Results 81 - 100 of 194.
Psychology - Life Sciences - 15.08.2022
Connection between a ’calm mind’ and better capacity for self-control
People's self-control can be seen in the stability of their neuronal processes People who have a "calmer mind" - that is, their neuronal processes take longer on average and whirl around less than others - have greater self-control. This was the finding of Dr. Tobias Kleinert, Markus Heinrichs and Dr. Bastian Schiller from the Department of Psychology at the University of Freiburg, together with Kyle Nash and Dr. Josh Leota from the University of Alberta/Canada, and Thomas König from the University Hospital of Bern/Switzerland.
Psychology - Health - 12.08.2022
AI could help patients with chronic pain avoid opioids
Study: Patient-Centered Pain Care Using Artificial Intelligence and Mobile Health Tools Cognitive behavioral therapy is an effective alternative to opioid painkillers for managing chronic pain. But getting patients to complete those programs is challenging, especially because psychotherapy often requires multiple sessions and mental health specialists are scarce.
Health - Psychology - 04.08.2022
Covid-19 restrictions not directly linked to levels of distress in England
People in England continued to experience high levels of psychological distress even after all legal Covid restrictions ended in February 2022, finds a new study led by researchers from UCL and King's College London. The findings, part of the Covid-19 Rapid Survey of Adherence to Interventions and Responses (CORSAIR) study, were published in Journal of Psychiatric Research and examined data collected from online surveys of over 41,000 participants over the age of 16 years between April 2020 until April 2022.
Health - Psychology - 02.08.2022
Behavioral intervention reduces depression, anxiety in adults with obesity
Results from a pilot clinical trial show that among a racially and ethnically diverse cohort of adults who were obese and depressed, an integrated behavioral intervention was more effective than usual care at reducing depression and associated anxiety symptoms than it was at promoting weight loss. Using functional brain imaging, the University of Illinois Chicago researchers who led the study also found that among those participating in the intervention, neural processes involved in cognitive control changed and were predictive of anxiety symptom reductions.
Health - Psychology - 01.08.2022
COVID-19 can be less stressful for the LGBTQ+
Researchers at Université de Montréal find that social support among LGBTQ+ community members - sometimes called "chosen families" - can help them better cope psychologically with the pandemic. For lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer (LGBTQ+) people, the COVID-19 pandemic has brought a lot of inequities faced by their community to the fore, including the precarious state of their mental health.
Psychology - 28.07.2022
Half of all Australians will be victims of technology-facilitated abuse
One in two Australians will be victims of technology-facilitated abuse in their lifetimes, and one in four will be perpetrators of such abuse, new research led by Monash University has revealed. In the first ever nationally representative survey of both Australian adult victim-survivors and perpetrators, researchers from Monash and RMIT universities also found technology-facilitated abuse was experienced at higher levels for LGBTIQA+ people, Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander peoples and those with disability.
Psychology - Health - 26.07.2022
Feeling addicted to food? Your parents’ drinking habits may impact your risk
People with a parent with a history of alcohol problems are at greater risk for showing signs of addiction to highly processed foods, a new University of Michigan study found. These foods, such as ice cream, chocolate, pizza and fries, contain unnaturally high amounts of refined carbohydrates and fats that may trigger an addictive response in some people.
Psychology - Health - 25.07.2022
High-strength cannabis linked to addiction and mental health problems
Largest ever study into the health effects of different types of cannabis highlights concerns about stronger forms of the drug. As the strength or potency of cannabis products has increased internationally over the years, so have rates of people being treated for cannabis addiction, say the authors of a new study.
Psychology - Health - 20.07.2022
No evidence that depression is caused by low serotonin levels, finds comprehensive review
After decades of study, there remains no clear evidence that serotonin levels or serotonin activity are responsible for depression, according to a major review of prior research led by UCL scientists. The new umbrella review - an overview of existing meta-analyses and systematic reviews - published in Molecular Psychiatry , suggests that depression is not likely caused by a chemical imbalance, and calls into question what antidepressants do.
Life Sciences - Psychology - 20.07.2022
No pain, no gain? How the brain chooses between pain and profit
Imagine having to choose over and over between what you enjoy doing and the pain that it might cause you, whether physical or emotional. If you live with conditions such as depression, anxiety, or chronic pain, you are probably familiar with making these difficult choices on a daily or weekly basis. But surprisingly little is known about which areas of the brain are involved in decisions of this kind.
Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.07.2022
Questioning the universal application of neurocognitive tests
Human interactions are enabled by a set of neurocognitive mechanisms defined by the notion of social cognition. In order to detect patients with social cognition disorders, specialists use internationally validated evaluation tests. However, most of these tests have been developed in industrialized Western countries, which raises questions about the relevance of generalizing them to the whole of humanity.
Life Sciences - Psychology - 19.07.2022
Questioning the Universal Application of Neurocognitive Tests
Human interactions are enabled by a set of neurocognitive mechanisms defined by the concept of "social cognition”. In order to identify social cognition disorders, specialists use internationally validated evaluation tests. However, these are most often developed in western, industrialized countries, which could question the relevance of applying them to all humanity.
Psychology - Health - 18.07.2022
Online mindfulness meditation practice effective in improving mental health of confined students
This study by scientists at the Institut des sciences du mouvement Etienne-Jules Marey (CNRS/Aix-Marseille Université) reveals students' psychological distress during COVID-19-related lockdown and distance learning, as well as the effectiveness of an online mindfulness meditation practice in countering it.
Health - Psychology - 18.07.2022
Covid infection doubles risk of mental health and financial problems in older adults
Adults over the age of 52 appear to be twice as likely to develop mental health problems such as depression and anxiety, alongside suffering from financial difficulties after contracting Covid-19, finds a new UCL-led study. The study, published in PNAS , used data from 5,146 adults between the ages of 52 and 74 who participated in the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing, to examine the immediate and longer-term impact of Covid-19 infection on the mental health, wellbeing, social interactions, and financial outcomes of older adults.
Psychology - 15.07.2022
Children compensate for lack of concentration through creativity
Study shows that children find their own solutions thanks to broad focus Children have a hard time with concentration tasks, but are often good at discovering hidden "tricks" to make the task easier. Spontaneous strategy changes help them to do this, according to a study on learning behavior in children by the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin.
Social Sciences - Psychology - 13.07.2022
Social Development of Infants Unaffected by Covid-19 Pandemic
Health issues and loss, social isolation and mental health problems - the pandemic has had a drastic effect on our society. But how have the youngest members of society been coping with these changes? Researchers at the University of Zurich have found that the presence of parents and caregivers is enough to mitigate the pandemic's negative effects on the social development of infants.
Psychology - 13.07.2022
School-based mindfulness training programme fails to improve young people’s mental health
A standardised schools-based mindfulness training programme did not help young people's mental health and well-being overall, but did improve school culture and reduce teachers- burn out, a new study has found.
Psychology - 12.07.2022
New scientific approach drives people to take control of therapy sessions
A new universal approach to mental health issues has been developed, used across outpatient clinics, inpatient wards, and high schools, and will be researched by a Curtin-led international team. Published in Psychological Review , the science behind this utilises work on artificial intelligence, consciousness, perception, and mental health that spans 20 years of research.
Social Sciences - Psychology - 11.07.2022
Drinking Alone Foreshadows Future Alcohol Problems
A new study has found that drinking alone as an adolescent and young adult can increase the risk of alcohol use disorder later in life, especially for women A new study from Carnegie Mellon University found that drinking alone during adolescence and young adulthood strongly increases risk for alcohol use disorder (AUD) later in life.
Psychology - 07.07.2022
Worrying levels of anxiety and depression symptoms among high school students
A study of high school students has found that more than half report higher-than-normal levels of anxiety and depression symptoms, and 32% experience academic anxiety. According to data gathered from students at five Montreal high schools during the COVID-19 pandemic, teenagers report concerning signs of academic performance anxiety, generalized anxiety, social anxiety and depression.