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Physics - 22.07.2024
A bright future for high-energy muon beams
What will be the next high-energy particle accelerator after the Large Hadron Collider (LHC)- While a much larger proton-proton collider, such as the Future Circular Collider (FCC) being studied at CERN, or a linear electron-positron collider are two possibilities, a high-energy muon collider could be an attractive alternative to understand the fundamental constituents of matter at energies not currently accessible by the LHC.

Chemistry - Physics - 22.07.2024
Less is more: Efficient Hydrogen Production with Less Precious Metals
In a step towards sustainable energy, a team of researchers at the University of Twente led by Dr Marco Altomare have demonstrated a new method to reduce the use of precious metals such as platinum in green hydrogen production without sacrificing performance. The researchers published their findings in the Wiley VCH scientific journal Advanced Functional Materials .

Chemistry - Physics - 19.07.2024
New ATRP Approach Could Transform the Manufacturing of Specialty Plastics
Researchers in Carnegie Mellon University's Department of Chemistry have improved a popular technology used to generate a range of industrial plastics for applications ranging from paints and coatings to adhesives and sealants. Using environmentally friendly reaction conditions, including running the reaction in water with light and a water-soluble dye, the novel method offers a promising approach for creating polymers in a greener and more practical way during the emulsion polymerization process.

Physics - 19.07.2024
UCalgary study advances the frontiers of quantum batteries
UCalgary study advances the frontiers of quantum batteries
Physics prof's groundbreaking research shows significant progress in addressing miniaturization issues When we think about charging a battery, we typically imagine that the charge flows one way. For example, when we plug our smartphones in at night, we think of the charge as flowing from the outlet into the phone's battery.

Astronomy / Space - Physics - 18.07.2024
Cosmic fingerprints of sulfur rings
For the first time, a team of scientists from HFML-FELIX at Radboud University has unveiled the cosmic fingerprints of sulfur rings. These results, published in Nature Communications, may shed new light on the way sulfur was transported from dark interstellar clouds (where stars are formed) to young planetary systems and planets like Earth and Venus, and offers ways to search for cosmic sulfur using the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST).

Physics - Health - 18.07.2024
New imaging technique could diagnose cancer metastasis
New technique to diagnose cancer metastasis uses origami nanoprobes A team of Johns Hopkins engineers can locate aggressive cancers using laser light and folded DNA Johns Hopkins engineers have created a new optical tool that could improve cancer imaging. Their approach, called SPECTRA, uses tiny nanoprobes that light up when they attach to aggressive cancer cells, helping clinicians distinguish between localized cancers and those that are metastatic and have the potential to spread throughout the body.

Materials Science - Physics - 18.07.2024
Machine learning unlocks secrets to advanced alloys
An MIT team uses computer models to measure atomic patterns in metals, essential for designing custom materials for use in aerospace, biomedicine, electronics, and more. The concept of short-range order (SRO) - the arrangement of atoms over small distances - in metallic alloys has been underexplored in materials science and engineering.

Physics - 17.07.2024
Powerful new particle accelerator a step closer with muon-marshalling technology
Powerful new particle accelerator a step closer with muon-marshalling technology
New experimental results show particles called muons can be corralled into beams suitable for high-energy collisions, paving the way for new physics. Particle accelerators are best known for colliding matter to probe its make-up, but they are also used for measuring the chemical structure of drugs, treating cancers, and manufacturing silicon microchips.

Physics - Innovation - 17.07.2024
The magnet trick: New invention makes vibrations disappear
The magnet trick: New invention makes vibrations disappear
TU Wien (Vienna) has patented a completely new method of dampening vibrations. This is an important step for precision devices such as high-performance astronomical telescopes. When everything shakes, precision is usually impossible - everybody who has ever tried to take a photo with shaky hands or make handwritten notes on a bumpy bus journey knows that.

Physics - Chemistry - 17.07.2024
A New Approach to Accelerate the Discovery of Quantum Materials
Key Takeaways For the first time, researchers have demonstrated an approach that combines high-throughput computation and atomic-scale fabrication to engineer high-performance quantum defects. The methods provide a novel pathway to accelerate the discovery of quantum materials for game-changing applications in computing, telecommunications, and sensors.

Physics - 17.07.2024
Top quark measurement research supported by University of Glasgow particle physicists
Researchers from the School of Physics & Astronomy have been involved an important new measurement of the top quark made using data provided by the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). ATLAS and CMS are general-purpose particle detectors at CERN's LHC in Geneva. Physicists from the University of Glasgow have played key roles in the international ATLAS collaboration for decades.

Physics - Chemistry - 17.07.2024
Quantum light unlocks nature’s tiny secrets
Researchers at the University of Michigan have found a way to examine tiny structures, such as bacteria and genes, with reduced damage compared to traditional light sources. The new technique involves spectroscopy, which is the study of how matter absorbs and emits light and other forms of radiation, and it takes advantage of quantum mechanics to study the structure and dynamics of molecules in ways that are not possible using conventional light sources.

Physics - Astronomy / Space - 16.07.2024
Neutrino interaction rates measured at unprecedented energies
Neutrino interaction rates measured at unprecedented energies
A team including researchers from the Laboratory for High Energy Physics at the University of Bern has successfully measured the interaction rates of neutrinos at unprecedented energies using the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at CERN. A better understanding of these elusive elementary particles can help answer the question of why there is more matter than antimatter in the universe.

Physics - Materials Science - 16.07.2024
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials' thermal properties
AI method radically speeds predictions of materials’ thermal properties
The approach could help engineers design more efficient energy-conversion systems and faster microelectronic devices, reducing waste heat. It is estimated that about 70 percent of the energy generated worldwide ends up as waste heat. If scientists could better predict how heat moves through semiconductors and insulators, they could design more efficient power generation systems.

Health - Physics - 15.07.2024
New insights into molecular mechanisms of cholera infection
New insights into molecular mechanisms of cholera infection
Researchers investigate the strong interaction of cholera toxin with a key ganglioside on the surface of intestinal cells Cholera infections caused by Vibrio cholerae bacteria can be life-threatening and the trigger is the cholera toxin produced by the bacteria. It binds to the surface of intestinal cells - more precisely, to certain "sugar lipids" (GM1 gangliosides, GM1) on the cell surfaces.

Chemistry - Physics - 15.07.2024
Producing Hydrogen and Fertilizer at The Same Time
Producing Hydrogen and Fertilizer at The Same Time
This new concept could allow the needs of previously separate industries to be combined. A research team from the University Alliance Ruhr, Germany, has found a catalyst that can be used to convert ammonia into the energy carrier hydrogen and the fertilizer precursor nitrite. The production of hydrogen and the production of fertilizer have so far been separate chemical processes.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.07.2024
Caught in the Actinium
Key Takeaways Actinium is notoriously difficult to study and only available in small amounts. Researchers bound actinium with both a metal-trapping molecule and a protein to grow a crystal and reveal the compound's atomic structure. Scientists often use non-radioactive lighter elements to predict the chemistry of their radioactive heavier counterparts - and were surprised to find actinium behaved differently than expected based on their observations of its lighter counterpart, lanthanum.

Health - Physics - 11.07.2024
Unique scanner developed for planning proton therapy against cancer
A collaboration led by Enrique Nácher, from the Institute of Corpuscular Physics (IFIC), has developed the first fully Spanish proton tomography scanner. The device reuses prototypes from other nuclear physics projects and has been tested at a proton therapy centre in Poland. The first results of this project, developed in collaboration with the Institute of Structure of Matter (IEM-CSIC) and the Complutense University of Madrid (UCM), have been published in The European Physical Journal Plus.

Physics - Innovation - 10.07.2024
X-Ray Diffraction: Introducing a new era in threat detection
X-Ray Diffraction: Introducing a new era in threat detection
In collaboration with Smiths Detection, CEA-Leti developed an innovative detection module for small-angle X-ray diffraction.

Physics - 08.07.2024
A Time Crystal Made of Giant Atoms
A Time Crystal Made of Giant Atoms
Researchers from TU Wien (Vienna, Austria) and Tsinghua University (Beijing, China) have created an extremely exotic state of matter. Its atoms have a diameter a hundred times larger than usual. A crystal is an arrangement of atoms that repeats itself in space, in regular intervals: At every point, the crystal looks exactly the same.
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