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Earth Sciences - Environment - 24.06.2022
Climate warming causes new rivers to form on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet
Climate warming causes new rivers to form on the surface of the Greenland ice sheet
Using more than 25'000 satellite images, Andrew Tedstone and Horst Machguth, two researchers from the University of Freiburg, have observed that the runoff of water from the melting of the Greenland ice sheet has increased significantly in recent years. This phenomenon, caused by global warming, contributes to a 1 mm rise in sea level each year .

Environment - Economics / Business - 23.06.2022
Default options facilitate faster carbon offsetting in air travel
Study with participation of University of Cologne economist finds that many air travellers more readily choose faster, but more expensive carbon offsetting options online if selecting a slower option requires action. However, the readiness to do so decreases the greater the gap between the most and the least expensive option gets / publication in 'Nature Human Behaviour' The defaults on a carbon offsetting website can cause a large percentage of customers to select faster CO2 compensation, even if this entails higher costs.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Research with a bite
Research with a bite
Scientists at the University of Bonn present a sensor system that can measure the bite force of insects How hard can insects bite? Having a strong chewing apparatus makes it easier to crush harder food and to succeed in fights with enemies. Biologists at the University of Bonn now present a mobile system (forceX) for measuring the bite forces of small animals, along with the software forceR to evaluate the data.

Health - Environment - 22.06.2022
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Even at Low Doses, Exposure to the Endocrine Disruptor DEHP Impairs Tooth Development
Some endocrine disruptors have already been associated with an impaired quality of tooth enamel. After demonstrating the harmful effects of bisphenol A on tooth development, a team of researchers from Inserm, Université Paris Cité and Sorbonne Université, at the Cordeliers Research Center in Paris, in collaboration with CNRS went on to look at the effects of DEHP, an endocrine disruptor in the phthalate family, on dental development.

Materials Science - Environment - 22.06.2022
New research partnership to address corrosion under insulation
PETRONAS Research Sdn Bhd (PRSB) and Curtin University have entered into a research partnership to jointly address one of the costliest forms of corrosion in the oil, gas and petrochemical industries. In line with both parties' sustainability goals, the collaboration strives to discover innovative solutions for corrosion mitigation to reduce carbon footprint and operational expenditure.

Environment - 22.06.2022
Reducing air pollution can support healthy brain development: Study
A new study finds that having a portable air cleaner in the home can reduce the negative impacts of air pollution on brain development in children. Simon Fraser researchers collaborated with U.S. and Mongolian scientists to study the benefits of using air filters to reduce exposure to air pollution during pregnancy, and assessed the impact on children's intelligence.

Environment - Life Sciences - 22.06.2022
Researchers and Indigenous students learn about Grand River
Six Nations Polytechnic partners with McMaster University and the University of Waterloo to explore STEM field work in the Grand River By Staff On June 15, grade nine students from Six Nations Polytechnic (SNP) and the STEAM Academy program donned their waders to join researchers Charles de Lannoy , Karen Kidd and Waterloo Biology Professor Mark Servos to conduct experiments in the Grand River.

Life Sciences - Environment - 22.06.2022
Tapping the ocean as a source of natural products
Tapping the ocean as a source of natural products
Using DNA data, researchers from ETH and Eawag have examined seawater to find not only new species of bacteria, but also previously unknown natural products that may one day prove beneficial as they report today. The oceans are teeming with countless forms of life, from the world's largest creature - the blue whale - to miniscule microorganisms.

Environment - Life Sciences - 21.06.2022
Arctic permafrost is a reservoir of resistance genes to certain antibiotics
Arctic permafrost is a reservoir of resistance genes to certain antibiotics
Global climate change is particularly noticeable in the Arctic since it is warming twice as fast as temperate regions.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 21.06.2022
Huge pool of heat in the Pacific caused by climate change
A long-term warm water body that continues to warm has now been discovered by a team from the CLICCS Cluster of Excellence at the University of Hamburg. It is three million square kilometers in size, is due to the human-induced increase in greenhouse gases, and favors extreme heat waves in the Northeast Pacific.

Life Sciences - Environment - 21.06.2022
A blueprint for life forms on Mars?
A blueprint for life forms on Mars?
The extremely salty, very cold, and almost oxygen-free environment under the permafrost of Lost Hammer Spring in Canada's High Arctic is the one that most closely resembles certain areas on Mars. So, if you want to learn more about the kinds of life forms that could once have existed - or may still exist - on Mars, this is a good place to look.

Environment - 21.06.2022
Modern wind turbines can more than compensate for decline in global wind resource
Freiburg environmental meteorologists develop global techno-climatic scenarios and site projections until 2060 Wind energy contributes significantly to the energy sector's sustainable, low-CO2 transformation. However, the efficiency of wind turbines depends on available wind resources and the technical characteristics of the turbines.

Health - Environment - 20.06.2022
European map of aerosol pollution
European map of aerosol pollution
Researchers have measured the composition of fine dust at 22 locations in Europe. The result of this international study, led by the Paul Scherrer Institute PSI, is a European map of the most important aerosol sources. The researchers have now published their findings in the journal Environment International .

Environment - Life Sciences - 17.06.2022
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Chemical pollution threatens biodiversity
Scientists say more environmental pollutants should be considered in species protection Environmental chemical pollution threatens biodiversity. However, the complexity of this pollution remains insufficiently recognised by decision-makers - this is what international researchers led by Gabriel Sigmund from the University of Vienna and Ksenia Groh from the Swiss Federal Institute of Aquatic Science and Technology (Eawag) argue in the most recent issue of "Science".

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.06.2022
Responses to climate change: Carefully weigh up the consequences for water bodies
Responses to climate change: Carefully weigh up the consequences for water bodies
It is no secret that climate change has a serious impact on the quality and ecology of aquatic environments. Researchers at Eawag have revealed that human responses to climate change are just as impactful on our water systems - for example, in the areas of agriculture and hydropower. When thermometers in California recorded scorching temperatures in the summer of 2000, even the salmon in Klamath River felt the effects.

Microtechnics - Environment - 14.06.2022
A drone that can both fly and dive
A drone that can both fly and dive
A new dual drone can both fly and land on water to take aquatic samples and monitor water quality, for example. The drone was developed by researchers at Imperial College London and Empa and recently tested together with researchers at the aquatic research institute Eawag for the first time on Lake Zurich.

Environment - Materials Science - 14.06.2022
Embracing recycled textile and sustainable washing
Yearly we produce 110 million tons of textile waste, that is 13 kg per person globally. How can we motivate consumers to buy recycled goods and pay a higher price for these? But next to waste, we should look at how we wash our textile goods. Washing textiles is a major route for microplastics entering the environment.

Social Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
Extreme weather and climate events likely to drive increase in gender-based violence
As the climate crisis leads to more intense and more frequent extreme weather and climate-related events, this in turn risks increasing the amount of gender-based violence experienced by women, girls, and sexual and gender minorities, say researchers.

Environment - Innovation - 13.06.2022
Model for green, energy independent Europe
Model for green, energy independent Europe
Back to (previous) overview TU Delft's latest news Researchers from ETH Zurich and TU Delft have developed a model to generate hundreds of ways in which Europe's energy system can become green and self-sufficient by 2050. They have made their results available on an interactive platform to provide a clearer picture of all the various options and their associated trade-offs.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 13.06.2022
Scientists provide explanation for exceptional Tonga tsunami
Scientists say they have identified the exact mechanism responsible for the exceptional tsunami that spread quickly across the world after the colossal eruption of the Tonga volcano earlier this year. In a new paper , an international team including researchers from Cardiff University say the exceptional event was caused by acoustic-gravity waves (AGWs) triggered by the powerful volcanic blast, which travelled into the atmosphere and across the ocean as the Hunga Tonga-Hunga Ha'apai volcano erupted.