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Transport - Administration / Government - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit borders caught the eyes of politicians
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of ‘paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Transport - Administration / Government - 31.05.2018
How Imperial’s findings on post-Brexit border issues caught politicians’ eyes
Dr Ke Han has reflected on his work to predict post-Brexit traffic conditions on the M20/A20 motorway in Kent. Imperial College London's Dr Han has warned of ‘paralysis' on the M20/A20 motorways if we don't avoid customs delays after the UK leaves the European Union (EU). Commissioned by the BBC , his team created simulations of how motorway queues could stack up after longer border checks per vehicle at the ferry port in Dover , and at the Eurotunnel port in Folkestone, both in Kent.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 23.05.2018
SOM Insights: Could better predictions improve end-of-life care?
A team of Yale researchers has developed a statistical tool that can improve predictions of whether patients with advanced cancer are likely to die in the near term. Their analysis suggests that better understanding of the end of life could promote patient welfare by transferring more people from aggressive interventions to hospice care.

Administration / Government - Social Sciences - 23.05.2018
Government's grammar school funding won't improve children's outcomes
Government’s grammar school funding won’t improve children’s outcomes
Grammar school pupils do not gain any advantage over children who do not attend a grammar school by age 14, according to a new study from UCL. In the first study of its kind, researchers from the UCL Institute of Education (IOE) looked at a range of social and emotional outcomes, including young people's engagement and well-being at school, their aspirations for the future, in addition to educational attainment levels, to determine the benefits of attending a grammar school.

Social Sciences - Administration / Government - 23.05.2018
Unspoken cooperation more important than saying ’thank you’
New research from the University of Sydney has found people around the world usually don't say 'thank you' when someone fulfils a simple request. The findings suggest there is an unspoken willingness by most people to cooperate with others. The research, published in  Royal Society Open Science ,   examined almost 1000 examples from informal, everyday conversations between friends, families and neighbours in eight different languages.

Administration / Government - 15.05.2018
Size-based standards incentivize automakers to increase size of cars, study finds
In a new study, Asst. Prof. Koichiro Ito finds certain attribute-based regulations incentivize automakers to increase the weight of their vehicles. As the Trump administration weighs how to revise fuel economy standards, a new study finds footprint-based rules are less effective and more costly than a flat standard with credit trading.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Administration / Government - 15.05.2018
Climate change = a much greater diversity of species + a need to rethink conservation paradigms
A team of researchers believe that Quebec's protected areas are poised to become biodiversity refuges of continental importance. They used ecological niche modeling to calculate potential changes in the presence of 529 species in about 1/3 of the protected areas in southern Quebec almost all of which were under 50 km2 in size.

Innovation / Technology - Administration / Government - 11.05.2018
US boycott of Chinese researchers could 'stifle' global progress
US boycott of Chinese researchers could ’stifle’ global progress
Academics are warning that proposed measures by the Trump administration to restrict Chinese researchers from working in the US could 'stifle' global progress. The White House is discussing whether to limit the access of Chinese citizens to the United States , including restricting certain types of visas available to them and greatly expanding rules pertaining to Chinese researchers who work on projects with military or intelligence value at American companies and universities.

Politics - Administration / Government - 11.05.2018
People power
People power
In politics, your voices make a difference. At least at the state level of U.S. politics, that is. A new study co-authored by an MIT political scientist shows that state policies in the U.S. from 1936 through 2014 have been responsive to public opinion - and have become even more aligned with it in recent decades.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 02.05.2018
Drinkers support clearer labelling on alcohol products
New research led by the University of Bristol has found that drinkers support clearer labelling of alcohol products, including the provision of unit, calorie and health information, which would address current gaps in public knowledge. Improving the formatting of existing industry standard labels to display unit and calorie information per serving, and as proportions of recommended low-risk guidelines, can enhance understanding about the health impact of alcohol consumption.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 02.05.2018
Analysing data to understand type 2 diabetes: new study
Sydney researchers believe untapped medical records could be used to predict when a person is at risk of developing type 2 diabetes (T2D). In a new study published in the International Journal of Medical Informatics , researchers from the University of Sydney and the Capital Markets Cooperative Research Centre (CMCRC) analysed 1.4 million admission records from nearly 1 million de-identified patients using routinely collected administrative healthcare data.

Administration / Government - 27.04.2018
LGBTQ young adults experience homelessness at more than twice the rate of their peers
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender and queer young adults are more than twice as likely to experience homelessness as their non-LGBTQ peers. They are also at greater risk for experiencing high levels of hardship, including higher rates of assault, of exchanging sex for basic needs and of early death.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 23.04.2018
Potential gender bias against female researchers in peer review of research grants
Female health researchers who applied for grants were funded less often than male counterparts because of potential bias, found a study in CMAJ Female health researchers who applied for grants from Canada's major health research funder were funded less often than male counterparts because of potential bias, and characteristics of peer reviewers can also affect the result, found a study in the Canadian Medical Association Journal.

Administration / Government - 20.04.2018
Provenance Research: New Media Station and Online Portal with Recent Research Findings on Rudolf Mosse Collection
Joint Press Invitation by Freie Universität Berlin and Stiftung Preußischer Kulturbesitz: May 2, 2018, Alte Nationalgalerie No 072/2018 from Apr 20, 2018 The Mosse Art Research Initiative (MARI) was launched one year ago. The aim of MARI is to reconstruct the extensive art collection of the German Jewish publisher Rudolf Mosse (1843-1920) and to investigate where the works that were taken by the National Socialists are currently located.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 19.04.2018
Economic evaluations of genomic testing may have misleading conclusions
Research led at the Yale School of Public Health have found that the majority of published papers analyzing the cost-effectiveness of a widely used test for breast cancer used a study design that can increase bias.  Oncotype DX, a gene-expression profiling test, is used in clinical care to guide chemotherapy decisions for patients with early stage breast cancer.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 18.04.2018
Similarity between high-risk atherosclerotic plaque and cancer cells discovered
Similarity between high-risk atherosclerotic plaque and cancer cells discovered
New research from Lund University in Sweden shows that inflammatory, unstable atherosclerotic plaque has a metabolism that differs from that of stable plaque - and is similar to that of cancer cells. Future research will therefore investigate whether cancer drugs could potentially be used to treat cardiovascular disease.

Administration / Government - 10.04.2018
Australia struggles to plan for affordable homes
An Australian Housing and Urban Research Institute report, led by the University of Sydney, outlines suggestions for how to leverage the planning system to create more affordable housing. Requiring developers to including affordable housing when land is rezoned and incentives for projects offering lower rents or sale prices are two ideas outlined in the report.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 05.04.2018
Outpatient treatment for cancer condition offers effective new approach for patients
Outpatient treatment for cancer condition offers effective new approach for patients
A novel approach to treating fluid build-up around the lungs of cancer patients could deliver a more effective home-based treatment for thousands of people who might be approaching the end of their lives, according to a new study led by the University of Bristol and North Bristol NHS Trust. In patients with all types of cancer excess fluid can start to collect between the thin layers of tissue lining the outside of the lung and the wall of the chest cavity.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Administration / Government - 04.04.2018
Researchers to investigate screening for prostate cancer using MRI
A new clinical study will test for the first time if MRI scans can be used for population screening to detect prostate cancer more accurately. The current prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test is considered too unreliable for population screening, but researchers will investigate whether MRI could be used to screen men to pick up cancers earlier and more reliably, potentially helping to save lives.

Life Sciences - Administration / Government - 29.03.2018
Gene rhythm: how the circadian clock regulates 3D chromatin structure
Gene rhythm: how the circadian clock regulates 3D chromatin structure
EPFL biologists and geneticists have uncovered how the circadian clock orchestrates the 24-hour cycle of gene expression by regulating the structure of chromatin, the tightly wound DNA-protein complex of the cell. The work is published in Genes & Development. The circadian clock is an internal, biological "metronome" that dictates our 24-hour activity pattern.
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