news 2024


Social Sciences

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Psychology - Social Sciences - 22.05.2024
One in two children with ADHD experience emotional problems
Cambridge scientists have shown that problems regulating emotions - which can manifest as depression, anxiety and explosive outbursts - may be a core symptom of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD).

Social Sciences - History / Archeology - 22.05.2024
Anthropology, a shared discipline
Since 2022, anthropology has been in the spotlight at CNRS. Caroline Bodolec, the deputy scientific director behind this initiative, looks back at the main mediation actions around the discipline after it "put on a show" on April 30, 2024. The CNRS Sciences humaines & sociales "Sharing Anthropology" focus ended on April 30.

Social Sciences - 17.05.2024
Wastewater reveals socioeconomic link to alcohol consumption
People from a higher socioeconomic status drink more alcohol on average than those of lower socioeconomic background, according to new research from The University of Queensland. Dr Ben Tscharke from UQ's Queensland Alliance for Environmental Health Sciences (QAEHS) said the team analysed wastewater samples collected from 50 sites across Australia between 2016 and 2023, covering 50 per cent of the population.

Innovation - Social Sciences - 09.05.2024
Ivey prof develops strategy to bridge the digital divide
Ivey prof develops strategy to bridge the digital divide
New research shows need for 'design mindset' to include marginalized communities in the digital economy Whether it's a financial tracking app, a watch that monitors your health, or earphones that translate languages instantly, technology has revolutionized the human experience. Yet not everyone has equal access to these advantages.

Social Sciences - Health - 08.05.2024
ER screening tool can help identify youth at risk of experiencing firearm violence
Study: Association Between the SaFETy Score and Self-reported Firearm Violence Among Young Adults Presenting to Emergency Departments in Three Cities: A Cross-Sectional Study (DOI: 10.7326/M24-0026) Doctors may be better able to identify young adults and youth at risk of firearm violence by implementing a new screening questionnaire, according to a study published by researchers at the University of Michigan.

Health - Social Sciences - 08.05.2024
Researchers hope new report fuels reproductive health care research involving minors
Related story: Abortion policy is changing every day. Minors are the most vulnerableand the least understood A new report from Youth Reproductive Equity, a national collaborative of researchers and clinicians, outlines a research agenda to examine the impact of the Dobbs decision on minors. The lead author of the report, " Adolescence Post-Dobbs: A Policy-Driven Research Agenda for Minor Adolescents and Abortion - is Julie Maslowsky , associate professor at the University of Michigan School of Nursing and an affiliate of the Population Studies Center at the Institute for Social Research.

Health - Social Sciences - 02.05.2024
Targeting friends to induce social contagion to benefit the world
In a new study, researchers induced social contagion in Honduran villages by targeting people's friends to receive a health intervention. A new study co-authored by Yale sociologist Nicholas A. Christakis demonstrates that tapping into the dynamics of friendship significantly improves the possibility that a community will adopt public health and other interventions aimed at improved human wellbeing.

Environment - Social Sciences - 30.04.2024
Believing environmental damage is done by others can cause 'race to the bottom'
Believing environmental damage is done by others can cause ’race to the bottom’
A study shows that if communities think outsiders are stealing their forest resources, they are more likely to want to increase their own harvest. The research, led by Imperial College London and Max Plank Institute of Evolutionary Anthropology researchers, shows why effective boundaries around a community's common-pool resource are key to sustainable management of that resource.

Social Sciences - Health - 30.04.2024
Access to firearms for Californians ages 15-24 associated with increased suicide risk
Study examined ties between firearm proximity and psychological distress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts Health + Behavior Study examined ties between firearm proximity and psychological distress, suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts Key takeaways In 2022, youth who had access to firearms were approximately twice as likely to have attempted suicide during their lifetime.

Social Sciences - Health - 24.04.2024
Concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK
Research finds concerning trends in adolescent substance use in the UK Alcohol is the most commonly used substance, while vaping is now more common than cigarette smoking among young people, according to a new WHO/Europe report coordinated by researchers at the University of Glasgow. The latest data from across Europe, Central Asia and Canada, from the new Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC) study, paints a concerning picture of adolescent substance use in the UK and beyond.

Social Sciences - Computer Science - 24.04.2024
Efficacy of MIT-led Brave Behind Bars program
Programming course for incarcerated people boosts digital literacy and self-efficacy, highlighting potential for reduced recidivism. Several years ago, a team of scientists from MIT and the University of Massachusetts at Lowell designed and deployed a first-of-its-kind web programming course for incarcerated individuals across multiple correctional facilities.

Environment - Social Sciences - 18.04.2024
New study on Amazonia’s fire crises urges action ahead of the next burning season
In response to the escalating fire crises in the Amazon, a timely study has revealed alarming shortcomings in the emergency fire bans implemented by the Brazilian Government. Initially seen as a promising solution in 2019, these bans have consistently fallen short in subsequent years, revealing a pressing need for strategies that address the underlying causes of each type of fire.

Social Sciences - 17.04.2024
Group antenatal care still too little known, despite proven benefits
The Horizon2020 programme Group Care for the First 1000 Days is coming to an end. Researchers in seven countries, including three from the VUB, have worked with colleagues in the US to investigate the provision of antenatal care in participating countries. The study looked at group sessions rather than traditional monitoring through individual consultations, as is standard in Belgium.

Psychology - Social Sciences - 17.04.2024
Younger Canadians are more prone to self-judgment
Younger Canadians are more prone to self-judgment
A study by Simon Fraser University psychologists that examined different facets of mindfulness in Canadians has found that youth and adolescents are more likely to display traits of self-judgment and have worse mental health, including anxiety, depression and stress. By contrast, older participants were found to be more likely to be mindful and focus their attention on the present moment, observing themselves and others without judgment.

Social Sciences - Psychology - 16.04.2024
There are benefits - and risks - to pornography
There are benefits - and risks - to pornography
A new study reveals that viewing porn can either help or hinder sexual satisfaction, depending on the type of content. Consuming pornography can lead to improved sexual satisfaction - or it can be detrimental to it, as different content types are associated with different outcomes. That's what's revealed in a new study by Université de Montréal psychology professor Beáta Bothe , published in February in the Journal of Sex Research.

Social Sciences - 11.04.2024
Platforms such as Uber thrive on socio-economic inequality
Platforms that offer rides to passengers, such as Uber and DiDi, thrive on socio-economic inequality. By modelling the behaviour of passengers and self-employed drivers, researchers of TU Delft simulated the market for ridesourcing platforms, evaluating a broad spectrum of (in)equality levels in societies.

Health - Social Sciences - 09.04.2024
When and how touch is good for you
When and how touch is good for you
A hug can have a soothing effect. Even if it comes from a robot . Touch can do a lot of good - so far, so good. But to what extent do people benefit from it? How much touch is allowed? Who should touch and where? Does it even have to be another person with whom we come into physical contact? A research team from Bochum, Duisburg-Essen and Amsterdam analyzed over 130 international studies with around 10,000 participants to answer these questions.

Pharmacology - Social Sciences - 08.04.2024
Economic solution to Canada’s opioid crisis
Waterloo student uses mathematical modelling to bring awareness to opioid-related death reduction method Nasal-administered naloxone is more cost-effective and could help reduce the number of opioid-related fatalities compared to the current publicly funded intermuscular version, a new study has found.

Environment - Social Sciences - 08.04.2024
Restoring biodiversity in Canada
Restoring biodiversity in Canada
Environment As the world commemorates Earth Day 2024, a Waterloo researcher shares how we can unlock more Canadian restoration solutions with community and academic collaboration With the UN Decade on Ecosystem Restoration well underway, one message is taking center stage - we need to restore biodiversity on our planet.

Social Sciences - Health - 04.04.2024
Connection the key to retaining rural GPs
Connection the key to retaining rural GPs
A supportive workplace, work-life balance and a connection to rural communities are all key to retaining doctors in rural and remote areas of Australia, according to a new study from The Australian National University (ANU). The study involved two groups of general practitioners - those who'd completed their training in Australia and those who'd trained internationally - now working in regional NSW.
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