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Results 21 - 40 of 82.


Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 24.10.2023
Microbiome of Fruit and Vegetables Positively Influences Diversity in the Gut
Microbiome of Fruit and Vegetables Positively Influences Diversity in the Gut
In a meta-study, a research team from the Institute of Environmental Biotechnology at TU Graz has provided evidence that the consumption of fruit and vegetables contributes positively to bacterial diversity in the human gut. Bacterial diversity in the gut plays an important role in human health. The crucial question, however, is where are the sources of this diversity? It is known that an important part of the maternal microbiome is transferred to the baby at birth, and the same happens during the breastfeeding period via breast milk.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.10.2023
Insights for crop breeding in the face of climate change
With the aid of innovative statistical methods, researchers explore the complex interplay between life cycle, environmental factors and genetic information using wheat as an example. Cereal crops such as wheat are sensitive to climate change. Many studies show that their yield decreases as temperatures rise and extreme weather events increase.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 17.10.2023
Our European ancestors ate seaweed and freshwater plants
Study reveals our European ancestors ate seaweed and freshwater plants Published: 17 October 2023 Researchers say they have found "definitive" archaeological evidence that seaweeds and other local freshwater plants were eaten in the Mesolithic, through the Neolithic transition to farming and into the Early Middle Ages.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.10.2023
Coffee and cocoa plants at risk from pollinator loss
Coffee and cocoa plants at risk from pollinator loss
Tropical crops such as coffee, cocoa, watermelon and mango may be at risk due to the loss of insect pollinators, finds a new study led by UCL and Natural History Museum researchers. Published in Science Advances , the study explores the intricate interplay between climate change, land use change, and their impact on pollinator biodiversity, ultimately revealing significant implications for global crop pollination.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 03.10.2023
2050: 10 billion people need to be fed
2050: 10 billion people need to be fed
When it comes to feeding a growing population at a time of conflict and climate change, Mother Earth has a lot on her plate. To build a sustainable future we'll need to return to a farm-to-table model, and that's opening up vast and exciting avenues of research for scientists in an array of fields. In this special report , we explore some of the developments taking place in research labs and out on the farm.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 27.09.2023
Raw material requirements for reducing global poverty calculated for the first time
Researchers at the University of Freiburg quantify the amount of material needed to enable people to live without poverty 1.2 billion people live in poverty. To lift them out of it, an average of about six tons of raw materials are needed per person and year - in particular minerals, fossil fuels, biomass and metal ores.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 25.09.2023
How can the use of plastics in agriculture become more sustainable?
How can the use of plastics in agriculture become more sustainable?
It is impossible to imagine modern agriculture without plastics. 12 million tonnes are used every year. But what about the consequences for the environment? An international team of authors led by Thilo Hofmann from the Division of Environmental Geosciences at the University of Vienna addresses this question in a recent study in Nature Communication Earth and Environment .

Social Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 20.09.2023
Ancient Amazonians intentionally created fertile 'dark earth'
Ancient Amazonians intentionally created fertile ’dark earth’
The rich soil holds thousands of tons of carbon, sequestered over centuries by indigenous practices, a new study suggests. The Amazon river basin is known for its immense and lush tropical forests, so one might assume that the Amazon's land is equally rich. In fact, the soils underlying the forested vegetation, particularly in the hilly uplands, are surprisingly infertile.

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 04.09.2023
First Experimental Release of Parasitic Asian Wasp to Control Spotted-Wing Drosophila
First Experimental Release of Parasitic Asian Wasp to Control Spotted-Wing Drosophila
The invasive spotted-wing drosophila (SWD) is a devastating pest in berry, stone fruit and grape crops. A natural antagonist from the fruit fly-s area of origin in East Asia is now due to be released in Switzerland for the first time by Agroscope and CABI. The experimental releases in the Cantons of Jura and Ticino aim to clarify whether this parasitic wasp can become established in Switzerland to regulate the SWD population and reduce production losses.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 01.09.2023
Groundwater depletion rates in India could triple in coming decades as climate warms
Groundwater depletion rates in India could triple in coming decades as climate warms, study shows A farmer plows his irrigated cotton field in Gujarat, India. A new University of Michigan-led study finds that farmers in India have adapted to warming temperatures by intensifying the withdrawal of groundwater used for irrigation.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 10.08.2023
Substances from corn roots influence wheat yields
Corn roots secrete certain substances that affect the quality of the soil. In certain fields, this effect increases the yield of wheat planted after corn in the same soil by more than 4%. This has been demonstrated by researchers at the University of Bern. Although the findings from several field experiments show that such effects are highly variable, they could nevertheless contribute in the long term to making the cultivation of cereals more sustainable without additional fertilizers or pesticides.

Agronomy / Food Science - 21.07.2023
’Hidden hunger’ despite fruit and vegetable surplus
Preserved local fruits and vegetables can improve nutrition in East Africa In East Africa, up to 50 percent of cultivated fruits and vegetables cannot be used, partly because they spoil too quickly before or after harvest. At the same time, the population suffers from micronutrient deficiencies, also known as hidden hunger, which could be alleviated by increasing fruit and vegetable consumption.

Agronomy / Food Science - Innovation - 20.07.2023
Fertilizing 2.0: Simple, precise and digital
Fertilizing 2.0: Simple, precise and digital
A new technology will facilitate quick, easy and precise fertilizing in the field in the future. Thanks to the combination of biosensor test strips and satellite-based remote sensing data, the Technical University of Munich (TUM) is developing a method for determining the nutritional condition of cereals and the perfect amount of fertilizer.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
Mixed cropping enhances beneficial bugs and reduces pests
Mixed cropping enhances beneficial bugs and reduces pests
Göttingen University agroecology researchers evaluate effects with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially farming single crops on a massive scale. Mixing crops can counteract this: in fields where different crops grow at the same time, there are more beneficial insects and spiders than in monocultures.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 20.07.2023
More beneficial insects and fewer pests in mixed crops
Researchers evaluate the benefits compared to monocultures with a meta-analysis The global decline in biodiversity is serious. Agricultural land use is a major contributor - especially the large-scale cultivation of individual crops in monocultures. Mixed crops can counteract this: There are more beneficial arthropods, such as insects and spiders, in fields where different crops grow simultaneously than in monocultures.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.07.2023
Global analysis shows how pesticides leach into the environment
Global analysis shows how pesticides leach into the environment
A University of Sydney led study published today in Nature has revealed the chemical odyssey pesticides embark upon after their initial agricultural application, with environmental consequences for a range of ecosystems. About three million tonnes of agricultural pesticides are used across the globe each year, yet little is known about where or in which environments these chemicals end up after their initial application.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics - 05.07.2023
Biodiversity in intensive agriculture
Biodiversity in intensive agriculture
A study with BOKU participation shows that biodiversity in intensive agriculture is not economically profitable for farmers. Measures for more sustainable agriculture can increase the number and diversity of wild bee species in grassland and thus increase pollination and crop yields in neighboring fields.

Agronomy / Food Science - Life Sciences - 03.07.2023
Helping plants and bacteria work together reduces fertiliser need
Helping to promote the natural relationship between plants and bacteria could reduce reliance on environmentally damaging fertilisers, a study has found. As the population grows and crop yields are threatened by climate change, scientists are keen to help promote plant growth in a natural and sustainable way.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 27.06.2023
Ready-to-drink cocktails and alcoholic sodas: a confusing health halo
Ready-to-drink cocktails and alcoholic sodas: a confusing health halo
Nearly 70% of ready-to-drink alcoholic beverages such as cocktails and sodas are sold in containers bearing nutritional information that falsely gives these products a healthy image, reveals a study conducted by a research team from Université Laval and Public Health Ontario. In light of this finding, the study's authors believe that regulations surrounding the marketing of these products should be tightened.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 21.06.2023
Current conservation policies risk damaging global biodiversity, warn researchers
Current conservation policies risk damaging global biodiversity, warn researchers
Rewilding, organic farming and the so-called -nature friendly farming- measures included in some government conservation policies may accelerate global biodiversity loss, say two leading researchers. These -Green- farming policies risk worsening the global biodiversity crisis by reducing how much food is produced in a region, driving up food imports and increasing environmental damage overseas.