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Results 21 - 40 of 2485.

Innovation - 18.07.2024
Deeper down the rabbit hole
Deeper down the rabbit hole
Research team studies how technology conspiracy beliefs emerge and foster a conspiracy mindset As technology proliferates, misinformation and conspiracy theories seem to flourish. Conspiracy beliefs specifically about technology include popular commercial technologies, such as Amazon Echo and Google Search, as well as non-profit technologies designed to support health, such as contact tracing apps.

Psychology - 18.07.2024
Narrative coherence boosts child development
Narrative coherence boosts child development
Researchers from the University of Buenos Aires (UBA) and the Autonomous University of Madrid have provided new evidence on the importance of narrative discourse for cognitive and linguistic development in childhood. The work, published in the journal Estudos da Linguagem , lays the groundwork for developing educational materials in Spanish-speaking classrooms.

Life Sciences - Health - 18.07.2024
Analysing internal world models of humans, animals and AI
Analysing internal world models of humans, animals and AI
Freiburg researchers develop new formal description of internal world models, thereby enabling interdisciplinary research A team of scientists led by Ilka Diester , Professor of Optophysiology and spokesperson of the BrainLinks-BrainTools research centre at the University of Freiburg, has developed a formal description of internal world models and published it in the journal Neuron .

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 18.07.2024
Cosmic fingerprints of sulfur rings
For the first time, a team of scientists from HFML-FELIX at Radboud University has unveiled the cosmic fingerprints of sulfur rings. These results, published in Nature Communications, may shed new light on the way sulfur was transported from dark interstellar clouds (where stars are formed) to young planetary systems and planets like Earth and Venus, and offers ways to search for cosmic sulfur using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

Health - Pharmacology - 18.07.2024
Improving HIV treatment for children and adolescents - the right way
Improving HIV treatment for children and adolescents - the right way
Globally, around 2.6 million children and adolescents are currently living with HIV, the majority of them in Africa. These young people are much more likely to experience treatment failure than adults. Experts long assumed that testing for viral drug resistance could improve treatment in cases where treatment has failed.

Environment - 18.07.2024
Antibiotic Resistance Genes a Proposed Factor of Global Change
Antibiotic Resistance Genes a Proposed Factor of Global Change
International research team led by scientist from Freie Universität Berlin proposes that elevated levels of antibiotic resistance genes be considered a new factor of global change Human-caused global change is a complex phenomenon comprising many factors such as climate change, environmental contamination with chemicals, microplastics, light pollution, and invasive plants.

Environment - Computer Science - 18.07.2024
Predicting the toxicity of chemicals with AI
Predicting the toxicity of chemicals with AI
Researchers at Eawag and the Swiss Data Science Center have trained AI algorithms with a comprehensive ecotoxicological dataset. Now their machine learning models can predict how toxic chemicals are to fish. Chemicals play an important role in our everyday lives, for example in the production of food, medicines and various everyday goods.

Environment - 18.07.2024
Reef pest feasts on 'sea sawdust'
Reef pest feasts on ’sea sawdust’
Researchers have uncovered an under the sea phenomenon where coral-destroying crown-of-thorns starfish larvae have been feasting on blue-green algae bacteria known as 'sea sawdust'. The team of marine scientists from The University of Queensland and Southern Cross University found crown-of-thorns starfish (COTS) larvae grow and thrive when raised on an exclusive diet of Trichodesmium - a bacteria that often floats on the ocean's surface in large slicks.

Environment - Agronomy / Food Science - 18.07.2024
Better dams offer major benefits to farmers and livestock
Better dams offer major benefits to farmers and livestock
Managing the water quality  of farm dams is critical to the health of livestock as well as boosting crop production, according to new research from the Sustainable Farms group at The Australian National University (ANU). According to the ANU researchers, "enhancing" dams by erecting fencing would help mitigate the impacts of livestock and significantly improve water quality, while also allowing vegetation to flourish, which is good for biodiversity.

Environment - Materials Science - 18.07.2024
Bridging the 'Valley of Death' in carbon capture
Bridging the ’Valley of Death’ in carbon capture
Developed at EPFL, Heriot-Watt University, and ETH Zurich, PrISMa is a new platform that uses advanced simulations and machine learning to streamline carbon capture technologies, by taking into account the perspectives of diverse stakeholders early in the research process. Mitigating the effects of climate change has become a major focus worldwide, with countries and international organizations developing various strategies to address the problem.

Physics - Health - 18.07.2024
New imaging technique could diagnose cancer metastasis
New technique to diagnose cancer metastasis uses origami nanoprobes A team of Johns Hopkins engineers can locate aggressive cancers using laser light and folded DNA Johns Hopkins engineers have created a new optical tool that could improve cancer imaging. Their approach, called SPECTRA, uses tiny nanoprobes that light up when they attach to aggressive cancer cells, helping clinicians distinguish between localized cancers and those that are metastatic and have the potential to spread throughout the body.

Health - Life Sciences - 18.07.2024
A less burdensome approach to sickle cell treatment
Gene-editing approach could offer new hope to sickle cell patients Johns Hopkins team's innovative nanoparticle approach aims to reduce side effects and treatment burden Current gene therapies to treat sickle cell disease are complex, time-consuming, and are sometimes linked to serious side effects like infertility or blood cancer.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
NASA's Curiosity Rover Discovers a Surprise in a Martian Rock
NASA’s Curiosity Rover Discovers a Surprise in a Martian Rock
These yellow crystals were revealed after NASA's Curiosity happened to drive over a rock and crack it open on May 30. Using an instrument on the rover's arm, scientists later determined these crystals are elemental sulfur - and it's the first time thi. Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS" NASA's Curiosity captured this close-up image of a rock nicknamed "Snow Lake" on June 8, 2024, the 4,209th Martian day, or sol, of the mission.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
China-based emissions of three potent climate-warming greenhouse gases spiked in past decade
Two studies pinpoint their likely industrial sources and mitigation opportunities. When it comes to heating up the planet, not all greenhouse gases are created equal. They vary widely in their global warming potential (GWP), a measure of how much infrared thermal radiation a greenhouse gas would absorb over a given time frame once it enters the atmosphere.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.07.2024
Machine learning unlocks secrets to advanced alloys
An MIT team uses computer models to measure atomic patterns in metals, essential for designing custom materials for use in aerospace, biomedicine, electronics, and more. The concept of short-range order (SRO) - the arrangement of atoms over small distances - in metallic alloys has been underexplored in materials science and engineering.

Materials Science - 18.07.2024
OptoGPT for improving solar cells, smart windows, telescopes and more
Taking advantage of the transformer neural networks that power large language models, engineers can get recipes for materials with the optical properties they need Study: OptoGPT: A foundation model for inverse design in optical multilayer thin film structures (DOI: 10.29026/oea. Solar cell, telescope and other optical component manufacturers may be able to design better devices more quickly with AI.

Environment - Campus - 18.07.2024
Negative sentiment in environmental advocacy emails boosts engagement
Study: Go Negative for Clicks: Negative Sentiment in Environmental Advocacy Emails Is Associated with Increased Public Engagement People find it hard to resist negative messages. A recent University of Michigan study reveals that recipients are more likely to engage with emails containing negative sentiment sent by the Environmental Defense Fund, a U.S. based nonprofit organization.

Astronomy / Space - Earth Sciences - 18.07.2024
A new explanation for Jupiter's great, shrinking 'Spot'
A new explanation for Jupiter’s great, shrinking ’Spot’
A steady diet of smaller storms may be what fuels Jupiter's Great Red Spot - and a decline in small storms may be causing it to shrink. Jupiter's Great Red Spot - the biggest windstorm in the solar system - is shrinking, and a new study may help explain why. Located in Jupiter's southern hemisphere, the Great Red Spot is a swirling, red-orange oval of high pressure more than 10,000 miles wide.

Psychology - 17.07.2024
Mindfulness training may lead to altered states of consciousness
Mindfulness training may lead to altered states of consciousness
Mindfulness training may lead participants to experience disembodiment and unity - so-called altered states of consciousness - according to a new study from researchers at the University of Cambridge. I've benefited a lot personally from meditation and mindfulness and I've also had many of these experiences.

Chemistry - Health - 17.07.2024
Soft, stretchy 'jelly batteries' inspired by electric eels
Soft, stretchy ’jelly batteries’ inspired by electric eels
Researchers have developed soft, stretchable 'jelly batteries' that could be used for wearable devices or soft robotics, or even implanted in the brain to deliver drugs or treat conditions such as epilepsy. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, took their inspiration from electric eels, which stun their prey with modified muscle cells called electrocytes.