news 2021



Results 1 - 16 of 16.

Transport - Environment - 29.11.2021
First in-flight 100% sustainable-fuels emissions study of passenger jet shows early promise
Initial findings from a world-first study of the impact of 100% sustainable aviation fuel (SAF) on both engines of a commercial jet have provided promising early results. The ECLIF3 study, involving Airbus , Rolls-Royce , German research centre DLR , and SAF producer Neste , marks the first time 100% SAF has been measured simultaneously on both engines of a commercial passenger aircraft - an Airbus A350 aircraft powered by Rolls-Royce Trent XWB engines.

Environment - Transport - 09.11.2021
How electric cars help to reduce electricity imports
How electric cars help to reduce electricity imports
Swiss electricity generation has a very low carbon footprint. However, this is often not the case for imports. Researchers from the National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) Automation, led by Empa researcher Loris di Natale, investigated how electric cars could help reduce the need for energy imports from fossil fuels.

Transport - Environment - 11.10.2021
Cut European short-haul flights to dramatically reduce emissions according to new research
New data curated by scientists at The University of Manchester has found that the main culprit for aviation emissions across the connected continent of Europe is countless short journey flights. The research, recently published in journal Transportation Research , identified that a large number of flights over distances of less than 300 miles between city pairs with existing public transport connections are a key contributor of harmful emissions.

Transport - Environment - 04.10.2021
Transport pricing in practice
Transport pricing in practice
In the largest worldwide pricing experiment to date, researchers have demonstrated that road users change their behavior when they must pay for the social and environmental effects of their transportation. The study was led by researchers from the University of Basel, ETH Zurich and ZHAW. Transportation causes a variety of costs that individual road users do not have to pay themselves.

Transport - 29.09.2021
Lincoln and Hull among UK’s traffic collision hotspots
Cities such as Lincoln and Hull and towns including Woking, Maidstone and Ashford have more road traffic collisions than would be expected given their population size, a new study by UCL researchers has found. For the study, published in PLOS ONE , researchers analysed traffic collision data along with population data from over 300 urban areas in England, Wales, France, Germany and Spain in 2018 and, for Spain only, 2015.

Computer Science - Transport - 23.07.2021
New Algorithm May Help Autonomous Vehicles Navigate Narrow, Crowded Streets
Carnegie Mellon University CMU research could help solve last mile delivery challenges It is a scenario familiar to anyone who has driven down a crowded, narrow street. Parked cars line both sides, and there isn't enough space for vehicles traveling in both directions to pass each other. One has to duck into a gap in the parked cars or slow and pull over as far as possible for the other to squeeze by.

Transport - 19.07.2021
An automated flight control system for drone swarms has been developed
Creating new procedures that improve mass drone traffic is the purpose of LABYRINTH, a European research project coordinated by the Universidad Carlos III de Madrid (UC3M) with the participation of 13 international organisations within the R&D&I, transport, emergency, and auxiliary services fields.

Environment - Transport - 03.06.2021
Coastal flooding increases Bay Area traffic delays and accidents
Latest Stanford Health Alerts on COVID-19 COVID-19 Info for Stanford Earth Traffic on the San Francisco-Oakland Bay Bridge. (Photo credit; Joshua Sortino / Unsplash) Disruptions from sea level rise and coastal flooding events have significant indirect impacts on urban traffic networks and road safety.

Transport - 30.05.2021
Bois de la Cambre in Brussels: park or thoroughfare?
VUB and ULB research into traffic preferences shows divide between respondents in centre and periphery Sunday, May 30, 2021 — Traffic in the Bois de la Cambre in Brussels has been the subject of intense debate for some time. Should it be open or closed to traffic? Researchers from VUB and ULB, with the Brussels Studies Institute (BSI), conducted a survey on people's wishes for the park.

Transport - 30.03.2021
New early warning system for self-driving cars
New early warning system for self-driving cars
AI recognizes potentially critical traffic situations seven seconds in advance A team of researchers at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has developed a new early warning system for vehicles that uses artificial intelligence to learn from thousands of real traffic situations. A study of the system was carried out in cooperation with the BMW Group.

Earth Sciences - Transport - 04.03.2021
How do you know where volcanic ash will end up?
How do you know where volcanic ash will end up?
A team from the University of Geneva studied the ash from volcanic eruptions and discovered two effects of ash sedimentation that will improve our ability to predict the danger posed by volcanic ash clouds. When the Eyjafjallajökull volcano in Iceland erupted in April 2010, air traffic was interrupted for six days and then disrupted until May.

Transport - 24.02.2021
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Rotor head full fairing makes the RACER fly faster
Aerodynamic shape optimization for helicopter rotor heads Helicopters are to become faster, greener and quieter. An international team led by Airbus Helicopters (AH) is working on the technology to achieve these goals with the RACER demonstrator. Scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have designed an aerodynamically shape-optimized rotor head full fairing for the innovative RACER rotorcraft.

Life Sciences - Transport - 23.02.2021
A memory without a brain
A memory without a brain
How a single cell slime mold makes smart decisions without a central nervous system Having a memory of past events enables us to take smarter decisions about the future. Researchers at the Max-Planck Institute for Dynamics and Self-Organization (MPI-DS) and the Technical University of Munich (TUM) have now identified how the slime mold Physarum polycephalum saves memories - although it has no nervous system.

Transport - 28.01.2021
Cucumber with twin
Cucumber with twin
Vegetables and fruits often have a long way to go on the supermarket shelf. How can quality be intelligently maintained on long journeys and possible spoilage prevented? In cooperation with Coop, Empa experts are developing a system that keeps an eye on freshness during transport - and at the same time allows optimization.

Environment - Transport - 27.01.2021
Getting to Net Zero - and Even Net Negative - is Surprisingly Feasible, and Affordable
Getting to Net Zero - and Even Net Negative - is Surprisingly Feasible, and Affordable
Reaching zero net emissions of carbon dioxide from energy and industry by 2050 can be accomplished by rebuilding U.S. energy infrastructure to run primarily on renewable energy, at a net cost of about $1 per person per day, according to new research published by the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab), the University of San Francisco (USF), and the consulting firm Evolved Energy Research.

Transport - 21.01.2021
Digital twin for autonomous driving
Digital twin for autonomous driving
Autonomous driving will come about. But how do you make it safe for each traffic situation, what transportation infrastructure will be required, and what will be the impact of future traffic models? Under the leadership of Audi AG, the SAVeNoW consortium is running a simulation on these questions using a digital twin of the urban traffic of Ingolstadt as an example.