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Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 24.05.2022
Tracking Down the Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus
Tracking Down the Tomato Brown Rugose Fruit Virus
Changins/Wädenswil, 24. The tomato brown rugose fruit virus poses a new threat to Swiss agriculture - especially to tomatoes and peppers. Agroscope is playing a key role in controlling this quarantine organism in Switzerland. A newly created research group diagnoses submitted plant samples in the quarantine laboratory via a PCR test.

Environment - Health - 24.05.2022
Origami-inspired design and why mice fear bananas
Origami-inspired design and why mice fear bananas
Environment Lower-income populations will be hardest hit by heat waves Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Killer whale populations are invading the Arctic, causing significant disruptions to an ecosystem already deeply affected by climate change.

Environment - Health - 24.05.2022
Why mice fear bananas and origami-inspired design
Why mice fear bananas and origami-inspired design
Environment Lower-income populations will be hardest hit by heat waves Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Killer whale populations are invading the Arctic, causing significant disruptions to an ecosystem already deeply affected by climate change.

Environment - Innovation - 24.05.2022
Drone-based technology remotely assesses health of trees impacted by climate change
Drone-based technology remotely assesses health of trees impacted by climate change
Canada has nearly 362 million hectares of forest, but climate change is negatively impacting tree health and productivity. Trees planted today need to withstand future climate instability. Enter Ingo Ensminger , an associate professor of biology at the University of Toronto Mississauga, and an innovative new technology that could provide further insights into tree health.

Health - Environment - 24.05.2022
Koalas exposed to double whammy health threat
Koalas exposed to double whammy health threat
An AIDS-like virus plaguing Australia's koala population is leaving them more vulnerable to chlamydia and other threatening health conditions, University of Queensland research has found. One of UQ's leading COVID-19 vaccine researchers, Associate Professor Keith Chappell , has discovered that the chlamydia epidemic plaguing endangered koala populations in Queensland and NSW is linked to a common virus that likely supresses koalas' immune systems.

Chemistry - Environment - 24.05.2022
Scientists make plastic more degradable under UV light
Scientists make plastic more degradable under UV light
Scientists at Bath found that incorporating sugar units into polymers makes them more degradable when exposed to UV light. Many plastics that are labelled as biodegradable are only compostable under industrial conditions, but scientists at the University of Bath have now found a way to make plastics break down using only UV light.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 23.05.2022
Corals as climate archives
Unusually well-preserved reef corals from the Geological and Palaeontological Collection at Leip-zig University hold a great secret: they allow us to travel far into the past and reconstruct climatic conditions in our latitudes. Researchers from Leipzig University, the Universities of Bremen and Greifswald, and UniLaSalle in Beauvais have now succeeded in doing just this.

Environment - Microtechnics - 19.05.2022
A drone for ultrafast transitions between air and water
A drone for ultrafast transitions between air and water
A new robot is capable of switching from an underwater drone to an aerial vehicle in less than one second. The robot also features a suction disc inspired by the remora fish, which enables it to hitchhike on wet or dry moving objects to significantly reduce its power consumption. It is designed for biological and environmental monitoring in marine ecosystems such as surveying ocean pollution in the open sea as the scientist of Beihang University, Imperial College London and Empa point out in a new study published in Science Robotics.

Environment - Materials Science - 19.05.2022
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Low-cost battery-like device absorbs CO2 emissions while it charges
Researchers have developed a low-cost device that can selectively capture carbon dioxide gas while it charges. Then, when it discharges, the CO2 can be released in a controlled way and collected to be reused or disposed of responsibly. We found that that by slowly alternating the current between the plates we can capture double the amount of CO2 than before Alexander Forse The supercapacitor device, which is similar to a rechargeable battery, is the size of a two-pence coin, and is made in part from sustainable materials including coconut shells and seawater.

Environment - Astronomy / Space Science - 19.05.2022
Satellite Monitoring of Biodiversity Moves Within Reach
Satellite Monitoring of Biodiversity Moves Within Reach
Global biodiversity assessments require the collection of data on changes in plant biodiversity on an ongoing basis. Researchers from the universities of Zurich and Montréal have now shown that plant communities can be reliably monitored using imaging spectroscopy, which in the future will be possible via satellite.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.05.2022
Mycorrhizal fungi: heroes of a hidden biodiversity
Mycorrhizal fungi: heroes of a hidden biodiversity
Thursday, May 19, 2022 — The wood wide web has been a hot topic among biologists in recent years. Trees and plants are interconnected and not only share information, they also support each other by passing on signals or food. They do this by means of mycorrhizal fungi that live in symbiosis with the roots.

Transport - Environment - 19.05.2022
How a cognitive bias is blocking the rise of electric cars
How a cognitive bias is blocking the rise of electric cars
A team from the University of Geneva shows that underestimating battery autonomy is a major psychological barrier to buying an electric car. What are the barriers to the adoption of electric cars? Although the main financial and technological obstacles have been removed, their market share still needs to increase.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.05.2022
Study explores concentrations of microplastics in the Rhine floodplains near Langel in Cologne
Microplastics accumulate in the Rhine meadows at Langel-Merkenich / topography and flooding determine local concentrations of particles in the soil Microplastics can be deposited in river floodplains and transported to deeper soil horizons. Local topography, flood frequency, and soil characteristics are responsible for the amount of plastic particles deposited and their possible transport into deeper soil.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.05.2022
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Organic farming or flower strips - which is better for bees?
Research team including Göttingen University assess the efficiency of agri-environmental measures from different perspectives How effective environmental measures in agriculture are for biodiversity and wild bee populations depends on various factors and your perspective. This is shown by agroecologists from the University of Göttingen, Germany and the Centre for Ecological Research in Vácrátót, Hungary.

Environment - 18.05.2022
Urban greenery: not only trees are important
Scientists at the Technical University of Munich (TUM) conducted a multi-year empirical study to assess the impact of trees on city temperatures. Taking the city of Würzburg as an example, the researchers showed that vegetation cover of approximately 40 percent is needed to bring about lower summer temperatures.

Environment - Health - 18.05.2022
Smartphone addiction and the secrets of killer whale diets
Smartphone addiction and the secrets of killer whale diets
Environment Lower-income populations will be hardest hit by heat waves Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Unlocking the secrets of killer whale diets and their role in climate change Killer whale populations are invading the Arctic, causing significant disruptions to an ecosystem already deeply affected by climate change.

Environment - Health - 18.05.2022
Erratic temperatures causing more deaths than heatwaves: study
A new study has attributed 1.75 million deaths per year to fluctuating temperatures. It is the first to quantify the number of deaths associated with unstable temperatures. It found temperature variability had similar impacts to air pollution on global mortality. Deaths as a result of temperature variability accounted for 3.4% of all deaths globally between 2000 and 2019.

Innovation - Environment - 17.05.2022
Toys and furniture from popcorn
Toys and furniture from popcorn
Forest scientists at Göttingen University develop environmentally friendly products from renewable raw materials Forest scientists at the University of Göttingen have long been researching sustainable and efficient processes to make products from popcorn granulate. There are many uses for these products: from packaging to insulating panels for building insulation .

Earth Sciences - Environment - 17.05.2022
New findings on the global cooling of 1627 BC
New findings on the global cooling of 1627 BC
An interdisciplinary study, in which the University of Bern played a major role, sheds new light on two extreme volcanic events and a subsequent global cooling in antiquity. With the help of a highly precise analysis of volcanic ash and sulphur in ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica, it became clear that the global cooling around 1627 BC was not attributable to the Thera volcano in Santorini, as previously assumed, but to a volcano in distant Alaska.

Life Sciences - Environment - 17.05.2022
Dust catchers: Biological crusts influence the climate
Dust catchers: Biological crusts influence the climate
A surface layer of bacteria, fungi and lichen amongst others reduces the amount of dust stirred up into the atmosphere When bacteria, fungi, mosses, lichens and algae combine on dry land, they form so-called biological soil crusts. These cover about twelve percent of the total global land surface, and up to one third of the surface in dry areas.