news 2024


Materials Science

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Environment - Materials Science - 18.07.2024
Bridging the 'Valley of Death' in carbon capture
Bridging the ’Valley of Death’ in carbon capture
Developed at EPFL, Heriot-Watt University, and ETH Zurich, PrISMa is a new platform that uses advanced simulations and machine learning to streamline carbon capture technologies, by taking into account the perspectives of diverse stakeholders early in the research process. Mitigating the effects of climate change has become a major focus worldwide, with countries and international organizations developing various strategies to address the problem.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.07.2024
Machine learning unlocks secrets to advanced alloys
An MIT team uses computer models to measure atomic patterns in metals, essential for designing custom materials for use in aerospace, biomedicine, electronics, and more. The concept of short-range order (SRO) - the arrangement of atoms over small distances - in metallic alloys has been underexplored in materials science and engineering.

Materials Science - 18.07.2024
OptoGPT for improving solar cells, smart windows, telescopes and more
Taking advantage of the transformer neural networks that power large language models, engineers can get recipes for materials with the optical properties they need Study: OptoGPT: A foundation model for inverse design in optical multilayer thin film structures (DOI: 10.29026/oea. Solar cell, telescope and other optical component manufacturers may be able to design better devices more quickly with AI.

Physics - Materials Science - 16.07.2024
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials' thermal properties
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials’ thermal properties
The approach could help engineers design more efficient energy-conversion systems and faster microelectronic devices, reducing waste heat. It is estimated that about 70 percent of the energy generated worldwide ends up as waste heat. If scientists could better predict how heat moves through semiconductors and insulators, they could design more efficient power generation systems.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 11.07.2024
Electric aviation: Batteries that stay strong for the flight duration
Borrowing methods from biology, a team of scientists and engineers designed and tested an electrolyte that keeps battery power delivery high, cycle after cycle Study: Omics-enabled understanding of electric aircraft battery electrolytes (DOI: 10.1016/j.joule. A battery component innovation could help keep power delivery high when electric aircraft land with low charge, according to a study led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with expertise from the University of Michigan.

History / Archeology - Materials Science - 10.07.2024
Prehistoric craftsmen created fake amber beads
Prehistoric craftsmen created fake amber beads
A US research team unveils this practice, which was intended to meet the demand in places where amber was scarce. A study by the QUANTAS research group of the University of Seville has revealed that prehistoric communities in Spain and Portugal developed the first known composite to simulate amber, reflecting the development of complex technical systems by these Neolithic artisans in regions where amber was scarce.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 10.07.2024
Breakthrough in Nanotechnology: New Method to Synthesize Amorphous Metal-Organic Frameworks and Coordination Polymers
Innovative research approach enables the development of new materials and applications in technology and medicine. Researchers at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, led Nicola Pinna, have made a groundbreaking advancement in nanotechnology, successfully extending the well-known Stöber method to synthesize amorphous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and coordination polymers (CPs).

Astronomy / Space - Materials Science - 09.07.2024
Building Materials for Water-Rich Planets in the Early Solar System
Investigations with participation by Heidelberg scientists show that later emerging small bodies brought water to the Earth Age data for certain classes of meteorite have made it possible to gain new findings on the origin of small water-rich astronomical bodies in the early solar system. These so-called planetesimals continually supplied building materials for planets - also for the Earth, whose original material contained little water.

Physics - Materials Science - 08.07.2024
New method for determining the exchange energy of 2D materials
New method for determining the exchange energy of 2D materials
Researchers from the University of Basel have looked at how the ferromagnetic properties of electrons in the two-dimensional semiconductor molybdenum disulfide can be better understood. They revealed a surprisingly simple way of measuring the energy needed to flip an electron spin. Ferromagnetism is an important physical phenomenon that plays a key role in many technologies.

Physics - Materials Science - 05.07.2024
New shapes of photons open doors to advanced optical technologies
New shapes of photons open doors to advanced optical technologies
In their recent paper , researchers from the University of Twente in the Netherlands have gained important insights into the elementary particles that make up light. These particles, photons , -behavein an amazingly greater variety than electrons surrounding atoms, while also being much easier to control.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 05.07.2024
Innovative battery design: more energy and less environmental impact
Innovative battery design: more energy and less environmental impact
A new electrolyte design for lithium metal batteries could significantly boost the range of electric vehicles. Researchers at ETH Zurich have radically reduced the amount of environmentally harmful fluorine required to stabilise these batteries. Lithium metal batteries are among the most promising candidates of the next generation of high-energy batteries.

Environment - Materials Science - 03.07.2024
How to increase the rate of plastics recycling
A national bottle deposit fee could make a dramatic difference in reducing plastic waste, MIT researchers report. While recycling systems and bottle deposits have become increasingly widespread in the U.S., actual rates of recycling are "abysmal," according to a team of MIT researchers who studied the rates for recycling of PET, the plastic commonly used in beverage bottles.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 02.07.2024
Researchers identify routes to stronger titanium alloys
The new design approach could be used to produce metals with exceptional combinations of strength and ductility, for aerospace and other applications. Titanium alloys are essential structural materials for a wide variety of applications, from aerospace and energy infrastructure to biomedical equipment.

Physics - Materials Science - 27.06.2024
Passion for paper
Passion for paper
Ruben Nicasy defended his PhD thesis at the Department of Applied Physics and Science Education on June 27th. Faster, greener and cheaper. These are currently the keywords within the printing industry, which is undergoing rapid innovations. TU/e researcher Ruben Nicasy developed an innovative method to determine how ink is absorbed by paper or cardboard in order to further improve print quality.

Agronomy / Food Science - Materials Science - 27.06.2024
Printed sensors in soil could help farmers improve crop yields and save money
Printed sensors in soil could help farmers improve crop yields and save money
University of Wisconsin-Madison engineers have developed low-cost sensors that allow for real-time, continuous monitoring of nitrate in soil types that are common in Wisconsin. These printed electrochemical sensors could enable farmers to make better informed nutrient management decisions and reap economic benefits.

Materials Science - 26.06.2024
What happens during the first moments of butterfly scale formation
What happens during the first moments of butterfly scale formation
New findings could help engineers design materials for light and heat management. A butterfly's wing is covered in hundreds of thousands of tiny scales like miniature shingles on a paper-thin roof. A single scale is as small as a speck of dust yet surprisingly complex, with a corrugated surface of ridges that help to wick away water, manage heat, and reflect light to give a butterfly its signature shimmer.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 25.06.2024
Gold membrane coaxes secrets out of surfaces
Gold membrane coaxes secrets out of surfaces
Using a special wafer-thin gold membrane, researchers have made it significantly easier to study surfaces. The membrane makes it possible to measure properties of surfaces that are inaccessible to conventional methods. "Surfaces were invented by the devil" - this quote is attributed to the theoretical physicist Wolfgang Pauli, who taught at ETH Zurich for many years and in 1945 received the Nobel Prize in physics for his contributions to quantum mechanics.

Environment - Materials Science - 24.06.2024
Researchers propose measures to optimise battery recycling: Eleven mines and 57 recycling plants fewer
Researchers propose measures to optimise battery recycling: Eleven mines and 57 recycling plants fewer
Eleven mines and 57 recycling plants fewer: economic and ecological potential for savings on material consumption for electromobility in Europe The demand for electric vehicles which run on batteries is increasing worldwide. At the same time, resources of primary battery materials - i.e. those obtained from mining activities - are limited.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 19.06.2024
Electric fields catalyse graphene's energy and computing prospects
Electric fields catalyse graphene’s energy and computing prospects
Researchers at the National Graphene Institute have made a groundbreaking discovery that could revolutionise energy harnessing and information computing. Their study, published in Nature , reveals how electric field effects can selectively accelerate coupled electrochemical processes in graphene. Electrochemical processes are essential in renewable energy technologies like batteries, fuel cells, and electrolysers.

Microtechnics - Materials Science - 14.06.2024
Robots au chocolat for dessert?
Robots au chocolat for dessert?
A fully edible robot could soon end up on our plate if we overcome some technical hurdles, say scientists involved in RoboFood - an project which aims to marry robots and food. Robots and food have long been distant worlds: Robots are inorganic, bulky, and non-disposable; food is organic, soft, and biodegradable.
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