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Chemistry - Physics - 19.07.2024
New ATRP Approach Could Transform the Manufacturing of Specialty Plastics
Researchers in Carnegie Mellon University's Department of Chemistry have improved a popular technology used to generate a range of industrial plastics for applications ranging from paints and coatings to adhesives and sealants. Using environmentally friendly reaction conditions, including running the reaction in water with light and a water-soluble dye, the novel method offers a promising approach for creating polymers in a greener and more practical way during the emulsion polymerization process.

Chemistry - Health - 17.07.2024
Soft, stretchy 'jelly batteries' inspired by electric eels
Soft, stretchy ’jelly batteries’ inspired by electric eels
Researchers have developed soft, stretchable 'jelly batteries' that could be used for wearable devices or soft robotics, or even implanted in the brain to deliver drugs or treat conditions such as epilepsy. The researchers, from the University of Cambridge, took their inspiration from electric eels, which stun their prey with modified muscle cells called electrocytes.

Physics - Chemistry - 17.07.2024
A New Approach to Accelerate the Discovery of Quantum Materials
Key Takeaways For the first time, researchers have demonstrated an approach that combines high-throughput computation and atomic-scale fabrication to engineer high-performance quantum defects. The methods provide a novel pathway to accelerate the discovery of quantum materials for game-changing applications in computing, telecommunications, and sensors.

Physics - Chemistry - 17.07.2024
Quantum light unlocks nature’s tiny secrets
Researchers at the University of Michigan have found a way to examine tiny structures, such as bacteria and genes, with reduced damage compared to traditional light sources. The new technique involves spectroscopy, which is the study of how matter absorbs and emits light and other forms of radiation, and it takes advantage of quantum mechanics to study the structure and dynamics of molecules in ways that are not possible using conventional light sources.

Chemistry - Physics - 15.07.2024
Producing Hydrogen and Fertilizer at The Same Time
Producing Hydrogen and Fertilizer at The Same Time
This new concept could allow the needs of previously separate industries to be combined. A research team from the University Alliance Ruhr, Germany, has found a catalyst that can be used to convert ammonia into the energy carrier hydrogen and the fertilizer precursor nitrite. The production of hydrogen and the production of fertilizer have so far been separate chemical processes.

Physics - Chemistry - 15.07.2024
Caught in the Actinium
Key Takeaways Actinium is notoriously difficult to study and only available in small amounts. Researchers bound actinium with both a metal-trapping molecule and a protein to grow a crystal and reveal the compound's atomic structure. Scientists often use non-radioactive lighter elements to predict the chemistry of their radioactive heavier counterparts - and were surprised to find actinium behaved differently than expected based on their observations of its lighter counterpart, lanthanum.

Life Sciences - Chemistry - 12.07.2024
Slimed, sealed and secreted: Frog glue, and what makes it stick
Slimed, sealed and secreted: Frog glue, and what makes it stick
A multidisciplinary team of researchers from the Vrije Universiteit Brussel, University of Mons, VIB-VUB Center for Structural Biology and KU Leuven has deciphered one of the most fascinating but least understood chemical defence adaptations in the Animal Kingdom: glue. In a newly published article in Nature Communications , they report on how changes in the structure and expression of two proteins underlay the parallel evolution of defence glues in distantly related frog lineages.

Chemistry - Life Sciences - 11.07.2024
Biological Science Helps Fuel the Future of Electric Air Travel
When it comes to figuring out why electric aircraft batteries lose power over time, one typically wouldn't think to turn to a decades-old approach biologists use to study the structure and function of components in living organisms. However, it turns out that omics, a field that helped scientists unravel the secrets of the human genome, could also soon play a key role in making carbon-free air travel a reality.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 11.07.2024
Electric aviation: Batteries that stay strong for the flight duration
Borrowing methods from biology, a team of scientists and engineers designed and tested an electrolyte that keeps battery power delivery high, cycle after cycle Study: Omics-enabled understanding of electric aircraft battery electrolytes (DOI: 10.1016/j.joule. A battery component innovation could help keep power delivery high when electric aircraft land with low charge, according to a study led by Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory with expertise from the University of Michigan.

Chemistry - Materials Science - 10.07.2024
Breakthrough in Nanotechnology: New Method to Synthesize Amorphous Metal-Organic Frameworks and Coordination Polymers
Innovative research approach enables the development of new materials and applications in technology and medicine. Researchers at Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, led Nicola Pinna, have made a groundbreaking advancement in nanotechnology, successfully extending the well-known Stöber method to synthesize amorphous metal-organic frameworks (MOFs) and coordination polymers (CPs).

Chemistry - Environment - 09.07.2024
Mining rare earth metals from electronic waste
Mining rare earth metals from electronic waste
Researchers are developing a process inspired by nature that efficiently recovers europium from old fluorescent lamps. The approach could lead to the long-awaited recycling of rare earth metals. Rare earth metals are not as rare as their name suggests. However, they are indispensable for the modern economy.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 05.07.2024
Innovative battery design: more energy and less environmental impact
Innovative battery design: more energy and less environmental impact
A new electrolyte design for lithium metal batteries could significantly boost the range of electric vehicles. Researchers at ETH Zurich have radically reduced the amount of environmentally harmful fluorine required to stabilise these batteries. Lithium metal batteries are among the most promising candidates of the next generation of high-energy batteries.

Chemistry - 03.07.2024
Goodbye, counterfeit: Western team develops material to quash forgery
Counterfeiters are getting increasingly more sophisticated in forging everything from diplomas and currency to medications and artwork. While protective measures such as luminescent markings - which glow under ultraviolet light - have been around for a while, forgers have figured out how to exploit the weaknesses in these techniques.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 02.07.2024
Researchers identify routes to stronger titanium alloys
The new design approach could be used to produce metals with exceptional combinations of strength and ductility, for aerospace and other applications. Titanium alloys are essential structural materials for a wide variety of applications, from aerospace and energy infrastructure to biomedical equipment.

Pharmacology - Chemistry - 01.07.2024
Using visible light to make pharmaceutical building blocks
Study: Visible-light-mediated aza Paterné-Büchi reaction of acyclic oximes and alkenes to azetidines University of Michigan chemists have discovered a way to use visible light to synthesize a class of compounds particularly well suited for use in pharmaceuticals. The class of compounds, called azetidines, had been previously identified as a good candidate to build therapeutic drugs, but the compounds are difficult to produce in chemical reactions.

Chemistry - 27.06.2024
No More Stressing Out over Structural Formulas
No More Stressing Out over Structural Formulas
Oh dear, chemical formulas! With just a few simple tips, students can prevent stress and ruining their grade in a biology test. Structural formulas are a source of dread for many students, but they're an essential tool in biology lessons.

Chemistry - Pharmacology - 27.06.2024
Computational modeling to guide a difficult chemical synthesis
Using this new approach, researchers could develop drug compounds with unique pharmaceutical properties. Researchers from MIT and the University of Michigan have discovered a new way to drive chemical reactions that could generate a wide variety of compounds with desirable pharmaceutical properties.

Chemistry - Environment - 26.06.2024
Solar Technology: Light-Harvesting System Works Very Efficiently
Würzburg researchers from the Bavarian initiative Solar Technologies Go Hybrid are reporting progress on the road to more efficient utilisation of solar energy: they have developed an innovative light-harvesting system. In order to convert sunlight into electricity or other forms of energy as efficiently as possible, the very first step is an efficient light-harvesting system.

Chemistry - 26.06.2024
An optical lens that senses gas
An optical lens that senses gas
A research team from the University of Jena has developed a small optical lens, only a few millimetres in size, whose refractive behaviour changes in the presence of gas. As reported by the researchers in the journal Nature Communications, this "intelligent" behaviour of the micro-lens is enabled by the hybrid glass material from which it is made.

Materials Science - Chemistry - 25.06.2024
Gold membrane coaxes secrets out of surfaces
Gold membrane coaxes secrets out of surfaces
Using a special wafer-thin gold membrane, researchers have made it significantly easier to study surfaces. The membrane makes it possible to measure properties of surfaces that are inaccessible to conventional methods. "Surfaces were invented by the devil" - this quote is attributed to the theoretical physicist Wolfgang Pauli, who taught at ETH Zurich for many years and in 1945 received the Nobel Prize in physics for his contributions to quantum mechanics.
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