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Results 61 - 80 of 2485.

Physics - 17.07.2024
Top quark measurement research supported by University of Glasgow particle physicists
Researchers from the School of Physics & Astronomy have been involved an important new measurement of the top quark made using data provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ATLAS and CMS are general-purpose particle detectors at CERN's LHC in Geneva. Physicists from the University of Glasgow have played key roles in the international ATLAS collaboration for decades.

Health - Life Sciences - 17.07.2024
Scientists make breakthrough in fridge-free storage for vital medicines
Scientists have developed a new approach to store and distribute crucial protein therapeutics without the need for fridges or freezers. The breakthrough, published in the journal Nature , could significantly improve accessibility of essential protein-based drugs in developing countries where cold storage infrastructure may be lacking, helping efforts to diagnose and treat more people with serious health conditions.

Health - 17.07.2024
Ultra-processed food makes up almost two-thirds of calorie intake of UK adolescents
Ultra-processed food makes up almost two-thirds of calorie intake of UK adolescents
Adolescents consume around two-thirds of their daily calories from ultra-processed foods (UPFs), new research from the Universities of Cambridge and Bristol has found. Ultra-processed foods make up the majority of adolescents' diets, and their consumption is at a much higher level than is ideal, given their potential negative health impacts Yanaina Chavez-Ugalde The study found that UPF consumption was highest among adolescents from deprived backgrounds, those of white ethnicity, and younger adolescents.

Life Sciences - Health - 17.07.2024
Study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics
Study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics
New study addresses long-standing diversity bias in human genetics Catalog of data generated by Johns Hopkins scientists includes groups traditionally neglected in research, should yield more accurate insights into genetic factors driving human diversity Most research in human genetics has historically focused on people of European ancestries-a long-standing bias that may limit the accuracy of scientific predictions for people from other populations.

Astronomy / Space - 17.07.2024
Astronomers spot a highly ’eccentric’ planet on its way to becoming a hot Jupiter
The planet's wild orbit offers clues to how such large, hot planets take shape. Hot Jupiters are some of the most extreme planets in the galaxy. These scorching worlds are as massive as Jupiter, and they swing wildly close to their star, whirling around in a few days compared to our own gas giant's leisurely 4,000-day orbit around the sun.

Physics - Chemistry - 17.07.2024
Quantum light unlocks nature’s tiny secrets
Researchers at the University of Michigan have found a way to examine tiny structures, such as bacteria and genes, with reduced damage compared to traditional light sources. The new technique involves spectroscopy, which is the study of how matter absorbs and emits light and other forms of radiation, and it takes advantage of quantum mechanics to study the structure and dynamics of molecules in ways that are not possible using conventional light sources.

Environment - Earth Sciences - 17.07.2024
Sea ice’s cooling power is waning faster than its area of extent
A shift in Antarctica's melting trends and slushy Arctic ice pushes warming from changing sea ice toward the upper limits of climate model estimates Study: Earth's Sea Ice Radiative Effect from 1980 to 2023 (DOI: 10.1029/2024GL109608) As sea ice disappears and grows less reflective, the Arctic has lost around a quarter of its cooling power since 1980, and the world has lost up to 15%, according to new research led by University of Michigan scientists.

Health - 16.07.2024
Antibiotics in early life increase risk of asthma and allergies in adulthood
Taking antibiotics at a young age can make the body more prone to asthma and allergies later in life. This might be preventable by adding a simple supplement, concludes immunologist Olaf Perdijk from Utrecht University. His comprehensive study is published today in the journal Immunity . Antibiotics are essential for eliminating harmful bacteria and have significantly advanced our healthcare.

Earth Sciences - Environment - 16.07.2024
The dawn of the Antarctic ice sheets
The dawn of the Antarctic ice sheets
For the first time, the recovery of unique geological samples combined with sophisticated modelling provides surprising insights into when and where today's Antarctic ice sheet formed. In recent years global warming has left its mark on the Antarctic ice sheets. The "eternal" ice in Antarctica is melting faster than previously assumed, particularly in West Antarctica more than East Antarctica.

History / Archeology - Environment - 16.07.2024
Water scarcity drove steam power adoption during Industrial Revolution
Water scarcity drove steam power adoption during Industrial Revolution, new research suggests A groundbreaking new reconstruction of 19th-century Britain's water resources has revealed how limited access to waterpower during the Industrial Revolution helped drive the adoption of steam engines in Greater Manchester's Cottonopolis.

Environment - 16.07.2024
How AI can help identify bees exposed to pesticides
Researchers at INRAE and the National Autonomous University of Mexico have combined flight activity data for honey bees with AI modelling to create a high performing toxicovigilance tool. The results of their study, published in Ecological Informatics, confirm that the tool can alert users to risks to honey bee populations caused by exposure to neurotoxic pesticides.

Life Sciences - Health - 16.07.2024
First bone marrow model which supports human stem cells
Scientists develop first bone marrow model which supports human stem cells Scientists have created the first bioengineered bone marrow model which can support the type of human stem cells that are crucial for bone marrow transplants and in vitro study work. The research - published in Nature Communications and led by the University of Glasgow - replicates key aspects of the human bone marrow microenvironment, to enable the support of rare long-term hematopoietic stem cells, or LT-HSCs.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 16.07.2024
Neutrino interaction rates measured at unprecedented energies
Neutrino interaction rates measured at unprecedented energies
A team including researchers from the Laboratory for High Energy Physics at the University of Bern has successfully measured the interaction rates of neutrinos at unprecedented energies using the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. A better understanding of these elusive elementary particles can help answer the question of why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Architecture - 16.07.2024
Far-reaching costs of eviction filings to tenants-regardless of the outcome in court
Research shows far-reaching costs of eviction filings to tenants-regardless of the outcome in court Study: Record Costs: Collateral Consequences of Eviction Court Filings in Pennsylvania A new study from the University of Michigan documents the far-reaching costs of eviction filings for Pennsylvania tenants who had eviction cases filed against them but experienced a "best-case scenario- in court, meaning they had legal representation and their cases were dismissed, withdrawn, or won.

Environment - Innovation - 16.07.2024
New CMU Tool Monitors Wildlife Conservation in Low-Resource Languages
Activists on the front lines of wildlife conservation routinely monitor news articles for information about infrastructure projects that could threaten at-risk animals. But that monitoring required more staff time than organizations on the ground could spare. Researchers at Carnegie Mellon University helped ease this burden by working with the World Wildlife Fund (WWF) for Nature to develop a tool that monitors and identifies media articles related to environmental conservation.

Health - Pharmacology - 16.07.2024
New approach to improve targeted skin cancer therapies
Targeted therapies are a powerful weapon against skin cancer, but their side effects can severely impact a patient's quality of life. A new study shows that some targeted therapies manipulate signaling events in cells that line blood vessels and result in a weaker vascular barrier. This knowledge sheds some light on possible mechanisms leading to side effects and it can contribute to the development of better therapies for skin cancer.

Health - Life Sciences - 16.07.2024
Unraveling amyloid fibrils
Unraveling amyloid fibrils
Researchers at EPFL have discovered how amyloid fibrils form complex structures, shedding light on diseases like Alzheimer's and opening new doors in material science. Amyloids are protein aggregates that can form in the body, sometimes leading to diseases like Alzheimer's. These fibrils can adopt multiple shapes, known as "polymorphs", which complicate our understanding of their role in health and disease.

Life Sciences - Environment - 16.07.2024
Insight into one of life's earliest ancestors revealed in new study
Insight into one of life’s earliest ancestors revealed in new study
The Last Common Universal Ancestor (LUCA), from which life evolved into bacteria, plants and animals, was older and more complex than previously thought. An international team of researchers, including Dr James Clark from the Milner Centre for Evolution at the University of Bath, has shed light on Earth's earliest ecosystem, showing that within a few hundred million years of planetary formation, life on Earth was already flourishing.

Health - 16.07.2024
Driving towards equity
Emphasizing social benefits could improve trust in autonomous vehicles, researchers find Johns Hopkins researchers suggest that emphasizing the societal value of AVs can positively influence public perception and support for their adoption A team of Johns Hopkins researchers is reframing the discussion around autonomous vehicles.

Physics - Materials Science - 16.07.2024
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials' thermal properties
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials’ thermal properties
The approach could help engineers design more efficient energy-conversion systems and faster microelectronic devices, reducing waste heat. It is estimated that about 70 percent of the energy generated worldwide ends up as waste heat. If scientists could better predict how heat moves through semiconductors and insulators, they could design more efficient power generation systems.