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Environment - 04.03.2022
Amazon rainforest is losing resilience
The Amazon rainforest is likely losing resilience, data analysis from high-resolution satellite images suggests. This is due to stress from a combination of logging and burning - the influence of human-caused climate change is not clearly determinable so far, but will likely matter greatly in the future.

Environment - Life Sciences - 04.03.2022
Large mammals can help climate change mitigation and adaptation
Large mammals can help climate change mitigation and adaptation
A new study investigates whether protecting and restoring large animal wildlife can help to support climate change goals. When it comes to helping mitigate the effects of climate change by absorbing carbon, flora rather than fauna usually comes to mind. A new study published in Current Biology now explores the role of large wild animals in restoring ecosystems and battling climate change.

Environment - Transport - 04.03.2022
Greater greenhouse gas reductions for pickup truck electrification than for other light-duty vehicles
Greater greenhouse gas reductions for pickup truck electrification than for other light-duty vehicles
Study: Greater greenhouse gas reductions for pickup truck electrification than for other light-duty vehicles Major automotive manufacturers are ramping up production of electric trucks as a key strategy to reduce the greenhouse gas emissions of their vehicles. Light-duty vehicles, including sedans, SUVs and pickup trucks, are currently responsible for 58% of U.S. transportation sector greenhouse gas emissions.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 03.03.2022
Climate Change Identified as Contributor to Oroville Dam Spillway Incident
Case study of weather triggering the 2017 crisis points to how atmospheric rivers are impacted by global warming A one-two punch of precipitation resulted in damage to Oroville Dam's main and emergency spillways pushing the second largest dam in California into a crisis in February 2017. Researchers from Scripps Institution of Oceanography at UC San Diego and colleagues say in a new study that they have identified the fingerprint of climate change in the events that triggered the incident.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.03.2022
The hidden footprint of low-carbon indoor farming
A new study challenges the universal land-saving claims of vertical farming, finding that there is no one size fits all approach for land use, food security and sustainable agriculture. Faced with population growth, environmental change, and increasing concerns over food security and sustainability - the interest in Controlled Environment Agriculture (CEA) is on an upward trend.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 02.03.2022
Plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction of invasive species
Plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction of invasive species
A new study led by members of the Faculty of Earth Sciences of the UB and the Institute of Marine Sciences ( ICM-CSI C) revealed that plastic debris in the sea could contribute to the introduction and transport of non-native marine species that attach to these particles of anthropogenic origins. As part of the study, published in the journal Marine Pollution Bulletin , the scientific team identified several species attached to a series of plastic debris —both floating and present in beaches and seafloors— in the Catalan coast.

Environment - Chemistry - 01.03.2022
Scientists map Arctic aerosols to better understand regional warming
Scientists map Arctic aerosols to better understand regional warming
Scientists at EPFL and the Paul Scherrer Institute (PSI) have studied the chemical composition and origin - whether natural or anthropogenic - of aerosols in a region spanning from Russia to Canada. Their findings provide unique insights for helping researchers better understand climate change in the Arctic and design effective pollution-mitigation measures.

Life Sciences - Environment - 28.02.2022
EDNA ’game-changer’ to help protect native animals
Curtin researchers have identified a "game-changing" way of protecting native animals - including pygmy possums, western bush wallabies and Australian painted-snipe birds - using sophisticated DNA technology. Two research papers, published in Molecular Ecology and Biodiversity and Conservation , examined animals and insects across multiple locations including Western Australia's Pilbara region, Perth region and the Jarrah Forest to find out where the use of DNA metabarcoding – a rapid DNA sequencing tool – would be most effective to monitor restoration.

Environment - Life Sciences - 25.02.2022
Higher levels of biodiversity appear to reduce extinction risk in birds
A new University of Michigan study has found that higher levels of biodiversity-the enormous variety of life on Earth and the species, traits and evolutionary history they represent-appear to reduce extinction risk in birds. Prior research has established that biodiversity is associated with predictable outcomes in the short term: diverse systems are less prone to invasion, have more stable productivity, and can be more disease resistant.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 24.02.2022
The secret of mycorrhizal fungi
The secret of mycorrhizal fungi
Researchers from Université de Montréal have found that mycorrhizas promote greater tree species diversity in North American forests. Fungi, specifically those that are "mycorrhizal," are natural allies of the forest because they improve tree nutrient acquisition.

Life Sciences - Environment - 24.02.2022
Legacy of extinct species is retained in genomes of their extant relatives
Legacy of extinct species is retained in genomes of their extant relatives
The carefully labelled paper bags look fairly plain, but they are actually a piece of luck for research. They contain historical scale samples, collected on a regular basis from all Lake Constance whitefish species by fisheries authorities for more than 100 years to determine age and growth rates. David Frei, from Eawag's Fish Ecology and Evolution Department, was able to extract genetic material from these scales collected from whitefish that lived in Lake Constance around 90 years ago.

Life Sciences - Environment - 23.02.2022
While some insects are declining, others might be thriving
While some insects are declining, others might be thriving
Observations of abundance changes in one group of insects- for example grasshoppers - say very little about how other types of insects, such as flies, are doing, even in the same place. This is because different groups of insects may show similar trends in one place, but dissimilar trends in other places.

Life Sciences - Environment - 23.02.2022
Basis for next-gen bioprocesses
Basis for next-gen bioprocesses
Succinic acid is an important precursor for pharmaceutical and cosmetic products and also serves as a component in biodegradable plastics. It is currently derived mainly from petroleum-based processes. Researchers at the Straubing campus of the Technical University of Munich (TUM) are using the marine bacterium Vibrio natriegens as a biocatalyst.

Computer Science - Environment - 23.02.2022
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Robust Radar: New AI Sensor Technology for Autonomous Driving
Researchers at TU Graz have modelled an AI system for automotive radar sensors that filters out interfering signals caused by other radar sensors and dramatically improves object detection. Now the system is to be made more robust to weather and environmental influences as well as new types of interference.

Environment - Innovation - 23.02.2022
Upcycling plastic waste into more valuable materials could make recycling pay for itself
Upcycling plastic waste into more valuable materials could make recycling pay for itself
Researchers at the Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies have developed a new and simple method for upcycling plastic waste at room temperature. A new and simple method for upcycling plastic waste at room temperature has been developed by a team of researchers at the Centre for Sustainable and Circular Technologies (CSCT) at the University of Bath.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 23.02.2022
Ancient underwater landslide may help explain future tsunami threat in Gulf of Aqaba
Marine geosciences professor Sam Purkis discovered evidence of a past underwater landslide, likely associated with a sizable tsunami, that could have implications for the development of the coastlines of Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Sam Purkis was halfway through a dive deep in the Gulf of Aqaba when he noticed something odd.

Health - Environment - 22.02.2022
Study of pathogens in the environment in Myanmar offers clues to the spread of disease
Study of pathogens in the environment in Myanmar offers clues to the spread of disease
Scientists have extensively studied water and sanitation interventions to decrease the transmission of pathogens and disease prevention. But a new University of Michigan study suggests a broader approach that includes looking at the environmental transmission of pathogens both in soil and water to help improve our understanding of the spread of these pathogens and better inform strategies to mitigate it.

Health - Environment - 22.02.2022
Need for National Breast Milk Monitoring Programs for PFAS
Need for National Breast Milk Monitoring Programs for PFAS
A Canada-U.S. research team has estimated concentrations of perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) in breast milk - and raise the need for more research. Perfluoroalkyl and polyfluoroalkyl substances (PFAS) are a large family of synthetic organic chemicals that do not occur naturally in the environment.

Environment - Campus - 21.02.2022
Government Guidelines Across North America, Europe Fail to Protect Lakes from Salt Pollution
UC San Diego ecologists contribute to a coordinated international scientific experiment The salinity of freshwater ecosystems caused by road de-icing salts, agriculture fertilizers, mining operations and climate change is increasing worldwide and current water quality guidelines don't do enough to address the issue, an international study co-authored by University of California San Diego scientists and led by The University of Toledo and Queen's University in Kingston has found.

Environment - 21.02.2022
Electrifying motorcycle taxis in Kampala, Uganda, shows air pollution benefits
Electrifying motorcycle taxis in Kampala, Uganda, shows air pollution benefits
In a new University of Michigan study, researchers set out to understand the air pollutant emissions impacts of electrifying motorcycle taxis in Kampala, Uganda. The findings indicate that electrified motorcycles can reduce emissions of global and some local air pollutants, yielding global and potentially local sustainability benefits.
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