Results 41 - 60 of 97.
Health - Civil Engineering - 20.12.2016
New research helps harness healing
The discovery of a regenerative stem cell active in human blood vessels could help patients with diabetes and cardiovascular disease. The University of Queensland Dr Jatin Patel said the finding overcomes one of the biggest hurdles in understanding cardiovascular disease and how wounds heal. "It will allow research to focus on improving the use of blood vessels which are often under strain in patients with conditions like cardiovascular disease and diabetes," Dr Patel said.
Civil Engineering - 12.12.2016
New laser scanning test to assess fire-damaged concrete
Engineering research at The University of Nottingham, UK and Ningbo, China (UNNC) has found laser scanning is a new and viable structural safety technique to detect the damaging effects of fire on concrete. Concrete is the most extensively used construction material worldwide with an average global yearly consumption of 1m3 per person.
Civil Engineering - Health - 22.11.2016
MRI successful new test for liver damage, say Nottingham experts
Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) could offer a new non-invasive test for liver damage that could transform the care of patients with cirrhosis, say experts in Nottingham. In a paper published in the Journal of Hepatology , the researchers from The University of Nottingham and Nottingham University Hospitals NHS Trust have demonstrated that MRI can be successfully used to estimate the pressure in the circulation of the liver.
Civil Engineering - Earth Sciences - 18.10.2016
Australia’s busiest days of the week... by temperature
Melbourne's busiest day is Thursday, Sydneysiders are hardest at it on a Friday while Sunday commonly appears to be a day of rest, according to a new analysis of city temperatures. The new research, led by the University of Melbourne, investigated temperatures in some of Australia's major cities to reveal a fascinating insight into just how human activity affects the urban environment.
Civil Engineering - Health - 01.09.2016
Measuring exposure to pollution
What's the best way to measure human exposure to urban pollution? Typically, cities do so by studying air-quality levels in fixed places. New York City, for example, has an extensive monitoring network that measures air quality in 155 locations. But now a study led by MIT researchers, focused on New York City, suggests that using mobile-phone data to track people's movement provides an even deeper picture of exposure to pollution in urban settings.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 17.08.2016
Wildlife in hedgerows suffers when next to roads or pavements
A citizen science study has revealed that being next to just one hard surface reduces the diversity of plants and animals in hedgerows. The UK-wide study asked volunteers to record details about hedges both in rural settings, like farmland, and urban settings, like gardens. Nearly 3,000 hedgerows were investigated by members of the public.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 27.06.2016
Super-slow circulation allowed world’s oceans to store huge amounts of carbon during the last ice age
The way the ocean transported heat, nutrients and carbon dioxide at the peak of the last ice age, about 20,000 years ago, is significantly different than what has previously been suggested, according to two new studies. The findings suggest that the colder ocean circulated at a very slow rate, which enabled it to store much more carbon for much longer than the modern ocean.
Civil Engineering - Life Sciences - 21.06.2016
Urban bird species risk dying prematurely due to stress
Birds of the species Parus Major (great tit) living in an urban environment are at greater risk of dying young than great tits living outside cities. Research results from Lund University in Sweden show that urban great tits have shorter telomeres than others of their own species living in rural areas.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 31.05.2016
What birds’ attitudes to litter tell us about their ability to adapt
Urban birds are less afraid of litter than their country cousins, according to a new study, which suggests they may learn that litter in cities is not dangerous. The research could help birds to adapt to urban settings better, helping them to survive increasing human encroachment on their habitats.
Civil Engineering - Health - 12.05.2016
More psychotic symptoms among children in cities; new study explores why
Lower social cohesion among neighbours and higher crime rates contribute to higher rates of psychotic symptoms among urban children, a new study from researchers at Duke University and King's College London finds. Previous research has also identified higher rates of psychotic symptoms among children in cities.
Civil Engineering - 05.05.2016
Thinking differently could affect power of traumatic memories
People who may be exposed to trauma can train themselves to think in a way that could protect them from PTSD symptoms, according to a study from King's College London and Oxford University. Clinical psychologists Rachel White and Jennifer Wild wanted to test whether a way of thinking about situations called concrete processing could reduce the number of intrusive memories experienced after a traumatic event.
Civil Engineering - 04.04.2016
New concrete tower construction method for wind turbines
The new concrete tower construction method, which has been developed by TU Wien, offers significant benefits specifically for wind turbines. More and more wind power plants are producing electricity - but what is the best method for building them? The team led by Prof. Johann Kollegger at the Institute of Structural Engineering at TU Wien has developed a new tower construction method which combines the key benefits of the existing methods.
Innovation - Civil Engineering - 01.04.2016
A wooden roof without beams for the cantonal parliament in Lausanne
01. All wood, no beams: the cantonal parliament in Lausanne, which is currently being rehabilitated, will be roofed using new wood construction technology researched and developed at EPFL.
Civil Engineering - Career - 07.03.2016
Mutated gene safeguards against heart attacks
Companies with women on their executive and supervisory boards are valued more highly by the stock markets. Investors rate the performance of the few women who climbed to the top of the career ladder in companies without a gender quota as being better than that of their male peers. Economists from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and the University of Hong Kong used an unusual method to reach this conclusion.
Civil Engineering - 23.02.2016
"Not all roads have to lead to Munich"
The Munich metropolitan area is under pressure from the rapidly growing economy and population. Affordable living space is difficult to come by and the transport infrastructure is overloaded. Researchers at Technical University of Munich (TUM) have provided approaches for how to sustainably change transportation planning and regional development as part of the study "Living, Working and Mobility in Munich Metropolitan Area".
Civil Engineering - Health - 13.02.2016
TUM at AAAS: Concrete with self-healing powers
Bridges, tunnels and roads: Concrete is the main component of our infrastructure. And when the structural elements need to be repaired, it often leads to long traffic jams. At the Annual Meeting of the AAAS (American Association for the Advancement of Science) in Washington, D.C. Prof. Christian Grosse from the Technical University of Munich (TUM) and other experts talked about smart materials for sustainable infrastructure.
Civil Engineering - Environment - 02.02.2016
Risk of lead poisoning from urban gardening is low, new study finds
Using compost is the single best thing you can do to protect your family from any danger associated with lead in urban soils. Good compost will also guarantee that you will have plenty of vegetables to harvest. That's the main finding of a paper appearing this month in the Journal of Environmental Quality.
Civil Engineering - 07.12.2015
City dwellers travel more but pollute less
Statistics show that urbanites travel thousands of miles during their leisure time. Is it an urgent need for greenery?
Civil Engineering - Environment - 18.11.2015
New urban heat island study shows surprising variation in air temperatures across Twin Cities
Results provide valuable insights into efforts to reduce heat-related harm in metro areas globally Some parts of the Twin Cities can spike temperatures up to 9°F higher than surrounding communities thanks to the "urban heat island" effect, according to a new study from the University of Minnesota.
Civil Engineering - Chemistry - 28.10.2015
UK’s first trial of self-healing concrete
A University-led project is testing ways of automatically repairing concrete without human intervention The first major trial of self-healing concrete in the UK, led by a team of researchers from the School of Engineering , is being undertaken at a site in the South Wales Valleys. The project, entitled Materials for Life (M4L), is piloting three separate concrete-healing technologies for the first time in real-world settings, with a view to incorporating them into a single system that could be used to automatically repair concrete in the built environment.