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Health - 04.05.2022
New census report offers first-time insight on gender diversity
For the first time, the Canadian census results reveal some insights about gender diversity in Canada. (credit: ajijchan/iStock) For the first time in history, the Canadian census gave a picture of how many cisgender men and women, transgender and non-binary people live in Canada. The 2021 census was the first that enabled people to distinguish their lived gender from their sex at birth.

Health - Life Sciences - 04.05.2022
Leveraging the science of hibernation to improve human heart health
Leveraging the science of hibernation to improve human heart health
Hibernation requires mechanisms of self-healing and tissue repair to endure long periods of time in freezing temperatures without food. The thirteen-lined ground squirrel hibernates for about six months and has the remarkable ability to endure physiological events that replicate many aspects of heart attacks and strokes in humans.

Health - Pharmacology - 04.05.2022
Krill oil may be beneficial to muscle function and size, in people over 65
Krill oil may be beneficial to muscle function and size in healthy people over the age of 65, according to new research. The study - led by the University of Glasgow's Institute of Cardiovascular and Medical Sciences (ICAMS) and published in Clinical Nutrition - found that krill oil supplementation of four grams per day could have beneficial effects on skeletal muscle function and size in this age group.

Innovation - 04.05.2022
TronicBoards: Making STEM accessible for people with intellectual disabilities
Monash researchers have developed customised electronic toolkits to help encourage STEM knowledge, logical thinking and creativity for people living with intellectual disabilities. TronicBoards, created by researchers from the Faculty of Information Technology (IT), are a range of customised colour-coded printed circuit boards with large controls and recognisable symbols adapted to facilitate easy circuit making for diverse intellectual abilities.

Astronomy / Space Science - Physics - 04.05.2022
Rare ’black widow’ binary, with the shortest orbit yet
The flashing of a nearby star drew the attention of a team of astronomers, who discovered that it is part of a rare and mysterious system. As they report in a paper published May 4 in Nature, the stellar oddity appears to be a -black widow binary a type of system consisting of a rapidly spinning neutron star, or pulsar, that is circling and slowly consuming a smaller companion star, as its arachnid namesake does to its mate.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.05.2022
Cancer origin identified through cell ’surgery’
When a cell divides abnormally, it does not share the correct number of chromosomes with the two new cells, and this can lead to cancer New research from Warwick Medical School has discovered why and how this happens, using 'cell surgery' Understanding the origin of abnormal cell division and cancer formation can lead to prevention Research from the University of Warwick sheds new light on a key cause of cancer formation during cell division (or mitosis ), and points towards potential solutions for preventing it from occurring.

Pharmacology - Health - 03.05.2022
Antibiotics impact gut microbiome and antimicrobial resistance
Antibiotics impact gut microbiome and antimicrobial resistance
Antibiotics are commonly used to treat infections and ensure the safety of surgical procedures. However, their overuse has led to the emergence and spread of resistant bacteria, resulting in an -arms race- whereby ever more potent drugs are becoming a necessity.

Materials Science - 03.05.2022
A solution to perovskite solar cell scalability problems
A solution to perovskite solar cell scalability problems
Scientists at EPFL have found a way to overcome power loss and the manufacturing complexity of scaling up perovskite solar cells. Perovskites are hybrid materials made from metal halides and organic compounds. They have attracted a lot of interest in the field of solar energy because of their light-harvesting capacities combined with a low cost of manufacturing, making them prime candidates for overtake the market from their silicon counterparts.

Health - Life Sciences - 03.05.2022
Study of Promising Alzheimer’s Marker in Blood Prompts Warning About Brain-Boosting Supplements
Elevated levels of an enzyme called PHGDH in the blood of older adults could be an early warning sign of Alzheimer's disease, and a study led by the University of California San Diego provides new evidence to support this claim. In analyzing brain tissue, researchers observed a trend consistent with their previous findings in blood samples: expression levels of the gene coding for PHGDH were consistently higher in adults with different stages of Alzheimer's disease, even the early stages before cognitive symptoms manifested.

Architecture - Environment - 03.05.2022
How Venice, Italy Can Cut Carbon Emissions from Social Housing
A Berkeley Lab building energy tool points to potential heating energy savings of 67% A new study led by Berkeley Lab found the potential for significant energy savings via building efficiency improvements in the historic city of Venice, Italy. (Credit: tunart/iStock) - By Christina Nunez Research using software developed at Berkeley Lab recently pinpointed actions that could help the historic canal city of Venice, Italy slash energy use and reduce carbon dioxide emissions.

History / Archeology - Life Sciences - 03.05.2022
Spread of black rats was linked to human historical events
Spread of black rats was linked to human historical events
New research reveals how the black rat colonised Europe in the Roman and Medieval periods New ancient DNA analysis has shed light on how the black rat, blamed for spreading Black Death, dispersed across Europe - revealing that the rodent colonised the continent on two occasions in the Roman and Medieval periods.

Computer Science - Innovation - 03.05.2022
Using desserts to decode computer science
New research from Monash University uses food to help demonstrate the basic building blocks of computer science while creating new frontiers in dining experiences. The past decade has seen great strides in innovative food experiences like 3D-printed food, ingestible sensors, combining robots with food service and eating with augmented reality.

Astronomy / Space Science - Earth Sciences - 03.05.2022
Experiments measure freezing point of extraterrestrial oceans to aid search for life
Researchers from the University of Washington and the University of California, Berkeley have conducted experiments that measured the physical limits for the existence of liquid water in icy extraterrestrial worlds. This blend of geoscience and engineering was done to aid in the search for extraterrestrial life and the upcoming robotic exploration of oceans on moons of other planets.

Health - Psychology - 02.05.2022
Feeling stressed? You’re not alone
May 2, 2022 Waterloo researchers use survey data to uncover pandemic mental health insights By by Suzanne Bowness Writer If you feel more stressed than you did before the pandemic, you're not alone. Despite high rates of vaccination and our deeper familiarity with COVID-19, Canadians are still anxious.

Health - 02.05.2022
Affirmative action bans had 'devastating impact' on diversity in medical schools, UCLA-led study finds
Affirmative action bans had ’devastating impact’ on diversity in medical schools, UCLA-led study finds
New UCLA-led research finds that in states with bans on affirmative action programs, the proportion of students from underrepresented racial and ethnic minority groups in U.S. public medical schools fell by more than one-third by five years after those bans went into effect. The findings are particularly timely given medical schools' increasing emphasis on health equity, including a push to ensure greater diversity among physicians in the workforce.

Health - Environment - 02.05.2022
Legionellosis Cases Continue to Increase in Switzerland
Legionellosis Cases Continue to Increase in Switzerland
The number of legionellosis cases in Switzerland has increased five-fold over the past 20 years. A study by the Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute (Swiss TPH) published today in the International Journal of Hygiene and Environmental Health analysed case numbers from 2000 to 2020 and determined the potential impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on reporting.

Life Sciences - Social Sciences - 02.05.2022
A link between social network size and brain structure?
A link between social network size and brain structure?
The more social relationships we have, the more certain structures in our brain are developed. This has been the hypothesis of various neuroscience research projects for several years. With previous findings having highlighted the role of our social environment as one of the key factors behind the expansion of the cerebral cortex, researchers from Inserm and Université Lyon Claude Bernard Lyon 1, in collaboration with the University of Pennsylvania, went one step further in elucidating this link.

Environment - Pharmacology - 02.05.2022
Bioassays evaluate ozonation and post-treatment of wastewater
Bioassays evaluate ozonation and post-treatment of wastewater
Through wastewater, rivers and lakes are polluted with numerous micropollutants which originate from care products and pharmaceuticals, among other things. The Waters Protection Act therefore aims to expand Swiss wastewater treatment plants (WWTP) with the addition of a further treatment step. In pilot tests, two processes have proven particularly successful in the removal of trace substances: ozonation and treatment with activated carbon.

Life Sciences - Health - 02.05.2022
First 'Telomere to Telomere' Human Genome Reveals Secrets of the Centromere
First ’Telomere to Telomere’ Human Genome Reveals Secrets of the Centromere
Years-long project illuminates the sequences at the chromosomes' center, where proteins bind to move replicated DNA into daughter cells Adapted from a news release by Robert Sanders When scientists announced the complete sequence of the human genome in 2003, they were fudging a bit. In fact, nearly 20 years later, about 8% of the genome has never been fully sequenced, largely because it consists of highly repetitive chunks of DNA that are hard to align with the rest.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 02.05.2022
Researchers Transform an Amorphous Solid Into a New Lithium-Ion Battery Material
Researchers at the University of California San Diego and Boise State University have developed a new approach to making novel lithium-ion battery materials. The approach transforms a non-crystalline material into a crystalline one—by cycling it with lithium. Using this approach, the team transformed a non-crystalline (amorphous) material called niobium oxide into a novel crystalline Nb2O5 anode with exceptional lithium storage and fast cycling.
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