Results 81 - 100 of 597.

Environment - Administration - 10.09.2018
Managed retreat buyouts offer lessons for success
New research finds government buyouts of homes in floodplains have often lacked transparency. This could deter residents from participating in managed retreat, one of the main strategies for adapting to areas becoming more flood-prone, Stanford researcher suggests. Imagine a major storm hits your neighborhood and the government offers to purchase homes with "a history of flood damage." Your basement is completely flooded.

Administration - 07.09.2018
Quality early learning is good for children of all backgrounds
Spending more time in quality early years' education between ages two to four can have a positive impact on the cognitive development and social and emotional wellbeing of children - regardless of their social background, new research suggests. Children in this age bracket who spent more time with childminders, were also found to have fewer emotional difficulties, such as fears and worries.

Environment - Administration - 30.08.2018
Country ranking by oil production emissions
Emissions associated with oil and gas production are a significant source of greenhouse gases. A new analysis ranks countries by emission levels and identifies the major sources of emissions, a first step toward policy to regulate oil and gas production practices. Until renewable sources of energy like wind or solar become more reliable and less expensive, people worldwide remain reliant on fossil fuels for transportation and energy.

Health - Administration - 28.08.2018
Police-related fatalities may occur twice as often as reported
Police-related fatalities may occur twice as often as reported
Administrative affairs Arts and entertainment Buildings and grounds For UW employees Health and medicine Honors and awards Official notices Politics and government UW and the community Every day in the United States, an average of nearly three men are killed by police. This accounts for 8 percent of all homicides with adult male victims - twice as many as identified in official statistics, according to a study by the University of Washington and Cornell University.

Astronomy / Space - Administration - 27.08.2018
Jupiter had growth disorders
Jupiter had growth disorders
How Jupiter was formed? Data collected from meteorites had indicated that the growth of the giant planet had been delayed for two million years. Now the researchers have found an explanation: Collisions with kilometer-sized blocks generated high energy, which meant that in this phase hardly any accretion of gas could take place and the planet could only grow slowly.

Environment - Administration - 15.08.2018
Bird communities dwindle on New Mexico's Pajarito Plateau
Bird communities dwindle on New Mexico’s Pajarito Plateau
The numbers of birds and bird species are declining in an area where research predicts major loss of pine forests. Los Alamos scientist Jeanne Fair at Tsankawi on Bandelier National Monument, one area where the death of piņon pine trees may have caused a decline of some birds on the Pajarito Plateau.

Administration - Economics - 15.08.2018
New Swiss Bank Note Dedicated to Science
New Swiss Bank Note Dedicated to Science
Swiss National Bank releases new 200-franc note. Fourth banknote in latest series showcases Switzerland's scientific expertise The Swiss National Bank (SNB) will begin issuing the new 200-franc note on 22 August 2018.

Health - Administration - 13.08.2018
Rotavirus vaccine cuts Malawi's infant mortality
Rotavirus vaccine cuts Malawi’s infant mortality
Rotavirus vaccination reduced infant diarrhoea deaths by 34% in rural Malawi, a region with high levels of child deaths, according to a major new study led by UCL, the University of Liverpool, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health and partners in Malawi. The study, published in The Lancet Global Health, provides the first population-level evidence from a low-income country that rotavirus vaccination saves lives and adds considerable weight to the World Health Organisation's (WHO) recommendation for rotavirus vaccine to be included in all national immunisation programmes.

Computer Science - Administration - 26.07.2018
Burns' works authenticated by new, minimally destructive scientific technique
Burns’ works authenticated by new, minimally destructive scientific technique
Authenticating historic manuscripts can be a complicated and at times destructive process, with parts of the paper or ink damaged. However, a cross-disciplinary team of researchers from the University of Glasgow have found a novel way to accurately authenticate ancient documents in a minimally destructive way.

Health - Administration - 25.07.2018
Glaucoma hope from turmeric eye drops
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, a new study by Imperial and UCL researchers has found. In the new paper published in Scientific Reports, the researchers report a new method to deliver curcumin, extracted from the yellow spice turmeric, directly to the back of the eye using eye drops, overcoming the challenge of curcumin's poor solubility.

Health - Administration - 23.07.2018
Turmeric eye drops could treat glaucoma
A derivative of turmeric could be used in eye drops to treat the early stages of glaucoma, finds a new study led by UCL and Imperial College London researchers. In the new Scientific Reports paper, the researchers report a new method to deliver curcumin, extracted from the yellow spice turmeric, directly to the back of the eye using eye drops, overcoming the challenge of curcumin's poor solubility.

Health - Administration - 23.07.2018
Many health consumer groups fail to disclose industry sponsorship
University of Sydney experts call for greater transparency and independence by Australian health consumer groups, as new research reveals clouded disclosures about financial support and corporate sponsorship arrangements. Representing the interests of health consumers such as patients, their family and carers, health consumer organisations play an influential role in health care policy.

Environment - Administration - 19.07.2018
Workers’ rights should be at the heart of global sustainable development, says new report
Workers' rights should be at the heart of global sustainable development, says new report (17 July 2018) Workers' rights should be placed at the heart of global efforts to improve sustainable development, according to a new international study. The Unacceptable Forms of Work: Global Dialogue/Location Innovation report , led by Durham University, UK, came as the world's politicians met to review progress towards the United Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) .

Health - Administration - 17.07.2018
Depression during pregnancy rises in a generation
Anxiety and depressive symptoms during pregnancy have risen by 51 per cent within a generation according to findings from a major study by the University of Bristol published last week [Friday 13 July]. Using unique data from two generations who took part in Bristol's Children of the 90s longitudinal study, researchers examined responses to questions completed by the women during pregnancy to compare levels of depressive symptoms more than 20 years apart.

Health - Administration - 16.07.2018
New ways to target gambling harm identified
New ways to target gambling harm identified
New insights into gambling addiction from those experiencing its harmful effects will help inform more effective treatment and interventions. Researchers at the Centre for Gambling Research (CGR), based at The Australian National University (ANU), interviewed more than 50 people in the ACT about their experiences of gambling-related harm and the public health approaches to tackling the problem.

Health - Administration - 13.07.2018
Dr. Sandra Springer: On the other epidemic fueled by the opioid crisis
This spring, Yale associate professor of medicine and infectious disease expert Sandra Springer participated in a national workshop to address a recent rise in infectious diseases related to the opioid crisis. Convened by the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (NASEM), the workshop brought together top thinkers with a range of medical, public health, government, law enforcement, and community perspectives to develop an action plan for responding to the overlapping epidemics.

Health - Administration - 09.07.2018
Rising trend for keyhole appendix removal benefits kids
New University of Sydney research finds laparoscopic (keyhole) appendicectomy for children improves outcomes and is associated with a shorter length of hospital stay, compared to open appendicectomy. 'Keyhole' appendicectomies produce better health outcomes in children up to 16 years finds a new study that compares the post-operative outcomes of open versus laparoscopic appendicectomies (LA).

Health - Administration - 05.07.2018
Potential new drug for two life-threatening diseases
Derived from nature, a potential new drug to treat two life-threatening tropical diseases has been discovered as a result of collaboration between two Welsh universities. The team of researchers, led by Professor Andrew Westwell from Cardiff University, has successfully created a drug compound, from the goji berry plant, that is active against the parasites that cause schistosomiasis and fascioliasis.

Health - Administration - 03.07.2018
Research tackles global issues
Durham University's research is tackling global issues thanks to its success in securing over Ģ13m funding across 11 projects since 2016. The University has an excellent track record of being awarded funding from the Global Challenges Research Fund (GCRF). The GCRF supports cutting edge research to address challenges faced by developing countries.

Administration - 03.07.2018
’Chaotic’ government reforms are failing to tackle education inequality
Two-thirds of head teachers believe that inequalities between schools are becoming wider as a result of current government policy, according to a new 'state of the nation' report by the UCL Institute of Education (IOE). The four-year study, funded by the Nuffield Foundation, evaluated the government's 'self-improving school-led system' (SISS), which has become an overarching narrative for education policy since 2010, making schools more autonomous and accountable for their own improvement.