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Results 41 - 60 of 82.


Agronomy / Food Science - 20.06.2023
How the selenium status is regulated
How the selenium status is regulated
The trace element selenium is indispensable for the human body and brain. Among other things, the human organism needs selenium for the immune system and the function of the thyroid gland," says Maria Schwarz from Friedrich Schiller University in Jena. Together with Anna P. Kipp and Caroline E. Meyer, the nutrition scientist from the Department of Nutritional Physiology has investigated the correlations between the trace elements copper and selenium in the human organism.

History / Archeology - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.06.2023
The old grind just got a little older
The old grind just got a little older
An Italian study involving UdeM researchers shows new evidence that humans and Neanderthals milled flour as long as 43,000 years ago, several thousand years before what was previously thought, making Long before the invention of agriculture, humans already knew how to process cereals and other wild plants into a flour suitable for food - and now there's new evidence they did so long before scientists was previously thought.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 02.06.2023
Analysis: Europe has lost over half a billion birds in 40 years. What is the single biggest cause?
Analysis: Europe has lost over half a billion birds in 40 years. What is the single biggest cause?
Professor Richard Gregory (UCL Biosciences) explains that pesticides and fertilisers are the single biggest cause of birds shocking decline across Europe and suggests how best to respond, writing in The Conversation. A trickle of studies warning that the enormous variety of living things on Earth is diminishing has turned into a flood.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Deficiency causes appetite for meat
Deficiency causes appetite for meat
Under certain circumstances, a rare tropical plant develops into a carnivore. A research team from the universities of Hannover and Würzburg has now deciphered the mechanism responsible for this. Triphyophyllum peltatum is a unique plant. Native to the tropics of West Africa, the liana species is of great interest for medical and pharmaceutical research due to its constituents: In the laboratory, these show promising medically useful activities against pancreatic cancer and leukemia cells, among others, as well as against the pathogens that cause malaria and other diseases.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 16.05.2023
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
Agricultural intensification is driving a decline in bird populations across Europe
  Bird populations across continental Europe have declined by 25% in 40 years, with this figure reaching nearly 60% for species found in agricultural environments. Intensive farming is the main source of pressure linked to declining bird populations. These findings come from the largest and most comprehensive bird study to date in Europe.

Agronomy / Food Science - 11.05.2023
Healthy teeth thanks to the ’washing machine’
Research team with participation of the University of Göttingen clarifies tooth wear in ruminants Ruminants show a special behavior when eating: They swallow their plant food roughly chewed, then regurgitate it several times and continue chewing. This has a decisive advantage, as a research team with participation from the University of Göttingen has shown: The regurgitated food mush contains fewer hard silicates from sand and dust than the food initially ingested.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 05.05.2023
South Korea badger farming linked to illegal wildlife trade and disease concerns
South Korea badger farming linked to illegal wildlife trade and disease concerns
Poorly monitored badger farming and illegal poaching in South Korea is a cause for concern for wildlife and human health, with regulation of the trade urgently needed, according to a new study involving UCL researchers. Published today in the Journal of Asia-Pacific Biodiversity, the study by researchers from UCL, Zoological Society London (ZSL) and Seoul National University, South Korea, found that a growing range of badger-derived products have been introduced to the market in South Korea over the last two decades.

Agronomy / Food Science - Economics - 19.04.2023
Companies' zero-deforestation commitments have potential to halve cattle-driven deforestation in Brazilian Amazon
Companies’ zero-deforestation commitments have potential to halve cattle-driven deforestation in Brazilian Amazon
Study shows better adoption and implementation of company supply chain policies for Brazilian beef and leather could significantly reduce carbon emissions If we do eat imported beef, we should buy it from retailers that are trying to improve cattle production systems in Brazil and elsewhere. Rachael Garrett Cattle-rearing is the biggest cause of tropical deforestation in the Amazon - and the world.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 19.04.2023
Green diet promotes health
Green diet promotes health
A diet rich in plant substances promotes the elasticity of blood vessels and counteracts their aging. An international research team with the participation of the University of Leipzig has for the first time demonstrated a strong positive effect of the green, Mediterranean diet on the condition of the aorta.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 18.04.2023
How to get your children to eat more fruits and vegetables
How to get your children to eat more fruits and vegetables
Children will eat more fruits and vegetables if families take more time to eat meals. This is the result of a new study led by researchers at the University of Mannheim and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development in Berlin. Their experiment shows that children will eat significantly more fruits and vegetables if they on average stay at the table for only ten minutes more - 30 minutes in total.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 13.04.2023
Veganism is not health-conscious as such
Veganism is not health-conscious as such
Vegans are considered health-conscious both in the public and in their own perception. Researchers at the Centre for Public Health have now examined the dietary patterns and physical activity behaviour of vegans and found a discrepancy between appearance and reality in many cases. Although many vegans exercise more than the average person, the widespread consumption of industrially processed foods in this group cannot be classified as beneficial to health.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 11.04.2023
A new microneedle-based drug delivery technique for plants
Developed at SMART, the device can deliver controlled amounts of agrochemicals to specific plant tissues for research and could one day be used to improve crop quality and disease management. Increasing environmental conditions caused by climate change, an ever-growing human population, scarcity of arable land, and limited resources are pressuring the agriculture industry to adopt more sustainable and precise practices that foster more efficient use of resources (e.g., water, fertilizers, and pesticides) and mitigation of environmental impacts.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 31.03.2023
Farms found to be the biggest particulate pollution source for cities
Between 25% and 38% of air pollution that could harm human health in UK cities is the result of agriculture, more than produced by the city itself, while pollution drifting in from continental Europe is a sizable source as well, finds a new study led by UCL researchers. The researchers studied three cities, Leicester, Birmingham and London, for the paper published in City and Environment Interactions .

Life Sciences - Agronomy / Food Science - 30.03.2023
How plants adapt to nitrogen deficiency
How plants adapt to nitrogen deficiency
Researchers at the University of Bonn discover gene variants in wheat and barley that improve nitrogen utilization Nitrogen as a fertilizer can increase yields. However, too much nitrogen can also have negative effects, such as groundwater pollution, high energy consumption in fertilizer production and the generation of climate-relevant gases.

Health - Agronomy / Food Science - 29.03.2023
AI shows the need for healthier diets in long-term care homes
AI shows the need for healthier diets in long-term care homes
Waterloo researchers develop new AI technology to examine data on food and fluids consumed in LTC homes A detailed analysis of consumed food showed there is a need to improve diets in long-term care (LTC) homes to make them healthier for residents. The analysis found that eating more whole grains, plant-based proteins, and plain fruits and vegetables would help residents meet government guidelines and reduce their risk of inflammation.

Agronomy / Food Science - 22.03.2023
Sweets change our brain
Sweets change our brain
Why we can't keep our hands off candy bars and co. Chocolate bars, potato chips and chips - why can't we just leave them to the left in the supermarket? Researchers at the Max Planck Institute for Metabolic Research in Cologne, Germany, in collaboration with Yale University, have now shown that foods with a high fat and sugar content change our brain: If we regularly eat even small amounts of them, the brain learns to want to continue consuming precisely these foods.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 22.03.2023
'We optimize water quality with mathematics'
’We optimize water quality with mathematics’
Water is one of the essential resources of all life. Ensuring that all people have access to clean drinking water and safeguarding its quality is not just a task for politicians. Scientists like Prof. Pu Li, head of the Process Optimization Group at the TU Ilmenau, also make an important contribution to our water supply with their research.

Agronomy / Food Science - Environment - 22.03.2023
New animal welfare scoring system could enable better-informed food and farming choices
New animal welfare scoring system could enable better-informed food and farming choices
Cambridge scientists have come up with a system of measuring animal welfare that enables reliable comparison across different types of pig farming. This means that animal welfare can now, for the first time, be properly considered alongside other impacts of farming to help identify which farming systems are best.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 16.03.2023
Fresh produce contaminated with toxic BPA-like chemicals found in food labels
Fresh produce contaminated with toxic BPA-like chemicals found in food labels
BPA is banned in some countries but similar chemicals like BPS are still allowed. Steps were taken in Canada to reduce the use of Bisphenol A (BPA), a toxic chemical linked to prostate and breast cancer, commonly found in plastics, the lining of food cans, water bottles, and paper receipts. But in many cases, it has been replaced with similar hormone disrupting chemicals, like Bisphenol S (BPS).

Agronomy / Food Science - Physics - 07.03.2023
Nanotube sensors are capable of detecting and distinguishing gibberellin plant hormones
Developed at SMART, the nondestructive nanosensors could have wide applications in agricultural science. Close Researchers from the Disruptive and Sustainable Technologies for Agricultural Precision ( DiSTAP ) interdisciplinary research group of the Singapore-MIT Alliance for Research and Technology ( SMART ), MIT's research enterprise in Singapore, and their collaborators from Temasek Life Sciences Laboratory have developed the first-ever nanosensor that can detect and distinguish gibberellins (GAs), a class of hormones in plants that are important for growth.