Civil Engineering

Results 61 - 80 of 95.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 15.09.2015
Young chum salmon may get biggest nutrition boost from Elliott Bay restored beaches
Young chum salmon may get biggest nutrition boost from Elliott Bay restored beaches
In the midst of ferry boats, container ships and tourists crowding Seattle's Elliott Bay, young salmon are just trying to get a decent meal. The fish hatch in the rivers and streams that feed into Puget Sound and almost immediately rely on eating small organisms near the shore, including in the heart of Seattle's commerce-filled waterfront.

Chemistry - Civil Engineering - 26.08.2015
Urban grime discovery from University of Toronto captures world's attention
Much to his surprise, University of Toronto chemistry professor James Donaldson found himself a media star this month, thanks to urban grime. Donaldson has been studying urban grime for over a decade. He recently presented research at the annual convention of the American Chemical Society detailing how sunlight triggers the release of smog-forming nitrogen oxide compounds from the dirt that builds up on buildings and statues in cities.

Civil Engineering - Life Sciences - 11.08.2015
Here’s looking at you: research shows jackdaws can recognise individual human faces
When you're prey, being able to spot and assess the threat posed by potential predators is of life-or-death importance. In a paper published today in Animal Behaviour , researchers from the University of Cambridge's Department of Psychology show that wild jackdaws recognise individual human faces, and may be able to tell whether or not predators are looking directly at them.

Civil Engineering - Health - 02.07.2015
Should we all escape to the country during a heatwave?
A new way of mapping temperatures in a city will allow local authorities to consider areas with the most vulnerable people in future heatwave plans. A University of Birmingham research project has highlighted the potential health impacts of heatwaves in urbanised areas. By modelling the 2003 heatwave the researchers were able to identify areas where city centres were up to 7°C hotter than the surrounding countryside in the West Midlands.

Health - Civil Engineering - 11.06.2015
Research in the news: Study sheds light on atrial fibrillation symptoms, quality of life
Most patients with atrial fibrillation - the most common type of abnormal heart rhythm - experience multiple symptoms and decreased quality of life, according to a large, nationally representative study. The findings may lead to more targeted interventions in these patients, says a Yale researcher. Atrial fibrillation (AF) is an irregular, rapid heart rate that affects circulation and raises the risk of stroke and death in patients.

Civil Engineering - 25.05.2015
Glancing at a grassy green roof significantly boosts concentration
Jane Gardner Media Advisor +61 3 8344 0181 +61 411 758 984† A University of Melbourne study shows that glancing at a grassy green roof for only 40 seconds markedly boosts concentration.† The study, published in the Journal of Environmental Psychology , gave 150 students a boring, attention-sapping task.

Economics / Business - Civil Engineering - 07.04.2015
Common birds bring economic vitality to cities, new study finds
Common birds bring economic vitality to cities, new study finds
Is it worth having birds in the city? If you live in Seattle or Berlin, the answer is yes, to the tune of $120 million and $70 million a year for each city, respectively. A new study published last month in the journal Urban Ecosystems tries to determine what economic value residents in two comparable cities place on having birds in their backyards and parks.

Health - Civil Engineering - 02.03.2015
Studying Dengue Fever in West Africa
A team of scientists has determined that dengue is being misdiagnosed as malaria in Ghana, and possibly elsewhere in Africa. By Marie Guma Diaz UM News CORAL GABLES, Fla. (March 02, 2015) — Misdiagnosis of febrile illnesses as malaria is a continuing problem in Africa. A new study shows that in Ghana, dengue fever is circulating in urban areas and going undiagnosed.

Computer Science - Civil Engineering - 25.02.2015
Ramp metering and speed limits to prevent traffic jams
Ramp metering and speed limits to prevent traffic jams
Researchers showed that by managing the access to freeway junctions and moderating the speed limit on the express lanes it is possible to reduce delays by over 12% across the highway system. In 30 years, traffic has more than tripled on most Swiss highways. On the A1, it even increased from 20'000 to nearly 90'000 vehicles per day, between Lausanne and Geneva.

Civil Engineering - Life Sciences - 02.02.2015
Urban taste for bushmeat poses threat to Amazonian wildlife
Urban taste for bushmeat poses threat to Amazonian wildlife
Research has uncovered alarming evidence of an underreported wild-meat crisis in the heart of Amazonia. Scientists from Lancaster University and Brazil ed households in two Brazilian ‘prefrontier' cities - cities which are surrounded by more than 90 per cent of their original forest cover. They found virtually all urban households in these cities (Borba and Novo Aripuan„) consumed wildlife for food, including fish (99%), bushmeat (mammals and birds; 79%), turtles and tortoises (48%) and caimans (28%).

Health - Civil Engineering - 10.12.2014
Biomarker discovery sheds new light on heart attack risk of arthritis drugs
Biomarker discovery sheds new light on heart attack risk of arthritis drugs
A class of drug for treating arthritis - all but shelved over fears about side effects - may be given a new lease of life following new research. The new study, led by Imperial College London and published in the journal Circulation , sheds new light on the 10-year-old question of how COX-2 inhibitors - a type of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) - can increase the risk of heart attack in some people, and suggests a possible way to identify which patients should avoid using it.

Civil Engineering - Earth Sciences - 28.11.2014
Greener cities are cooler cities in summer: new guide reveals how
Andi Horvath 0419 359 350 or Nerissa Hannink† 0430 588 055 news(at) Australian councils are being urged to take up new guidelines in green urban planning to create cooler cites with greener landscapes to reduce the risk of heat stress. Australia is experiencing a trend of hotter temperatures and as a result heat stress is now a serious health problem for Australians who live in urban areas.

Health - Civil Engineering - 14.10.2014
Urban dwellers more likely to be admitted to care
A new study has shown that older people living in towns and cities in Northern Ireland are a quarter more likely to be admitted to care homes than people living in rural areas. Researchers from the University of Glasgow found that rural dwellers had greater access to informal networks of care, such as family, friends and neighbours, which decreased their reliance on the care system.

Civil Engineering - 30.09.2014
Swimming Sea-Monkeys Reveal How Zooplankton May Help Drive Ocean Circulation
Swimming Sea-Monkeys Reveal How Zooplankton May Help Drive Ocean Circulation
Brine shrimp, which are sold as pets known as Sea-Monkeys, are tiny-only about half an inch long each. With about 10 small leaf-like fins that flap about, they look as if they could hardly make waves. But get billions of similarly tiny organisms together and they can move oceans. It turns out that the collective swimming motion of Sea-Monkeys and other zooplankton-swimming plankton-can generate enough swirling flow to potentially influence the circulation of water in oceans, according to a new study by Caltech researchers.

Civil Engineering - Life Sciences - 20.08.2014
Bright lights, big city a great lifestyle for these spiders
Bright lights, big city a great lifestyle for these spiders 20 August 2014 City life does not suit everyone but golden orb-weaving spiders thrive in urban landscapes, a University of Sydney study shows. "City-dwelling orb-weaving spiders grow larger and could produce more offspring than their country cousins our research shows," said Elizabeth Lowe , a PhD candidate in the University's School of Biological Sciences and lead author of a study published in the journal PLOS today.

Civil Engineering - 04.07.2014
EU Marie Curie ITN project to train researchers in integrated water quality modelling
4 July 2014 A collaborative European Marie Curie Initial Training Network (ITN) project that includes researchers from the University of Bristol aims to train high calibre PhD and postdoctoral researchers with a comprehensive understanding of water quality processes, uncertainty issues and decision making strategies for integrated water catchment management.

Economics / Business - Civil Engineering - 20.06.2014

Civil Engineering - 11.06.2014
The Inflatable Concrete Dome
When concrete shells are constructed, they usually have to be supported by elaborate timber structures. A revolutionary technique developed at the Vienna University of Technology now uses inflatable air cushions instead. Large shell structures made of concrete or stone are hardly ever built any more.

Civil Engineering - Environment - 29.04.2014
Allotments could be key to sustainable farming, study finds
Soils under Britain's allotments are significantly healthier than intensively farmed soils First study to show that growing at small-scale in urban areas produces food sustainably without damaging soils Authors say planning and policy makers should promote urban own-growing as a sustainable way of meeting increasing food demand An increase in urban allotments could help us meet the rising demand for food throughout the world, without damaging the Earth's soils, according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 19.03.2014
Diversity in UK gardens aiding fight to save threatened bumblebees, study suggests
The global diversity of plants being cultivated by Britainís gardeners is playing a key role in the fight to save the nationís threatened bumblebees, new research has revealed. Ecologists at Plymouth University, in a study published this week, have shown the most common species of bumblebee are not fussy about a plantís origin when searching for nectar and pollen among the nationís urban gardens.

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