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Health - Physics - 06.12.2022
New X-ray technology can improve Covid-19 diagnosis
New X-ray technology can improve Covid-19 diagnosis
Patient study demonstrates benefits of dark-field X-ray technology A research team at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) has, for the first time, produced dark-field X-ray images of patients infected with the corona virus. In contrast to conventional X-ray images, dark-field images visualize the microstructure of the lung tissue, thereby providing additional information.

Health - Pharmacology - 06.12.2022
Emergency medicine: Correlation between electrolyte administration in atrial fibrillation and return to regular heartbeat
Patients receiving emergency medical treatment for atrial fibrillation show a correlation between the intravenous administration of potassium and magnesium and a spontaneous return to a normal heart rhythm. This was discovered in a new study by the Department of Emergency Medicine at MedUni Vienna and University Hospital Vienna, which analysed patient data between 2009 and 2020.

Life Sciences - Environment - 06.12.2022
Alpine bacterial strain adapts to the change of seasons
Alpine bacterial strain adapts to the change of seasons
Scientists have discovered for the first time a bacterium in Lake Gossenköllesee in Tyrol that uses two different mechanisms to obtain energy from light. This could be an adaptation to the very pronounced change of seasons in the Alps. The change of seasons is clearly noticeable in the Alps. Moderate temperatures with a high exposure to light in summer give way to months with great cold and only little sunlight in winter.

Environment - 06.12.2022
Remove micropollutants with granulated activated carbon
Remove micropollutants with granulated activated carbon
Currently, the first Swiss wastewater treatment plants are being upgraded with an additional treatment stage for the removal of micropollutants using granulated activated carbon (GAC), including the WWTP at Muri.

Psychology - Health - 06.12.2022
Masks can put cognitive performance in check
Wearing a face mask can temporarily disrupt decision-making in some situations according to University of Queensland research. Dr David Smerdon from UQ's School of Economics analysed almost three million chess moves played by more than eight thousand people in 18 countries before and during the COVID-19 pandemic and found wearing a mask substantially reduced the average quality of player decisions.

Life Sciences - Computer Science - 06.12.2022
Locomotion modeling evolves with brain-inspired neural networks
Locomotion modeling evolves with brain-inspired neural networks
A team of scientists at EPFL have built a new neural network system that can help understand how animals adapt their movement to changes in their own body and to create more powerful artificial intelligence systems. Deep learning has been fueled by artificial neural networks, which stack simple computational elements on top of each other, to create powerful learning systems.

Life Sciences - Environment - 05.12.2022
Head-mounted microscope measures neuron activity
Head-mounted microscope measures neuron activity
Miniature device enables scientist to record nerve cell activity in all cortical layers in lit environments Researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Neurobiology of Behavior have developed a miniature microscope small enough to be carried on the head of freely a moving mouse and capable of measuring neuronal activity in all cortical layers, even the deepest ones.

Life Sciences - 05.12.2022
New findings on neuronal activities in the sensorimotor cortex
New findings on neuronal activities in the sensorimotor cortex
Interdisciplinary team at the University of Freiburg studies freely moving individuals using 3D tracking An interdisciplinary research team at the University of Freiburg has found important clues about the functioning of the sensorimotor cortex. The new findings on neuronal activities in this brain area could be helpful for the further development and use of so-called neuroprostheses.

Pharmacology - Health - 05.12.2022
A team from the UB and IBUB reveals the extraordinary plasticity of the glucocorticoid receptor
A team from the UB and IBUB reveals the extraordinary plasticity of the glucocorticoid receptor
Glucocorticoids —such as cortisone— are among the most widely used anti-inflammatory drugs, and are used to treat asthma, psoriasis, organ transplantation and even COVID-19. Regarding their pharmacological action, the activity of the glucocorticoid receptor (GR) is crucial. The GR is a transcription factor that regulates vital processes in human physiology.

Environment - 05.12.2022
Biodiversity in drylands protects climate
Biodiversity in drylands protects climate
The livelihood of one in three people on earth depends on livestock and pastoralism. Especially in arid regions, which account for more than 40 percent of the planet's land area, grazing is essential for survival. Despite this importance for humans and nature, until recently there had been no global field study on the impact of pasture management on dryland performance.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 05.12.2022
Two-billion-year-old enzyme reconstructed
Two-billion-year-old enzyme reconstructed
Basic researchers at Leipzig University have solved a puzzle in the evolution of bacterial enzymes. By reconstructing a candidate for a special RNA polymerase as it existed about two billion years ago, they were able to explain a hitherto puzzling property of the corresponding modern enzymes. Unlike their ancestors, they do not work continuously and are thus significantly more effective - these pauses in activity constitute evolutionary progress.

Health - 05.12.2022
Symptoms of long Covid in children may change over time
Symptoms of long Covid in children may change over time
New symptoms may appear in children up to a year after initial infection with Covid-19, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The Children and young people with Long Covid (CLoCk) study, published in The Lancet Regional Health - Europe , is the world's largest study on long Covid in children. Researchers asked children aged 11 to 17 about their health six months and 12 months after taking a PCR test between September 2020 and March 2021.

Environment - 05.12.2022
Climate change for food projects
Climate change for food projects
SCI Honorary Researcher Ulrike Ehgartner co-published the report 'Climate change for food projects: What it means and what to do about it' for Food Research. Many people working in local or community food projects already know that they need to review how they operate in order to ensure they are doing as much as possible to reduce future negative impacts on the climate.

Health - Sport - 05.12.2022
Pedestrians choose healthy obstacles over boring pavements
Pedestrians choose healthy obstacles over boring pavements
Up to 78% of walkers would take a more challenging route featuring obstacles such as balancing beams, steppingstones and high steps, research has found. The findings suggest that providing -Active Landscape- routes in urban areas could help tackle an -inactivity pandemic- and improve health outcomes.

Physics - Life Sciences - 05.12.2022
New quantum dots study uncovers implications for biological imaging
New quantum dots study uncovers implications for biological imaging
A new study involving researchers at the University of Illinois Chicago achieved a milestone in the synthesis of multifunctional photonic nanomaterials. In a paper published in the American Chemical Society's journal Nano Letters , they report the synthesis of semiconductor -giant- core-shell quantum dots with record-breaking emissive lifetimes.

Environment - Innovation - 05.12.2022
Ready for sustainable growth
Ready for sustainable growth
Founded in February 2018 as an Empa spin-off, the start-up company "MIRO Analytical" received one of the coveted "Innosuisse Certificates" in October. The certificate reflects the remarkable progress the young company made during the funding agency's coaching program and confirms that the start-up is ready for sustainable growth.

Life Sciences - 05.12.2022
How chemical modifications on DNA keep genes off
How chemical modifications on DNA keep genes off
Several diseases, including certain types of cancer and some neurodevelopmental conditions, have aberrant patterns of DNA methylation, a chemical modification that regulates gene expression in ways that keep genes in the 'off' position. FMI researchers found that DNA methylation keeps genes silent mostly by inhibiting the binding of DNA by transcription factors — proteins that control how genes are expressed.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 05.12.2022
Chip lets scientists study biocement formation in real-time
Chip lets scientists study biocement formation in real-time
Scientists from EPFL and the University of Lausanne have used a chip that was originally designed for environmental science to study the properties of biocement formation. This material has the potential to replace traditional cement binders in certain civil engineering applications. The chip has the size of a credit card and its surface is engraved with a flow channel measuring one meter from end to end and as thick as a human hair.

Health - Life Sciences - 05.12.2022
New blood test can detect ’toxic’ protein years before Alzheimer’s symptoms emerge
Today, by and large, patients receive a diagnosis of Alzheimer's only after they exhibit well-known signs of the disease, such as memory loss. By that point, the best treatment options simply slow further progression of symptoms. But research has shown that the seeds of Alzheimer's are planted years - even decades - earlier, long before the cognitive impairments surface that make a diagnosis possible.

Health - 03.12.2022
People with long COVID, those with other illnesses experiencing similar lingering effects
People who have long COVID-19 can experience many of the same lingering negative effects on their physical, mental and social well-being as those experienced by people who become ill with other, non-COVID illnesses, new research suggests. The findings, which were published in JAMA Network Open, are based on a comparison of people known to have been infected with COVID-19 with individuals with similar symptoms who tested negative for COVID.
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