, even as clandestine chemists work to synthesize and distribute new molecules with the same psychoactive effects as classical drugs of abuse.

Health - Campus - 15.11.2021
Studies on risks versus benefits of antidepressant use during pregnancy should be clearer, University of Toronto researchers say
Those planning pregnancy are struggling to weigh the risks and benefits of antidepressant medication based on how research is currently presented, say researchers at the University of Toronto and Women's College Hospital.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 15.11.2021
New study makes sense of sensory processing in autistic children
A child plays with sensory-based objects during a day camp in January 2020, held by the Sensory Perception Research lab at Western University. (Maggie MacLellan/Western Communications) By Maggie MacLellan, Special to Western News November 15, 2021 Results of a recent study on sensory abilities in autistic children may have positive consequences to the way supports are provided to them, helping increase their quality of life.

Computer Science - Innovation - 15.11.2021
Serious security vulnerabilities in computer memories
Serious security vulnerabilities in computer memories
Researchers at ETH Zurich have discovered major vulnerabilities in DRAM memory devices, which are widely used in computers, tablets and smartphones. The vulnerabilities have now been published together with the National Cyber Security Centre, which for the first time has assigned an identification number for it.

Health - 15.11.2021
De-platforming Covid conspiracy theorists from Facebook has limited impact in reducing their influence
De-platforming Covid conspiracy theorists from Facebook has limited impact in reducing their influence, research finds Removing high-profile Covid conspiracy theorists from Facebook has had only limited impact upon the spread of misleading information, research from Cardiff University has found. Fan pages, affiliated groups and other secondary accounts set up by devoted believers continue to share problematic content about the causes and consequences of Covid-19 long after primary accounts have been taken down, the findings reveal.

Life Sciences - Health - 15.11.2021
U-M study sheds light on how bacteria control their detoxification
Bacteria need to constantly adapt to compete against other species for nutrient sources and to survive against threats such as antibiotics and toxins. In an effort to understand how bacteria control and regulate this adaptation, University of Michigan researchers are examining how RNA polymerase-the enzyme that transcribes genetic information from DNA onto RNA-slows during transcription in a process called transcriptional pausing.