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Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2022
How does the same DNA result in more than 200 different cell types?
How does the same DNA result in more than 200 different cell types?
Every human body starts out as one single cell: a fertilized egg. This cell develops into all kinds of cell types: skin cells, liver cells, blood cells. Although these cell types look and function differently, they all contain exactly the same DNA. Tuncay Baubec and his research group try to understand how the same genetic code is used to build the more than 200 different cell types in our body.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.12.2022
New approach in the battle against malaria
New research by a team of UT researchers could provide a promising approach in the battle against malaria. In the research published in the scientific journal ACS Infectious Diseases , the researchers combat the malaria parasite in mosquitoes in a specific phase of their life. "It's a unique approach: previous research focused predominantly on treatment in humans." Malaria is a major health problem all over the world.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 19.12.2022
Producing fertiliser without carbon emissions
Researchers at ETH Zurich and the Carnegie Institution for Science have shown how nitrogen fertiliser could be produced more sustainably. This is necessary not only to protect the climate, but also to reduce dependence on imported natural gas and to increase food security. Intensive agriculture is possible only if the soil is fertilised with nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium.

Health - Social Sciences - 19.12.2022
Green social prescribing: time in nature can increase wellbeing
Nature is a powerful tool that can be harnessed by social prescribers to improve people's health and wellbeing, according to a series of new evidence reviews led by a UCL researcher.

Health - Pharmacology - 19.12.2022
Relationship between high-dose statin therapy and risk of osteoporosis confirmed in mouse models
Using several million medical records, a research group from MedUni Vienna and the Complexity Science Hub (CSH) showed that there was a correlation between the dosage of statins and the diagnosis of osteoporosis as early as 2019. This finding has now been confirmed in a preclinical study, which was recently published in the journal Biomedicine and Pharmacotherapy.

Pharmacology - Health - 19.12.2022
Technique for tracking resistant cancer cells could lead to new treatments for relapsing breast cancer patients
Technique for tracking resistant cancer cells could lead to new treatments for relapsing breast cancer patients
Cambridge scientists have managed to identify and kill those breast cancer cells that evade standard treatments in a study in mice. The approach is a step towards the development of new treatments to prevent relapse in patients. Tumours are incredibly complex, made up of many different types of tumour cells - and some of these cells are able to evade standard cancer treatments Kirsty Sawicka Tumours are complex entities made up of many types of cells, including cancer cells and normal cells.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2022
New findings on memory impairment in epilepsy
New findings on memory impairment in epilepsy
Study by the University of Bonn elucidates a potential mechanism People with chronic epilepsy often experience impaired memory. Researchers at the University of Bonn have now found a mechanism in mice that could explain these deficits. The German Center for Neurodegenerative Diseases (DZNE) was also involved in the study.

Mathematics - 19.12.2022
Designing better algorithms by testing them with hard problems
A new research project led by Luca Gambardella, professor at theáDalleáMolleáInstitute for Artificial Intelligence IDSIA (USI-SUPSI) andáPro-Rector for Innovation and Corporate Relations, has been approved by theá Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) . The study entitled 'Computational methods for integrality gaps analysis' approaches the optimisation of algorithms to deal with complex problems from an innovative and original perspective.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.12.2022
Tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets
Tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets
The University of Valencia develops a tool to improve research on molecular nanomagnets A team from the Institute of Molecular Science (ICMol) of the University of Valencia has developed an open interactive platform that brings together and makes available to science around 20,000 data relating to the chemical design of molecular nanomagnets of special interest in the field of magnetic memories.

Physics - Chemistry - 19.12.2022
The Donnan Potential, Revealed at Last
The Donnan electric potential arises from an imbalance of charges at the interface of a charged membrane and a liquid, and for more than a century it has stubbornly eluded direct measurement. Many researchers have even written off such a measurement as impossible. But that era, at last, has ended. With a tool that's conventionally used to probe the chemical composition of materials, scientists at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ▄Berkeley Lab) recently led the first direct measurement of the Donnan potential.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2022
Stranded dolphins’ brains show common signs of Alzheimer’s disease
The brains of three different species of stranded dolphins show classic markers of human Alzheimer's disease, according to the most extensive study into dementia in odontocetes (toothed whales). The new pan-Scotland research, a collaboration between the University of Glasgow, the Universities of St Andrews and Edinburgh and the Moredun Research Institute, studied the brains of 22 odontocetes which had all been stranded in Scottish coastal waters.

Microtechnics - Environment - 19.12.2022
Winged robot that can land like a bird
Winged robot that can land like a bird
Researchers have developed a method that allows a flapping-wing robot to land autonomously on a horizontal perch using a claw-like mechanism. The innovation could significantly expand the scope of robot-assisted tasks. A bird landing on a branch makes the maneuver look like the easiest thing in the world, but in fact, the act of perching involves an extremely delicate balance of timing, high-impact forces, speed, and precision.

Innovation - Health - 19.12.2022
Aliper Therapeutics, a spinoff of the IOR, wins the Boldbrain Startup Challenge
The national jury of the fifth edition of the Boldbrain Startup Challenge awarded first prize to Aliper Therapeutics, a spin-off of the USI-affiliated Institute of Oncology Research (IOR) in Bellinzona. We talked about it with Nicol˛ Pernigoni, postdoc at the IOR. This is, together with BigOmics Analytics SA and MV BioTherapeutics, the third start-up from the IOR and the Institute for Research in Biomedicine (IRB) to be awarded a prize by Boldbrain, demonstrating the quality and potential of the research conducted in the two affiliated institutes.

Life Sciences - Health - 19.12.2022
Scientists tackle rusty plant threat
Scientists tackle rusty plant threat
University of Queensland scientists have developed an environmentally friendly RNA-based spray to help combat myrtle rust, which has wiped out many Australian plants. Developed in collaboration with Department of Agriculture and Fisheries forest pathologists, the spray induces RNA interference (RNAi) - a natural way to shut down protein translation - which means it could stop the spread of myrtle rust through bushland, home gardens and nurseries.

Environment - 19.12.2022
Diving birds are more prone to extinction, says new study
Research suggests diving birds may have evolved into an evolutionary dead-end. Diving birds like penguins, puffins and cormorants may be more prone to extinction than non-diving birds, according to a new study by the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath. The authors suggest this is because they are highly specialised and therefore less able to adapt to changing environments than other birds.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 19.12.2022
How magnetic waves interact with Earth's bubble
How magnetic waves interact with Earth’s bubble
A new study involving UCL has uncovered how magnetic waves are transmitted past a standing shock wave, known as the bow shock, that forms ahead of Earth as a result of the solar wind hitting our magnetic bubble (magnetosphere). Shock waves occur in air when a plane travels faster than the speed of sound and also occur in plasma (a fourth state of matter that makes up 99% of the visible Universe) in space.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.12.2022
How the brain gives rise to cravings: neuromarker sheds new light
How the brain gives rise to cravings: neuromarker sheds new light
Yale researchers have uncovered a pattern of brain activity that predicts drug and food craving, a potentially valuable biomarker for addiction. Craving is known to be a key factor in substance use disorders and can increase the likelihood of future drug use or relapse. Yet its neural basis - or, how the brain gives rise to craving - is not well understood.

Health - 19.12.2022
Under attack: Researchers shed light on how Lyme disease infects the body
Under attack: Researchers shed light on how Lyme disease infects the body
The findings could better inform treatment options and help prevent severe outcomes of the disease An estimated 476,000 Americans are infected each year with Lyme disease, a condition causing a wide range of symptoms that include fever, rash, and joint pain, as well as effects on the central nervous system and heart.

Astronomy / Space - Environment - 19.12.2022
Mysterious Patterns in Temperatures at Jupiter
Mysterious Patterns in Temperatures at Jupiter
Based partly on data from generations of NASA missions, including NASA's Voyager and Cassini, the work could help scientists determine how to predict weather on Jupiter. Scientists have completed the longest-ever study tracking temperatures in Jupiter's upper troposphere, the layer of the atmosphere where the giant planet's weather occurs and where its signature colorful striped clouds form.

Life Sciences - Pharmacology - 19.12.2022
Newly identified neuromarker reveals clues about drug and food craving
Newly identified neuromarker reveals clues about drug and food craving
Yale researchers have uncovered a pattern of brain activity that predicts drug and food craving, a potentially valuable biomarker for addiction. Craving is known to be a key factor in substance use disorders and can increase the likelihood of future drug use or relapse. Yet its neural basis - or, how the brain gives rise to craving - is not well understood.