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Business / Economics - Astronomy - 18.06.2018
Checking China’s pollution by satellite
Air pollution has smothered China's cities in recent decades. In response, the Chinese government has implemented measures to clean up its skies. But are those policies effective? Now an innovative study co-authored by an MIT scholar shows that one of China's key antipollution laws is indeed working - but unevenly, with one particular set of polluters most readily adapting to it.

Careers / Employment - Business / Economics - 18.06.2018
How emotions shape our work life
How emotions shape our work life
Jochen Menges, an expert in organisational behaviour, thinks that emotions matter profoundly for employee performance and behaviour. His studies bring nuance to our understanding of how employees wish to feel at work. A bit of emotion, a bit of up and down - that's what makes work meaningful Jochen Menges It is important for people to feel happy rather than miserable in their work - research shows that contented employees deliver better results after all.

Careers / Employment - Business / Economics - 12.06.2018
All in a day's work
All in a day’s work
Researchers at the University of Cambridge are helping to understand the world of work - the good, the bad, the fair and the future. Here, Simon Deakin, Catherine Barnard and Brendan Burchell launch our month-long focus on some of these projects. Researchers do not initiate projects simply to overturn conventional wisdom, but this is often what they end up doing, simply because few of the ideas or practices which are 'taken for granted' in everyday discourse can safely withstand this type of scrutiny.

Business / Economics - Environment / Sustainable Development - 05.06.2018
Regional inequalities within the EU ’have declined over the past 35 years’
New research from the University of Oxford and UFZ Helmholtz Centre for Environmental Research in Germany shows the gap between Europe's haves and have-nots has been narrowing over the past 35 years. The paper, a major comparative study of European urban and regional growth patterns, reveals that since 1980 cities and regions across the EU have been converging economically, becoming increasingly similar in per capita incomes and real growth rates.

Pedagogy / Education Science - Business / Economics - 05.06.2018
Immigrant and disadvantaged children benefit most from early childcare
Immigrant and disadvantaged children benefit most from early childcare
Attending universal childcare from age three significantly improves the school readiness of children from immigrant and disadvantaged family backgrounds, a new UCL study has found.† However, the research by the Centre for Research and Analysis of Migration (CReAM), shows the same universal childcare, only has a modest impact on the school readiness of children from advantaged backgrounds.† The study, which looked at German school entry exam data, also shows that immigrant children and children from disadvantaged backgrounds are less likely to attend childcare at age three.

Business / Economics - Law / Forensics - 04.06.2018
Eye-tracking software makes insurance policies easier to understand
Researchers at the University of Nottingham and insurance law firm Browne Jacobson LLP are using eye-tracking software to help insurers write policies that are much easier to read and understand. If you've ever found an insurance document difficult to read, then you are not alone. A new study has found that one of the reasons for this is the number of ‘uncommon words' which are used in most policies.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Business / Economics - 04.06.2018
'Carbon bubble' coming that could wipe trillions from the global economy - study
’Carbon bubble’ coming that could wipe trillions from the global economy - study
Macroeconomic simulations show rates of technological change in energy efficiency and renewable power are likely to cause a sudden drop in demand for fossil fuels, potentially sparking a global financial crisis. Experts call for a "carefully managed" shift to low-carbon investments and policies to deflate this "carbon bubble".

Business / Economics - 04.06.2018
High attrition rates may make ACA health insurance markets unstable
While the Affordable Care Act was successful in helping consumers continue to afford health insurance coverage after an unexpected income loss, a new study finds that people now drop out for another reason: They temporarily don't need it. This could cause the market to unravel, Stanford scholars say.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Business / Economics - 24.05.2018
EPFL analyzes the economic impact of three energy-transition scenario
A handful of EPFL laboratories teamed up to compare three energy-transition scenarios that vary in their use of fossil fuels and renewable energy and their energy efficiency. The study found that greater use of renewable energy, combined with more measures to enhance energy efficiency, would create more jobs in Switzerland and increase the country's energy independence without having any impact on the overall cost.

Business / Economics - Careers / Employment - 24.05.2018
Improved financial regulation deters misconduct, study finds
Improved regulation has deterred a greater amount of financial misconduct in the UK since the global financial crisis, according to new research published today. Researchers at UEA, Bangor University, and the Universities of Warwick and Otago conducted an analysis differentiating between detection and deterrence of financial misconduct during the period 2002-2016.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Business / Economics - 23.05.2018
What makes us well? Diversity, health care, and cycling to work matter
Diverse neighbors. Health centers. Commuter trains. These community attributes, and other key factors, are linked to well-being and quality of life, according to Yale researchers. In a new nationwide study of more than 300,000 adults, the Yale-led team found that people who live in communities that offer racial diversity, access to preventive health care, and public transportation, among other elements, are more likely to report high levels of well-being, the researchers said.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Business / Economics - 23.05.2018
Reducing emissions could save trillions
Stanford scientists found that the global economy is likely to benefit from ambitious global warming limits agreed to in the United Nations Paris Agreement. Failing to meet climate mitigation goals laid out in the U.N. Paris Agreement could cost the global economy tens of trillions of dollars over the next century, according to new Stanford research.

Environment / Sustainable Development - Business / Economics - 18.05.2018
Saving energy not only improves the climate
Introduction: UAntwerp and partners analysed the multiple impacts of energy efficiency in the European Horizon 2020-project COMBI. Saving energy not only improves the climate but also has positive impacts on air pollution, health, and ecosystems. Resource consumption, the economy and energy security also add benefits.

History / Archeology - Business / Economics - 17.05.2018
Ice-core study sheds light on ancient European civilisations
A study published in PNAS offer new insights into how European civilisations and their economies developed over time - finding links between levels of lead pollution trapped in Greenland ice and significant historical events, such as plagues, wars and imperial expansion.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Business / Economics - 16.05.2018
Most deprived are more likely to develop dementia
Most deprived are more likely to develop dementia
Older adults in England with fewer financial resources are more likely to develop dementia, according to new UCL research. Researchers analysed data from over 6000 adults born between 1902 and 1943 and found that the 20% most deprived adults were 50% more likely to develop dementia than the 20% least deprived adults.

Business / Economics - 15.05.2018
Online atlas explores north-south divide in childbirth and child mortality during Victorian era
Online atlas explores north-south divide in childbirth and child mortality during Victorian era
A new interactive online atlas, which illustrates when, where and possibly how fertility rates began to fall in England and Wales during the Victorian era has been made freely available from today.† In 1851, more than one in five children born in parts of Greater Manchester did not survive to their first birthday.

Business / Economics - Environment / Sustainable Development - 15.05.2018
Global tourism’s big carbon footprint
The true cost of our desire to travel, from flights to souvenirs, has been determined through a comprehensive study that reveals global tourism is a significant and growing contributor to greenhouse gas emissions. The research found the global tourism footprint of tourism-related greenhouse gas emission is four times greater than previous estimates, and is responsible for eight per cent of global emissions.

Psychology - Business / Economics - 10.05.2018
Analysing the 2011 riots: Why the emotional impact extended far beyond the affected communities
Analysing the 2011 riots: Why the emotional impact extended far beyond the affected communities
Analysing the 2011 riots: Why the emotional impact extended far beyond the affected communities New research investigating the emotional effects of the 2011 riots across England has found that the negative impacts were felt by communities far removed from where the activity took place, with black neighbourhoods being particularly severely impacted.

Business / Economics - 09.05.2018
For food-aid recipients, information is power
For food-aid recipients, information is power
Even for poor villagers in rural Indonesia, information is power. That is the implication of a newly published study co-authored by MIT economists, which finds that recipients of government aid collect more of the goods intended for them when they know more about the aid program they're enrolled in.

Medicine / Pharmacology - Business / Economics - 04.05.2018
Why child mortality is 1.5 times higher in England than Sweden
Why child mortality is 1.5 times higher in England than Sweden
Premature births, low birth weight and birth anomalies explain why England has a higher death rate than Sweden among children under 5 years old, according to a new study led by UCL. The study, published today in The Lancet , compared more than 3.9 million English births and 1 million Swedish births to understand factors driving higher rates of child mortality in England.† Researchers found the difference is largely due to children in England typically weighing less at birth, being born earlier, and having more birth anomalies (such as congenital heart defects) than in Sweden.
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