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Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
Lung cancer: When radiation does not work
Some lung tumors do not respond to radiation therapy. This effect can be reversed by blocking an enzyme in the tumor cells, as a Würzburg research team reports. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, with 2.2 million new cases and around 1.8 million deaths in 2020 alone. While knowledge about the disease has improved considerably and new therapeutic strategies can prolong the lives of previously incurable patients, the figures clearly show that the mortality rate is still far too high.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.07.2022
’Soft’ CRISPR May Offer a New Fix for Genetic Defects
Targeted repairs with -nicks- of single DNA strands provide foundation for novel disease therapies Curing debilitating genetic diseases is one of the great challenges of modern medicine. During the past decade, development of CRISPR technologies and advancements in genetics research brought new hope for patients and their families, although the safety of these new methods is still of significant concern.

Physics - 01.07.2022
US and Czech Scientists Collaborate To Explore Gamma-Ray Production With High Power Lasers
The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Czech Science Foundation (GACR) are funding a new collaborative project of scientists from the University of California San Diego in the U.S. and ELI Beamlines ( Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences ) in the Czech Republic which aims to leverage the capabilities of the ELI Beamlines multi-petawatt laser facility.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
Researchers from the MHH and RESIST show how a cell protein of the innate immune response prevents the multiplication of herpes viruses Most body cells can defend themselves against viruses after they have been activated by the body's own messenger substances (interferons). This happens with the help of proteins that recognise invading virus components and interfere with virus replication.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The World Health Organization (WHO) recently listed a new sibling diagnosis for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), termed complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). An international team with the involvement of the University of Zurich has now summarized the symptoms of the long-awaited new diagnosis and issued guidelines for clinical assessment and treatment.

Environment - 01.07.2022
Whales learn songs from each other in a cultural 'deep dive'
Whales learn songs from each other in a cultural ’deep dive’
A University of Queensland-led study has found humpback whales can learn incredibly complex songs from whales from other regions. Dr Jenny Allen , whose doctoral work at UQ's School of Veterinary Science led to the study, said researchers found New Caledonian humpback whales could learn songs from their counterparts from Australia's east coast with remarkable accuracy.

Astronomy / Space Science - 01.07.2022
Slow spin of early galaxy observed for the first time
Slow spin of early galaxy observed for the first time
One of the most distant known galaxies, observed in the very earliest years of the Universe, appears to be rotating at less than a quarter of the speed of the Milky Way today, according to a new study involving University of Cambridge researchers. For the study, published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters , an international team of researchers analysed data from a galaxy known as MACS1149-JD1 (JD1), obtained from observations by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an assembly of radio telescopes in Chile.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
Study highlights heavy mental health burden of Covid-19 for ’shielders’
Research into the mental health impacts of Covid-19 suggests vulnerable groups need increased psychological support as government guidance is reviewed. Research from a new study suggests that health anxiety among the clinically vulnerable groups who shielded at home has risen since the first pandemic wave, despite developments in viral treatment and the roll-out of the vaccination programme.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 01.07.2022
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents are over three times more vulnerable to developing a cannabis addiction than adults, but may not be at increased risk of other mental health problems related to the drug, finds a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. The study, published today in the Journal of Psychopharmacology , found that adolescents who used cannabis were no more likely to have higher levels of subclinical depression or anxiety than adults who use cannabis, nor were they more vulnerable than adult users to the associations with psychotic-like symptoms.

Astronomy / Space Science - 30.06.2022
Chandra Observatory shows black hole spins slower than its peers
Chandra Observatory shows black hole spins slower than its peers
Astronomers have made a record-breaking measurement of a black hole's spin, one of two fundamental properties of black holes. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory shows this black hole is spinning slower than most of its smaller cousins. This is the most massive black hole with an accurate spin measurement and gives hints about how some of the universe's biggest black holes grow.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 30.06.2022
Life in the earth's interior as productive as in some ocean waters
Life in the earth’s interior as productive as in some ocean waters
Microorganisms in aquifers deep below the earth's surface produce similar amounts of biomass as those in some marine waters. This is the finding of researchers led by the Friedrich Schiller University Jena and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), both Germany. Applying a unique, ultra-sensitive measurement method using radioactive carbon, they were able to demonstrate for the first time that these biotic communities in absolute darkness do not depend on sunlight.

Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
Rare wild ancestors of feral pigeons found living on British and Irish islands
DNA testing reveals that the wild ancestors of the common domestic and feral pigeons, now extinct in many parts of the world, are still living on islands in Scotland and Ireland. Researchers led by members of Oxford University's Department of Biology have found rare colonies of the wild ancestors of common domestic and feral pigeons.

Environment - 30.06.2022
New report examines people's attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
New report examines people’s attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
A new report has taken an in-depth look at the UK public's attitudes to climate change - and how this might translate into action. The Net Zero Living report , led by the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST), based at Cardiff University, and Ipsos, is launched today at a public webinar.

Environment - 30.06.2022
Unprecedented change in Europe's fire regime
Unprecedented change in Europe’s fire regime
A study reveals an unprecedented change in the fire regime in Europe which is related to climate change. The affected areas are in Southern, Central and Northern Europe but this historical change in Europe's fire regime is more intense in the Mediterranean area. The study, published in the journal Scientific Reports , is led by Jofre Carnicer, lecturer of Ecology at the Faculty of Biology, and member of the Biodiversity Research Institute (IRBio) of the University of Barcelona and the Centre for Ecological Research and Forestry Applications (CREAF).

Computer Science - 30.06.2022
The hawk has landed: braking mid-air to prioritise safety over energy or speed
New research from the Oxford Flight Group using computer simulations and Hollywood-style motion capture shows how birds optimise their landing manoeuvres for an accurate descent. Researchers at the University of Oxford have found that hawks control their flight to ensure the safest landing conditions when perching, even if it takes longer and more energy to do so.

Life Sciences - Health - 30.06.2022
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Ten organisations account for half of all animal research in Great Britain in 2021
Today, 30 June 2022, Understanding Animal Research (UAR) has published a list of the ten organisations that carry out the highest number of animal procedures - those used in medical, veterinary, and scientific research - in Great Britain. These statistics are freely available on the organisations' websites as part of their ongoing commitment to transparency and openness around the use of animals in research.

Health - 30.06.2022
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
The mere sight of a meal triggers an inflammatory response in the brain
Even before carbohydrates reach the bloodstream, the very sight and smell of a meal trigger the release of insulin. For the first time, researchers from the University of Basel and University Hospital Basel have shown that this insulin release depends on a short-term inflammatory response that takes place in these circumstances.

Materials Science - Innovation - 30.06.2022
Fresh hope for new flystrike control method
Fresh hope for new flystrike control method
Tiny nanoparticles less than a thousandth of a millimetre in size are providing a promising new method to protect sheep against deadly flystrike, according to University of Queensland research. Senior Research Fellow Dr Peter James from UQ's Centre for Animal Science said nanotechnology could be part of the solution to a problem that costs the Australian sheep industry $173 million a year.

Environment - Administration - 30.06.2022
Animation highlights importance of microplastics research in driving water company investigations
A new animation has highlighted how The University of Manchester's research on microplastic pollution in rivers has helped to drive investigations into the behaviour of water companies, and the roles of regulators in tacking illegal activity.

Health - Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
HIV speeds up body's aging processes soon after infection
HIV speeds up body’s aging processes soon after infection
HIV has an "early and substantial" impact on aging in infected people, accelerating biological changes in the body associated with normal aging within just two to three years of infection, according to a study by UCLA researchers and colleagues. The findings suggest that new HIV infection may rapidly cut nearly five years off an individual's life span relative to an uninfected person.
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