Results 21 - 40 of 597.

Administration - Computer Science - 30.07.2020
Trust in data privacy increases during pandemic
COVID-19 has seen Australians become more trusting of organisations and governments when it comes to their personal data and privacy, according to new research. The Australian National University (ANU) study examined more than 3,200 Australians' attitudes toward data privacy and security before and during the coronavirus pandemic, including the use of the COVIDSafe app.

Administration - 12.07.2020
Dual-Use Research Allowed Under Strict Conditions
Dual-Use Research Allowed Under Strict Conditions
The Board of Governors of the 3rd of July 2020 has approved the new policy vision regarding military and dual-use research at Ghent University. This has big implications for research and development at Ghent University as well as research financing by the European Defense Fund in 2021. Research that can possibly be used militarily, is now possible.

Psychology - Administration - 03.07.2020
Compulsive internet use by teens linked to emotional issues: study
Compulsive internet use by teens linked to emotional issues: study
A new study has found internet addiction in teenagers leads to difficulty regulating emotions. However there was no evidence that pre-existing emotional issues are a predictor of obsessive internet use. Published in the peer-reviewed journal Emotion , the paper is the first longitudinal study to examine the connection between internet addiction among teenagers and emotion regulation difficulties.

Administration - 01.05.2020
Most London pavements are not wide enough for social distancing
Two thirds of pavements in London are not wide enough for people to observe the government's advice to stay two metres apart, according to new UCL analysis. Looking at data for every street in Greater London, the researchers found that only 36% had pavements that were at least three metres wide - judged to be the minimum required for people to be able to keep their distance.

Health - Administration - 27.04.2020
Containment measures avoid 200,000 hospitalizations in Italy
Containment measures avoid 200,000 hospitalizations in Italy
Researchers have modeled the effects of containment and social distancing measures implemented by the Italian government to prevent the spread of COVID-19. Their findings show that contagion transmission was reduced by 45% in March. The model will now be used to analyze possible future scenarios. Since the beginning of the COVID-19 pandemic, mobility restrictions and social distancing measures implemented by the Italian government have avoided at least 200,000 hospitalizations and, over time, reduced contagion transmission by 45%.

Administration - Health - 23.04.2020
Support for increased police powers depends on public trust
Public support for increased police powers relies heavily on trust and legitimacy, according to a new study by UCL and the London School of Economics (LSE). In the new paper, published in the British Journal of Criminology , the authors assessed the factors that matter most to the public when deciding if they support the police's use of Live Facial Recognition (LFR) technology.

Health - Administration - 22.04.2020
Glasgow Lighthouse Lab facility begins processing samples for COVID-19
The Lighthouse Laboratory in Glasgow - a major new COVID-19 testing facility based in Scotland - is now operational. The Lighthouse Lab, which officially started testing samples for COVID-19 this week, is part of what will be the biggest network of diagnostic testing facilities in British history, alongside other Lighthouse Lab sites in Milton Keynes and Alderley Park, which were opened in recent days.

Economics - Administration - 21.04.2020
Debt-laden firms are more likely to risk work safety: study
Debt-laden firms are more likely to risk work safety: study
New international research has found that cutting corners on workplace safety to boost short-term financial gains may be rife among companies burdened with debt. The researchers anticipate the problem will only worsen as the COVID-19 crisis smashes the world's economies. Dr Di Fan from The Australian National University (ANU), who co-led the research, warned that Australian companies were susceptible to having a "myopic focus" at workers' expense.

Pharmacology - Administration - 24.03.2020
Oxford’s COVID-19 research receives government funding
Three Oxford-based COVID-19 projects are among the first to benefit from a share of £20 million in government investment. The three projects include work on an effective vaccine, enabling pre-clinical and clinical vaccine trials, as well as supporting researchers to develop manufacturing processes to produce a vaccine at a million-dose scale.†Another project will examine how existing treatments could be repurposed to treat coronavirus.

Social Sciences - Administration - 16.03.2020
Babies love baby talk, all the world over
Stanford psychologist Michael Frank and collaborators conducted the largest ever experimental study of baby talk and found that infants respond better to baby talk versus normal adult chatter. Babies love baby talk all over the world, says Michael Frank , the Stanford psychologist behind the largest study to date looking at how infants from across the world respond to the different ways adults speak.

Administration - 29.01.2020
Participatory democracy platforms gain traction in Switzerland
Participatory democracy platforms gain traction in Switzerland
An initial survey by researchers at EPFL has found that local and regional governments are increasingly turning to digital technology to understand the views of their citizens, especially on planning and development proposals. Governments across Switzerland are embracing civic technology. This is one of the headline findings of the first Civic Tech Barometer, a survey conducted by researchers from EPFL's Urban Sociology Laboratory (LaSUR) in partnership with Geneva Canton's Consultation and Communication Department.

Law - Administration - 13.01.2020
The value of occupational licensing dims in the online world
SIEPR Faculty Fellow Brad Larsen brings a twist to ongoing debates over licensing laws as his latest research shows how consumers don't care about occupational licenses amid online reviews and star ratings. Consider the last time you hired an electrician, plumber or painter. Did you care to check if they were licensed or not? If licensing status was not your priority, you are not alone, according to new research by Stanford economist Brad Larsen.

Environment - Administration - 10.01.2020
Water governance: could less sometimes be more?
Water governance: could less sometimes be more?
Researchers from UNIGE and UNIL analysed water governance in six European countries from 1750 onwards. They demonstrated that there has been an inflationary trend in the number of regulations, and that - far from improving the situation - this has led to serious malfunctions in the system. The use of environmental resources has been regulated for centuries with the aim of improving the management and behaviour of private and public actors on an on-going basis.

Astronomy / Space - Administration - 06.01.2020
A fast radio burst tracked down to a nearby galaxy
Channels McGill University News and Events Astronomers in Europe, working with members of Canada's CHIME Fast Radio Burst collaboration, have pinpointed the location of a repeating fast radio burst (FRB) first detected by the CHIME telescope in British Columbia in 2018. The breakthrough is only the second time that scientists have determined the precise location of a repeating source of these millisecond bursts of radio waves from space.

Administration - 20.12.2019
Border walls could have unintended consequences on trade
Three decades ago, the world was home to fewer than a dozen border walls. Now, their numbers have swelled to more than 50. In a supposed era of openness and collaboration, why are these structures not only persisting, but proliferating? According to research co-authored by a University of Chicago political scientist, border walls exist not only as manifestations of anti-globalist sentiment, but as barriers with real economic impact-some of which may be unintended.

Health - Administration - 16.12.2019
Cold infections may be less frequent in people with the flu
People were less likely to catch either influenza or a common cold-causing rhinovirus if they were already infected with the other virus, a new study by scientists from the Medical Research Council-University of Glasgow Centre for Virus Research has found. Understanding how these distinct viruses inhibit each other could help public health planning to improve forecasting models that predict respiratory disease outbreaks and strategies for controlling disease spread, say the scientists.

Administration - 03.12.2019
Opinion poll lessons reveal deficit in Government safety spending
An updated PolicyBristol briefing has revealed that people's health and safety have been greatly undervalued in the UK for the past 20 years. In the updated policy document , University of Bristol research shows that while opinion polls are not infallible, they are more accurate than the method used by the UK government to value human life.

Administration - 03.12.2019
Cultural differences account for global gap in online regulation - study
Differences in cultural values have led some countries to tackle the spectre of cyber-attacks with increased internet regulation, whilst others have taken a 'hands-off' approach to online security - a new study shows. Internet users gravitate towards one of two 'poles' of social values. Risk-taking users are found in 'competitive' national cultures prompting heavy regulation, whilst web users in 'co-operative' nations exhibit less risky behaviour requiring lighter regulation.

Economics - Administration - 20.11.2019
Government integrity holds key to tackling corporate corruption - study
Government leaders must set a good example to the business community if they want to eliminate corporate corruption, a new study reveals. Financial incentives and criminal punishment will not root out corrupt business practices, but a government culture of honesty, integrity and strong leadership could help to cure corruption.

Life Sciences - Administration - 23.10.2019
What happens in our brain when we do complex tasks?
Researchers are beginning to untangle what lies behind complex brain activity, with a combination of a brain imaging technique and a Sudoku-like puzzle, writes Dr James (Mac) Shine from the Brain and Mind Centre. Have you ever sat down to complete your morning crossword or Sudoku and wondered about what's happening in your brain? Somewhere in the activity of the billions of neurons in your brain lies the code that lets you remember a key word, or apply the logic required to complete the puzzle.