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Results 121 - 140 of 195.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 08.06.2022
Early childhood experiences may lead to irreversible changes in the brain
Early childhood experiences may lead to irreversible changes in the brain
Changes in the brain caused by early childhood experiences are not entirely irreversible. This is the conclusion reached in a recent study by researchers at Universität Hamburg, led by the psychologist and neuroscientist Brigitte Röder. Earlier neuroscientific studies have revealed that unfavorable experiences in the first few months and years of life, for example blindness or poverty, can adversely affect the structural development of the human brain.

Psychology - 08.06.2022
People’s idealized self-representation on the internet
Differences among people are less pronounced online than offline / users particularly tend to idealize their psychological characteristics / publication in 'Current Psychology' Researchers in social and media psychology at the University of Cologne have explored digital environments in which people tend to portray themselves in an idealized way.

Health - Psychology - 07.06.2022
1,037 Australians share priority policy issues for mental health
University of Sydney researchers surveyed Australians on their mental health experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic, providing insights into what needs to change for an effective mental health system. A study investigating the effects of COVID-19 on Australians' mental health has surveyed Australian community members and found the pandemic placed additional pressures on an already over-burdened mental health system, leaving many without timely appropriate support.

Psychology - Health - 05.06.2022
COVID-19 affects the mental health of pregnant women
According to a study led by Professor Anick Bérard, 23% of pregnant and postpartum women experienced major depressive symptoms during the first three waves of the pandemic. The COVID-19 pandemic has affected Canadian women's mental health both during pregnancy and in the postpartum period, confirms the CONCEPTION study led by Anick Bérard, researcher at CHU Sainte-Justine and professor at the Faculty of Pharmacy at the Université de Montréal.

Psychology - Health - 01.06.2022
Does grief depend on how the loved one died?
Ph.D. candidate Philippe Laperle explores the grief experience after medical assistance in dying and natural death with palliative care. Is the grief experience different for individuals who have lost a loved one by medical assistance in dying (MAiD) compared to natural death with palliative care (NDPC)? Philippe Laperle examines this sensitive issue in a recent article published in the Journal of Death and Dying , based on his Ph.D.

Psychology - Computer Science - 31.05.2022
Do Some Cognitive Biases Contaminate Even Our Simplest Mental Mechanisms?
When we implement complex cognitive processes, for example when making decisions, we are subject to cognitive bias. But what about simpler processes, such as those involved in the most basic learning? In a new study analyzing data from all previous research in the field, researchers from Inserm and ENS-PSL show that not only are positivity and confirmation biases present even in the simplest human and animal cognitive processes, but also that incorporating them into learning algorithms would enhance their performance.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 31.05.2022
Pregnant moms and depression: Study links rising symptoms to kids’ behavioral issues
Children whose mothers experience rising levels of depression from the period before pregnancy until the months just after giving birth are at greater risk of developing emotional, social and academic problems during their youth, UCLA psychology researchers and colleagues report. Their recently published seven-year study, which tracked mothers and their offspring from preconception until the children were 5 years old, is the first to demonstrate how changes in mothers' level of depression over time may impact early childhood behavior and emotional well-being, the authors said.

Psychology - Health - 31.05.2022
Mums needed for early motherhood online self-care study
Mums needed for early motherhood online self-care study
New mums can access free online self-care resources to help them cope with the challenges of motherhood, as part of an ongoing research trial by The University of Queensland. The program is investigating better ways to care for the psychological wellbeing of mothers, particularly in supporting mothers to cope with difficult thoughts and feelings about their childbirth and early feeding experiences.

Health - Psychology - 27.05.2022
Autistic individuals have poorer health and healthcare
Autistic individuals are more likely to have chronic mental and physical health conditions, suggests new research from the University of Cambridge. Autistic individuals also report lower quality healthcare than others. This study should sound the alarm to healthcare professionals that their autistic patients are experiencing high rates of chronic conditions alongside difficulties with accessing healthcare Elizabeth Weir These findings, published in Molecular Autism, have important implications for the healthcare and support of autistic individuals.

Health - Psychology - 25.05.2022
How Covid-19 surge impacted mental health of NHS staff
How Covid-19 surge impacted mental health of NHS staff
Almost two-thirds (64%) of intensive care staff may have experienced a mental health disorder during the Covid-19 winter surge last year, according to a new study led by researchers from UCL and King's College London. A similar proportion of staff said their ability to do their job was impaired because of the state of their mental health, researchers found.

Psychology - 25.05.2022
Prevention of hopelessness is a key factor in reducing loneliness in old age
Prevention of hopelessness is a key factor in reducing loneliness in old age
A research led by Professor Juan Carlos Meléndez, from the Department of Evolutionary Psychology of the University of Valencia (UV), concludes that in hopelessness (set of negative cognitive schemas

Psychology - 20.05.2022
Mindfulness as a key to success in psychotherapy
Mindfulness as a key to success in psychotherapy
New statistical method applied for the first time Mindfulness is the ability to focus one's attention on the present moment and to approach the resulting impressions, thoughts, and feelings with curiosity, openness, and acceptance. A team of psychologists from the University of Vienna led by Ulrich Tran now shows in a comprehensive review that the increase of mindfulness not only explains the positive effect of meditation and similar treatments on mental health, but also of psychotherapeutic treatments in which meditation plays no role at all.

Psychology - 19.05.2022
Can we always show our positive emotions to others?
Social norms dictate when we can express our emotions and to whom. These norms are much stronger for negative emotions than for positive ones. Does this mean that we can always express positive emotions, and to everyone? No, state psychology researchers from the University of Amsterdam who mapped expression norms for eight positive emotions.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.05.2022
The fading of negative experiences
Active suppression weakens unwanted memories A natural disaster, a dented car, an injured person - memories of traumatic experiences can be controlled by deliberately suppressing the images that arise. Until now, however, it was unclear what happens to the memory in the process and how the process is reflected in the brain.

Psychology - Health - 13.05.2022
How sleep helps to process emotions
How sleep helps to process emotions
Researchers at the Department of Neurology of the University of Bern and University Hospital Bern identified how the brain triages emotions during dream sleep to consolidate the storage of positive emotions while dampening the consolidation of negative ones. The work expands the importance of sleep in mental health and opens new ways of therapeutic strategies.

Psychology - 11.05.2022
Reform to Mental Health Act must prompt change in support for families
As the Queen's Speech outlined plans for changes to the Mental Health Act, a study highlights the challenging experiences for family members of people detained. Family members of people with severe mental health challenges need greater support to navigate the UK-s care system following changes announced in yesterday's Queen's Speech, say the authors of a new study published in the British Journal of Social Work .

Health - Psychology - 09.05.2022
New psychological therapy to be efficient in women with fibromyalgia and symptoms of depression
New psychological therapy to be efficient in women with fibromyalgia and symptoms of depression
Fibromyalgia is a rheumatological disease of unknown origin, which features a chronic pain, and it usually goes together with depression symptoms. It mainly affects women and does not have a cure, although several treatments can alleviate the symptoms. Cognitive-behavioural psychological therapty is one of the tools that have proved efficient when treating this pathology.

Psychology - 06.05.2022
Social media break improves mental health - new study
Social media break improves mental health - new study
Results of a study that asked participants to take a week-long break from social media find positive effects for wellbeing, depression and anxiety. Asking people to stop using social media for just one week could lead to significant improvements in their wellbeing, depression and anxiety and could, in the future, be recommended as a way to help people manage their mental health say the authors of a new study.

Life Sciences - Psychology - 04.05.2022
A 'factory reset' for the brain cures anxiety, drinking behavior
A ’factory reset’ for the brain cures anxiety, drinking behavior
Gene editing may be a potential treatment for anxiety and alcohol use disorder in adults who were exposed to binge drinking in their adolescence, according to the results of an animal study published in the journal Science Advances. The study is issued by researchers from the University of Illinois Chicago who have been studying the effects of early life binge drinking on health later in life.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 04.05.2022
Shielding children from food insecurity - no protection from psychological problems
Shielding children from food insecurity - no protection from psychological problems
It's easy to imagine the emotional distress of both parents and children in families where there isn-t enough to eat. Especially if it happens regularly. An increasing number of studies have shown an association between food insecurity and adverse mental health outcomes. Now, new research from McGill University has looked at the impacts of food insecurity on the mental health of both parents and children separately.