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Physics - 04.07.2022
The Higgs particle turns ten
The Higgs particle turns ten
Detailed insights into the nature of the Higgs boson could help answer big open questions in physics Exactly ten years ago, the Atlas and CMS experiments announced a resounding success: Little less than three years after the launch of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at Cern, the last missing piece in the Standard Model of particle physics had been found: The Higgs boson, a kind of messenger of the Higgs field that in turn gives mass to all matter particles.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.07.2022
Watching gut bacteria eat - and learning from it for medicine
Watching gut bacteria eat - and learning from it for medicine
New microscopy method enables high-speed functional analysis of microbiomes Microbiomes shape the health of humans and the environment. How they do this is revealed by an analysis of the functions that individual microbes assume in these communities of microorganisms. Scientists at the University of Vienna, in collaboration with photonics experts at Boston University, have developed a microscopy method that allows them to identify bacterial cells in milliseconds and simultaneously determine their metabolic activity.

Earth Sciences - 04.07.2022
Lasers light the way to discovery of ancient crust beneath WA
Lasers light the way to discovery of ancient crust beneath WA
By firing lasers finer than a human hair at tiny grains of a mineral extracted from beach sand, Curtin researchers have found evidence of an almost four billion-year-old piece of the Earth's crust that lies beneath the South-West of WA.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 04.07.2022
On the way to cell-type materials
On the way to cell-type materials
Molecular machines control a sizeable number of fundamental processes in nature. Embedded in a cellular environment, these processes play a central role in the intracellular and intercellular transportation of molecules, as well as in muscle contraction in humans and animals. In order for the entire organism to function, a well-defined orientation and arrangement of the molecular machines is essential.

Physics - Astronomy / Space Science - 04.07.2022
The Higgs boson, ten years after its discovery
Geneva, 4 July 2022. Ten years ago, on July 4 2012, the ATLAS and CMS collaborations at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) announced the discovery of a new particle with features consistent with those of the Higgs boson predicted by the Standard Model of particle physics. The discovery was a landmark in the history of science and captured the world's attention.

Veterinary - Health - 03.07.2022
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Male dogs four times more likely to develop contagious cancer on nose or mouth than females
Sniffing or licking other dogs- genitalia - the common site of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour - can spread this unusual cancer to the nose and mouth. Although canine transmissible cancer can be diagnosed and treated fairly easily, vets in the UK may not be familiar with the signs of the disease because it is very rare here Andrea Strakova A new study has found that male dogs are four to five times more likely than female dogs to be infected with the oro-nasal form of Canine Transmissible Venereal Tumour.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
Lung cancer: When radiation does not work
Some lung tumors do not respond to radiation therapy. This effect can be reversed by blocking an enzyme in the tumor cells, as a Würzburg research team reports. Lung cancer is the most common cancer in the world, with 2.2 million new cases and around 1.8 million deaths in 2020 alone. While knowledge about the disease has improved considerably and new therapeutic strategies can prolong the lives of previously incurable patients, the figures clearly show that the mortality rate is still far too high.

Life Sciences - Health - 01.07.2022
’Soft’ CRISPR May Offer a New Fix for Genetic Defects
Targeted repairs with -nicks- of single DNA strands provide foundation for novel disease therapies Curing debilitating genetic diseases is one of the great challenges of modern medicine. During the past decade, development of CRISPR technologies and advancements in genetics research brought new hope for patients and their families, although the safety of these new methods is still of significant concern.

Physics - 01.07.2022
US and Czech Scientists Collaborate To Explore Gamma-Ray Production With High Power Lasers
The U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the Czech Science Foundation (GACR) are funding a new collaborative project of scientists from the University of California San Diego in the U.S. and ELI Beamlines ( Institute of Physics of the Czech Academy of Sciences ) in the Czech Republic which aims to leverage the capabilities of the ELI Beamlines multi-petawatt laser facility.

Health - Life Sciences - 01.07.2022
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
A step on the way to better therapies against viruses
Researchers from the MHH and RESIST show how a cell protein of the innate immune response prevents the multiplication of herpes viruses Most body cells can defend themselves against viruses after they have been activated by the body's own messenger substances (interferons). This happens with the help of proteins that recognise invading virus components and interfere with virus replication.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
New Diagnosis for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder
The World Health Organization (WHO) recently listed a new sibling diagnosis for post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD), termed complex post-traumatic stress disorder (CPTSD). An international team with the involvement of the University of Zurich has now summarized the symptoms of the long-awaited new diagnosis and issued guidelines for clinical assessment and treatment.

Environment - 01.07.2022
Whales learn songs from each other in a cultural 'deep dive'
Whales learn songs from each other in a cultural ’deep dive’
A University of Queensland-led study has found humpback whales can learn incredibly complex songs from whales from other regions. Dr Jenny Allen , whose doctoral work at UQ's School of Veterinary Science led to the study, said researchers found New Caledonian humpback whales could learn songs from their counterparts from Australia's east coast with remarkable accuracy.

Astronomy / Space Science - 01.07.2022
Slow spin of early galaxy observed for the first time
Slow spin of early galaxy observed for the first time
One of the most distant known galaxies, observed in the very earliest years of the Universe, appears to be rotating at less than a quarter of the speed of the Milky Way today, according to a new study involving University of Cambridge researchers. For the study, published in The Astrophysical Journal Letters , an international team of researchers analysed data from a galaxy known as MACS1149-JD1 (JD1), obtained from observations by the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an assembly of radio telescopes in Chile.

Physics - Computer Science - 01.07.2022
Vidi grants for eight leading TU Delft researchers
The Dutch Research Council has awarded 101 experienced researchers a Vidi grant worth 800,000 euros. The grant enables them to develop their own innovative line of research and set up their own research group in the coming five years. TU Delft's Vidi laureates: Dr. Katerina Stanková (TPM) This research investigates novel game theoretic models and combines these with data science and control theory to improve standard of care in cancer treatment.

Health - Psychology - 01.07.2022
Study highlights heavy mental health burden of Covid-19 for ’shielders’
Research into the mental health impacts of Covid-19 suggests vulnerable groups need increased psychological support as government guidance is reviewed. Research from a new study suggests that health anxiety among the clinically vulnerable groups who shielded at home has risen since the first pandemic wave, despite developments in viral treatment and the roll-out of the vaccination programme.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 01.07.2022
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents more vulnerable to cannabis addiction but not other mental health risks
Adolescents are over three times more vulnerable to developing a cannabis addiction than adults, but may not be at increased risk of other mental health problems related to the drug, finds a new study led by UCL and King's College London researchers. The study, published today in the Journal of Psychopharmacology , found that adolescents who used cannabis were no more likely to have higher levels of subclinical depression or anxiety than adults who use cannabis, nor were they more vulnerable than adult users to the associations with psychotic-like symptoms.

Astronomy / Space Science - 30.06.2022
Chandra Observatory shows black hole spins slower than its peers
Chandra Observatory shows black hole spins slower than its peers
Astronomers have made a record-breaking measurement of a black hole's spin, one of two fundamental properties of black holes. NASA's Chandra X-ray Observatory shows this black hole is spinning slower than most of its smaller cousins. This is the most massive black hole with an accurate spin measurement and gives hints about how some of the universe's biggest black holes grow.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 30.06.2022
Life in the earth's interior as productive as in some ocean waters
Life in the earth’s interior as productive as in some ocean waters
Microorganisms in aquifers deep below the earth's surface produce similar amounts of biomass as those in some marine waters. This is the finding of researchers led by the Friedrich Schiller University Jena and the German Centre for Integrative Biodiversity Research (iDiv), both Germany. Applying a unique, ultra-sensitive measurement method using radioactive carbon, they were able to demonstrate for the first time that these biotic communities in absolute darkness do not depend on sunlight.

Life Sciences - 30.06.2022
Rare wild ancestors of feral pigeons found living on British and Irish islands
DNA testing reveals that the wild ancestors of the common domestic and feral pigeons, now extinct in many parts of the world, are still living on islands in Scotland and Ireland. Researchers led by members of Oxford University's Department of Biology have found rare colonies of the wild ancestors of common domestic and feral pigeons.

Environment - 30.06.2022
New report examines people's attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
New report examines people’s attitudes to climate change and how this translates into action
A new report has taken an in-depth look at the UK public's attitudes to climate change - and how this might translate into action. The Net Zero Living report , led by the Centre for Climate Change and Social Transformations (CAST), based at Cardiff University, and Ipsos, is launched today at a public webinar.
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