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Business / Economics - Astronomy - 18.06.2018
Checking China’s pollution by satellite
Air pollution has smothered China's cities in recent decades. In response, the Chinese government has implemented measures to clean up its skies. But are those policies effective? Now an innovative study co-authored by an MIT scholar shows that one of China's key antipollution laws is indeed working - but unevenly, with one particular set of polluters most readily adapting to it.

Psychology - Astronomy - 18.06.2018
Why ’Find your passion!’ may be bad advice
The belief that interests arrive fully formed and must simply be "found" can lead people to limit their pursuit of new fields and give up when they encounter challenges, according to a new Stanford study. A new study by Stanford psychologists examines the hidden implications of the advice to " find your passion.

Astronomy - 17.06.2018
Antarctic ice cap melting faster and faster
Antarctic ice cap melting faster and faster
Research news Melting ice in the Antarctic has resulted in a 7.6 millimeter rise in the global sea level since 1992. Three millimeters of this increase were recorded in the last five years alone, according to a comprehensive study conducted with the participation of scientists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM).

Astronomy - Environment / Sustainable Development - 14.06.2018
Study may help humans colonise Mars and hunt for alien life
This might sound like science fiction, but space agencies and private companies around the world are actively trying to turn this aspiration into reality in the not-too-distant future. Scientists at ANU have contributed to an international study that will potentially help humans to colonise Mars and find life on other planets.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 14.06.2018
Scientists spot erupting jets of material as black hole tears a star apart
Astronomers have for the first time directly imaged a fast-moving jet of material ejected as a supermassive black hole consumed a star. Scientists have previously detected a few cases of black holes destroying stars, but this is the first time they have imaged a bright jet of material from the event.

Astronomy - Life Sciences - 12.06.2018
Gravity for the loss
Gravity for the loss
ESA Space in Images Space agencies of Europe, assemble! Last week, ESA, the German Aerospace Center (DLR) and French space agency CNES joined forces to run a special parabolic flight campaign entirely dedicated to life science experiments. Between 4 and 7 June, eight experiments were run in three different levels of partial gravity, another first for a parabolic flight campaign.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 12.06.2018
The True Power of the Solar Wind
The True Power of the Solar Wind
Electrically charged particles from the sun strike moons and planets with great force. The consequences of these impacts can now be explained by scientists from TU Wien. The planets and moons of our solar system are continuously being bombarded by particles hurled away from the sun. On Earth this has hardly any effect, apart from the fascinating northern lights, because the dense atmosphere and the magnetic field of the Earth protect us from these solar wind particles.

Physics / Materials Science - Astronomy - 11.06.2018
Discovery in the sky with nanodiamonds
A faint and mysterious stream of microwaves emanating from star systems far out in the Milky Way could be caused by tiny diamonds, new research has suggested. For decades scientists have been able to measure this ‘glow' of microwave light, dubbed the anomalous microwave emission (AME), coming from a number of regions in the night sky, but have yet to identify its exact source.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 11.06.2018
Experiments at Berkeley Lab Help Trace Interstellar Dust Back to Solar System's Formation
Experiments at Berkeley Lab Help Trace Interstellar Dust Back to Solar System’s Formation
Note: This press release was adapted from an original release by the University of Hawaii at Manoa in Honolulu. View the original release. Experiments conducted at the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) helped to confirm that samples of interplanetary particles - collected from Earth's upper atmosphere and believed to originate from comets - contain dust leftover from the initial formation of the solar system.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 11.06.2018
From Moon Rocks to Space Dust: Berkeley Lab's Extraterrestrial Research
From Moon Rocks to Space Dust: Berkeley Lab’s Extraterrestrial Research
From moon rocks to meteorites, and from space dust to a dinosaur-destroying impact, the Department of Energy's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) has a well-storied expertise in exploring samples of extraterrestrial origin. This research - which has helped us to understand the makeup and origins of objects within and beyond our solar system - stems from the Lab's long-standing core capabilities and credentials in structural and chemical analyses and measurement at the microscale and nanoscale.

Chemistry - Astronomy - 07.06.2018
3 Questions: Roger Summons on finding organic matter on Mars
3 Questions: Roger Summons on finding organic matter on Mars
NASA's Curiosity rover has found evidence of complex organic matter preserved in the topmost layers of the Martian surface, scientists report today in the journal Science . While the new results are far from a confirmation of life on Mars, scientists believe they support earlier hypotheses that the Red Planet was once clement and habitable for microbial life.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Astronomy - 06.06.2018
Changes in Earth’s orbit could explain rise and fall of ancient species
Using fossils, researchers found evidence that changes in Earth's orbit and axis of rotation caused changes in evolution, extinction rates of of ancient plankton. New research published in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences looks back 450 million years to reveal an important link between changes in our planet's motion through space, and the extinction and evolution of life on Earth.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 05.06.2018
Collisions of Dead Stars Spray Heavy Elements Throughout Small Galaxies
Collisions of Dead Stars Spray Heavy Elements Throughout Small Galaxies
Caltech scientists have found, for the first time, that merging pairs of neutron stars-the burnt-out cores of stars that have exploded-create the majority of heavy elements in small "dwarf" galaxies. Heavy elements, such as silver and gold, are key for planet formation and even life itself. By studying these dwarf galaxies, the researchers hope to learn more about the primary sources of heavy elements for the whole universe.  The origin of the majority of the heaviest elements of the periodic table, including 95 percent of all gold on Earth, has been debated for decades.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 04.06.2018
Magnetic field collisions around Saturn reveal planetary differences
Magnetic field collisions around Saturn reveal planetary differences
Magnetic reconnection - the explosive reconfiguration of two magnetic fields - occurs differently around Saturn than around Earth, according to new findings from the international Cassini mission involving UCL researchers. On Earth, the collisions which create aurora are only seen on the boundary between Earth's magnetic field and the magnetic field in interplanetary space.

Astronomy - Earth Sciences - 04.06.2018
Thank the moon for Earth’s lengthening day
For anyone who has ever wished there were more hours in the day, geoscientists have some good news: Days on Earth are getting longer. A new study that reconstructs the deep history of our planet's relationship to the moon shows that 1.4 billion years ago, a day on Earth lasted just over 18 hours.

Astronomy - Chemistry - 04.06.2018
Globular clusters 4 billion years younger than previously thought
Once thought to be formed soon after the Universe itself, new research finds Globular Clusters may be only around 9 billion years old Globular clusters age revised following research into the age of binary star systems within the clusters, with both thought to have been born at the same time Findings may change understanding of how the Milky Way and similar galaxies formed, with well over 100 Globular Clusters known to exist within the galaxy Ne

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 01.06.2018
International collaboration finds elusive neutron star
Two of the most powerful telescopes in the world worked together to find the faintest millisecond pulsar ever discovered. The collaboration between the Fermi Large Area Telescope and China's FAST radio telescope was spearheaded by Stanford physicist Peter Michelson. During the early morning hours of Feb.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 31.05.2018
Multiple metals - and possible signs of water - found in unique exoplanet
An international team of researchers have identified 'fingerprints' of multiple metals in one of the least dense exoplanets ever found.  The detection of a trace element such as lithium in a planetary atmosphere is a major breakthrough. Nikku Madhusudhan The team, from the University of Cambridge and the Instituto de Astrofísica de Canarias (IAC) in Spain used the Gran Telescopio Canarias (GTC) to observe WASP-127b, a giant gaseous planet with partly clear skies and strong signatures of metals in its atmosphere.

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 30.05.2018
Does Some Dark Matter Carry an Electric Charge?
Does Some Dark Matter Carry an Electric Charge?
Astronomers have proposed a new model for the invisible material that makes up most of the matter in the Universe. They have studied whether a fraction of dark matter particles may have a tiny electrical charge. "You've heard of electric cars and e-books, but now we are talking about electric dark matter," said Julian Munoz of Harvard University in Cambridge, Mass., who led the study that has been published in the journal Nature .

Astronomy - Physics / Materials Science - 28.05.2018
First light for SPIRou, exoplanet hunter
First light for SPIRou, exoplanet hunter
SPIRou, the new planet-hunting spectropolarimeter developed for the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT), has successfully recorded its first starlight. Ten years after it was first designed and following four intensive months of installation at CFHT, this international instrument in which France has played a leading role is on the point of initiating its scientific operations, namely the detection of exoplanets around nearby red dwarf stars and the study of newborn stars and planets.
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