Civil Engineering

Results 81 - 97 of 97.

Civil Engineering - Environment - 29.04.2014
Allotments could be key to sustainable farming, study finds
Soils under Britain's allotments are significantly healthier than intensively farmed soils First study to show that growing at small-scale in urban areas produces food sustainably without damaging soils Authors say planning and policy makers should promote urban own-growing as a sustainable way of meeting increasing food demand An increase in urban allotments could help us meet the rising demand for food throughout the world, without damaging the Earth's soils, according to new research from the University of Sheffield.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 19.03.2014
Diversity in UK gardens aiding fight to save threatened bumblebees, study suggests
The global diversity of plants being cultivated by Britainís gardeners is playing a key role in the fight to save the nationís threatened bumblebees, new research has revealed. Ecologists at Plymouth University, in a study published this week, have shown the most common species of bumblebee are not fussy about a plantís origin when searching for nectar and pollen among the nationís urban gardens.

Economics - Civil Engineering - 05.02.2014
Mapping the New York fashion scene, minute by minute
Mapping the New York fashion scene, minute by minute
A new study uses social media to show how New York's fashion industry still centers on just a few blocks of Manhattan. A new study shows New York fashion designers don't just flock to trends: They also do nearly all their business within the confines of the city's historic Garment District.

Civil Engineering - Economics - 12.11.2013
Cycling safety - what Copenhagen can teach global cities
A study from Lund University in Sweden has compared the role of urban cycling and transport planning in Copenhagen, Denmark, and Stockholm, Sweden, and the results could serve as a guide for other cities struggling with cycling safety.

Civil Engineering - 06.11.2013
Popular ’Door-in-the-Face’ Persuasion Strategy Can Sometimes Backfire, Study Shows
AUSTIN, Texas — A manipulation strategy often used in marketing and fundraising known as "Door-in-the-Face" could backfire among less concrete thinkers, according to new research from The University of Texas at Austin. Used widely for decades, the Door-in-the-Face persuasion strategy begins with an extreme request (say, for a donation of $500) that ends with a proverbial door being slammed in the requester's face and quickly follows up with a more moderate, smaller request (a $10 gift).

Civil Engineering - Environment - 07.05.2013
Manufacturing areas are lighting up the City
Manufacturing areas in the city of Birmingham, which represent only a small percentage of the city's land area, are contributing significantly to urban lighting, according to research carried out by University of Birmingham environmental scientists published in the journal PLOS ONE today (Monday 6th May 2013).

Civil Engineering - Environment - 18.02.2013
Hot in the City? How plants can help lower the temperature in towns
Thermal video and still images including aerials are available on request. Nick Williams, University of Melbourne, P: 03 9035 6850, E: Andrew Coutts, Monash University, P: 03 9905 8284, E: Nerissa Hannink, University of Melbourne media office, P: 8344 8151, M: 0430 588 055, E: As Melbourne swelters through another heat wave, scientists are using thermal imaging to work out how plants can be used to reduce the severe temperatures in our cities.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 13.02.2013
Toronto can reduce greenhouse gas emissions by 70 per cent
Toronto - and other cities around the world - can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions by implementing aggressive but practical policy changes, says a new study by University of Toronto Civil Engineering Professor Chris Kennedy and World Bank climate change specialist Lorraine Sugar , one of Kennedy's former students.

Civil Engineering - Social Sciences - 14.11.2012
The hidden consequences of helping rural communities in Africa
The hidden consequences of helping rural communities in Africa
Improving water supplies in rural African villages may have negative knock-on effects and contribute to increased poverty, new research published today [14 November] has found. Rural development initiatives across the developing world are designed to improve community wellbeing and livelihoods but a study of Ethiopian villages by researchers at the Universities of Bristol and Addis Ababa in Africa has shown that this can lead to unforeseen consequences caused by an increase in the birth rate in the absence of family planning.

Health - Civil Engineering - 17.09.2012
Biggest European urban health study identifies key priorities in 26 cities
Biggest European urban health study identifies key priorities in 26 cities
Researchers have announced the results of the largest ever health and lifestyle survey of cities and conurbations across Europe - including five British urban centres. The research examined and compared the health, life expectancy and lifestyles of the populations of 26 European cities (the Euro-26) and found major differences, not only between cities, but within individual urban areas too.

Civil Engineering - Environment - 29.06.2012
Britain's urban rivers bounce back
Britain’s urban rivers bounce back
Urban rivers throughout England and Wales have improved dramatically in water quality and wildlife over the last 20 years. That's the conclusion of one the largest studies of national trends in river health ever undertaken. After decades of pollution, typically from poorly treated sewage and industrial waste, rivers in or near Britain's major urban areas are regaining insects such as mayflies and stoneflies that are typical of fast-flowing, oxygen-rich waters.

Civil Engineering - Materials Science - 18.04.2012
Bridges get a quick check-up
Bridges get a quick check-up
Engineers have developed a new imaging technique that lets them see the insides of massive concrete bridges. Much like a sonogram, this technique provides quick, easy-to-interpret images, so that the health of these expensive structures can be assessed and monitored. The patient weighs several tons and is hundreds of meters long.

Civil Engineering - 04.04.2012
Look familiar?
Look familiar?
Introducing the online game for Londoners which researchers hope will one day influence the shape of the nation's capital. —Daniele Quercia An online game which tests Londoners' ability to recognise parts of the capital has been devised by researchers as the first step in a project to create a "memory map" of the city.

Health - Civil Engineering - 14.02.2012
Searching for solutions
Searching for solutions
Collaborative research is helping to shed light on how to close the gap on Indigenous health disadvantage, writes SIMON COPLAND. We hear a lot about 'closing the gap' between Indigenous and non-Indigenous health outcomes. With a 12-year difference in life expectancy between non-Indigenous and Indigenous males, and child mortality rates up to four times higher in Indigenous communities, Indigenous disadvantage is considered to be one of Australia's biggest health problems.

Environment - Civil Engineering - 11.01.2012
Urban Biodiversity and the feel-good factor
Urban Biodiversity and the feel-good factor Urban Biodiversity and the feel-good factor Visitors to urban green spaces in Sheffield feel better in areas they perceive to have greater biodiversity. A recent study, carried out as part of the University of Sheffield´s Urban River Corridors and Sustainable Living Agenda (URSULA) project, examines how people´s feelings of well-being are related to both the numbers of species they think are present at a site, and to the actual number present.

Civil Engineering - Environment - 02.02.2010
Storm runoff and sewage treatment outflow contaminated with household pesticides
Storm runoff and sewage treatment outflow contaminated with household pesticides
BERKELEY — Pyrethroids, among the most widely-used home pesticides, are winding up in California rivers at levels toxic to some stream-dwellers, possibly endangering the food supply of fish and other aquatic animals, according to a new study by researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, and Southern Illinois University (SIU).

Social Sciences - Civil Engineering - 30.09.2009
Unique new atlas shows world from fresh perspective
Researchers from the University of Sheffield have created a new online atlas which displays images of the world, but not as we know it. The atlas includes over 200 maps which have been redrawn to show, at a glance, which cities are the largest, how all urban areas compare, and whether many or few people live in the countryside.