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Health - 24.05.2024
Nicotine use rises among young adults in England but cigarette smoking continues to decline
Nicotine use rises among young adults in England but cigarette smoking continues to decline
Overall nicotine use has risen among adults in England since disposable vapes started becoming popular, due to a rapid increase in vaping among young adults coupled with a modest overall decline in smoking, finds a new study by UCL researchers. Importantly, the declines in smoking were most pronounced in age groups with the largest increases in vaping.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.05.2024
Sequencing of the developing human brain uncovers hundreds of thousands of new gene transcripts
New study could improve the ability to make genetic diagnoses and treat neurodevelopmental disorders Health + Behavior New study could improve the ability to make genetic diagnoses and treat neurodevelopmental disorders Key takeaways Regulation of isoforms - varied versions of RNA and proteins that can be produced from a single gene - is a critical tool in understanding brain development and genetic risk for neuropsychiatric disorders.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.05.2024
Mechanobiology exerts creative pressure
Mechanobiology exerts creative pressure
Numerous cellular phenomena are guided by mechanical forces, such as embryonic development or the spread of metastases. These phenomena are the subject of intense research aimed at understanding how they are translated into biological processes. Particular emphasis is being placed on new opportunities to treat diseases as resistant as cancer or fibrosis.

Health - Pharmacology - 23.05.2024
New approach to Epstein-Barr virus and resulting diseases
New approach to Epstein-Barr virus and resulting diseases
The Epstein-Barr virus can cause a spectrum of diseases, including a range of cancers. Emerging data now show that inhibition of a specific metabolic pathway in infected cells can diminish latent infection and therefore the risk of downstream disease, as reported by researchers from the University of Basel and the University Hospital Basel in the journal Science.

Health - Innovation - 23.05.2024
Young people needed for AI-driven vaping prevention study
Young people are encouraged to participate in a University of Queensland study that will use artificial intelligence technology to develop campaign materials to reduce youth vaping rates. Associate Professor Gary Chung Kai Chan from UQ's National Centre for Youth Substance Use Research said the research will use AI programs to co-design an anti-vaping campaign with people aged between 16 and 25 years old.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.05.2024
Understanding why autism symptoms sometimes improve amid fever
With support from The Marcus Foundation, an MIT neuroscientist and a Harvard Medical School immunologist will study the "fever effect" in an effort to devise therapies that mimic its beneficial effects. Scientists are catching up to what parents and other caregivers have been reporting for many years: When some people with autism spectrum disorders experience an infection that sparks a fever, their autism-related symptoms seem to improve.

Life Sciences - Health - 23.05.2024
Tracking the cellular and genetic roots of neuropsychiatric disease
Tracking the cellular and genetic roots of neuropsychiatric disease
A new study of nearly 400 human brains links genetic variants to genes and cell types, which could help enable precision-medicine for neuropsychiatric disease. A new analysis has revealed detailed information about genetic variation in brain cells that could open new avenues for the targeted treatment of diseases such as schizophrenia and Alzheimer's disease.

Health - Life Sciences - 23.05.2024
Sea of love: Behind the unusual sexual parasitism of deep-water anglerfish
Sea of love: Behind the unusual sexual parasitism of deep-water anglerfish
A new study illuminates the evolution of deep-sea anglerfish with a focus on the development of their unique (and somewhat unsettling) mating routine. As the planet's most expansive ecosystem, the deep sea can be a tough place to find a mate. Though, scientists say, some deep-sea anglerfishes evolved a unique method of reproduction that ensures that once they land a partner in the vast open waters, they remain latched for life.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Tracking down rare hereditary diseases
Dynamic structure of FLVCR proteins and their function in nutrient transport in our cells revealed It is known that malfunctions of the proteins FLVCR1 and FLVCR2 lead to rare hereditary diseases in humans that cause motor, sensory and neurological disorders. However, the biochemical mechanisms behind this and the physiological functions of the FLVCR proteins have been unclear to date.

Health - Pharmacology - 22.05.2024
Gentler cell therapies for blood cancer
Researchers have developed an approach to -deleting- a blood system affected by leukemia while simultaneously building up a new, healthy system with donor blood stem cells. Writing in the journal Nature, the team reports on the promising results obtained in animal experiments and with human cells in the laboratory.

Health - 22.05.2024
Epidurals associated with 35% reduction in severe maternal health complications in childbirth
Receiving an epidural during labour is associated with a significant reduction in severe maternal morbidity (serious health problems during childbirth or the six weeks following birth), according to new research that looked at data from more than half a million mothers in the UK. The findings suggest that improving access to epidurals during labour, alongside better information on the procedure for mothers, may help to decrease the risk of serious adverse health outcomes occurring from the time of birth to six weeks postnatally in the UK.

Health - Life Sciences - 22.05.2024
Adhesive coatings can prevent scarring around medical implants
New adhesive hydrogel coatings could prolong the lifespan of pacemakers, drug delivery depots, and other medical devices. When medical devices such as pacemakers are implanted in the body, they usually provoke an immune response that leads to buildup of scar tissue around the implant. This scarring, known as fibrosis, can interfere with the devices' function and may require them to be removed.

Life Sciences - Health - 22.05.2024
Scientists learn how to control muscles with light
Scientists learn how to control muscles with light
A new study suggests optogenetics can drive muscle contraction with greater control and less fatigue than electrical stimulation. For people with paralysis or amputation, neuroprosthetic systems that artificially stimulate muscle contraction with electrical current can help them regain limb function.

Agronomy / Food Science - Health - 21.05.2024
Chocolate that harnesses the full potential of the cocoa fruit
Chocolate that harnesses the full potential of the cocoa fruit
Researchers at ETH Zurich have teamed up with the food industry to produce a whole-fruit variety of chocolate. This helps increase the value creation of cocoa farming - and is healthier. For many people, chocolate is a sweet delight: its main components are cocoa mass and cocoa butter, which are extracted from the cocoa fruit.

Environment - Health - 21.05.2024
Tracking Down Toxic Metals From Tobacco Smoke
Key Takeaways Scientists have detected and measured 28 trace metals in secondhand and thirdhand tobacco smoke. They found that indoor concentrations of cadmium, arsenic, and chromium can exceed California-based health risk guidelines in homes and public places where people smoke. The study suggests that long-term indoor exposure to secondhand and thirdhand smoke may increase respiratory health risks for nonsmokers.

Health - Life Sciences - 21.05.2024
How immune cells recognize the abnormal metabolism of cancer cells
How immune cells recognize the abnormal metabolism of cancer cells
When cells become tumor cells, their metabolism changes fundamentally. Researchers at the University of Basel and the University Hospital Basel have now demonstrated that this change leaves traces that could provide targets for cancer immunotherapies. Cancer cells function in turbo mode: Their metabolism is programmed for rapid proliferation, whereby their genetic material is also constantly copied and translated into proteins.

Health - Campus - 21.05.2024
Rising home prices can harm peoples' health
Rising home prices can harm peoples’ health
Rapid increases in housing costs have taken a toll on people, including their health, according to Simon Fraser University (SFU) health sciences researchers. A new systematic review of 23 studies, published in BMC Public Health, on the impact of housing prices on health finds that such changes can both positively and negatively impact people's health.

Pharmacology - Health - 21.05.2024
Western-led analysis shows potential in new Alzheimer’s treatment
Alzheimer's disease is the most common cause of dementia, affecting more than 55 million people worldwide. Currently, the two main approaches for treatments to delay or slow its progression target the buildup of amyloid beta peptides - which form plaques in the spaces between nerve cells in the brain - and the buildup of tau protein, resulting in tangles which damage neurons.

Health - Career - 21.05.2024
Study offers ways to boost participation in program promoting healthy pregnancies, infant growth
Home visiting programs are effective in promoting healthy pregnancies, birth outcomes and infant growth and development-and new University of Michigan research offers ways to increase participation among eligible families. Michigan's Maternal and Infant Health Program-the largest evidence-based home visiting program in the state-reaches just 30% of the roughly 41,000 Medicaid-eligible pregnant people in the state qualified to participate.

Health - 21.05.2024
Young people find comfort in AI-generated responses
Study: The Role of AI in Peer Support for Young People: A Study of Preferences for Humanand AI-Generated Responses Youth frequently use the internet to seek support from their friends but don't always get helpful responses. Recent advances in AI technology may be able to help. Young people find support from AI-generated responses on topics ranging from relationships to physical health.
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