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Environment - 01.06.2022
Dynamic soaring isn't just for albatrosses
Dynamic soaring isn’t just for albatrosses
A new study shows how small seabirds have mastered the art of working smarter not harder when soaring at sea. The new study published today in Science Advances proves it isn't just albatrosses that perform the aerial acrobatics needed for dynamic soaring on the windy open ocean. The research shows that sleek seabirds called Manx shearwater perform the same feat of flight in the seas around the UK.

Life Sciences - Environment - 01.06.2022
Fatal attraction: when animals’ mating signals beckon predators
Enticing sex is a risky business for animals - but to differing degrees. Those that use calls or pheromones to attract mates are in far greater danger from predators than those using visual displays. Reproduction is the ultimate goal in life for most animals, but securing a mate is hard work. You must not only find a potential suitor, but hold their attention, identify yourself, and advertise your quality.

Chemistry - Environment - 01.06.2022
Exposure to chemicals increased in pregnant women in the last decade
Exposure to chemicals increased in pregnant women in the last decade, study suggests Pregnant women's exposures to chemicals increased considerably in the last decade, according to a recently published study. Study: Exposure to Contemporary and Emerging Chemicals in Commerce among Pregnant Women in the United States: The Environmental influences on Child Health Outcome (ECHO) Program John Meeker is one of the study co-authors and a professor at the University of Michigan School of Public Health.

Environment - Social Sciences - 01.06.2022
Input from those affected by environmental burdens must be incorporated into environmental justice tools
Because environmental justice screening tools will affect community members impacted by disproportionate environmental burdens, soliciting input from the environmental justice community is crucial to developing and using screening tools, according to a new study from the University of Michigan.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 31.05.2022
Water treatment plants would be ready for the removal of nanoplastics
Water treatment plants would be ready for the removal of nanoplastics
The biologically active, slow-flow sand filters of lake water treatment would remove nanoplastics from the raw water very efficiently. This was shown both in the laboratory and in larger, realistic tests and modelling. It's a hot topic, at least on social media: tiny plastic particles allegedly end up not only in oceans and lakes, but also in drinking water - and, yes, even in bottled mineral water.

History / Archeology - Environment - 30.05.2022
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A 3400-year-old city emerges from the Tigris River
A team of German and Kurdish archaeologists have uncovered a 3400-year-old Mittani Empire-era city once located on the Tigris River. The settlement emerged from the waters of the Mosul reservoir early this year as water levels fell rapidly due to extreme drought in Iraq. The extensive city with a palace and several large buildings could be ancient Zakhiku - believed to have been an important center in the Mittani Empire (ca. BC).

Environment - Life Sciences - 30.05.2022
Unselfish behavior has evolutionary reasons
Unselfish behavior has evolutionary reasons
Altruistic behavior is often seen as an exclusively human characteristic. However, behavioral research has uncovered numerous examples of altruistic behavior in the animal kingdom. In a new study, researchers at the University of Bern show that animals that help others -selflessly- to raise their young generate an evolutionary advantage.

Environment - 30.05.2022
There is a strong gap between our motivation to act green and the impact of our clothing consumption
What psychological factors make us act green? Classic scientific models identified the psychological predictors of pro-environment behaviour, like our attitudes and personal norms. A new study now questions the link between these predictors and actual environmental impact for clothing. The study exposes a strong gap between our motivation to act green and the impact of our clothing consumption.

Environment - 30.05.2022
8000 years of Great Barrier Reef climate history revealed
8000 years of Great Barrier Reef climate history revealed
A group of Australian scientists have for the first time unravelled the history of climate change upheaval on the Great Barrier Reef over the past eight millennia. Led by University of Queensland graduate Dr Marcos Salas-Saavedra , the team analysed rare earth elements in drilled reef cores, unveiling a deep history of wild weather.

Life Sciences - Environment - 30.05.2022
Revelations of genetic diversity of bass species can enhance conservation
A new study by Yale ichthyologists provides a clearer picture of species diversity among black basses - one of the most cherished and economically important lineages of freshwater gamefish. Their findings can help guide the conservation and management of bass species that are both prized by anglers across the globe and ranked among the world's most invasive organisms.

Environment - 27.05.2022
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Climate change can amplify heatwaves in the Antarctic continent
Scientists from the Antarctic Group of the State Meteorological Agency —belonging to the Spanish Ministry for Ecological Transition and Demographical Challenge (MINECO)— and the University of Barcelona, the CSIC Institute of Geosciences and the University of Lisbon published the results of a recent study whose main conclusion confirms, for the first time, that climate change can amplify a heatwave in the Antarctic continent.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 27.05.2022
The world's most remote oceans are polluted with microplastics: study
The world’s most remote oceans are polluted with microplastics: study
Curtin scientists who analysed seawater samples taken by Jon Sanders on his recent circumnavigation voyage have found microplastics present in the vast majority of samples, including those from very remote areas of the world's oceans. Researchers from Curtin's WA-Organic and Isotope Geochemistry Centre (WA-OIGC) have shared the full results of the analysis of seawater samples, collected at 177 locations across the 46,100km voyage, including areas of the Southern Hemisphere not previously tested for microplastics.

Chemistry - Environment - 27.05.2022
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
Of biosystems and energy-rich chemicals
The German Research Foundation (DFG) announced today that it will fund two Collaborative Research Centres (CRC) for a further four years. A total of about 26 million euros in funding is expected for the projects of these large-scale research associations. This will enable researchers to continue the successful work of CRC 1127 "ChemBioSys" and the Collaborative Research Centre/Transregio (CRC/TRR) 234 "CataLight", which is run jointly with Ulm University and other partners.

Environment - Chemistry - 27.05.2022
How chemicals are trapped in the body by studying polar bear poop
How chemicals are trapped in the body by studying polar bear poop
A new University of Toronto study is using polar bear scat to reveal how certain chemical contaminants can become trapped - and build up - inside the body. Polar bears are prone to storing certain contaminants in their bodies because they are at the top of the food chain, have a very fatty diet and have evolved to absorb high amounts of fat.

Environment - Computer Science - 27.05.2022
AI learns coral reef 'song'
AI learns coral reef ’song’
Artificial Intelligence (AI) can track the health of coral reefs by learning the "song of the reef", finds new research involving a UCL scientist. Coral reefs have a complex soundscape - and even experts have to conduct painstaking analysis to measure reef health based on sound recordings. In the new study, published in Ecological Indicators, scientists trained a computer algorithm using multiple recordings of healthy and degraded reefs, allowing the machine to learn the difference.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.05.2022
Wild animals evolving much faster than previously thought
Wild animals evolving much faster than previously thought
The raw material for evolution is much more abundant in wild animals than we previously believed, according to new research from The Australian National University (ANU). Darwinian evolution is the process by which natural selection results in genetic changes in traits that favour the survival an d reproduction of individuals.

Environment - 26.05.2022
Mussel culture: positive local effects on lobsters, crabs and molluscs
Mussel aquaculture sites are associated with increased abundance of several marine species Unlike intensive agriculture, which transforms habitats into monocultures that are not conducive to wildlife, shellfish aquaculture could have a very positive impact on other marine animals. This is at least the case for mussel farming in the Magdalen Islands, reports a study that has just been published in Frontiers in Marine Science .

Earth Sciences - Environment - 26.05.2022
How plate tectonics has maintained Earth's 'Goldilocks' climate
How plate tectonics has maintained Earth’s ’Goldilocks’ climate
Not hothouse, nor icehouse: when tectonic plates move at a moderate speed - not too fast or slow - Earth remains habitable, new University of Sydney research finds. For hundreds of millions of years, Earth's climate has warmed and cooled with natural fluctuations in the level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in the atmosphere.

Life Sciences - Environment - 26.05.2022
Models predict that planned phosphorus reductions will make Lake Erie more toxic
Reducing levels of the nutrient phosphorus to control harmful algal blooms in places like Lake Erie is actually advantageous to toxic cyanobacteria strains, which can lead to an increase in toxins in the water, according to a new modeling study. Study: Models predict planned phosphorus load reduction will make Lake Erie more toxic Researchers from Technische Universität Berlin (TU Berlin) detail their findings in a paper published online May 26 in the interdisciplinary journal Science.

Environment - 25.05.2022
Fin whale songs shed light on migration patterns
Fin whale songs shed light on migration patterns
A Curtin University-led research team has uncovered valuable information on the migration patterns of the fin whale, as well as where they breed and feed, which will help aid in the monitoring and protection of the species.